10 Jun 2016 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 25 Jan 2016 Poland

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ RSF
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ RSF
Poland's Parliament passed a new surveillance law on 15 January 2016. The new law is not effective yet as it still needs to go through the Senate and has to be signed by the President. The bill gives law enforcement agencies, secret services and police authorities fast access to citizens’ Internet and telecommunication usage data (e.g. billings of phone connections, geolocation, metadata of sent and received messages, logins, contacts, Internet profiles, visited websites, and personal settings) without prior review or approval from a judge. The new law expands the scope of cases where access to data is allowed, from supporting ongoing investigations to prevention and detection of crimes. This means that one doesn't have to be an official suspect to be surveilled. The person under surveillance will not be informed of said monitoring, which can be sustained for up to 18 months. This law definitively compromises the protection of journalists' sources and it is an obvious deterrent to whistleblowers.
Updates
10 Feb 2016
On 3 February 2016, the Polish President, Andrzej Duda, approved the legislation on mass surveillance.
State replies
Follow-ups
10 Jun 2016
Surveillance powers too broad in Poland, according to Council of Europe’s Venice Commission
16 Feb 2016
Coe Commissioner for Human Rights is concerned that the provisions of the new surveillance legislation are expanding the powers of police and special services without establishing the corresponding safeguards for the protection of the right to privacy, journalistic sources and information covered by professional secrecy.
11 Feb 2016
The Monitoring Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly requested the opinion of the Venice Commission on the Polish draft law amending the Law on Police.
Relevant CoE instruments Disclaimer
10 Jun 2016
Venice Commission Opinion on the Act of 15 January 2016 amending the Police Act and certain other Acts, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 107th Plenary Session (Venice, 10-11 June 2016)
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