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13 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 24 Sep 2018 France

Controversial "Election" of Agence France Presse CEO

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Partner EFJ/IFJ
The election of Fabrice Fries, former CEO of Publicis Consultants, to the presidency of Agence France Presse (AFP) on 12 April 2018 has been seen by several journalists' unions and by the AFP journalists' society as a dangerous political grip on this news agency ranked third in the world. A letter signed by three directors of the AFP and addressed to the Minister of Culture Françoise Nyssen argues that this "election" of a single candidate is a political parachute operation. They explain that the government's decision to withdraw its support for one of the two remaining candidates, Emmanuel Hoog, has led to the immediate withdrawal of Mr Hoog's candidacy to the advantage of Mr Fries. This had the effect of circumventing the rules of the usual process of selecting the future CEO. Fabrice Ries was in the end appointed CEO without obtaining the 13 votes necessary for his election, out of the 18 voting members of the board of directors of the agency.
Updates
New 05 Oct 2018
On 4 October, AFP CEO Fabrice Fries presented the Agency's Board of Directors with a "cost reduction" plan based essentially on a net reduction of 125 workstations (85 technical and administrative staff members, and 40 journalists).
State replies
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12 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 12 Nov 2018 Italy

Deputy Prime Minister Di Maio and former MP Battista Insulted Journalists

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
On 10 November 2018, the Italian Deputy Prime Minister Luigi Di Maio and the Five Star Movement MP Alessandro di Battista insulted Italian journalists on social media. They published two long posts on their official Facebook pages calling Italian journalists “infamous jackals” ("infimi sciacalli") and “whores” ("puttane", "pennivendoli"). Luigi Di Maio has also announced his intention to draft a new law to restrict the activities of publishers. The Federazione Nazionale della Stampa Italiana (FNSI) has called for public demonstrations in major cities across Italy to protest in the strongest terms against the use by elected politicians of such inflammatory and insulting language against journalist, and to demand significant reforms to the country’s laws and practices to protect the freedom of the press.
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12 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 12 Nov 2018 Romania

Data Protection Authority Requests the Disclosure of Journalistic Sources

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On 8 November 2018, the Romanian Data Protection Authority (ANSPDCP) ordered investigative outlet RISE Project to reveal its sources for reporting on an alleged European Union fund fraud that may involve the leader of the Social Democratic Party PSD, Liviu Nicolae Dragnea. The authority’s letter cites the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as a basis for ordering RISE Project to reveal its sources. According to the letter, failure to respond within 10 days could lead to a fine of 3,000 lei (650 euros) per day, and additional fines up to a maximum of 20 million euros. The head of the data protection agency is a Social Democrat Party member who ran for parliament on the party's lists.
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09 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 09 Nov 2018 Malta

Financial Regulatory Authority Requests the Disclosure of Journalistic Sources

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
On the 2nd November 2018, the Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA) requested in an official letter to daily newspaper Times of Malta to disclose “the source/s of the information contained” in a report on the planned takeover of the Manoel Island project. The letter was signed by the deputy head, Lorraine Vella, and the senior manager, Nathan Fenech, of the MFSA’s Securities and Markets Supervision Unit; explicitly asking the Times of Malta “to provide the authority with the source/s of the information contained in the media report”. This goes against the Maltese law: according to the Maltese Media and Defamation Act, an editor, author or publisher cannot be required to disclose the source of information unless by a “court or tribunal established by law” and only if the court or tribunal feel that such disclosure is in the interests of national security, territorial integrity, public safety or for the prevention of disorder or crime or the protection of the interest of justice. The MFSA has been asked to confirm, by not later than November 6, it would not be proceeding any further with its request, but there hasn’t been yet any reaction from their side. Previously, on October 22, the MFSA had asked Times of Malta “to provide the authority with justifications relating to the publication of the media report”.
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09 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 02 Oct 2017 Ukraine

Uzbek Journalist on Interpol List Detained

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
On 25 September 2017, a Kyiv court approved a 40-day detention period for Narzullo Okhunjonov, who has been living in exile since 2013. Authorities detained Okhunjonov under an international arrest warrant on 20 September, when he arrived in Ukraine with his family from Turkey to seek political asylum. The authorities noted that his name was on an Interpol list. Uzbekistan filed the international warrant for Okhunjonov on a fraud charge.

The journalist, who left Uzbekistan to avoid politically motivated persecution for his reporting, denies the charges. Okhunjonov writes critically, in Uzbek and Russian, from exile for sites including BBC Uzbek about Uzbekistan's authoritarian government, particularly on the the late President Islam Karimov.

The journalist arrived in Kyiv from Turkey with his wife and five children. His family is currently in the capital of Ukraine.
Updates
New 09 Nov 2018
Ukraine’s Prosecutor General’s Office has refused to extradite Uzbek journalist Narzullo Akhunzhonov to Uzbekistan, according to a letter from the Prosecutor General′s Office addressed to Akhunzhonov that was made public on 7 November 2018.
19 Oct 2017
On 5 October 2017, Narzullo Okhunjonov was released from the detention center by a decision of the Kyiv prosecutor’s office.
State replies
18 Dec 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
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09 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 24 Sep 2018 Greece

Three Fileleftheros Journalists Detained After Defence Minister Files Libel Complaint

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Index AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ
Partner Index AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ
Three journalists from the Greek newspaper Fileleftheros were detained by police overnight on 22 September after Defence Minister Panos Kammenos filed a libel complaint against the paper over an article that alleged mishandling of EU funds intended to help Greece cope with the migrant crisis. On 23 September they appeared before a prosecutor, who ordered a preliminary investigation to be launched to determine whether libel had been committed and ordered the release of the journalists.
State replies
09 Nov 2018
New Response from the Greek authorities (Ministry of Citizen's Protection)
Follow-ups
27 Sep 2018
New OSCE Representative denounces arrest of Greek journalists after criminal defamation suit by Defence Minister, urges decriminalization of defamation.
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09 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 29 Nov 2017 Bulgaria

Bulgarian Journalist Georgi Ezekiev, Zov News Website Publisher, Receives Death Threat in a Filmed Interview

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner RSF
Partner RSF
The alleged murder plan came to light earlier this month in the course of a joint investigation by Zov News and the investigative news website Bivol into a drug trafficking ring in which police officers are thought to be implicated. A person who used to be involved in this network told the reporters in a filmed interview that his former mafia bosses were planning to eliminate Georgi Ezekiev, the publisher of Zov News website. One of the reporters participating in this investigation, Maria Dimitrova, meanwhile received threatening messages by SMS and on Facebook.
State replies
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09 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 15 Oct 2018 Serbia

Journalist Zeljko Matorcevic Physically Attacked

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
Zeljko Matorcevic was attacked on 9 October 2018 by an unidentified young man who first followed him, then suddenly hit him at the head, and when Matorcevic fell to the ground, continued to hit him. Matorcevic suffered serious body injuries : his cheekbone was broken and in the following days he would undergo a surgical procedure. Matorcevic is editor-in-chief of Zif Info portal.
State replies
09 Nov 2018
Follow-ups
15 Oct 2018
New OSCE Representative strongly condemns physical attack against Željko Matorčević.
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06 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 08 Nov 2017 Russian Federation

Russian Editor Arrested, Allegedly Injured in Custody; Newspaper Raided

1 Journalist in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner CPJ AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
No state reply yet
Partner CPJ AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
The editor-in-chief and owner of the independent, Kaliningrad-based weekly Novye Kolyosa, Igor Rudnikov, was allegedly beaten while in custody of Russia's security service (FSB) and faces criminal prosecution. On the night of 1 November 2017, the FSB also raided the Novye Kolyosa office.

According to the Novye Kolyosa staff, Rudnikov was first detained at his house and brought to the newsroom in handcuffs with his hand swollen. Nearly a dozen officers in heavy armor and facemasks raided the newsroom and conducted a search that lasted for over five hours. Rudnikov was interrogated in a room separate from the rest of the staff. Rudnikov was then hospitalized with a concussion, a broken arm, and a broken rib, according to press reports and the paper staff.

At around 2 a.m. on 2 November, Rudnikov was taken in his underwear from his hospital bed to his home where security forces conducted further searches. The law enforcement also searched his mother's house. Officers then placed Rudnikov in a Kaliningrad FSB detention center.

On 3 November 2017, Rudnikov appeared at a local court to hear charges against him. The authorities charged Rudnikov with accepting a bribe from Viktor Ledenyov, head of the Kaliningrad branch of Russia's investigative committee. The judge denied the defense's request to place Rudnikov, who appeared with a cast on his hand, under house arrest to receive medical treatment, and ruled that the suspect should remain in custody until 1 January 2018 pending investigation, media reported.

Rudnikov's colleague told CPJ they believe the charges are in retaliation for Novye Kolyosa's series of reports about a luxury villa in Kaliningrad allegedly belonging to Ledenyov .
Updates
New 05 Nov 2018
An order was issued on 26 September 2018 extending Igor Rudnikov's preventive detention by another six months.
27 Jul 2018
On 28 June 2018, the Moscow Basmanny Court extended Igor Rudnikov’s pre-trial detention until 1st September 2018.
18 Apr 2018
On 29 March 2018, a Moscow court extended Igor Rudnikov's pre-trial detention for another two months.
05 Mar 2018
On 2 December 2018, a month after his arrest, Igor Rudnikov was transferred to Moscow. He is currently held under a provisional detention order valid until 1 April 2018.
Follow-ups
07 Nov 2018
New One year after arrest of Russian journalist Igor Rudnikov, OSCE Representative reiterates call for his release
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (1):

Igor Rudnikov
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05 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 25 Jan 2018 Cyprus

Russian Whistleblower, Daphne Caruana Galizia’s Source, Faces Arrest Warrant in Cyprus after Complaint from Former Employer

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
On 16 January 2018, Cyprus issued a European arrest warrant against Maria Efimova, a Russian whistleblower, following a complaint filed by the Russian-owned Cypriot company IFD Fragrance Distribution against Efimova, who is accused of stealing from the company.

Maria Efimova, former Pilatus Bank employee, had tipped off Maltese investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia that the wife of the Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat, Michelle Muscat, was allegedly the owner of Egrant Inc., a Panamanian offshore company.

Efimova, who lived in Cyprus four years ago before moving to Malta, says these new charges are part of a plot to discredit her and to extradite her to Malta, where she was placed on the wanted list, after failing to turn up for court sittings. Efimova left Malta in August 2017, fearing for her life and that of her family, after having given evidence to the prosecution on the allegations regarding the PM’s wife ownership of the Panama offshore company. The Prime Minister and his wife denied the allegations and called for a judicial inquiry.

Efimova has now applied for political asylum in an unspecified European Union country and asked from the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry into money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion to recognise her as a whistleblower.

The European Parliament, asked EU member states, including Malta, to protect Efimova and grant her asylum, after a delegation led by the Portuguese MEP, Ana Gomes visited Malta in late November 2017.
Updates
14 Jun 2018
On 14 June, the Greek Court of Appeal denied the request for extradition of Maria Efimova.
12 Apr 2018
On 12 April 2018, an Athens Court ruled that Maria Efimova will not be extradited to Malta, because there were no guarantees that “she would be granted a fair trial”. An appeal was filed by the Greek prosecutor's office.
20 Mar 2018
On 19 March, Maria Efimova voluntarily turned herself in to the Greek police in Athens, fearing for her life. She was transferred to court custody on 20 March.
State replies
05 Nov 2018
New Official reply of the Cyprus Authorities
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 18 Apr 2018 Turkey

ETHA Journalists Detained and Arrested in Turkey

3 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
Following a police raid on 13 April 2018, several journalists working for the left-wing ETHA news agency, Semiha Şahin, Pınar Gayıp and Adil Demirci were detained by the authorities on charges of alleged propaganda on behalf of an illegal organisation. According to the news agency, the detained journalists were not allowed to inform their lawyers, friends or family members about their situation. On 17 April, ETHA journalist Adil Demirci living in Cologne (Germany) and visiting his family was formally arrested by a court in Istanbul on charges of alleged membership of an illegal organisation and doing propaganda for the same organisation. The ETHA agency confirms that all defendants are detained or arrested for their journalistic activities and believes that the government is aiming to silence political dissent. No access has been granted to the details of the dossier by the authorities invoking the secrecy of the judiciary. ETHA news agency counts also the following colleagues Isminaz Temel (editor), Havva Custan (reporter) and Ali Sönmez Kayar (reporter) put in jail and charged with heavy imprisonment sentence. The trial of Mesale Tolu, a Turkish-German ETHA reporter and translator was released in December 2017 is still ongoing.
Updates
New 08 Nov 2018
On 31 October 2018, the 32nd Heavy Penal Court in İstanbul ruled to release on probation reporter Ali Sönmez Kayar. An international travel ban has also been imposed on the defendant by the court.
20 Apr 2018
On 19 April 2018, detained ETHA journalists Adil Demirci, Semiha Şahin and Pınar Gayıphave were arraigned on charges of membership of an illegal organisation and propaganda.
Follow-ups
18 Apr 2018
OSCE Media Freedom Representative worried about the arrest Etkin Haber Ajans reporter Adil Demirci, on terrorism charges and continued detention of journalists Semiha Şahin, Pınar Gayıp.
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (3):

Semiha Şahin, Pınar Gayıp and Adil Demirci
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 17 Aug 2016 Russian Federation

