Factsheet on attacks on physical integrity of journalists
The platform was set up in close co-operation with five major journalists’ and freedom of expression organisations – signatories of the Memorandum of Understanding with the Council of Europe. They are responsible for providing verified information on serious concerns with regard to the media freedom and safety of journalists.
The European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) is the largest organisation of journalists in Europe, representing over 320.000 journalists across 39 countries. The EFJ was created in 1994 within the framework of the IFJ Constitution to represent the interests and defend social and professional rights of journalists working in all sectors of the media across Europe.
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is the world’s largest organisation of journalists, established in 1926 and which counts today around 600.000 members in more than 100 countries. The IFJ promotes international action to defend press freedom and social justice through strong, free and independent trade unions of journalists.
The Association of European Journalists (AEJ) was set up in 1962 to promote critical journalism in the European integration process and to defend the freedom of information and freedom of the press in Europe. Through its activities, the AEJ contributes to advance the ethical and material status of journalist profession, to deepen the understanding of European affairs and to inform public opinion about the work of European institutions.
Article 19 is a human rights organisation founded in 1987, which defends and promotes freedom of expression and freedom of information worldwide. It monitors threats to free expression, lobbies governments to adopt laws in conformity with international standards of freedom of expression and drafts legal standards that strengthen media, public broadcasting, free expression and access to government-held information.
Reporters without borders (RSF) is an international non-governmental organisation established in 1985 to promote and defend freedom of information and freedom of the press. Through its world-wide network of around 150 correspondents, RSF gathers information and conducts investigations of press freedom violations and works with governments to fight against censorship. RSF also provides material, financial and psychological assistance to journalists assigned to dangerous areas or prosecuted.
The Committee to Protect Journalists was founded in 1981 by a group of U.S. correspondents who believed that journalists around the world should come together to defend the rights of colleagues working in repressive and dangerous environments. CPJ promotes press freedom worldwide and defends the right to report the news without fear of reprisal. Its work provides a snapshot of obstructions to free press worldwide and is based on a combination of daily reporting and statistical data.
Index on Censorship was founded in 1972 to publish the untold stories of dissidents behind the Iron Curtain. It promotes and defends the right to freedom of expression by using a unique combination of journalism, campaigning and advocacy. Index on Censorship reports and monitors from around the world to raise awareness of attacks on free speech, with the promotion of events and debates on complex and controversial issues, and direct advocacy aimed at driving real change in laws and policies.
IPI is a global network of editors, journalists and media executives dedicated to the promotion and protection of media freedom and independent journalism. Founded in 1950 by a group of leading editors who believed that a free media would contribute to a better and more peaceful world, IPI today has members in more than 120 countries. IPI works by monitoring violations of media freedom, conducting direct advocacy with governments and supporting the development of best practices at the global level.
INSI is a member-based organisation dedicated to journalists' safety. It offers the world’s leading news organisations a vital forum for networking and information sharing; collaborates with academic institutions to conduct groundbreaking research projects into the changing state of media safety; and has provided safety training to more than 2,500 media personnel around the world.
The RPT is the only organisation dedicated to the support, safety and welfare of freelance newsgatherers around the world. Its principal objectives are to provide practical assistance and support to freelance newsgatherers and their families worldwide, promote their welfare and safety, and support their right to report freely. Based in London, the Trust works globally, with a network of international and local partners. The RPT was set up in 1995 in memory of freelance cameraman Rory Peck, who was killed in Moscow in 1993.
The EBU is the world’s foremost alliance of public service media (PSM) with 73 Members in 56 countries and 33 Associates in Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas. Its Members operate nearly 2,000 television and radio channels together with numerous online platforms. Together, they reach audiences of more than one billion people around the world, broadcasting in more than 120 languages.
Founded in 1921, PEN International is the world’s leading association of writers, working to promote literature and defend freedom of expression. The strength of PEN is its membership, consisting of over 25,000 writers, now spanning more than 100 countries. PEN International is a non-political organisation which holds Special Consultative Status at the UN and Associate Status at UNESCO.