PRECOP II PRECOP II
"Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs from Corrupt Practices at the Municipal Level in the Russian Federation - PRECOP II"

The project on “Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs in the Russian Federation from Corrupt Practices” - PRECOP II will focus on addressing corruption at the municipal level in select geographic regions of the Russian Federation, given that it is in the municipalities where in particular small and medium-size enterprises face the biggest obstacles created by various administrative and corruption-prone practices.

Activities will focus on key issues such as procurement practices; municipal government level oversight and control over businesses; and the rules and regulations governing businesses at that level. PRECOP II will also attempt to find ways of establishing a mechanism through which businesses can report corruption anonymously through the institution of the Business Ombudsman. All activities will strengthen the knowledge base of the institution itself, and thus increase its credibility, legitimacy, and capacity.

Following are the expected results:

ER 1: Increased capacities and role of the Federal and Regional Business Ombudsmen in addressing and preventing corruption;

ER 2: Public procurement processes at the municipal level are improved;

ER 3: Capacities of municipal authorities to carry out administrative inspections are improved;

ER 4 Public services for entrepreneurs at the state and municipal levels are delivered in an accountable and transparent manner, in accordance with the rule of law;

ER 5: Capacities of the Regional Business Ombudsmen are strengthened with regards to the institutions’ ability to effectively take forward entrepreneurs’ complaints about corruption

HELP in Russia HELP in Russia
Project “HELP in Russia”

The Project “HELP in Russia” was developed to support the Russian Federation in implementing the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the European Social Charter (ESC) at national level, mainly by means of training activities for legal professionals’ community which includes judges, prosecutors, lawyers and academics.

The Project was designed on the basis and under the umbrella of the European Programme for Human Right Education of Legal Professionals (the HELP Programme) which covers national training institutions (NTIs) for judges, prosecutors and lawyers in all 47 member States.

Like its parent, the Project has two principal operative limbs: methodological and material. The first mentioned is about modern techniques and tools which have been used in teaching and training of professional lawyers. The second limb aims at enhancing the capacities in application of principles and standards of the ECHR.

In Russia the Project started in March 2015 and will continue until March 2017. The official partner of the Project is the Russian State University of Justice. The Project also collaborates with national authorities and some non-governmental organisations, in particular the Ministry of Justice, Office of the General Prosecutor of the Russian Federation, the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation, the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation and the Federal Chamber of Advocates of the Russian Federation.  

The Project’s main activities include carrying out the learning activities and developing and/or adapting of specific law courses which will be put at disposal of NTIs responsible for initial and continuous training of legal professionals.

The network of legal professionals which has been fostered by the HELP Programme and HELP in Russia Project became a valuable forum at the national and international level where NTIs and lawyers can share their ideas, good practices and knowledge. By organising regularly meetings, the Council of Europe allows the partners to discuss training needs of legal professionals in 47 Member States, raise the respective standards and coordinate their human rights training initiatives.

Useful links:

Russian PMC - new generation Russian PMC - new generation
Russian project PMC («Russian project PMC, joint project of the Office of the Human Rights ombudsman in the Russian Federation and Council of Europe directorate of Human Rights with financial support from Council of Europe Human Rights Trust Fund, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, and bank VTB24»)

«Project: Russian PMC - new generation», joint project of the Office of the Human Rights ombudsman in the Russian Federation and the Council of Europe directorate of Human Rights with financial support from Council of Europe Human Rights Trust Fund, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark and bank VTB24.

The overall objective of the Russian project PMC is to strengthen the public oversight of places of detention throughout the Russian Federation with a view to reducing the instances of ill-treatment there. This should lead to better implementation of the recommendations made by the European Committe for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) and ultimately reduce the number of cases brought before the European Court of Human Rights concerning detention conditions in the Russian Federation.

Web-site of the project in Russian: www.antipytki.ru/.

More about the project

Free legal aid Free legal aid
Free Civil Legal Aid and Assistance for Vulnerable Groups

This project aims to improve access to justice for disadvantaged and vulnerable people in the Russian Federation by improving implementation of the Federal Law on Free Legal Aid. The project aims to ensure that:
- People on low income, certain senior citizens, people with disabilities or mental illness, persons without legal capacity and their guardians, orphaned children and their guardians, and children in institutional care all have better access to legal services and that their civil law rights are better protected;

- Publicly-funded legal services and other forms of free legal advice and assistance are targeted effectively and, as a result, the take-up of legal services by disadvantaged and vulnerable people to protect their civil law rights is increased and generalised.