News Reporter Dmitri Remisov Assaulted by Police During Interrogation

Source of threatState
CategoryImpunity
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ RSF
No state reply yet
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ RSF
Dmitri Remisov, the Rostov-on-Don regional correspondent for Rosbalt news agency, told the agency he was repeatedly assaulted by police officers while being questioned at the regional Centre for Counteracting Extremism on 11 August, 2016. According to Remisov, he was asked to come to the CCE in order to answer questions related to a criminal case “on the preparation of a terrorist act” in the city of Rostov.
He reported that two police officers asked him whether he knew certain individuals, most of whom were opposition activists. “Then they asked me if I knew a certain Smyshlayev. I said that I didn't remember such a person. One officer started saying I did know this person in 2009, after which he struck my head three times. Afterwards, he began threatening me, saying he could prosecute me under the criminal law or could have some Nazis punish me”, Remizov said. After he was questioned another policeman threatened him with physical punishment, saying "we will meet [with you] once again”. The Rosbalt correspondent received medical care after the questioning. He also filed a complaint against police officers, Rosbalt reported.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 2nd November 2018, the partners organisations of the platform decided to transfer this alert to the category of ‘impunity’, based on their assessment of the lack of sufficient progress in the investigation of this case.
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 30 Dec 2015 Turkey

Murder of Syrian Journalist Naji Jerf in Turkey

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity for murder
Partner RSF EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner RSF EFJ/IFJ Index
Naji Jerf, a 38 year-old Syrian journalist, was gunned down in a busy street of Gaziantep (Southeastern Turkey) on Sunday 27 December 2015, in broad daylight. Jerf was the founder and editor of the opposition magazine Henta and had made several films about atrocities by both Islamic Slate and the Syrian government, including his film « ISIL in Aleppo », a documentary on the Islamic State’s execution of many Syrian activists.
Jerf had just obtained a visa for France and he was expected to leave the country in January.
In his visa application letter, he explained he was facing reiterated threats on himself and his family since the release of his documentary in December and his willingness to go to France with his family for protection. So far, it is not clear who is responsible for this assassination.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 2nd November 2018, the partners organisations of the platform decided to transfer this alert to the category of ‘impunity for murder’, based on their assessment of the lack of sufficient progress in the investigation of this case.
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 03 Oct 2016 Russian Federation

A Publisher Beaten up by Police Allegedly over Report on Senior Officials’ Involvement in Alcohol- Smuggling

Source of threatState
CategoryImpunity
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
On 20 September 2016, weekly MK Chernozemye publisher Denis Shaikin was arrested and beaten up by police while he was leaving the police station with his lawyer in Kursk, Western Russia. He suffered severe head injury requiring hospital treatment.

The Russian Union of Journalists (RUJ) believes that this attack is linked to the publication in mid-September of an investigation report alleging involvement of the deputy head of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in the Kursk region in alcohol-smuggling. Following the publication, Denis Shaikin reportedly received threats by phone.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 2nd November 2018, the partners organisations of the platform decided to transfer this alert to the category of ‘impunity’, based on their assessment of the lack of sufficient progress in the investigation of this case.
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 07 Sep 2015 Serbia

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Partner EFJ/IFJ
27-year-old Investigative journalist Ivan Ninić was attacked on 27 August 2015 in front of his home as he was locking his car in the parking lot. Two young men beat him with metal rods. The journalist suffered a hematoma under his eye, severe bruising to the thigh bone and an injury to the right shoulder. The incident, which has been condemned by all journalists’ organisations in Serbia including the three IFJ/EFJ affiliates, the Association of Journalists of Serbia (UNS), the journalists’ union of Serbia (SINOS) and the Independent Association of Journalists of Serbia (NUNS), has been reported to the police.

According to Union of Serbian Journalists (UNS), Ivan Ninić has published approximately 300 articles and investigative stories, a large number of which were published on the anti-corruption website Pistaljka. He also participated in the writing of the Anti-corruption Council’s Annual Report on the ownership structure and control of the media in Serbia. Ninić is also the Executive Director of "Center for the rule of law", a Serbian NGO which is about to launch its online platform.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 2nd November 2018, the partners organisations of the platform decided to transfer this alert to the category of ‘impunity’, based on their assessment of the lack of sufficient progress in the investigation of this case.
State replies
12 Nov 2015
Response of the Serbian Government (Ministry of Interior)
Follow-ups
23 Feb 2018
Commissioner for Human Rights: ‘Concerted efforts needed to protect media freedoms in Serbia’
09 Sep 2015
Statement of the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 09 Feb 2016 Greece

Greek Journalist Brutally Attacked during Public Rally

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Greek reporter, Demitrios Perros, working as a freelance journalist for the municipal radio ‘Athens 9,84FM’, was brutally attacked by unknown assailants, on 4 February 2016, while covering a protest rally organised by the public and private sector workers’ confederations, in Athens. According to media reports, the journalist was approached by persons unknown to him on Panepistimiou Street, in the centre of the capital, and asked whether he was a journalist. Following his positive answer, the men started hitting him with wooden planks on the head and the spine while the police stood by without taking any action to intervene. Demitrios Perros was left seriously injured to the head and face and was taken to the Red Cross hospital by colleagues.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 2nd November 2018, the partners organisations of the platform decided to transfer this alert to the category of ‘impunity’, based on their assessment of the lack of sufficient progress in the investigation of this case.
State replies
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 31 Jul 2015 "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"

Online Journalist Marjan Stamenkovski Brutally Beaten with Metal Bars in Skopje

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
On 20 July 2015, Marjan Stamenkovski , editor of the “Dokaz” website, was brutally assaulted outside a coffee bar in Skopje by a group of five masked men who beat him up using metal bars. He sustained serious injuries to the head and a broken nose in the attack which also left him with a broken arm. The journalist, who needed treatment at a local hospital, reported the attack at the local police station. “Dokaz” website is an outspoken critic of the ruling party, VMRO-DPMNE in its reporting. In an interview on NOTA TV, the victim said his attackers had sent him “greetings from his former party”.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 2nd November 2018, the partners organisations of the platform decided to transfer this alert to the category of ‘impunity’, based on their assessment of the lack of sufficient progress in the investigation of this case.
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 02 Nov 2018 Italy

Neofascist Threats against Journalist Paolo Berizzi

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On 30 October 2018, Paolo Berizzi, an Italian journalist working for the national newspaper La Repubblica, found threatening and offensive messages painted on the wall of his family house, in Bergamo. In the last months, neo-fascist groups sent him several banners and flyers containing threats against his person. Additionally, the presentation of his book "NazItalia" has been repeatedly interrupted by fascist paramilitary squads. The threats are directly connected with the investigations conducted by the journalist, aiming to map the activities of Italian neo-fascist groups. The Italian Federation of Journalists' Unions (Federazione Nazionale della stampa Italiana FNSI) called on the Italian authorities to identify and condemn the authors of these attacks.
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02 Nov 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 16 May 2018 Ukraine

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

1 Journalist in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ Index RSF
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ Index RSF
Kyrylo Vyshynsky, a Ukrainian journalist working for Russia’s state-run news agency RIA Novotsi in the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, was detained on 15 May 2018 on allegations of treason. His arrest came hours before raids by Ukrainian security service (SBU) at the news agency’s offices. According to media reports, the authorities suspected Vyshynsky, who was granted Russian citizenship in 2015 by Presidential decree, of allegedly collaborating with Ukrainian armed separatists in Eastern Ukraine. The prosecuting officials in Kyiv also accused him of allegedly subversive reporting to justify Moscow’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, media reports added. 51-year-old Vyshynsky joined RIA Novosti in 2015 after having worked for several Ukrainian media outlets and Russia's state television channel Rossiya as its correspondent in Kyiv.
Updates
New 02 Nov 2018
On 1st November 2018, the Kherson City Court extended for the third time the pre-trial detention of Kyrylo Vyshynsky until 28 December 2018.
New 03 Oct 2018
On 26 September 2018, Vyshynsky’s custody was extended until 4 November 2018.
17 May 2018
On 17 May 2018, a court ordered Kyrylo Vyshynsky held for two months detention on high treason charges.
State replies
12 Jul 2018
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
Follow-ups
29 Oct 2018
New OSCE Representative expresses serious concern about lasting pre-trial detention of journalist Kirill Vyshinsky in Ukraine.
16 May 2018
OSCE Representative raises concern over raid against Russian News Agency and TV today in Ukraine
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (1):

Kyrylo Vyshynsky
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31 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 31 Oct 2018 Hungary

Criminal Charges Brought Against Hungarian Investigative Journalist András Dezső

Source of threatState
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner Index
No state reply yet
Partner Index
Criminal charges have been brought against András Dezső, an investigative journalist who works for the independent news website Index.hu. On 31 October 2018, Dezső wrote on his Facebook page that he discovered he was being charged from a report published earlier in the day in a pro-government daily, but had not yet received official notification the prosecutor’s office. The charges appear to relate to alleged misuse of personal information in connection with an article that Dezső wrote for Index.hu looking into the background of a woman of Hungarian origin who in March 2018 - during the election campaign - gave an interview to the Hungarian state broadcaster M1 in which she said that she had moved back to Budapest from Stockholm because of a deteriorating security situation in Sweden she said was the result of the presence of large numbers of migrants there. The woman's interview with M1 caused a media storm in Hungary and was widely seen as providing a boost to the ruling party Fidesz in the run-up to the April 2018 election.
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30 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 30 Apr 2018 Russian Federation

Russia: Blocking of Telegram and Collateral Temporary Blocking of Media Sites

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
No state reply yet
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
On 13 April 2018, Moscow’s Tagansky District Court granted Roskomnadzor, Russia’s communications regulator, its request to block access to the Internet messaging service Telegram on the grounds that the company had not complied with a 2017 order to provide decryption keys to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB).

For Russian users, apps such as Telegram and similar services that seek to provide secure communications are crucial for users’ safety. They provide an important source of information on critical issues of politics, economics and social life, free of undue government interference. For media outlets and journalists based in and outside Russia, Telegram serves not only as a messaging platform for secure communication with sources, but also as a publishing venue. Through its channels, Telegram acts as a carrier and distributor of content for entire media outlets as well as for individual journalists and bloggers.

Since the 13 April decision, the actions taken by the Russian authorities to restrict access to Telegram have caused mass Internet disruption, including mass collateral website blocking. Between 16-18 April 2018, almost 20 million Internet Protocol (IP) addresses were ordered to be blocked by Roskomnadzor as it attempted to restrict access to Telegram. The majority of the blocked addresses are owned by international Internet companies, including Google, Amazon and Microsoft. Among those temporarily blocked were at least six online media outlets (Petersburg Diary, Coda Story, FlashNord, FlashSiberia, Tayga.info, and 7×7). As of 30 April 2018, 14.6 million websites remain blocked.

On 17 April 2018, Roskomnadzor requested that Google and Apple remove access to the Telegram app from their App stores, despite having no basis in Russian law to make this request. The app remains available, but Telegram has not been able to provide upgrades that would allow better proxy access for users. Virtual Private Network (VPN) providers – such as TgVPN, Le VPN and VeeSecurity proxy – have also been targeted for providing alternative means to access Telegram. Federal Law 276-FZ bans VPNs and Internet anonymisers from providing access to websites banned in Russia and authorises Roskomnadzor to order the blocking of any site explaining how to use these services.
Updates
New 30 Oct 2018
On 9 October 2018, a Moscow City Court’s appeals panel rejected a request to forward a cassation appeal lodged by Telegram Messenger LLP representative contesting the Tagansky Court of Moscow's 13 April 2018 ruling and the Moscow City Court's appellate ruling of 14 June to a cassation court for consideration.
03 Aug 2018
In June 2018, following the exhaustion of the domestic remedies, Telegram's lawyers have lodged an application with the European Court of Human Rights with regard to the blocking of Telegram messenger in Russia".
Follow-ups
02 May 2018
Blocking of Telegram and legal restrictions on social networks will limit freedom of expression in Russia, says OSCE Representative Désir.
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29 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 29 Oct 2018 Russian Federation

Heavy Fine Against Independent News Website The New Times

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On 26 October, Moscow's Tverskoi District Court imposed fines of 22.250.000 rubles (EUR 300.000) against the independent online news website "The New Times" and 30.000 rubles (EUR 400) against the website's editor, Yevgenia Albats, for allegedly failing to comply with financial reporting obligations under Russia's controversial "foreign agents" law. In an interview with RFE/RL, Yevgenia Albats said she believed the court decision was intended to punish her for an interview she conducted on the Ekho Moskvy radio station earlier in the week with opposition politician Aleksei Navalny. The Russian Union of Journalists (RUJ) issued a statement, on 28 October, condemning this unprecedented court decision as an obvious move to shut down "The New Times".
Follow-ups
29 Oct 2018
New OSCE Reprensentative on Freedom of the Media: "High fine threatening closure of online Russian news outlet is detrimental to freedom of media, says OSCE media freedom representative"
29 Oct 2018
New Council of Europe Secretary General : "Excessive fine for ‘New Times’ endangers media pluralism and press freedom"
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29 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 29 Oct 2018 Poland

Public Radio Journalist Sanctioned for Refusing to Broadcast Discriminatory Information

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
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Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
The Warsaw Regional Court is currently dealing with the case of a Polish public radio journalist, Dorota Nygren, sanctioned for refusing to broadcast discriminatory information. On 2 September 2017, Dorota Nygren wrote a story for IAR, the radio information agency of the Polish public service broadcaster, regarding an incident in Italy, where a 53 year old man spat at a 97 year old priest in a local church. In accordance with journalism ethical rules, Dorota Nygren decided not to report the man’s national origin (Morocco) in her piece, considering this would be discriminatory. After her refusal, Paweł Piszczek, director of IAR, threatened her with dismissal and this threat was later toned down to a transfer to IAR archive department where she remains to this day on a lower pay. On 23 March 2018, Dorota Nygren brought a court case against IAR. The case is now pending before the Warsaw Regional Court.
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26 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 27 Jul 2016 Turkey

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

74 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Article 19 AEJ Index IPI
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Article 19 AEJ Index IPI
On 25 July 2016, the Turkish anti-terrorism Prosecutor Irfan Fidan has today issued arrest warrants for 42 journalists in the wake of the failed coup against President Erdoğan. According to Anatolian News Agency, the journalists targeted are: Abdullah Abdulkadiroğlu, Abdullah Kılıç, Ahmet Dönmez, Ali Akkuş, Arda Akın, Nazlı Ilıcak, Bayram Kaya, Bilal Şahin, Bülent Ceyhan, Bülent Mumay, Bünyamin Köseli, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Cevheri Güven, Cihan Acar, Cuma Ulus, Emre Soncan, Ercan Gün, Erkan Akkuş, Ertuğrul Erbaş, Fatih Akalan, Fatih Yağmur, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Haşim Söylemez, Hüseyin Aydın, İbrahim Balta, İnan Kızılkaya, Kamil Maman, Kerim Gün, Levent Kenez, Mahmut Hazar, Mehmet Gündem, Metin Yıkar, Muhammed Fatih Uğur, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Mürsel Genç, Selahattin Sevi, Seyid Kılıç, Turan Görüryılmaz, Ufuk Şanlı, Ufuk Emin Köroğlu, Yakup Sağlam and Yakup Çetin.

