04 Feb 2020 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 22 Apr 2016 n° 49/2016 Ukraine

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner CPJ AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner CPJ AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
All activities of the Council of Europe concerning the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol are being undertaken in compliance with the terms of decision CM/Del/Dec(2014)1196/1.8 and subsequent decisions of the Committee of Ministers condemning the illegal annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol by the Russian Federation and upholding the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
On 19 April 2016, FSB agents in the Russia-annexed Ukrainian region of Crimea raided and searched the house of journalist Mykola Semena (freelancer with Krym.Realii - RFE/RL's Crimea service), confiscated his reporting equipment, and briefly detained him for interrogation in connection to a criminal probe on charges of making calls to separatism. The charges stem from an article published by Krym.Realii under a pseudonym; Semena denied any wrongdoing. According to his lawyer, FSB told Semena that he is the main suspect in the case and that he is banned from leaving the region for the period of investigation. If convicted, Semena faces up to five years in prison.
On 19 April 2016, Crimea's Chief Prosecutor, Natalia Poklonskaya announced that an unnamed journalist with Krym.Realii (Crimea Realities) was under FSB investigation in connection with an article published by the news website, which she said had quoted Ukrainian activists' calls to isolate the Crimean peninsula and to conduct military action to wrest the region from Russian control. On the same day, Poklonskaya's office said in a statement that she was overseeing the case against an unnamed Krym.Realii reporter, and that the prosecutors were looking to ban the website in Crimea arguing that their review of the publications showed that the news outlet is allegedly aiming to "discredit the actions of the Russian Federation on the territory of Crimea, incite inter-ethnic hatred, and make calls to extremism." Mykola Semena was detained on 19 April and later released on bail, with travel restrictions, according to his lawyer. Based on the lawyer’s statement, CPJ concluded that Crimea prosecutors are overseeing the probe against Semena.
This is at least the second time since the annexation of Crimea that the Russian authorities in Crimea have investigated a journalist on separatism charges. In March 2015, FSB agents raided the house of the parents of journalist Anna Andriyevskaya, telling her family that she was being sought on charges of making public calls for Crimean independence in a November 2014 article.
04 Feb 2020
On 28 January 2020, Mykola Semena received documents from a district court in Simferopol confirming that his suspended sentence had been lifted and his criminal record expunged.
21 Jan 2020
On 14 January 2020, the Simferopol district court upheld the motion filed by Semena’s lawyer, ruling to prematurely terminate his probation period and expunge his criminal record. The ruling is supposed to take effect in 10 calendar days.
28 Sep 2018
In September 2018, Mykola Semena’s lawyers filed a complaint to the ECtHR, contesting the verdict on the basis of article 10, 6 and 8 of the Convention.
20 Dec 2017
On 18 December 2017 the top Court in Crimea upheld the verdict against Semena, confirming his conviction on charges of separatism.The Court also shortened from three years to two the period of time during which the journalist is barred from undertaking “public activities”.
22 Sep 2017
On 22 September 2017, the Court handed Mykola Semena a 2.5 years suspended sentence on a charge of separatism and barred him from “public activities” for three years. Semena's lawyer said he would appeal the ruling.
10 May 2017
On 10 May 2017, the trial of Mykola Semena has resumed in Simferopol.
02 Mar 2017
On 28 February 2017, Simferopol’s Zheleznodorozhny District Court announced that the trial against Mykola Semena will begin on 20 March 2017.
07 Dec 2016
On 7 December 2016, Semena’s lawyers Emil Kuberdinov and Andrei Sabinin said their client has received the final written charges from the Russian-imposed authorities in Crimea: Semena is charged with spreading "calls for undermining Russian territorial integrity via mass media." He could be sentenced to five years in prison if convicted.
02 Sep 2016
On 2 September, IFJ/EFJ launched an appeal, urging Russia to let a Ukrainian journalist return to Kiev for urgent treatment
State replies
22 Feb 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
04 Feb 2020
OSCE Media Freedom Representative relieved that suspended sentence and probationary ban of Ukrainian RFE/RL journalist in Crimea came to an end.
21 Jan 2020
OSCE Representative glad the Simferopol district court ended Crimean journalist Mykola Semena’s probationary ban on public activities and expunged his criminal record.He calls for drop of all charges.
26 Sep 2017
General Rapporteur of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) on Media Freedom and the Safety of Journalists calls for the conviction of Crimean journalist Mykola Semena to be annulled
22 Sep 2017
OSCE Media Freedom Representative takes note of release of Ukrainian journalist Mykola Semena from house arrest, but condemns his conviction.

Key information :

Mykola Semena

Freelance journalist based in the region of Crimea who regularly makes contributions to Krym.Realii.
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