The project is supported by a voluntary contribution from Luxembourg.  Additional funding is required in order to complete the project. For information on how to make a contribution to this project please contact matthew.barr@coe.int (Head of Resource Mobilisation and Donor Relations).

Background

The Federal Law on Free Legal Aid (FZ-324) was adopted on 21 November 2011 and entered into force on 15 January 2012. The law was then amended on 21 July 2014, and this amendment entered into force on 1 January 2015.

The project aims to improve implementation of the federal law in the regions of the Russian Federation by working directly with suppliers of legal services and the target population. The Federal Law targets various groups of disadvantaged and vulnerable people (see Article 20). The scheme offers free legal aid and assistance in respect of a range of civil and administrative legal problems (see Article 20).

The duration of the project is 24 months.

In co-operation with the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, implementation of the Federal Law on the provision of free legal aid will be assessed in 3 regions: Tambov, Ulyanovsk and Volgograd regions. Drawing upon national and international experience, the results of the regional assessments will be used to identify and illustrate the strengths and weakness of the delivery of free legal aid to the target groups in each region and formulate recommendations for a more efficient awareness and take-up of these legal services by the target population.

Materials on the free legal aid scheme in the Russian Federation:

More about the project

PRECOP RF PRECOP RF
Joint Project “Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs in the Russian Federation from Corrupt Practices” (PRECOP RF)

The project «Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs in the Russian Federation from Corrupt Practices» is a joint initiative of the European Union and the Council of Europe implemented in cooperation with the Business Ombudsman’s Office of the Russian Federation.

Through the joint project PRECOP RF, the European Union and the Council of Europe in cooperation with the Federal Business Ombudsman’s Office and other stakeholder institutions aimed to facilitate and contribute to the implementation of mechanisms to prevent corrupt practices affecting the business sector in the Russian Federation. The project focused on strengthening the capacity of the Business Ombudsman institution and other authorities involved in protecting the rights of entrepreneurs in the Russian Federation from corrupt practices.

The Project was completed on 31.12.2015.

More about the Project

Strengthening the capacity of lawyers and human rights defenders of the European Convention on Human Rights and Revised European Social Charter Strengthening the capacity of lawyers and human rights defenders of the European Convention on Human Rights and Revised European Social Charter
Joint project «Strengthening the capacity of lawyers and human rights defenders for domestic application of the European Convention on Human Rights and Revised European Social Charter»

The aim of the Joint Project of the Council of Europe and the European Union is to develop and strengthen the skills, knowledge and capacities of lawyers and human rights defenders in application of the European Convention on Human Rights (the Convention) and the European Social Charter (Charter). In particular, the project aims to teach lawyers and human rights defenders to use effectively the principles and standards set out by the Convention and the Charter in their day-to-day practice in representing the interests of clients and other persons concerned before the national authorities and national courts, and the European Court of Human Rights.

Project goals and objectives will be achieved through the organisation of conferences, seminars and trainings in the regions of the Russian Federation, as well as the development and publication of textbooks and materials. The themes for discussions and study in seminars and workshops will be the most frequently violated articles of the Convention (in particular Articles 3, 5, 6, 8), the analysis of which will be conducted through the prism of Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination). The project will last 30 months, and its implementation started in January 2013. This project is international and will be implemented in six states - members of the Council of Europe, namely Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine and Russia.

The Project was completed on 30.06.2015.

Implementation of appellate review of court decisions in Rf Implementation of appellate review of court decisions in Rf
Implementation of appellate review of court decisions in the Russian Federation

The Joint Project of the European Union and the Council of Europe was implemented in close cooperation with the State-Legal Directorate of the Presidential Executive Office of the Russian Federation. The Project aimed to contribute to the creation of the appeal procedure in the system  of courts of general jurisdiction in Russia.The main tasks of the project included analysis of the relevant law in the context of the European standards; elaboration of the recommendations on amendments regarding the cassation and supervisory review; elaboration of training methodology on implementation of the new appeal procedure; organisation of seminars on reform of the appeal system; evaluation of regulatory changes and of the appeal system reform.

The Project was completed on 31.12.2013.