Among those targeted by the warrants was prominent journalist and former parliamentarian Nazli Ilicak who was fired from the pro-government Sabah daily in 2013 for criticising ministers caught up in a corruption scandal, NTV and CNN-Turk reported. On 27 July 2016, journalist Nuriye Akman was taken into custody.

On 27 July 2016, Istanbul prosecutors issued arrest warrants for 47 former executives and columnists of Zaman newspaper. Those named in the warrants include the following former columnists and executives : Osman Nuri Öztürk, Ali Akbulut, Bülent Keneş, Mehmet Kamış, Hüseyin Döğme, Süleyman Sargın, Veysel Ayhan, Şeref Yılmaz, Mehmet Akif Afşar, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Alaattin Güner, Faruk Kardıç, Metin Tamer Gökçeoğlu, Faruk Akkan, Mümtazer Türköne, Şahin Alpay, Sevgi Akarçeşme, Ali Ünal, Mustafa Ünal, Zeki Önal, Hilmi Yavuz, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Lalezar Sarıibrahimoğlu, Ali Bulaç, Bülent Korucu, İhsan Duran Dağı, Nuriye Ural, Hamit Çiçek, Adil Gülçek, Hamit Bilici, Şenol Kahraman, Melih Kılıç, Nevzat Güner, Mehmet Özdemir, Fevzi Yazıcı, Sedat Yetişkin, Oktay Vızvız, Abdullah Katırcıoğlu, Behçet Akyar, Murat Avcıoğlu, Yüksel Durgut, Zafer Özsoy, Cuma Kaya, Hakan Taşdelen, Osman Nuri Arslan, and Ömer Karakaş.

