Enhancing the role of the supreme judicial authorities in respect of European standards in Turkey
The main partners and beneficiaries of the Project were the Constitutional Court of Turkey, the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors, the Court of Cassation and the Council of State, as well as judges of the superior order of the judiciary, judges and prosecutors represented at the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors.
The main objectives were to:
- contribute to enhancing the role of the superior judiciary in Turkey in initiating new changes in the normative framework and its implementation in line with the acquis, the rights and freedoms of the ECHR, the provisions of the ESC and other European standards,
- enhance the respective roles of the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors and of the Higher Courts (Constitutional Court, Court of Cassation and State Council) as the supreme judicial authorities in the accession process and in the adoption of the European high judicial standards.
The following outputs were delivered and results achieved:
- The awareness of the members of the partner institutions was raised on the EU institutions, their decision making processes and the acquis, as well as on the implications of Article 90 of the Turkish Constitution, the ECHR, the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the execution of the ECtHR’s judgments, and the ESC,
- Co-operation of the HCJP and of the Higher Courts as superior judicial authorities with equivalent European institutions was promoted,
- Ability of the CC to apply the ECHR within the constitutional review process, especially in the case of individual applications was promoted,
- Public awareness of the Turkish judiciary system (including the referendum and the introduction of individual applications) was increased.
- A bridging project “Supporting the Individual Application to the Constitutional Court in Turkey (SIAC)” was developed