On the same day, Zaman daily columnist, Şahin Alpay, has been detained after police raided his house in the early morning hours. Lale Sarıibrahimoğlu, who used to work for Zaman and Today’s Zaman and currently reports for IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, was taken by police from her home early on that day too. She has reported in detail about issues concerning the Turkey armed forces, their financial assets, and shortcomings in terms of transparency and accountability. She has suffered for several years from poor health and has need of assured access to medical attention.
Updates
New 26 Oct 2018
On 24 October 2018, the 2nd Criminal Chamber of the İstanbul Regional Court of Justice ruled on appeals of a ruling handed down by the İstanbul 25th High Criminal Court on 8 March 2018 lodged by 25 journalists, including 19 jailed journalists. The Chamber upheld the conviction of defendants Cihan Acar, Bünyamin Köseli, İbrahim Balta, Bayram Kaya, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Mutlu Çölgeçen, Ünal Tanık, Yakup Çetin, Seyit Kılıç, Hüseyin Aydın, Abdullah Kılıç, Gökçe Fırat Çulhaoğlu, Ahmet Memiş, Ali Akkuş, Muhammet Sait Kuloğlu, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Oğuz Usluer, Davut Aydın, Ufuk Şanlı, Yetkin Yıldız and Cuma Ulus. The court in addition ruled for a continuation of the imprisonment of the 19 journalists. In its decision, the chamber also rejected the appeals of prosecutors against lower court decisions for columnist and singer Atilla Taş and for journalist Murat Aksoy.
New 03 Oct 2018
On 2 October 2018, the appeal court upheld aggravated life sentences for Nazlı Ilıcak, Fevzi Yazıcı and Yakup Şimşek.
06 Jul 2018
On 6 July 2018, an Istanbul court has sentenced six former Zaman journalists to prison sentences on charges of being members of a terror organisation, while acquitting five others of all charges. The Court ordered to release Ahmet Turan Alkan and İbrahim Karayeğen under judicial control, pending appeal.
25 May 2018
On 24 May 2018, a court in İstanbul has sentenced Yeni Asya daily editor Naciye Nur Ener Kılınç to 7,5 years in prison on charge of membership of a terrorist organisation and ruled for the continuation of her house arrest pending appeal trial.
14 May 2018
On 11 May 2018, the 13th High Criminal Court of Istanbul in its interim decision ruled to release columnist Ali Bulaç and Zaman’s former Responsible Managing Editor Mehmet Özdemir from pretrial detention, while ordering the lifting of Şahin Alpay’s house arrest. The court also imposed overseas travel bans on both Bulaç and Özdemir and ordered judicial control measures for those three defendants. The next hearings are scheduled for 7 and 8 June.
10 May 2018
On 30 April 2018, an Istanbul court convicted 10 people affiliated with the shuttered Feza Media Group, publisher of the daily Zaman, on terrorism-related charges. All of the defendants were acquitted on charges of "attempting to eliminate the constitutional order”. Murat Avcıoğlu, Cuma Kaya, Alaattin Güner, Hüseyin Turan and Zafer Ozsoy were released on probation pending appeal.
30 Apr 2018
On 24 April 2018, a court in the southern city of Antalya sentenced to prison Tuncer Çetinkaya, a former reporter of Zaman newspaper and Cihan News Agency, for 7 years and 6 months on charges of "being a member of a [terrorist] organisation". The court ordered Çetinkaya released on probation to receive treatment for kidney failure.
19 Mar 2018
Journalist Şahin Alpay was released from Silivri Prison at night on Friday 16 March 2018. He remains under on house arrest.
19 Mar 2018
On 15 March 2018, the Turkish Constitutional Court re-evaluated Şahin Alpay’s application. This 2nd application was filed after the Constitutional Court’s first ruling was snubbed by local courts in January 2018. The Court reiterated its former ruling that the journalist’s rights had been violated and that he should be freed. Turkish top court ruling comes as European Court of Human Rights is set to announce its verdict on the case on 20th March.
09 Mar 2018
On 8 March 2018, the İstanbul 25th Heavy Penal Court sentenced defendants Ahmet Memiş, Ali Akkuş, Muhammet Sait Kuloğlu, Multlu Çölgeçen, Seyid Kılıç, Ünal Tanık, Erkan Acar, Oğuz Usluer, Davut Aydın, Ufuk Şanlı, Yetkin Yıldız, Cuma Ulus to 7 years and 6 months in prison on charge of “being a member of an illegal organisation”. The court ruled for the re-arrest of journalist Akkuş, who had been released last April. Cihan Acar, Bünyamin Köseli, İbrahim Balta, Bayram Kaya, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Yakup Çetin, Hüseyin Aydın, Abdullah Kılıç and Gökçe Fırat Çulhaoğlu were sentenced to 6 years and 3 months in prison on the same charge. 13 defendants were acquitted of “coup attempt” charges. The court sentenced Atilla Taş and Murat Aksoy for “knowingly and willingly aiding an illegal organization as a non-member” while not being “a part of the hierarchical structure within the organization”. They were respectively condemned to 3 years 1 month and 15 days in prison and 2 years and 1 month. Considering the time in prison they already served, the court rejected the prosecutor’s request for the re-arrest of Taş and Aksoy and removed the obligation to sign in at a police station regularly. Yet it ruled for the continuation of their travel ban.
21 Feb 2018
On 20 February 2018, Nur Ener Kılınç was released pending trial and placed under house arrest. Her next hearing is set for 19 Aprill.
16 Feb 2018
On 16 Febuary 2018, Nazlı Ilıcak, Yakup Şimşek and Fevzi Yazıcı were handed aggravated life sentences.
16 Jan 2018
On 12 January 2018, after reviewing the reasoned judgement of the Constitutional Court, the Istanbul 13th Criminal Court overruled the Constitutional Court’s verdict by saying it overstepped its jurisdiction and usurped the Criminal Court’s authority. On 15 January 2017, the Istanbul 14th High Criminal Court rejected Şahin Alpay’s appeal for release.
12 Jan 2018
On 11 January 2018 Turkey`s Constitutional Court ruled to release Şahin Alpay. His release was halted by Istanbul`s 13th High Criminal Court, which announced that his detention would be reviewed after the Constitutional Court’s reasoned decisions were formally communicated.
22 Nov 2017
On 21 November 2017, the 14th High Criminal Court of Ankara sentenced Ayşenur Parıldak, a correspondent for Zaman newspaper, to seven years and six months in prison for being a member of an armed terrorist organisation.
22 Nov 2017
On 8 November 2017, an Istanbul court ordered the release of Izmir-based journalist Bekir Gökmen Ulu from the Sözcü daily. The journalist is also under an international travel ban.
25 Oct 2017
Murat Aksoy was released from pretrial detention by an İstanbul court on 24 October 2017. According to the decision of the İstanbul 25th High Criminal Court, Aksoy was released after the court determined that the suspect had no bank account with Bank Asya and never used the ByLock mobile phone application, both considered by Turkish authorities to be evidence of links to the Gülen movement.
23 Oct 2017
On 17 October 2017, the Eskişehir 2nd court of severe crimes sentenced Mehmet Kuru to six years and three months' imprisonment for 'membership in a terrorist organization'.
15 Oct 2017
Murat Dağdeviren, owner of the Demokrat Gebze newspaper, was arrested on 31 July 2016. On 10 October 2017, he was sentenced to 7 years and 6 months in prison on charge of membership to a terror organization. Demokrat Gebze newspaper was shut down by decree.
05 Oct 2017
Yüksel Durgut was released pending trial for health reasons on 29 September 2017.
29 Sep 2017
Abdullah Özyurt was released on 15 September 2017.
29 Sep 2017
On 22 September 2017, Mediha Olgun was released.
18 Sep 2017
Burak Ekici, the online editor for daily newspaper Birgün, was ordered arrested on 16 August 2017 on accusations of links to U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gülen. Ekici was detained for allegedly having used mobile phone encryption application Bylock, which prosecutors consider to be evidence of membership in the Gülen movement.
07 Sep 2017
Mehmet Dener and Muhammet Taşçılar were released on 1 September 2017.
23 Aug 2017
On 18 August 2017, the 25th court for severe crime of Istanbul released pending trial Cihan Acar, journalist for Bugün, and Aksiyon magazine journalist, Bünyamin Köseli, prosecuted for «coup attempt».
21 Aug 2017
On 18 August 2017, Ali Ahmet Böken, a former TRT News coordinator and former columnist for the now-closed Samanyolu TV, was arrested. Accused of “membership in a terrorist organisation”, he faces up to 15 years in prison.
25 Jul 2017
Hülya Karakaya was released on 18 July 2017 and placed under judiciary control.
20 Jul 2017
Nizamettin İzgi, owner of the Batman newspaper, was arrested on 11 December 2016. On 17 July 2017, a court ordered his release under judicial control.
01 Jun 2017
On 27 May 2017, a Turkish court formally arrested Mediha Olgun (internet editor) and Gökmen Ulu (press correspondent in Izmir), two opposition journalists working for Sözcü daily newspaper for "a story and photographs in the paper revealing where Erdogan was spending his vacation a day before the coup, and a crossword puzzle with the president’s name hidden in it", according to state-run Anadolu news agency. The two jailed Sözcü journalists face charges including “knowingly aiding and abetting the FETÖ terrorist organisation without being part of its hierarchical structure”, and “aiding the assassination attempt of the president”.
30 May 2017
Idris Okur, Cihan reporter in Çorum, was put in custody on 1 August 2016. His trial started in May 2017 before the Çorum 2nd Heavy Penal Court.
29 May 2017
Özkan Mayda was released on 24 May 2017.
26 May 2017
Olgun Matur was released on 29 March 2017 and was arrested again 3 days later on 2nd April. He was released again on 24 May 2017.
05 May 2017
On 4 may 2017, Ozan Kaplanoğlu, editor of the online platform @BursaMuhalif and a member of the Board of Directors of the Bursa Branch of the Contemporary Gazeteciler Derneği, was detained during an early morning raid on his home. The journalist was arrested by a Bursa court on 5 May on the charge of spreading propaganda for a terrorist organisation on his social media account.
02 May 2017
İbrahim Karayeğen, an editor for Zaman newspaper, was ordered arrested on 26 September 2016 as part of the coup attempt investigation. Karayeğen, who was detained on 16 July 2016 in İstanbul Atatürk Airport was formally put on pre-trial detention on 24 July 2016 by an investigating judge at İstanbul No.2 Criminal Court of Peace. On 27 April 2017, an Istanbul court indicted Karayeğen and 29 other former Zaman Media Group employees with attempting to overthrow the government, the Constitution and Parliament. Each suspect risks three consecutive life sentences. The indictment also seeks another 15 years for each suspect on charges of being members of a terrorist organisation.
20 Apr 2017
Ali Akkuş was released on 31 March 2017 and detained a few hours later. He was released again on 15 April 2017.
18 Apr 2017
On 5 August 2016, Yakup Şimşek, the former Brand Marketing Manager of Zaman was taken into custody, as part of a probe into a controversial commercial allegedly hinting at an impending coup bid some nine months before the 15 July coup attempt. The indictment drafted on 14 April 2017 by the İstanbul Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office seeks three consecutive life sentences for 16 people, including Şimşek, on coup charges. On 29 March 2016, court-appointed trustees had fired Simsek along with 5 colleagues from the daily newspapers Zaman and Today's Zaman, for "abusing the trust of the employer" and "acting against the good will and morals, as well as the company's image".
17 Apr 2017
Yakup Çetin and Yetkin Yıldız were released on 31 march 2017 and detained again a few hours later. They were re-arrested on 15 april 2017.
13 Apr 2017
On 11 April 2017 an indictment of journalists and columnists of Zaman daily was filed to the İstanbul 13th High Criminal Court. The indictment seeks three consecutive life sentences for the 30 defendants on charges of attempting to overthrow the government. 30 journalists, 21 of whom are already under arrest, were indicted. The defendants include former Zaman writers Mümtazer Türköne, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Şahin Alpay, Mustafa Ünal and Ali Bulaç. The journalists are charged with "attempting a coup d'Etat" for which the prosecutor demands three consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole. Additionally, the prosecutor demands up to 15 years in prison for all the suspects on charges of "membership in a terrorist organisation." Anatolia News Agency reported that the defendants are Mümtazer Türköne, Şahin Alpay, Ali Bulaç, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Alaattin Güner, Cuma Kaya, Faruk Akkan, Hakan Taşdelen, Hüseyin Belli, Hüseyin Turan, İbrahim Karayeğen, İsmail Küçük, Mehmet Özdemir, Murat Avcıoğlu, Mustafa Ünal, Onur Kutlu, Sedat Yetişkin, Şeref Yılmaz, Yüksel Durgut ve Zafer Özsoy tutuklu, Ahmet İrem, Ali Hüseyinçelebi, Süleyman Sargın, Osman Nuri Arslan, Osman Nuri Öztürk, Lalezer Sarıibrahimoğlu, Nuriye Ural and Orhan Kemal Cengiz. Sarıibrahimoğlu, Ural and Cengiz are listed as suspects pending trial outside of prison.
05 Apr 2017
Serhat Şeftali, Zaman regional burea Chief for the Med region, was arrested on 21 July 2016. He stands accused of preparing the ground for July 2016 coup attempt on behalf of the Hizmet movement. On 1 April 2017, Serhat Şeftali was ordered released on judicial probation by the Antalya 2nd High Criminal Court along 20 police officers and seven other journalists including Tuncer Çetinkaya and Olgun Matur pending the conclusion of their trial. However, the Antalya 3rd High Criminal Court ruled for the re-arrest of 16 of them, including Şeftali following objections to their release by prosecutors.
05 Apr 2017
Tuncer Çetinkaya was released on 29 March 2017 and re-arrested on 2 April.
31 Mar 2017
Kenan Baş was released on 29 March 2017.
10 Mar 2017
Nur Ener, the news-editor of Yeni Asya newspaper, was detained on 3 March 2017 as a part of the purge of journalists allegedly linked to the Gülen movement. Ener was formally arrested on 6 March 2017 for allegedly having used the mobile phone encryption application Bylock, which Turkish prosecutors consider to be evidence of membership in the Gülen movement. Ener is currently in pre-trial detention in the Bakırköy Women’s Closed Prison in Istanbul.
06 Mar 2017
Erdem Mühirci was released on 28 February 2017.
28 Feb 2017
Vedat Demir was released on 18 February 2017.
03 Feb 2017
Hamza Günerigök, an anchor with of state-owned TRT, was arrested on 30 January 2017 by border security in military zone as he was trying to flee from Turkey to Greece in illegal ways. The authorities had issued an arrest warrant for Günerigök over his alleged link with the Gülen movement.
30 Jan 2017
On 18 January 2017, Ünal Tanık, owner and editor-in-chief of the Rota Haber news portal, which is among the media outlets closed down in the aftermath of the coup attempt, was arrested after being detained in Yalova the day before. The arrest verdict of İstanbul’s 11th Penal Court of Peace was based on the charge of alleged membership to the Gülen movement. Tanık faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.
23 Dec 2016
Özcan Keser, reporter for state-owned Turkish Radio and Television Network (TRT), who had previously worked with Cihan News Agency, was detained on 12 August 2016. He was formally arrested on 19 December.
22 Dec 2016
Ömer Oruç, a former reporter of the Cihan News Agency, was arrested on 18 December 2016. Oruç is currently imprisoned in Isparta prison.
19 Dec 2016
Eda Şanlı was released pending trial on 18 December 2016.
16 Dec 2016
On 14 December 2016, Mehmet Anıl was released.
12 Dec 2016
Nadir Yücel, editor in chief of the Çorum Yıldız, was ordered arrested on 4 December 2016 as part of a purge of journalists allegedly linked with Fethullah Gülen.
31 Oct 2016
Beytullah Özdemir, the Düzce representative for the newspaper Zaman, was ordered arrested on 27 October 2016 as part of the ongoing investigation into the failed 15 July 2016 coup attempt.
26 Oct 2016
As of 26 October 2016, the list of detained journalists was updated, adding the following 24 journalists, arrested under State of emergency as part of the coup investigation: Abdullah Özyurt, Ahmet Yavaş, Ayşenur Parıldak, Aytekin Gezici, Aziz İstegün, Bayram Parlak, Cumali Önal, Gültekin Avcı, Eda Şanlı, Halil İbrahim Mert, İbrahim Karayeğen, Kenan Baş, Lokman Erdoğan, Mehmet Kuru, Murat Aksoy, Nurullah Kaya, Nuri Durna, Olgun Matur, Osman Yakut, Özkan Mayda, Tuncer Çetinkaya, Vahit Yazgan, Vedat Demir and Yalçın Güler. Most of them were former Zaman journalists and executives. Additionally, 11 journalists, arrested during the State of emergency outside the coup probe, were also added to the list of detained journalists: Erdem Mühirci, Hülya Karakaya , İlker İlkan, Mehmet Anıl, Mehmet Arslan , Necmiye Alpay, Nizamettin Yılmaz, Rabia Özkaya, Selahattin Koyuncu , Şirin Çoban and Zeynel Abidin Bulut.
18 Oct 2016
As of 18 October 2016, 35 of the 89 journalists targeted by one of the 2 mass warrants issued after the coup attempt have been arrested : Abdullah Kılıç, Ali Akkuş, Nazlı Ilıcak, Bayram Kaya, Bünyamin Köseli, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Cihan Acar, Cuma Ulus, Emre Soncan, Ercan Gün, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Haşim Söylemez, Hüseyin Aydın, İbrahim Balta, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Seyid Kılıç, Ufuk Şanlı, and Yakup Çetin - Şeref Yılmaz, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Alaattin Güner, Faruk Akkan, Mümtazer Türköne, Şahin Alpay, Ali Ünal, Mustafa Ünal, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Ali Bulaç, Mehmet Özdemir, Fevzi Yazıcı, Murat Avcıoğlu, , Zafer Özsoy, Cuma Kaya, and Hakan Taşdelen. On Oct 12, former Taraf and Zaman columnists Lalezar Sariibrahimoglu and Nuriye (Akman) Ural were released from prison pending trial. An Istanbul Criminal Court decided that there were sufficient grounds for suspecting that both were members of the so-called Fethullah Gülen Terrorist Organization/Parallel State Structure, or FETÖ/PDY, but also indicated that the case against them would be subject to further assessment to ascertain whether it could be shown to be strong enough to proceed. On that basis they were released from custody on appeal with certain legal controls. Both are banned from travelling abroad. To date, ten journalists have been released: Arda Akın, Bülent Mumay, Mehmet Gündem, and Yakup Sağlam -Zeki Önal, Hilmi Yavuz, Lalezar Sarıibrahimoğlu (Lale Kemal), İhsan Duran Dağı, Nuriye (Akman) Ural and Osman Nuri Arslan.
05 Oct 2016
Ramazan Alkan, a journalist for Yeni Akit newspaper, was ordered arrested on 30 September 2016 for allegedly having used the mobile phone encryption application Bylock, which Turkish prosecutors consider to be evidence of membership in the Gülen movement.
12 Sep 2016
Mutlu Çölgeçen, an editor with Millet newspaper, was ordered arrested on 9 September 2016. Çölgeçen is one of 29 journalists charged in a case accusing them of having been part of the Gülen movement’s “media wing”. He faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.
05 Sep 2016
On 2 September 2016, Ahmet Memiş, a reporter for Haberdar news website, was arrested as part of a purge of journalists allegedly linked to U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gülen. Mr Memiş is accused of having been part of the Gülen movement’s “media wing” and is kept in detention at Silivri prison camp.
01 Sep 2016
In August 2016, Ankara Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office has ordered detention for 34 employers of TRT (Turkey's Public Broadcasting Service) claimed to be users of ByLock, an encrypted communication software allegedly used among members of the Gülen Community. According to Bianet, there are eight TRT employees among journalists taken into custody under the State of Emergency declared on July 20 and put behind bars. The names of the eight former TRT employees are as follows: Ahmet Yavaş (TRT radio Erzurum correspondent), Ali Yüce (TRT radio broadcasting manager), Ersin Şanlı (TRT domestic news manager), Hakan Aksel (TRT News and Sports Department Coordinator Assistant and Producer), Halil İbrahim Mert (TRT TV Erzurum cameraperson), Nuri Durna (TRT Erzurum correspondent), Yalçın Güler (TRT Erzurum correnspondent), Seyid Kılıç (TRT correspondent). Since August 2016, those eight journalists are kept in detention as part of the government’s investigation following the 15 July 2016 coup attempt.
29 Aug 2016
On 21 August 2016, a court in Van arraigned Ali Aşikar, a journalist working for the Kurdish-language daily newspaper Azadiya Welat, and ordered him jailed pending trial on charges of "committing crimes in the name of [terrorist] organizations" and possessing explosives. Mr Aşikar is kept in detention at Van M type prison since 28 August 2016.
25 Aug 2016
Burçin Dokgöz, a reporter for Zaman newspaper and for Cihan News Agency in the northern Anatolian city of Çorum, was ordered arrested on 21 August 2016.
24 Aug 2016
İsmail Efe, the press consultant of the İzmir Directorate of Tourism, was arrested as a part of ongoing operations against alleged followers of Fethullah Gülen following the failed coup attempt. Efe is currently imprisoned in Aliağa prison in İzmir
24 Aug 2016
Erol Yüksel, a vice president of the news department of state-owned TRT, was ordered arrested on 19 August 2016 as part of the investigation following the coup attempt.
15 Aug 2016
On 10 August 2016, Habervaktim site and founder of Vahdet newspaper, Yener Dönmez, was detained at the Habervaktim Ankara bureau, in the scope of an investigation into the leaking of a sex tape featuring former leader of the opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) Deniz Baykal. The video was first published on Akit's unofficial website Habervaktim in 2010. An investigation at the time produced no arrests. Dönmez had been detained earlier in the post-coup investigation.
15 Aug 2016
On 13 August 2016 Tahsin Kürklü, head of Logistics Department of the now-closed Zaman newspaper, was detained by gendarmerie officers in Gürün district of Sivas province and later ordered arrested by a Sivas court. He is said to be the former chauffeur of Ekrem Dumanlı, the former editor-in-chief of daily Zaman who was jailed for “attempting a coup” and “forming an organisation with felonious intent.”
11 Aug 2016
On 10 August 2016, an Ankara court of penal peace arraigned Erdal Şen, former Ankara correspondent for the daily newspaper Habertürk, on suspicion of assisting an alleged high-ranking member of the Hizmet movement to escape after the failed coup. He was released on 21 April 2017, and re-arrested the next day upon objection of the prosecutor’s office.
08 Aug 2016
İsmail Avcı, a former reporter for Zaman newspaper and Cihan News Agency, was arrested on 1 August 2016 as a part of the purge of journalists allegedly linked to Fethullah Gülen. Avcı was reportedly detained in the Yalvaç district of Isparta while trying to hide from police. He is currently being held in the Diyarbakır D-type prison.
08 Aug 2016
On 5 August 2016, police in the western Turkish province of Denizli, detained Resul Cengiz, a former reporter for the shuttered Cihan News Agency. A local court ordered Cengiz jailed pending trial on terrorism charges on 10 August 2016.
01 Aug 2016
Isa Siyi, journalist for Haberdar news site, was arrested on 28 July 2016, among the 88 journalists for whom arrest warrants were issued as part of the reaction to the July 15 military coup attempt.
01 Aug 2016
Abdurrahim Ersöz, a local press correspondent for Cihan news agency In Antalya, was arrested on 28 July 2016 as part of a purge of journalists allegedly linked to the movement headed by U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gülen. Mr Ersöz was arrested along with Antalya correspondent Ömer Özdemir from Zaman newspaper and is kept in detention at Antalya L Type Closed Criminal Infrastructure Authority since July 2016.
26 Jul 2016
In the early morning of 26 July 2016, journalist and former parliamentarian Nazlı Ilıcak, one of the 42 journalists named in the arrest warrants as part of the post-coup attempt crackdown operations, was detained in the Bodrum district of the Aegean province of Muğla. According to Turkish media reports, six other journalists appearing on the list were also detained: Yakup Sağlam, İbrahim Balta, Seyit Kılıç, Bayram Kaya, Cihan Acar and Hanım Büşra Erdal.
25 Jul 2016
Mehmet Dener, the owner of the local sanliurfa.com website, was ordered arrested on 22 July 2016 along with the editor-in-chief of the website, Muhammet Taşçılar, as a part of the ongoing investigation into the failed 15 July 2016 coup attempt.
Follow-ups
17 May 2018
OSCE Media Freedom representative welcomes the release of journalists Ali Bulaç and Mehmet Özdemir from pre-trial detention and the vend of house arrest for Şahin Alpay, but increased sentences demanded against other defendants and continued arrests are of great concern.
20 Mar 2018
On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Şahin Alpay’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Alpay’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) of the Convention, the Court held that it was incumbent on the respondent State to ensure the termination of Mr Alpay’s pre-tria detention at the earliest possible date. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Alpay’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.
19 Mar 2018
OSCE media freedom representative welcomes the release of Şahin Alpay but considers that "placing him under house arrest is contrary to the 2nd Constitutional Court ruling".
09 Mar 2018
OSCE representative Désir urges Turkey to release and drop charges against 25 media workers sentenced to prison, including journalists Aksoy and Taş
16 Feb 2018
Life sentences for Turkish journalists are an unprecedented, unacceptable attack on freedom of expression, say OSCE representative on Media Freedom.
19 Jan 2018
The Council of Europe Secretary General refers to the recent decisions of Turkey’s Constitutional Court in his address to the Committee of Ministers
19 Oct 2017
On 10 October 2017, the Commissioner for human rights intervened before the European Court of Human Rights in cases concerning the detention of journalists and freedom of expression in Turkey
14 Mar 2017
Opinion of the Venice Commission on the Measures provided in the recent Emergency Decree Laws with respect to Freedom of the Media
15 Feb 2017
Human Rights Commissioner : Urgent measures are needed to restore freedom of expression in Turkey
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (74):

Abdullah Kılıç, Abdürrahim Ersöz, Ahmet Memiş, Ahmet Yavaş, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Alaattin Güner, Ali Akkuş, Ali Aşikar, Ali Ahmet Böken, Ali Ünal, Ali Yüce, Ayşenur Parıldak, Aytekin Gezici, Aziz İstegün, Bayram Kaya, Beytullah Özdemir, Burçin Dokgöz, Cemal Kalyoncu, Cuma Kaya, Cuma Ulus, Emre Soncan, Ercan Gün, Erdal Şen, Erol Yüksel, Faruk Akkan, Fevzi Yazici, Gültekin Avcı, Habip Güler, Hakan Aksel, Hakan Taşdelen, Halil Ibrahim Mert, Hamza Günerigök, Hanim Büşra Erdal, Haşim Söylemez, Hüseyin Aydın, Hüseyin Turan, Ibrahim Balta, Idris Okur, Ilker Ilkan, Isa Siyi, İsmail Avcı, İsmail Efe, Lokman Erdoğan, Mehmet Kuru, Mümtazer Türköne, Murat Avcioğlu, Murat Dağdeviren, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Mustafa Ünal, Mutlu Çölgeçen, Nazlı Ilıcak, Nadir Yücel, Nuri Durna, Nurullah Kaya, Ozan Kaplanoğlu, Ömer Oruç, Ömer Özdemir, Özcan Keser, Osman Yakut, Rabia Özkaya, Ramazan Alkan, Resul Cengiz, Serhat Şeftali, Şeref Yılmaz, Seyid Kılıç, Şirin Çoban, Tahsin Kürklü, Ufuk Şanlı, Ünal Tanık, Vahit Yazgan, Yakup Çetin, Yakup Şimşek, Yalçın Güler, Zafer Özsoy.
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25 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 08 Oct 2018 Bulgaria

Bulgarian Journalist Viktoria Marinova Killed

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
Bulgarian journalist and TV presenter Viktoria Marinova was found dead on 6 October 2018 in a park in the northern city of Ruse, where she had reportedly been out jogging. A regional prosecutor said she had suffered blows to the head and had died from suffocation. Bulgarian Interior Minister Mladen Marinov told journalists that the thirty year old journalist had also been raped. Her mobile phone, car keys, glasses and some of her clothes were also missing. The minister stated that no evidence had been found to suggest the killing was related to her work, and that officials were unaware of any information that she had been threatened. The OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media urged the Bulgarian authorities to investigate thoroughly to determine whether or not the attack was linked to her work. Bulgarian media voiced concern that Marinova may have been targeted on account of her recent TV appearances. They pointed out that on 30 September she had presented an investigative programme called ‘Detector’ on the private regional TV channel TVN, which featured interviews by another colleague with two well-known Bulgarian and Romanian journalists about their investigation into the alleged misappropriation of EU funds by politicians and businessmen. The owner of investigative journalism website Bivol.bg, Asen Yordanov, was cited by media as saying that the journalists who appeared on the TV programme were in danger because of their investigation into the issue, which has for some time been the focus of fierce controversy. Mr Yordanov suggested that Ms Marinova’s murder had been meant as a warning to other journalists. In October 2017, hundreds of Bulgarian journalists staged a public protest in Sofia after Deputy Prime Minister Valeri Simeonov and another senior politician threatened a TV journalist with dismissal for asking probing questions about sensitive political matters on air.
Updates
New 11 Oct 2018
On 10 October 2018, police in Germany have detained a man in connection with the rape and killing of Viktoria Marinova.
State replies
25 Oct 2018
Follow-ups
12 Oct 2018
New OSCE media freedom representative welcomes progress in investigation of killing of Bulgarian journalist, urges full and thorough investigation.
09 Oct 2018
New Co-rapporteurs of the PACE for post-monitoring dialogue with Bulgaria appalled by the murder of the journalist Viktoria Marinova urge the Bulgarian authorities to thoroughly investigate her murder and abuse immediately.
08 Oct 2018
New CoE Secretary General calls on the Bulgarian authorities to rapidly conduct a thorough investigation of the horrific killing of investigative reporter Viktoria Marinova.
08 Oct 2018
CoE Human Rights Commissioner calls on the authorities to urgently and fully investigate this horrendous crime and ensure that those responsible, including the masterminds, are held accountable.
08 Oct 2018
OSCE Representative shocked by murder of Bulgarian journalist, calls for justice and thorough investigation.
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23 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 15 Dec 2016 Croatia

Attack on Investigative Journalist Domagoj Margetić in the Centre of Zagreb

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
On 13 December 2016, journalist Domagoj Margetić, was attacked in the centre of Zagreb. According to the testimony given by phone to the Croatian Journalists’ Association, Margetić said he was approached by a man who shouted he would "silence him," adding "you will never write again". He then assaulted Margetić.

Domagoj Margetić, editor of a programme called "No censorship" which is broadcast on TV Mreža, is an investigative journalist specialising in crime and corruption in Croatia. Margetić has been threatened and attacked before. Last November, he found graffiti at the entrance of his building saying “you are dead, you journalistic scum-bag”. He was also attacked at this same place in 2014. His attackers have not been identified.
Updates
New 23 Oct 2018
On 19 October 2018, Domagoj Margetic ended his hunger strike. He met with Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic who reaffirmed his commitment to media freedom and told Margetic that his complaints will be investigated by the relevant authorities.
New 03 Oct 2018
The Croatian journalist Domagoj Margetić has been on hunger strike since the 6th of September 2018. Over last several years he reported many death threats, attacks against his property and physical attacks, one of them qualified as attempted murder. According to the Croatian Journalists' Association (CJA), he and his family have suffered multiple pressures over the summer, such as blackmailing and death threats, which triggered his decision to start the hunger strike. On his Facebook page, Margetić affirmed that he reported all the cases to the police. Since none of them have been resolved so far, he is now requesting all his complaints to be dealt with.
17 Dec 2016
On 17 December 2016 the police arrested a suspect, but no further details regarding their motive or identity have been revealed.
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22 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 22 Oct 2018 "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"

Macedonian Journalist under Pressure to Reveal Journalistic Sources

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On 18 October 2018, the main opposition party in Macedonia, VMRO DPMNE, released a press statement asking the Macedonian Information Agency's Brussels correspondent Tanja Milevska to unveil her sources. The party's request has been amplified by media close to VMRO DPMNE. On 10 October 2018, Tanja Milevska published a news piece relying on two different anonymous sources saying that the pressure inside the European Parliament EPP group was mounting on, in the context of the Prespa Agreement implementation process. The sources told the journalist that some members of EPP group had threatened VMRO DPMNE that "one of the possible consequences" of jeopardizing the Agreement and therefore the country's EU and NATO perspective was an exclusion from the EPP group. Following a short statement from news agency MIA saying that it stands behind what it published and that the information was verified and based on reliable sources, VMRO DPMNE issued a media release demanding that the journalist and the agency unveil their sources.
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22 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 05 Oct 2018 Turkey

Saudi Journalist Disappears During Visit to Saudi Consulate in Turkey

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ
A Saudi journalist who is a fierce critic of the Saudi regime vanished on 2 October 2018 during a visit to a Saudi consulate in Turkey, the Washington Post reported. Jamal Khashoggi is a regular contributor to the Washington Post, in which capacity he has for the past year documented the changes taking place in Saudi Arabia, where the authorities under Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman claim to be implementing a reform process. He disappeared after entering the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, where according to the Washington Post he went “to complete routine paperwork”. Khashoggi was accompanied to the consulate by his fiancée, who was not allowed to go inside with him. He was also required to surrender his mobile phone on entering the building. As of 5 October, Khashoggi had not re-emerged from the building and there was no further word from him.
Updates
New 22 Oct 2018
On 22 October 2018, Saudi Arabia admitted that the journalist was killed in the Saudi consulate on 2 October by a “rogue operation”, arrested 18 people involved in the operation and fired top security officials. On 23 October, Turkey’s President addressing the legislators from the Justice and Development Party, called the killing a political murder and stated that the Turkish intelligence and security institutions have sufficient evidence showing the murder was planned and that “pinning such a case on a handful of security and intelligence members will not be sufficient to satisfy the international community”.
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22 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 22 Oct 2018 France

Leader of La France Insoumise Party Calls to ‘Badmouth’ France Info Journalists

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
In a video published on 19 October 2018 on his Facebook account, the leader of the opposition party La France Insoumise, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, attacked the journalists of the public radio station France Info (Radio France group). They had revealed suspicions about overcharging by his party, during the 2017 presidential election campaign in France. In this video, Mr Mélenchon calls France Info a "state radio" and its journalists "morons". He called upon supporters of La France Insoumise to "discredit the journalists" of Radio France: "Badmouth them wherever you can (...) . Ultimately, there must be thousands of people who believe that France Info journalists are liars, and cheaters." Several journalists' organisations have denounced Mr Mélenchon's insults and intimidation, whilst acknowledging his right to criticise the media. On 20 October, Radio France announced that it would file a complaint following Mr Mélenchon’s remarks.
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22 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 20 Sep 2017 Ukraine

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ EBU
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ EBU
The 2018 state budget, soon under discussion at Ukrainian Parliament, envisages for the public broadcaster around half of the budget defined in the Law on Public Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine. The provisional budget of the public broadcaster, UA:PBC, for 2018 will be around 1,5 billion UAH (around 45-49 million EUR), which is one of the smallest budgets in Europe in comparison with other broadcasters, such as Poland, Romania, Croatia, having few times higher budgets, but covering smaller areas and communities. The Management Board of UA:PBC published on 18 September 2017 an official statement expressing its concern about possible under-funding of UA:PBC which could affect not only broadcaster's ability to fulfill its remit, but moreover could affect its independence, especially in the eve of the election campaign. Several professional organisations, including the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) called on Ukrainian Government to ensure appropriate funding for the public broadcaster in line with the Ukrainian Law and with European standards, as provided in Council of Europe Recommendation 1878 (2009) on Funding of public service broadcasting and EBU's principles for stable, accountable, fair and independent funding.
Updates
New 22 Oct 2018
On 18 October 2018, Verkhovna Rada passed the draft State Budget for 2019 in the first reading. According to this draft, the Parliament voted to reduce the 2019 budget of UA-PBC by 45% compared to the level defined by Ukraine’s audio-visual law. This will provide a budget in 2019 for the public broadcaster of ‎a little bit more of 1 billion of UAH, against the amount of ‎1.816.933.000 UAH needed for its proper functioning. UA-PBC management has launched an appeal to the public and to the international partners to protest and to ask to government and majority in the Parliament to respect the rules and provide the necessary funding to the public broadcaster. The underfunding of the company in 2018, led to accumulating debts of the UA-PBC and resulted in the switching of the analogue broadcasting of the TV channel throughout the country. If adopted in its current form, the budget of the UA-PSB risks putting the company on the verge of bankruptcy. The coalition of Ukrainian NGOs “Reanimation Package of Reforms” called on the authorities to stop financial pressure on the public broadcaster.
New 27 Sep 2018
On 25 September 2018, the state-owned Broadcasting, Radio communications and Television Concern (BRT) suspended broadcasts of the public TV channel UA-Pershyi over the debts. The TV channel’s signal was cut off across the country. The state budget approved by the Ukrainian parliament in 2018 has no funds to cover payment of public TV broadcasts, leading to the growth of company debts to BRT to 75 million Ukrainian hryvnia. The leadership of the TV channel appealed to its staff, asking them to go on unpaid leave, due to the budget under-financing. The European Broadcasting Union and the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media have called on the Ukrainian authorities to restore transmissions immediately and urgently address the funding problems.
05 Jul 2018
On 18 June 2018, Ukraine's public TV channel UA:Pershyi was taken off the air because of the unpaid debts.The public radio broadcasting and TV operator has now suspended the analogue broadcasting of UA: Pershyi in several cities, including Kyiv, Vinnytsya, Dnipro, Odesa, Ternopil, and Chernihiv, since the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine failed to pay some $2.8 million for transmission services. The transmission is still available in digital format as well as online and on cable networks. For 2018, the state budget of Ukraine allotted only Hr 776.5 million ($29.5 million) for financing the national public broadcaster, which is less than half the amount guaranteed by law and funds for transmission services have not been allotted at all since April 2018. According to the law, public broadcaster is to receive annual funds equivalent to 0.2 percent of the state budget. At the deadline of 1 July 2018 the Government has not provided an alternative solution for the financing of the public service in Ukraine.
State replies
18 Dec 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
Follow-ups
27 Sep 2018
New OSCE Representative calls on Ukrainian authorities to reinstate broadcasts by public service broadcaster UA:PBC and urgently resolve funding problems .
20 Sep 2017
The CoE Commissioner for Human Rights details the prerequisites for well-funded and strong public service media.
Relevant CoE instruments Disclaimer
20 Sep 2017
Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on public service media governance (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 15 February 2012 at the 1134th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)
Disclaimer
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19 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 19 Oct 2018 Russian Federation

Russia Introduces Tougher Penalties for Failure to Remove Banned Content

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Index
No state reply yet
Partner Index
On 2 October 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law two new bills that make the penalties for failing to take down or retract content after it has been banned by a court even tougher. According to the first law, anyone who refuses to publish a timely refutation or stop spreading false information as decreed by the court will face increased fines - up to 20,000 rubles for private individuals (the fine for this offence used to be up to 2,000), up to 50,000 for government officials and up to 200,000 for companies. According to the second law, repeat civil offenders will face either increased fines or up to 10 days in prison, while officials will face up to 15 days in prison.
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17 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 17 Oct 2018 Russian Federation

Russian Journalist Sergey Kanev Flees Country in Fear of Prosecution

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Index
No state reply yet
Partner Index
Russian investigative journalist Sergey Kanev has fled Russia fearing provocations or prosecution because of his work. Kanev told Russia's RBC newspaper on 29 September 2018 that many of his investigations had angered "certain people in power." Kanev used to work for the Investigation Control Center sponsored by exiled oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky, which was shut down in August 2018 after the death of three Russian journalists in the Central African Republic. He also contributed to the collaboration between Britain's Bellingcat citizen journalism group and its Russian investigative partner The Insider to discover the identities of those responsible for the poisoning of former Russian agent Sergey Skripal and his daughter. According to sources close to Khodorkovsky, the Russian authorities had devised a plan to accuse Kanev of trying to find out the route of President Putin's cortege and potentially plotting a terror attack. Kanev told RBC that he was "on holiday" in one of the Baltic countries.
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16 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 09 Dec 2016 Cyprus

Cyprus: Police Reporter's Car Set on Fire

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
A car belonging to Dina Kleanthous, a police and crime reporter for the website Reporter Online, was set on fire on 19 September 2016 in the middle of the night outside her home. The Union of Cyprus Journalists issued a statement denouncing the attack against the journalist and calling on the authorities to ensure journalists’ safety in the country. According to the statement, Kleanthous had been receiving threats related to her reporting. Kleanthous told police that the act was likely related to her professional activities. OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media Dunja Mijatović condemned the incident. “This blatant attempt to coerce a journalist who is reporting on news of public interest is simply unacceptable”, said Mijatović. The media and journalists organisations call on the authorities to fully investigate this incident and to bring to justice those responsible, in order to guarantee the journalists safety and freedom of expression in the country.
State replies
16 Oct 2018
New Official reply of the Authorities of the Republic of Cyprus
Follow-ups
09 Dec 2016
OSCE representative condemns setting reporter’s car on fire in Cyprus
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12 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 10 Apr 2018 Turkey

Journalists Detained on Account of Social Media Posts Critical of the Military Operation in Afrin

3 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
At least four journalists have been detained in police raids since 20 January 2018 as part of a social media crackdown on individuals who shared critical comments or news regarding the ‘Operation Olive Branch’, which was launched by the Turkish army on the Syrian town of Afrin.
Van-based journalist Idris Yılmaz, was taken into custody on 21 January following a police raid on his house in Van province. He was ordered arrested on 23 January 2018 on charges of “making terrorist propaganda”. His house has been raided by the police on 20 March 2018 and according to his wife, his family members intimidated.
On 22 January, Ishak Karakaş, editor-in-chief of Halkın Nabzı newspaper and columnist for Artı Gerçek, was taken into custody during a police raid at his home in Istanbul. An Istanbul court formally arrested Karakaş on 26 January. His social media posts criticising the Turkish military’s operation in Afrin have been used as criminal evidence.
Mezopotamya news agency reporter Seda Taşkın was detained on 22 January during a police raid on her home in Ankara. Taşkın was arrested on 23 January on “membership in a terrorist organization” charges.
On 23 January, Haydar Ergül, an editor for the Demokratik Modernite magazine, who had been in custody since he was detained at the Diyarbakır Airport on 16 January, was arrested by an Istanbul court on charges of “making terrorist propaganda” and “membership in a terrorist organisation”.
Updates
New 12 Oct 2018
On 10 October 2018, Muş’ 2nd High Criminal Court sentenced Seda Taşkın to a total of seven years and six months in prison. The court sentenced the journalist to three years and four months for "making propaganda for a [terrorist] organization" and four years and two months for "aiding and abetting a [terrorist] organization without being a member." The journalist is currently being held at the Sincan Women's Prison.
09 May 2018
Editor-in-Chief of the local Istanbul daily Halkın Nabzı and Artı Gerçek columnist, İshak Karakaş, was released under judicial control measures in his first court appearance on 8 May 2018.
Follow-ups
12 Oct 2018
New OSCE Representative appalled by Muş 2nd Heavy Penal Court 7.5 yrs prison sentence to reporter at Seda Taşkın for "aiding and abetting terrorist organisation as non-member".
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (3):

Idris Yılmaz, Seda Taşkın, Haydar Ergül
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12 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 07 Jan 2016 Turkey

Kurdish Media Journalists Arrested in Turkey

4 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ CPJ Index RSF
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ CPJ Index RSF
Nedim Oruç, correspondent for the Kurdish press agency DIHA, was arrested on 6 January 2016 by the authorities in Silopi (Turkey) and charged with “doing propaganda on behalf of an illegal organisation”. According to reports in DİHA, Mr Oruç was by force of arms taken to Yenişehir Indoor Sports Hall from a house situated in Şehit Harun neighborhood. According to testimony of eyewitnesses, journalist Oruç was beaten up during his arrest by local police. Media reports say that Mr Oruç is expected to be transferred to Şırnak F-Type Prison.
Updates
New 12 Oct 2018
On 28 September 2018, Mardin 2nd High Criminal Court sentenced Abdülkadir Turay to nine years in prison for "being a member of a [terrorist] organisation” and decided to keep him under arrest.
12 Jul 2016
On 1st July 2016, the editor of Demokratik Ulus newspaper, Arafat Dayan, was arrested in Tarsus on charges of alleged violations of anti-terrorism laws. Mr Dayan had gone to the Tarsus District Police Station to renew his driver's license when police found an outstanding warrant for his arrest on charges the newspaper did not specify. Mr Dayan is imprisoned since July 2016 at the Silifke prison in Mersin.
13 Jun 2016
On 10 June 2016, a court of Cizre freed Nedim Oruç on bail of 5,000 Turkish liras, after five months' of pre-trial detention. The court banned Oruç from foreign travel.
06 Jun 2016
Emin Demir, a freelance reporter for DIHA news agency, was detained on 31 May 2016 on the basis of his social media posts on charges of "doing propaganda for an illegal organisation" and "inciting the public to hatred". (According to media report), a Court in Mersin condemned the journalist to 4 years in jail for his posts on social media .
30 May 2016
Five persons including DİHA reporter Abdulkadir Turay taken into custody in Mardin on 5 May 2016 were then arrested on charges of “aiding and abetting an [illegal] organization”. The journalist was arrested together with Kurdish politicians during a house raid by Turkish gendarmerie in Savur district of Mardin province. Turay is in detention since May 2016 at Mardin E Type closed prison.
30 Mar 2016
On 20 March 2016, journalist Ayhan Demir, editor of Çaldıran Haber Ajansi in the province of Van, has been arrested together with several local politicians following a police raid. Based on media reports, the journalist has been arrested for sharing several messages on social networks and is kept in jail at Van detention center since March 2016.
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (4):

Ayhan Demir, Abdulkadir Turay, Emin Demir, Arafat Dayan
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11 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 11 Oct 2018 Italy

Italian Journalist Subjected to Death Threat

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On 11 October 2018, the Italian journalist Filippo Mele, working for the daily local newspaper La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno, received an envelope containing a bullet, a red pen and a sheet of white paper. The envelope was left in the country house of the journalist.

According to La Gazette del Mezzogiorno, this death threat is likely to be linked to the work of Filippo Mele. He has been working until very recently on an investigation exposing three criminal groups operating in Metapontino, Southern Italy, which resulted in their dismantling a few days ago. The clans' activities were mainly operating in drug trafficking and extortion from local entrepreneurs.
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09 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 11 Jun 2018 Slovenia

Threats against Slovenian journalists

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Following media reports claiming that Hungarian media companies have provided financial support to Slovenian media outlets related with the Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), journalists Blaž Petkovič, from daily newspaper Večer, and Eugenija Carl, from the public broadcaster RTV Slovenia, have been targeted by intimidating emails sent by Škandal24, a media outlet co-founded by the SDS party. Both journalists have been asked questions aiming to discredit their work. Other Slovenian journalists have been harassed by Škandal24 and nova24tv.si. The Slovene Association of Journalists strongly condemned these threats.
State replies
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08 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 08 Oct 2018 Russian Federation

Mediazona Founder Pyotr Verzilov Apparently Poisoned

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner Index
No state reply yet
Partner Index
Pyotr Verzilov, the founder and publisher of the Mediazona news portal and activist of the Pussy Riot art group, fell ill in Moscow with suspected poisoning on 11 September 2018. He was later transferred to a hospital in Berlin as doctors in Moscow failed to provide a diagnosis. The German medics confirmed the poison theory, but were not able to identify the substance used, independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta reported. In an interview that Verzilov gave to the German tabloid Bild on 26 September after he came out of intensive care, he said he believed that he had been poisoned by the Russian secret services, possibly on account of his connections with three Russian journalists who were killed in the Central African Republic in July 2018.
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08 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 08 Oct 2018 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian State TV Editor Receives Death Threats Over "Srebrenica Flower" Symbol Guidance

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner Index
No state reply yet
Partner Index
Marko Radoja, the editor-in-chief of the Bosnian public broadcaster BHRT, received over 200 threats, including death threats, after he sent a message to the TV's news presenters asking them not to display the "flower of Srebrenica," a symbol of remembrance of the victims of the Srebrenica genocide, on their lapels during coverage of the commemoration of the genocide. In the email he sent making the request, Radoja said his decision was purely professional, as he believed that “BHRT presenters, as public broadcaster employees, should be neutral and professional and therefore should not wear any symbols on their lapels”. However, the request led some critics to say that Radoja was a “genocide denier”, calling for his dismissal over his alleged breach of BHRT statute and the law. Mr Radoja has received police protection.
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05 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 15 Jun 2018 Serbia

Serbian journalist Stefan Cvetković reported missing

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
Serbian journalist Stefan Cvetković reported missing on the night of 13-14th of June 2018 in the Vojvodina town of Bela Crkva, Serbia. Local police has confirmed that his car was found with doors open and lights on. Witnesses confirmed that journalist’s watch was found with the broken bracelet next to the car. The Serbian Ministry of Interior stated launching a search operation immediately after being informed about the disappearance. In the recent years, Stefan Cvetković has complained receiving threats from criminal and political circles in Serbia. On 19th of May 2018, Stefan Cvetković publicly complained that he had been detained for six hours at the Jarinje crossing by the Kosovo authorities for questioning regarding his connections related to investigation on the murder of the politician Oliver Ivanović.
Updates
27 Jun 2018
In June 2018, the Serbian prosecution launched a criminal investigation into whether Stefan Cvetkovic faked his own kidnapping.
15 Jun 2018
On 15 June 2018, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic announced that journalist Stefan Cvetkovic, who went missing a few days earlier in the week, has been found "alive and well", and appeared not to have been kidnapped.
State replies
05 Oct 2018
New Reply from the Serbian authorities (Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia)
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04 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 02 Apr 2015 Azerbaijan

Media Freedom Activist Emin Huseynov Charged with Tax Evasion and Abuse of Power

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19
Partner Article 19
Founder of the Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety (IRFS), an NGO monitoring human rights violations against journalists, Emin Huseynov, has previously been arrested and interrogated for his work defending freedom of expression. In 2008 he was arrested for monitoring and covering police raid on peaceful meeting of activists, and was admitted to intensive care after sustaining brain injuries as a result of being beaten at the hands of the police. He still suffers from health problems as a result. In August 2014, Huseynov feared that an arrest was forthcoming (and that his life was in danger) due to his dissident status and the recent arrests of fellow human rights defenders (HRDs) in Azerbaijan. Reportedly, his bank accounts had been frozen, though he was still able to travel. However, when in August 2014 he tried to flee to Turkey, he was prevented from leaving at the border. While away from his Baku-based office, there was a police raid on the IRFS building which prompted speculation that he had been arrested. By dying his hair blonde and speaking in broken English he was able to evade capture by authorities and gain entry to the Swiss embassy, where he resided until June 2015. After Emin Huseynov went into hiding, IRFS and its employees were targeted by authorities. In August 2014, the organisation was raided by authorities, and its operations were shut down.

Huseynov was charged with tax evasion and abuse of power in August 2014. Alerted to the possibility of his imminent arrest, he went into hiding in August 2014, but faces up to 12 years in prison if convicted. On 13 June 2015, Switzerland flew Mr Huseynov out of Azerbaijan.
Updates
28 Jun 2018
In May 2018, the ECtHR communicated the application of Emin Huseynov to the Azerbaijani autorities. In his court application, Huseynov asserted that the deprivation of his citizenship violated Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (inhuman or degrading treatment) as well as Article 8 (respect for private life), Article 10 (freedom of expression) and Article 13 (lack of an effective remedy).
13 Jun 2015
State replies
01 Jun 2015
Reply by the Government of Azerbaijan
Follow-ups
04 Oct 2018
New Commissioner Mijatović intervenes before the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Emin Huseynov v. Azerbaijan.
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04 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 05 Sep 2018 Ukraine

Ukraine Court Allows Prosecutors Access to Investigative Journalist's Phone Records

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
On 27 August 2018, Kyiv's court granted the Prosecutor's General's Office access to text messages, calls and locations from the phone of journalist and editor-in-chief of TV investigative programme "Schemes. Corruption in detail", Natalie Sedletska. The ruling covers the 17-month period between July 2016 and November 2017, according to the Kyiv Post.

According to a letter signed by more than 30 journalists and NGOs, this decision is linked to the case against Ukraine's National Anti-corruption bureau head Artem Sytnyk - accused of divulging a state secret by leaking information to journalists - in which Sedletska and other journalists are witnesses.
Updates
06 Sep 2018
On 5 September 2018, a court has granted the Prosecutor General’s Office access to the phone records of Novoye Vremya magazine journalist Kristina Berdynskykh, reported the Kiyv Post. Berdynskykh is the second Ukrainian journalist whose cell phone data was disclosed to authorities within 10 days. Prosecutor General Yuriy Lutsenko’s spokesperson Larysa Sargan said that the warrant was “analogous” to the one targeting Natalie Sedletska’s phone records issued on 27 August by the Kiyv court.
State replies
04 Oct 2018
New Reply from the Government of Ukraine
Follow-ups
20 Sep 2018
New OSCE media freedom representative welcomes decision by European Court of Human Rights to safeguard phone data of Ukrainian journalist.
19 Sep 2018
New On 18 September 2018, the European Court of Human Rights has ordered the Ukrainian government to abstain from accessing any data from the cell phone of investigative reporter Natalya Sedletska. The interim order is in effect until October 2018 and can be extended afterwards if need be. The Court also decided to give priority to Mrs Sedletska's application.
07 Sep 2018
PACE Rapporteur on media freedom and the safety of journalists calls for respect of confidentiality of journalists’ sources.
07 Sep 2018
OSCE Media Freedom Representative seriously concerned by Court order for disclosure of another investigative journalists’ data and reiterates his call to respect journalists’ right to protection of sources.
05 Sep 2018
OSCE Representative calls on Ukrainian authorities to respect journalists’ privilege of confidentiality of sources
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03 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 25 Sep 2018 United Kingdom

Media Freedom Advocates Raise Alarm over UK Counter-Terror Bill

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Index
No state reply yet
Partner Index
The Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Bill - proposed legislation which critics argue will have a significant negative impact on media freedom in addition to other freedoms - is under consideration in Parliament. The bill would criminalise publishing - for example, by posting on social media - a picture or video clip of items such as clothes or a flag in a way that raises “reasonable suspicion” that the person doing it is a member or supporter of a terrorist organisation. It would also criminalise watching online content that is likely to be helpful for terrorism. No terrorist intent would be required. The offence would carry a prison sentence of up to 15 years. Freedom of expression campaigners and media organisations have pointed out that the clause relating to online content will severely impede the work of investigative journalists.
Follow-ups
03 Oct 2018
New OSCE Representative expresses concerns regarding draft UK Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Bill, urges Government to safeguard media freedom.
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03 Oct 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 11 Sep 2018 Greece

Journalist Anthi Pazianou harassed by extreme-right groups

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
Greek journalist Anthi Pazianou has been under continuous harassment and verbal attacks by extreme-right groups online and on the streets because of her reporting on refugee issues in the Mitilini island. On 7 September, the journalist was harassed online after sharing a photograph on Facebook together with refugee football team Cosmos in Moria Community after covering their story with colleagues Vaggelis Papantonis and Ignatis Tsiknis, from local newspaper Lesvos Embros. Her photograph was shared by leader of extreme-right movement George Hatziklidaras demeaning and questioning her status as a journalist. The comments under photograph included sexual harassment and questioning credibility of journalist's reporting. On 6 September, Pazianou experienced a wave of insults after reporting on a Greek 9-year-old girl who was attacked by four men and later hospitalized, because they mistook her for a refugee. Pazianou has filed a police complaint concerning the attacks. Four men confessed being involved. Two of them were detained for a short time and released on 9 September.
State replies
03 Oct 2018
New Reply from the Greek authorities (Ministry of Citizen's protection)
Follow-ups
12 Sep 2018
OSCE Representative calls on authorities to fully investigate case of journalist Anthi Pazianou.
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01 Oct 2018 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 26 Feb 2018 Slovak Republic

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner Index Article 19 AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ INSI IPI RSF
Partner Index Article 19 AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ INSI IPI RSF
Investigative journalist Jan Kuciak, who had been reporting on tax fraud, was shot dead at his home, news website Dennik N reported, citing the Interior Ministry. According to Dennik N, the murder took place in the journalist’s house in the village of Veľká Mača 5 km east of the capital Bratislava, some time between 22 and 25 February 2018 . Kuciak was shot in the chest and his fiancée was shot in the head. Kuciak worked for Slovak news website Aktuality.sk.
Updates
New 01 Oct 2018
On 27-28 September 2018, the Slovak police detained nine suspects in connection with the murder of the journalist and his fiancée. Four of them were later charged and put into police custody on the grounds that they might try to influence witnesses if freed on bail.
State replies
27 Feb 2018
Statement of the Permanent Representative of the Slovak Republic to the Council of Europe
Follow-ups
01 Oct 2018
New OSCE media freedom representative welcomes important progress in investigation of murders of Ján Kuciak and Martina Kušnírová in Slovakia.
16 Mar 2018
Following his country visit in the Slovak Republic, the Commissioner calls for a prompt and effective investigation in the murder of journalist Ján Kuciak in order to identify and punish the perpetrators, but especially those who ordered the murders. He also calls for an urgent public discussion about media freedom.
02 Mar 2018
OSCE media freedom representative calls for full and transparent investigation of journalist’s murder at meeting with Slovak Prime Minister Fico
01 Mar 2018
PACE President condemns murder of investigative journalist in the Slovak Republic
26 Feb 2018
OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media representative strongly condemns murder of investigative reporter Kuciak in Slovakia
26 Feb 2018
"If death of investigative reporter Jan Kuciak is linked to his journalism, it would be an unprecedented attack on freedom of the press and democracy".
26 Feb 2018
Human Rights Commissioner: "I will raise the issue during upcoming visit to the country."
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28 Sep 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 22 Apr 2016 Ukraine

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner CPJ AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner CPJ AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
All activities of the Council of Europe concerning the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol are being undertaken in compliance with the terms of decision CM/Del/Dec(2014)1196/1.8 and subsequent decisions of the Committee of Ministers condemning the illegal annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol by the Russian Federation and upholding the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
On 19 April 2016, FSB agents in the Russia-annexed Ukrainian region of Crimea raided and searched the house of journalist Mykola Semena (freelancer with Krym.Realii - RFE/RL's Crimea service), confiscated his reporting equipment, and briefly detained him for interrogation in connection to a criminal probe on charges of making calls to separatism. The charges stem from an article published by Krym.Realii under a pseudonym; Semena denied any wrongdoing. According to his lawyer, FSB told Semena that he is the main suspect in the case and that he is banned from leaving the region for the period of investigation. If convicted, Semena faces up to five years in prison.
On 19 April 2016, Crimea's Chief Prosecutor, Natalia Poklonskaya announced that an unnamed journalist with Krym.Realii (Crimea Realities) was under FSB investigation in connection with an article published by the news website, which she said had quoted Ukrainian activists' calls to isolate the Crimean peninsula and to conduct military action to wrest the region from Russian control. On the same day, Poklonskaya's office said in a statement that she was overseeing the case against an unnamed Krym.Realii reporter, and that the prosecutors were looking to ban the website in Crimea arguing that their review of the publications showed that the news outlet is allegedly aiming to "discredit the actions of the Russian Federation on the territory of Crimea, incite inter-ethnic hatred, and make calls to extremism." Mykola Semena was detained on 19 April and later released on bail, with travel restrictions, according to his lawyer. Based on the lawyer’s statement, CPJ concluded that Crimea prosecutors are overseeing the probe against Semena.
This is at least the second time since the annexation of Crimea that the Russian authorities in Crimea have investigated a journalist on separatism charges. In March 2015, FSB agents raided the house of the parents of journalist Anna Andriyevskaya, telling her family that she was being sought on charges of making public calls for Crimean independence in a November 2014 article.
Updates
New 28 Sep 2018
In September 2018, Mykola Semena’s lawyers filed a complaint to the ECtHR, contesting the verdict on the basis of article 10, 6 and 8 of the Convention.
20 Dec 2017
On 18 December 2017 the top Court in Crimea upheld the verdict against Semena, confirming his conviction on charges of separatism.The Court also shortened from three years to two the period of time during which the journalist is barred from undertaking “public activities”.
22 Sep 2017
On 22 September 2017, the Court handed Mykola Semena a 2.5 years suspended sentence on a charge of separatism and barred him from “public activities” for three years. Semena's lawyer said he would appeal the ruling.
10 May 2017
On 10 May 2017, the trial of Mykola Semena has resumed in Simferopol.
02 Mar 2017
On 28 February 2017, Simferopol’s Zheleznodorozhny District Court announced that the trial against Mykola Semena will begin on 20 March 2017.
07 Dec 2016
On 7 December 2016, Semena’s lawyers Emil Kuberdinov and Andrei Sabinin said their client has received the final written charges from the Russian-imposed authorities in Crimea: Semena is charged with spreading "calls for undermining Russian territorial integrity via mass media." He could be sentenced to five years in prison if convicted.
02 Sep 2016
On 2 September, IFJ/EFJ launched an appeal, urging Russia to let a Ukrainian journalist return to Kiev for urgent treatment
State replies
22 Feb 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
Follow-ups
26 Sep 2017
General Rapporteur of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) on Media Freedom and the Safety of Journalists calls for the conviction of Crimean journalist Mykola Semena to be annulled
22 Sep 2017
OSCE Media Freedom Representative takes note of release of Ukrainian journalist Mykola Semena from house arrest, but condemns his conviction.
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27 Sep 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 16 May 2018 Russian Federation

Russia: Proposed Amendments to Criminal Code Threaten Media Freedom

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
No state reply yet
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
On 15 May 2018, Russia’s State Duma unanimously approved proposed amendments to the Criminal Code (Article 284.2), which could be used to prevent the media reporting on public interest matters.

The amendments would criminalise ‘the provision of recommendations and transfer of information that has lead or might have led to the introduction’ of international sanctions, providing for up to three years’ imprisonment and fines of $8,000. This vague and broadly-worded provision is open to arbitrary and abusive application against journalists.

In a 15 May statement, Harlem Désir, OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, criticised the proposed legislation for its chilling impact on freedom of the expression. He argued that its ambiguous wording could result in self-censorship in the Russian media, as journalists would be criminally liable for publishing ‘information that has led or might have led to the introduction’ of sanctions, regardless of their actual intent.

The amendment requires two further readings in the Duma and one in the Federation Council before President Vladimir Putin can sign it into law. The second Duma vote is scheduled for 17 May.
Updates
New 27 Sep 2018
On 20 September 2018, the State Duma adopted amendments to the country’s Code of Administrative Offences and the Criminal Code in the final reading. The amendments, among other things, strengthen the penalties for the dissemination of ‘false’ information related to defamation and information that affects privacy protection.
Follow-ups
27 Sep 2018
New OSCE Representative calls on Russia to drop legislative amendments that could undermine freedom of expression and access to information.
16 May 2018
New amendment to Criminal Code poses threat to freedom of media in Russia, says OSCE Representative Désir.
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27 Sep 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 25 Sep 2018 Austria

Austria Interior Ministry Plans to Restrict Information Access for 'Critical Media'

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner IPI EFJ/IFJ Index
No state reply yet
Partner IPI EFJ/IFJ Index
A top spokesman for Austria's Interior Ministry has urged police departments across Austria to "restrict communication" with "critical media". In an email leaked to the Austrian press, the spokesman said police should “restrict communication with these media to only the most necessary (legally required) degree”. The spokesman described the media outlets, including the dailies Der Standard and Kurier as well as the weekly Falter, of “very one-sided and negative reporting about the [Ministry of Interior] and the police”. The email also urged police departments not to grant critical media any “privileges”, such as police ride-alongs. The spokesman's email accused the media outlets of "ignoring facts", which he claimed recent articles had proven. In a later statement, the Interior Ministry said the email contained only non-binding "suggestions".
Follow-ups
27 Sep 2018
New OSCE Representative calls on Austrian Ministry of Interior to treat all media equally and to refrain from attacking them.
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27 Sep 2018 Lvl. 2
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 27 Sep 2018 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Journalist Told “to Look for Suspicious Things Under Her Vehicle” After Writing Articles About Police Chief

Source of threatState
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
No state reply yet
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ
Several police officers advised Milanka Kovačević, journalist for the news website Direkt-Portal.com, to “be careful”, “not to walk alone at night” and “to look for suspicious things under her vehicle” after she wrote a series of investigative stories on the wrongdoings of the chief of police station in the Bosnia and Herzegovina town of Trebinje, Žarko Laketa, news website Zurnal.info reported.

Laketa, according to Zurnal.info, during police meetings, asked his junior officers “who is she ?” and “how can she write such things ?”.

In the articles, Kovačević held Laketa responsible for nepotism, unprofessionalism, and connection with criminal groups in Trebinje, news website Gerila.info reported.

After Kovačević’s articles appeared Dragan Lukač, the interior minister of Republika Srpska -- one of the two constitutional entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina -- asked Laketa to file a law suit if the allegations are not true, Zurnal.info reported.

Following this intervention, Laketa filed on 3 September, 2018 a suit for libel against Kovačević asking around 1.500 Euros on the ground of damaging his reputation.

In a written statement, published by several media outlets, the BH Journalists union's Banja Luka subdivision condemned the incident stating that “an atmosphere was created in which journalists were labelled as targets” and warned that “the situation is getting worse.”
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27 Sep 2018 Lvl. 1
No state reply yet
Alert created on: 25 Aug 2017 Denmark

Journalist Kim Wall Killed on a Civilian Submarine

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ Index RSF
No state reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ Index RSF
Freelance journalist Kim Wall (30) was reported missing on 10 August 2017 after she failed to return from a trip aboard a Danish civilian midjet submarine, the US3 Nautilus, with its inventor Peter Langkjær Madsen. The journalist was interviewing the Danish submarine builder for a feature at a time of her disappearance.

Mr Madsen was arrested on 12 August under the suspicion of causing Wall's death in connection with her disappearance. After initially claiming he had dropped her safely near Copenhagen, later reportedly told investigators that she had died in accident and he had buried her at sea.

On 23 August, 2017 the Danish police identified a headless torso found off the waters of Copenhagen as Kim Wall confirming the death of the journalist. Kim Wall, a graduate from Columbia University’s school of journalism, had worked for many news organisations including the Guardian, the New York Times and the South China Morning Post.
Updates
New 27 Sep 2018
On 26 September 2018, Peter Madsen lost his appeal against his life sentence. Appeals courts judges sided with the earlier decision, saying the case was one of "unusual brutality".
25 Apr 2018
On 25 April 2018, Peter Madsen was sentenced to life for murdering journalist Kim Wall.
24 Jan 2018
On 16 January 2018 Peter Madsen was formally charged by the Danish prosecution with premeditated killing, sexual assault and improper handling of a body. The trial is scheduled to start in Copenhagen on 8 March.
Follow-ups
25 Aug 2017
Killing of Swedish journalist Kim Wall points at threats faced by journalists, OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media says.
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Follow-ups to alerts Follow-ups to alerts

13 November 2018

Controversial "Election" of Agence France Presse CEO

9 November 2018

Journalist Zeljko Matorcevic Physically Attacked

9 November 2018

Three Fileleftheros Journalists Detained After Defence Minister Files Libel Complaint

9 November 2018

Bulgarian Journalist Georgi Ezekiev, Zov News Website Publisher, Receives Death Threat in a Filmed Interview

7 November 2018

Russian Editor Arrested, Allegedly Injured in Custody; Newspaper Raided

5 November 2018

Russian Whistleblower, Daphne Caruana Galizia’s Source, Faces Arrest Warrant in Cyprus after Complaint from Former Employer

29 October 2018

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

25 October 2018

Bulgarian Journalist Viktoria Marinova Killed

16 October 2018

Cyprus: Police Reporter's Car Set on Fire

15 October 2018

Journalist Zeljko Matorcevic Physically Attacked

9 October 2018

Threats against Slovenian journalists

5 October 2018

Serbian journalist Stefan Cvetković reported missing

4 October 2018

Ukraine Court Allows Prosecutors Access to Investigative Journalist's Phone Records

4 October 2018

Media Freedom Activist Emin Huseynov Charged with Tax Evasion and Abuse of Power

3 October 2018

Journalist Anthi Pazianou harassed by extreme-right groups

1 October 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

27 September 2018

Austria Interior Ministry Plans to Restrict Information Access for 'Critical Media'

27 September 2018

Three Fileleftheros Journalists Detained After Defence Minister Files Libel Complaint

24 September 2018

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

21 September 2018

Police Searched the Home of Journalist Salvo Palazzolo

21 September 2018

Russian Union of Journalists’ President Banned from Entering Ukraine

20 September 2018

Ukraine Court Allows Prosecutors Access to Investigative Journalist's Phone Records

19 September 2018

United Kingdom: Two Journalists Arrested over Alleged Theft of Documents relating to Northern Ireland Massacre

18 September 2018

Journalist Extradited from Ukraine to Turkey

17 September 2018

A Telemadrid Cameraman Assaulted by Protesters in Barcelona

17 September 2018

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

14 September 2018

Journalist Stratis Balaska Threatened by Golden Dawn Members

12 September 2018

Journalist Anthi Pazianou harassed by extreme-right groups

7 September 2018

Ukraine Court Allows Prosecutors Access to Investigative Journalist's Phone Records

6 September 2018

Amendments to the Electoral Code Empower State Election Commission to Issue Fines to Media for ‘Unbalanced Reporting'

5 September 2018

Ukraine Court Allows Prosecutors Access to Investigative Journalist's Phone Records

4 September 2018

United Kingdom: Two Journalists Arrested over Alleged Theft of Documents relating to Northern Ireland Massacre

4 September 2018

Journalists Beaten by Riot Police During Bucharest Protest

31 August 2018

Shots Fired at Family Home of Albanian Investigative Reporter

29 August 2018

Journalist Stratis Balaska Threatened by Golden Dawn Members

28 August 2018

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

28 August 2018

Montenegrin Journalist Targeted in Car Bombing

28 August 2018

Journalist Vladimir Otasevic Faced Insults and Death Threats

28 August 2018

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

28 August 2018

Gojko Raičević Regularly Targeted by Authorities in Montenegro

28 August 2018

Police Used Teargas Against a Group of About 30 Journalists

27 August 2018

BN TV Correspondent Attacked by Two Masked Persons in Banja Luka

21 August 2018

Two Russian Journalists Barred from Entering Country

20 August 2018

Reporters Detained by Police after Complaint by Anti-Merkel Protester

13 August 2018

Journalist Hospitalised Following Assault

6 August 2018

Journalist Enrico Nascimbeni Attacked with a Knife in Milan

6 August 2018

Turkish Cypriot Journalists Sener Levent and Ali Osman Facing Charges in Turkey

31 July 2018

Violence against Journalists during Veteran Protest in Sarajevo

31 July 2018

Threats against the President of the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine

31 July 2018

Russian Media Organisations Banned for Three Years in Ukraine

31 July 2018

German Photographers Chased and Assaulted by Neo-Nazis

20 July 2018

Greek Journalist Tony Bosnakoudis Detained when Investigating Police and Bus Company Links to Illegal Traffickers

12 July 2018

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

4 July 2018

Slovak Police Seize Mobile Phone of Czech Investigative Reporter

4 July 2018

Slovak Journalist Gets a Suspended Sentence for Defamation

29 June 2018

Dutch Biggest Daily De Telegraaf Attacked in Latest Incident Targeting Media

28 June 2018

Bulgarian Journalist Georgi Ezekiev, Zov News Website Publisher, Receives Death Threat in a Filmed Interview

28 June 2018

Bulgarian Investigative Journalist's Car Set on Fire following Warnings about TV Reports

28 June 2018

Bulgarian TV Presenter Assaulted and Injured in Central Sofia

27 June 2018

Journalist Stoyan Tonchev Brutally Attacked

6 June 2018

Threats against the President of the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine

6 June 2018

Ukraine: New draft Bill Risks Interfering with the Editorial Policy of the Public Service Media

5 June 2018

Corporate Secrets Bill Threatens Right to Information

5 June 2018

The Weekly Challenges Convicted for Publishing an Article on the Financial Difficulties of an International Group

16 May 2018

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

16 May 2018

Russia: Proposed Amendments to Criminal Code Threaten Media Freedom

16 May 2018

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

9 May 2018

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

4 May 2018

Slovak Journalist Gets a Suspended Sentence for Defamation

4 May 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

2 May 2018

Ukrainian Police Accused of Violence against Journalists, Leaving one Hospitalized

2 May 2018

Arson Attack on News Website in Northwestern Ukraine

24 April 2018

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

18 April 2018

Azerbaijani Journalist With Dutch citizenship Fears for His Life after Attack In Kyiv

17 April 2018

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

17 April 2018

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

16 April 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

16 April 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

16 April 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

16 April 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

12 April 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

12 April 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

11 April 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

11 April 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

6 April 2018

Azerbaijani Director of Internet Television Re-arrested

3 April 2018

2 France 5 Journalists Denied Access to President Macron During his Visit to Lille

3 April 2018

Journalist Caroline Christinaz from “Le Temps” of Geneva Questioned by the Police While on a Reporting Assignment in France

28 March 2018

Slovenian Media under Police Pressure to Reveal Journalistic Sources

28 March 2018

Two Ukrainian Journalists Sentenced to 9 Years’ Imprisonment for Assisting Separatism

23 March 2018

Greek Sport Journalist Aris Asvestas Assaulted for Second Time

23 March 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

21 March 2018

Strana Editor-in-Chief Flees, Seeks Asylum in Austria after Receiving Death Threats

20 March 2018

Ahmet Altan and Mehmet Altan Detained for Words Used on TV

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Mehmet Altan’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Altan’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Altan’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

20 March 2018

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Şahin Alpay’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Alpay’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) of the Convention, the Court held that it was incumbent on the respondent State to ensure the termination of Mr Alpay’s pre-tria detention at the earliest possible date. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Alpay’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

12 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

1 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

27 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

26 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

23 February 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

23 February 2018

Journalist Philippe Bertinchamps Threatened with Expulsion in Serbia

23 February 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

23 February 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

23 February 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

23 February 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

23 February 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

23 February 2018

Radio Journalist and Presenter Found Dead in Home

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

23 February 2018

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

23 February 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

23 February 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

23 February 2018

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

12 February 2018

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

12 February 2018

France 2 TV channel sued in a Commercial Court by the Bolloré Group

12 February 2018

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 February 2018

Around Ten Journalists from France Télévisions Assaulted by Residents

9 February 2018

Journalists Victims of Police Violence During Demonstrations

9 February 2018

Programme Cancellation and Dismissal Threats Within the French Channel Canal+

8 February 2018

French Journalists and Magistrates Subject to Death Threats

8 February 2018

French Satellite Provider under Pressure to Remove Kurdish Med Nûçe TV

7 February 2018

Expulsion of Two Russian Journalists from Latvia

7 February 2018

Front National Refuses to Grant Accreditations to Mediapart and Quotidien on the Occasion of the Party’s "Presidential Congress”

7 February 2018

The State of Emergency Permits a Ban on Journalists Covering Public Events

7 February 2018

French Journalists Victims of Phone Harassment

6 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

5 February 2018

Poland Opens Investigation over Article Critical of Constitutional Tribunal President

2 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

24 January 2018

Journalists’ Union ESIEMTH and Two Municipal Media Attacked in Thessaloniki

15 January 2018

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

26 December 2017

Russian Journalists Deported from Ukraine

18 December 2017

Uzbek Journalist on Interpol List Detained

18 December 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

18 December 2017

Polish Journalist Receives Death Threats After Public Polish TV Classifies Her Remarks As “Harmful to Poland”

14 December 2017

Journalists Targeted by Protesters in northern Cyprus

29 November 2017

The Guardia Civil Raids Several Catalan Newsrooms

27 November 2017

Croatian Journalist Maja Sever Received Death Threat Via Facebook over Her Report on Nigerian Refugees

20 November 2017

Russia: Proposals to Extend 'Foreign Agents' Law to Media Outlets

17 November 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

14 November 2017

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

13 November 2017

Draft Law Threatens Independence of AGERPRES News Agency

2 November 2017

Two Spanish Journalists Deported from Ukraine

31 October 2017

Physical Attack Against Journalist Drago Miljuš

24 October 2017

Ekho Moskvy Journalist Stabbed, Hospitalised in Moscow

19 October 2017

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

18 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

17 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb