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18 May 2018 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 24 Apr 2015 Luxembourg

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

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CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
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On 23 April 2015, a judge indicted the French journalist Edouard Perrin, who had revealed the first elements of financial scandal LuxLeaks, in May 2012, on the public channel France 2. Edouard Perrin is accused as the alleged co-author of theft, breach of confidentiality, violation of professional secrecy, violation of trade secrecy, money laundering and fraudulent access to the automated data processing system, according to the prosecutor of Luxembourg. The justice suspects Edouard Perrin of being co-author of offenses committed by one of the former employees of the audit firm PWC. A number of documents that, to a large extend, allowed the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) to reveal in November 2014 the scandal of hundreds of pre-tax agreements concluded by Luxembourg tax authorities with many international private companies were sourced from PWC. The European Federation of Journalists and the International Federation of Journalists denounced these actions, saying they were part of actions to intimidate and were disproportionate with regard to the legitimate public interest to disclose tax avoidance practices in Luxembourg.
Updates
New 18 May 2018
On 15 May 2018, the Court of Appeal found Antoine Deltour guilty of theft of internal documents but did not sentence him. In January 2018, the Court of Cassation had partially accepted his appeal and recognized him the status of whistleblower but only with regards to the dissemination of the tax rulings he had taken along with the internal documents.
11 Jan 2018
On 11 January 2018 the Luxembourg Court of Cassation annulled the suspended prison sentence against Antoine Deltour. The Court rejected Raphaël Halet`s appeal.
16 Mar 2017
On 15 March 2017, the Court of Appeal of Luxembourg reduced the sentence of two “Luxleaks” whistleblowers and confirmed the acquittal of the investigative reporter Edouard Perrin.
01 Jul 2016
On 29 June 2016, a Court in Luxembourg acquitted journalist Edouard Perrin, who had revealed the first elements of financial scandal LuxLeaks, in May 2012, of all charges. The two whistleblowers, former PricewaterhouseCoopers employees Antoine Deltour and Raphael Halet received 12 (+ 1.500 EUR suspended fine) and 9 (+1.000 EUR suspended fine) suspended sentences respectively for leaking documents from the auditing firm. Appeal procedure was announced by the two whistleblowers. Media organisations and associations of journalists condemned the verdict, as having a chilling effect on whistleblowers as journalistic sources and asked for a strong legal protection of whistleblowers at the European level.
27 Apr 2016
French journalist Edouard Perrin, a reporter for Cash Investigation programme on France 2 channel, appeared in court on 26 April 2016 for accusations that he was heavily involved in leak of documents that revealed the Luxleaks scandal, which uncovered tax evasion of large companies. He is being accused by the financial firm PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) of manipulating whistleblower Raphaël Halet to leak documents and of having played "an active part in the perpetration" of infractions that the latter together with a former PwC colleague, Antoine Deltour, are also being accused of: domestic theft, disclosure of business secrets, violation of professional secret and money laundering. Perrin revealed the Luxleaks scandal in May 2012 on the Cash Investigation programme, but the full scandal broke in November 2014, where tax optimisation practises of big firms such as Apple, Ikea and Pepsi were exposed. Deltour, who has kept a low profile and is now working as a civil servant in Nancy in the Lorraine region of eastern France, contacted journalist and co-defendant Edouard Perrin in 2012. Deltour had asked that the journalist to withhold PwC’s name in his exposé, and not to publish any of the document. However, Cash Investigation went ahead and published the details, which were eventually passed on to the New York-based International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. PwC sued after the airing of the programme on France 2.
State replies
27 Jul 2016
Reply from the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
24 Jun 2015
Letter from the Minister for Foreign and European Affairs of Luxembourg to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe (in French)
Follow-ups
28 Apr 2015
OSCE Representative on the Freedom of Media: Journalists should not face criminal charges for their work
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17 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 16 May 2018 Ukraine

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

1 Journalist in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
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Kyrylo Vyshynsky, a Ukrainian journalist working for Russia’s state-run news agency RIA Novotsi in the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, was detained on 15 May 2018 on allegations of treason. His arrest came hours before raids by Ukrainian security service (SBU) at the news agency’s offices. According to media reports, the authorities suspected Vyshynsky, who was granted Russian citizenship in 2015 by Presidential decree, of allegedly collaborating with Ukrainian armed separatists in Eastern Ukraine. The prosecuting officials in Kyiv also accused him of allegedly subversive reporting to justify Moscow’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, media reports added. 51-year-old Vyshynsky joined RIA Novosti in 2015 after having worked for several Ukrainian media outlets and Russia's state television channel Rossiya as its correspondent in Kyiv.
Updates
New 17 May 2018
On 17 May 2018, a court ordered Kyrylo Vyshynsky held for two months detention on high treason charges.
Follow-ups
16 May 2018
New OSCE Representative raises concern over raid against Russian News Agency and TV today in Ukraine
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18 May 2018 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 18 May 2018 Italy

Italy: Journalist Sentenced to Four months in Jail for "Trespassing"

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CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
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On 9 April 2018, Davide Falcioni, journalist and collaborator of Fanpage, has been declared guilty of "participation in trespassing" and sentenced to four months in jail by the Tribunal of Turin, Il Fatto Quotidiano reported.

The sentence is related to an incident in which Falcioni followed NO-TAV (No to the High Speed Train) activists while they entered the Turin offices of the Geovalsus Srl company, without authorisation, in November 2012.

The journalist has always declared he only entered the company offices to cover the demonstration against the TAV, the high speed railway that is under construction to link Turin and Lyon in France.

“It is very serious that the Tribunal is trying to punish a journalist for the way he acquires his information”, Falcioni told Ossigeno per l'informazione. “We need a journalism that doesn’t depend on the press releases of the police or prosecutors.”

His lawyer Gianluca Vitale had even stronger words at the end of the trial: “This is a gag on press freedom” he declared to Il Fatto Quotidiano; “It is dangerous for democracy”.

The prosecutor Manuela Petrotta had questioned the usefulness of going inside the company with the demonstrators, stating he could have “asked after”: he could have asked the demonstrators what they did inside the company office afterwards. Falcioni responded to this that he wanted to see with his own eyes what was going on.

Falcioni will appeal the verdict. The press union Federazione Nazionale Stampa Italiana have expressed solidarity with the reporter.
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16 May 2018 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 16 May 2018 Russian Federation

Russia: Proposed Amendments to Criminal Code Threaten Media Freedom

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
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On 15 May 2018, Russia’s State Duma unanimously approved proposed amendments to the Criminal Code (Article 284.2), which could be used to prevent the media reporting on public interest matters.

The amendments would criminalise ‘the provision of recommendations and transfer of information that has lead or might have led to the introduction’ of international sanctions, providing for up to three years’ imprisonment and fines of $8,000. This vague and broadly-worded provision is open to arbitrary and abusive application against journalists.

In a 15 May statement, Harlem Désir, OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, criticised the proposed legislation for its chilling impact on freedom of the expression. He argued that its ambiguous wording could result in self-censorship in the Russian media, as journalists would be criminally liable for publishing ‘information that has led or might have led to the introduction’ of sanctions, regardless of their actual intent.

The amendment requires two further readings in the Duma and one in the Federation Council before President Vladimir Putin can sign it into law. The second Duma vote is scheduled for 17 May.
Follow-ups
16 May 2018
New New amendment to Criminal Code poses threat to freedom of media in Russia, says OSCE Representative Désir.
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18 May 2018 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 16 May 2018 Slovak Republic

Slovak Police Seize Mobile Phone of Czech Investigative Reporter

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CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
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Police in Slovakia on 15 May 2018 seized a mobile phone belonging to prominent Czech investigative journalist Pavla Holcová during an eight-hour questioning in Bratislava. Holcová, the head of the Czech Centre for Investigative Journalism, had been summoned to Slovakia, ostensibly in order to provide information related to the February murder of Slovak journalist Ján Kuciak, with whom Holcová had collaborated to examine connections between the mafia and Slovak officials. However, police proceeded to question Holcová on matters not relevant to the murder investigation and that pertained to her journalistic work. Without prior warning, officials demanded access to her phone and eventually confiscated the device. Authorities did not offer a justification for the move.
Follow-ups
18 May 2018
New 'Protection of journalists' sources has to be recognized, (Pavla Holcova's) phone should be returned, privacy respected', says OSCE Media Freedom Representative
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16 Jun 2018 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 10 Feb 2017 Malta

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

Source of threatState
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
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Malta Independent journalist and blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia is having her bank accounts frozen with precautionary warrants for 47,460 EUR after a court upheld on 8 February 2017 a request by Maltese Economy Minister Chris Cardona and his consultant Joe Gerada to issue garnishee orders alongside four libel suits they have filed against her.

The journalist is sued for publishing on her blog an article reporting that both men visited a brothel in Velbert (Germany) while on government business. Cardona has denied the allegation.

According to media reports, the effect of the precautionary warrants on her assets means her bank accounts will remain frozen until the case is concluded and that could take many years.

In a statement published on her blog, Daphne Caruana Galizia denounced an attempt to gag the press. The Institute of Maltese Journalists called on the minister to reconsider his action, highlighting the exaggerated nature of the legal action.
Updates
New 16 May 2018
A new revised Media and Defamation Bill enacted on 13 May 2018 decriminalises defamation. In addition to abolishing criminal libel, the Act removes references to offending “public morals or decency”, prevents plaintiffs from filing garnishee orders against journalists and only allows applicants to file one libel suit per story.
31 Mar 2017
On 11 March 2017 Silvio Debono, owner of real estate investment company DB Group, filed 19 libel cases against journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia. Galizia published a number of articles about Debono cutting a deal with Malta's government to take over a large tract of public land in a high value coastal area on which he plans to build a Hard Rock Hotel and two towers of flats for sale. In her statement, Daphne Caruana Galizia said that the libel suits are all about the same subject, "taking advantage of the fact that the law allows them to sue for each comment, article or blog post even if the subject matter and the author are the same." “The cases will drag through the courts, it will cost me around €8,000 merely to file my responses, and anybody else would have been intimidated into submission,” she added.
Follow-ups
16 May 2018
New OSCE representative welcomes decriminalization of defamation in Malta, urges dismissal of civil defamation lawsuits against Caruana Galizia’s heirs
16 Feb 2017
OSCE Representative for Media Freedom urges authorities in Malta to protect independent journalists and free expression
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14 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 27 Jul 2016 Turkey

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

76 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
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On 25 July 2016, the Turkish anti-terrorism Prosecutor Irfan Fidan has today issued arrest warrants for 42 journalists in the wake of the failed coup against President Erdoğan. According to Anatolian News Agency, the journalists targeted are: Abdullah Abdulkadiroğlu, Abdullah Kılıç, Ahmet Dönmez, Ali Akkuş, Arda Akın, Nazlı Ilıcak, Bayram Kaya, Bilal Şahin, Bülent Ceyhan, Bülent Mumay, Bünyamin Köseli, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Cevheri Güven, Cihan Acar, Cuma Ulus, Emre Soncan, Ercan Gün, Erkan Akkuş, Ertuğrul Erbaş, Fatih Akalan, Fatih Yağmur, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Haşim Söylemez, Hüseyin Aydın, İbrahim Balta, İnan Kızılkaya, Kamil Maman, Kerim Gün, Levent Kenez, Mahmut Hazar, Mehmet Gündem, Metin Yıkar, Muhammed Fatih Uğur, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Mürsel Genç, Selahattin Sevi, Seyid Kılıç, Turan Görüryılmaz, Ufuk Şanlı, Ufuk Emin Köroğlu, Yakup Sağlam and Yakup Çetin.

Among those targeted by the warrants was prominent journalist and former parliamentarian Nazli Ilicak who was fired from the pro-government Sabah daily in 2013 for criticising ministers caught up in a corruption scandal, NTV and CNN-Turk reported. On 27 July 2016, journalist Nuriye Akman was taken into custody.

On 27 July 2016, Istanbul prosecutors issued arrest warrants for 47 former executives and columnists of Zaman newspaper. Those named in the warrants include the following former columnists and executives : Osman Nuri Öztürk, Ali Akbulut, Bülent Keneş, Mehmet Kamış, Hüseyin Döğme, Süleyman Sargın, Veysel Ayhan, Şeref Yılmaz, Mehmet Akif Afşar, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Alaattin Güner, Faruk Kardıç, Metin Tamer Gökçeoğlu, Faruk Akkan, Mümtazer Türköne, Şahin Alpay, Sevgi Akarçeşme, Ali Ünal, Mustafa Ünal, Zeki Önal, Hilmi Yavuz, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Lalezar Sarıibrahimoğlu, Ali Bulaç, Bülent Korucu, İhsan Duran Dağı, Nuriye Ural, Hamit Çiçek, Adil Gülçek, Hamit Bilici, Şenol Kahraman, Melih Kılıç, Nevzat Güner, Mehmet Özdemir, Fevzi Yazıcı, Sedat Yetişkin, Oktay Vızvız, Abdullah Katırcıoğlu, Behçet Akyar, Murat Avcıoğlu, Yüksel Durgut, Zafer Özsoy, Cuma Kaya, Hakan Taşdelen, Osman Nuri Arslan, and Ömer Karakaş.

On the same day, Zaman daily columnist, Şahin Alpay, has been detained after police raided his house in the early morning hours. Lale Sarıibrahimoğlu, who used to work for Zaman and Today’s Zaman and currently reports for IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, was taken by police from her home early on that day too. She has reported in detail about issues concerning the Turkey armed forces, their financial assets, and shortcomings in terms of transparency and accountability. She has suffered for several years from poor health and has need of assured access to medical attention.
Updates
New 14 May 2018
On 11 May 2018, the 13th High Criminal Court of Istanbul in its interim decision ruled to release columnist Ali Bulaç and Zaman’s former Responsible Managing Editor Mehmet Özdemir from pretrial detention, while ordering the lifting of Şahin Alpay’s house arrest. The court also imposed overseas travel bans on both Bulaç and Özdemir and ordered judicial control measures for those three defendants. The next hearings are scheduled for 7 and 8 June.
New 10 May 2018
On 30 April 2018, an Istanbul court convicted 10 people affiliated with the shuttered Feza Media Group, publisher of the daily Zaman, on terrorism-related charges. All of the defendants were acquitted on charges of "attempting to eliminate the constitutional order”. Murat Avcıoğlu, Cuma Kaya, Alaattin Güner, Hüseyin Turan and Zafer Ozsoy were released on probation pending appeal.
30 Apr 2018
On 24 April 2018, a court in the southern city of Antalya sentenced to prison Tuncer Çetinkaya, a former reporter of Zaman newspaper and Cihan News Agency, for 7 years and 6 months on charges of "being a member of a [terrorist] organisation". The court ordered Çetinkaya released on probation to receive treatment for kidney failure.
19 Mar 2018
Journalist Şahin Alpay was released from Silivri Prison at night on Friday 16 March 2018. He remains under on house arrest.
19 Mar 2018
On 15 March 2018, the Turkish Constitutional Court re-evaluated Şahin Alpay’s application. This 2nd application was filed after the Constitutional Court’s first ruling was snubbed by local courts in January 2018. The Court reiterated its former ruling that the journalist’s rights had been violated and that he should be freed. Turkish top court ruling comes as European Court of Human Rights is set to announce its verdict on the case on 20th March.
09 Mar 2018
On 8 March 2018, the İstanbul 25th Heavy Penal Court sentenced defendants Ahmet Memiş, Ali Akkuş, Muhammet Sait Kuloğlu, Multlu Çölgeçen, Seyid Kılıç, Ünal Tanık, Erkan Acar, Oğuz Usluer, Davut Aydın, Ufuk Şanlı, Yetkin Yıldız, Cuma Ulus to 7 years and 6 months in prison on charge of “being a member of an illegal organisation”. The court ruled for the re-arrest of journalist Akkuş, who had been released last April. Cihan Acar, Bünyamin Köseli, İbrahim Balta, Bayram Kaya, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Yakup Çetin, Hüseyin Aydın, Abdullah Kılıç and Gökçe Fırat Çulhaoğlu were sentenced to 6 years and 3 months in prison on the same charge. 13 defendants were acquitted of “coup attempt” charges. The court sentenced Atilla Taş and Murat Aksoy for “knowingly and willingly aiding an illegal organization as a non-member” while not being “a part of the hierarchical structure within the organization”. They were respectively condemned to 3 years 1 month and 15 days in prison and 2 years and 1 month. Considering the time in prison they already served, the court rejected the prosecutor’s request for the re-arrest of Taş and Aksoy and removed the obligation to sign in at a police station regularly. Yet it ruled for the continuation of their travel ban.
21 Feb 2018
On 20 February 2018, Nur Ener Kılınç was released pending trial and placed under house arrest. Her next hearing is set for 19 Aprill.
16 Feb 2018
On 16 Febuary 2018, Nazlı Ilıcak, Yakup Şimşek and Fevzi Yazıcı were handed aggravated life sentences.
16 Jan 2018
On 12 January 2018, after reviewing the reasoned judgement of the Constitutional Court, the Istanbul 13th Criminal Court overruled the Constitutional Court’s verdict by saying it overstepped its jurisdiction and usurped the Criminal Court’s authority. On 15 January 2017, the Istanbul 14th High Criminal Court rejected Şahin Alpay’s appeal for release.
12 Jan 2018
On 11 January 2018 Turkey`s Constitutional Court ruled to release Şahin Alpay. His release was halted by Istanbul`s 13th High Criminal Court, which announced that his detention would be reviewed after the Constitutional Court’s reasoned decisions were formally communicated.
22 Nov 2017
On 21 November 2017, the 14th High Criminal Court of Ankara sentenced Ayşenur Parıldak, a correspondent for Zaman newspaper, to seven years and six months in prison for being a member of an armed terrorist organisation.
22 Nov 2017
On 8 November 2017, an Istanbul court ordered the release of Izmir-based journalist Bekir Gökmen Ulu from the Sözcü daily. The journalist is also under an international travel ban.
25 Oct 2017
Murat Aksoy was released from pretrial detention by an İstanbul court on 24 October 2017. According to the decision of the İstanbul 25th High Criminal Court, Aksoy was released after the court determined that the suspect had no bank account with Bank Asya and never used the ByLock mobile phone application, both considered by Turkish authorities to be evidence of links to the Gülen movement.
23 Oct 2017
On 17 October 2017, the Eskişehir 2nd court of severe crimes sentenced Mehmet Kuru to six years and three months' imprisonment for 'membership in a terrorist organization'.
15 Oct 2017
Murat Dağdeviren, owner of the Demokrat Gebze newspaper, was arrested on 31 July 2016. On 10 October 2017, he was sentenced to 7 years and 6 months in prison on charge of membership to a terror organization. Demokrat Gebze newspaper was shut down by decree.
05 Oct 2017
Yüksel Durgut was released pending trial for health reasons on 29 September 2017.
29 Sep 2017
Abdullah Özyurt was released on 15 September 2017.
29 Sep 2017
On 22 September 2017, Mediha Olgun was released.
18 Sep 2017
Burak Ekici, the online editor for daily newspaper Birgün, was ordered arrested on 16 August 2017 on accusations of links to U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gülen. Ekici was detained for allegedly having used mobile phone encryption application Bylock, which prosecutors consider to be evidence of membership in the Gülen movement.
07 Sep 2017
Mehmet Dener and Muhammet Taşçılar were released on 1 September 2017.
23 Aug 2017
On 18 August 2017, the 25th court for severe crime of Istanbul released pending trial Cihan Acar, journalist for Bugün, and Aksiyon magazine journalist, Bünyamin Köseli, prosecuted for «coup attempt».
21 Aug 2017
On 18 August 2017, Ali Ahmet Böken, a former TRT News coordinator and former columnist for the now-closed Samanyolu TV, was arrested. Accused of “membership in a terrorist organisation”, he faces up to 15 years in prison.
25 Jul 2017
Hülya Karakaya was released on 18 July 2017 and placed under judiciary control.
20 Jul 2017
Nizamettin İzgi, owner of the Batman newspaper, was arrested on 11 December 2016. On 17 July 2017, a court ordered his release under judicial control.
01 Jun 2017
On 27 May 2017, a Turkish court formally arrested Mediha Olgun (internet editor) and Gökmen Ulu (press correspondent in Izmir), two opposition journalists working for Sözcü daily newspaper for "a story and photographs in the paper revealing where Erdogan was spending his vacation a day before the coup, and a crossword puzzle with the president’s name hidden in it", according to state-run Anadolu news agency. The two jailed Sözcü journalists face charges including “knowingly aiding and abetting the FETÖ terrorist organisation without being part of its hierarchical structure”, and “aiding the assassination attempt of the president”.
30 May 2017
Idris Okur, Cihan reporter in Çorum, was put in custody on 1 August 2016. His trial started in May 2017 before the Çorum 2nd Heavy Penal Court.
29 May 2017
Özkan Mayda was released on 24 May 2017.
26 May 2017
Olgun Matur was released on 29 March 2017 and was arrested again 3 days later on 2nd April. He was released again on 24 May 2017.
05 May 2017
On 4 may 2017, Ozan Kaplanoğlu, editor of the online platform @BursaMuhalif and a member of the Board of Directors of the Bursa Branch of the Contemporary Gazeteciler Derneği, was detained during an early morning raid on his home. The journalist was arrested by a Bursa court on 5 May on the charge of spreading propaganda for a terrorist organisation on his social media account.
02 May 2017
İbrahim Karayeğen, an editor for Zaman newspaper, was ordered arrested on 26 September 2016 as part of the coup attempt investigation. Karayeğen, who was detained on 16 July 2016 in İstanbul Atatürk Airport was formally put on pre-trial detention on 24 July 2016 by an investigating judge at İstanbul No.2 Criminal Court of Peace. On 27 April 2017, an Istanbul court indicted Karayeğen and 29 other former Zaman Media Group employees with attempting to overthrow the government, the Constitution and Parliament. Each suspect risks three consecutive life sentences. The indictment also seeks another 15 years for each suspect on charges of being members of a terrorist organisation.
20 Apr 2017
Ali Akkuş was released on 31 March 2017 and detained a few hours later. He was released again on 15 April 2017.
18 Apr 2017
On 5 August 2016, Yakup Şimşek, the former Brand Marketing Manager of Zaman was taken into custody, as part of a probe into a controversial commercial allegedly hinting at an impending coup bid some nine months before the 15 July coup attempt. The indictment drafted on 14 April 2017 by the İstanbul Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office seeks three consecutive life sentences for 16 people, including Şimşek, on coup charges. On 29 March 2016, court-appointed trustees had fired Simsek along with 5 colleagues from the daily newspapers Zaman and Today's Zaman, for "abusing the trust of the employer" and "acting against the good will and morals, as well as the company's image".
17 Apr 2017
Yakup Çetin and Yetkin Yıldız were released on 31 march 2017 and detained again a few hours later. They were re-arrested on 15 april 2017.
13 Apr 2017
On 11 April 2017 an indictment of journalists and columnists of Zaman daily was filed to the İstanbul 13th High Criminal Court. The indictment seeks three consecutive life sentences for the 30 defendants on charges of attempting to overthrow the government. 30 journalists, 21 of whom are already under arrest, were indicted. The defendants include former Zaman writers Mümtazer Türköne, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Şahin Alpay, Mustafa Ünal and Ali Bulaç. The journalists are charged with "attempting a coup d'Etat" for which the prosecutor demands three consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole. Additionally, the prosecutor demands up to 15 years in prison for all the suspects on charges of "membership in a terrorist organisation." Anatolia News Agency reported that the defendants are Mümtazer Türköne, Şahin Alpay, Ali Bulaç, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Alaattin Güner, Cuma Kaya, Faruk Akkan, Hakan Taşdelen, Hüseyin Belli, Hüseyin Turan, İbrahim Karayeğen, İsmail Küçük, Mehmet Özdemir, Murat Avcıoğlu, Mustafa Ünal, Onur Kutlu, Sedat Yetişkin, Şeref Yılmaz, Yüksel Durgut ve Zafer Özsoy tutuklu, Ahmet İrem, Ali Hüseyinçelebi, Süleyman Sargın, Osman Nuri Arslan, Osman Nuri Öztürk, Lalezer Sarıibrahimoğlu, Nuriye Ural and Orhan Kemal Cengiz. Sarıibrahimoğlu, Ural and Cengiz are listed as suspects pending trial outside of prison.
05 Apr 2017
Serhat Şeftali, Zaman regional burea Chief for the Med region, was arrested on 21 July 2016. He stands accused of preparing the ground for July 2016 coup attempt on behalf of the Hizmet movement. On 1 April 2017, Serhat Şeftali was ordered released on judicial probation by the Antalya 2nd High Criminal Court along 20 police officers and seven other journalists including Tuncer Çetinkaya and Olgun Matur pending the conclusion of their trial. However, the Antalya 3rd High Criminal Court ruled for the re-arrest of 16 of them, including Şeftali following objections to their release by prosecutors.
05 Apr 2017
Tuncer Çetinkaya was released on 29 March 2017 and re-arrested on 2 April.
31 Mar 2017
Kenan Baş was released on 29 March 2017.
10 Mar 2017
Nur Ener, the news-editor of Yeni Asya newspaper, was detained on 3 March 2017 as a part of the purge of journalists allegedly linked to the Gülen movement. Ener was formally arrested on 6 March 2017 for allegedly having used the mobile phone encryption application Bylock, which Turkish prosecutors consider to be evidence of membership in the Gülen movement. Ener is currently in pre-trial detention in the Bakırköy Women’s Closed Prison in Istanbul.
06 Mar 2017
Erdem Mühirci was released on 28 February 2017.
28 Feb 2017
Vedat Demir was released on 18 February 2017.
03 Feb 2017
Hamza Günerigök, an anchor with of state-owned TRT, was arrested on 30 January 2017 by border security in military zone as he was trying to flee from Turkey to Greece in illegal ways. The authorities had issued an arrest warrant for Günerigök over his alleged link with the Gülen movement.
30 Jan 2017
On 18 January 2017, Ünal Tanık, owner and editor-in-chief of the Rota Haber news portal, which is among the media outlets closed down in the aftermath of the coup attempt, was arrested after being detained in Yalova the day before. The arrest verdict of İstanbul’s 11th Penal Court of Peace was based on the charge of alleged membership to the Gülen movement. Tanık faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.
23 Dec 2016
Özcan Keser, reporter for state-owned Turkish Radio and Television Network (TRT), who had previously worked with Cihan News Agency, was detained on 12 August 2016. He was formally arrested on 19 December.
22 Dec 2016
Ömer Oruç, a former reporter of the Cihan News Agency, was arrested on 18 December 2016. Oruç is currently imprisoned in Isparta prison.
19 Dec 2016
Eda Şanlı was released pending trial on 18 December 2016.
16 Dec 2016
On 14 December 2016, Mehmet Anıl was released.
12 Dec 2016
Nadir Yücel, editor in chief of the Çorum Yıldız, was ordered arrested on 4 December 2016 as part of a purge of journalists allegedly linked with Fethullah Gülen.
31 Oct 2016
Beytullah Özdemir, the Düzce representative for the newspaper Zaman, was ordered arrested on 27 October 2016 as part of the ongoing investigation into the failed 15 July 2016 coup attempt.
26 Oct 2016
As of 26 October 2016, the list of detained journalists was updated, adding the following 24 journalists, arrested under State of emergency as part of the coup investigation: Abdullah Özyurt, Ahmet Yavaş, Ayşenur Parıldak, Aytekin Gezici, Aziz İstegün, Bayram Parlak, Cumali Önal, Gültekin Avcı, Eda Şanlı, Halil İbrahim Mert, İbrahim Karayeğen, Kenan Baş, Lokman Erdoğan, Mehmet Kuru, Murat Aksoy, Nurullah Kaya, Nuri Durna, Olgun Matur, Osman Yakut, Özkan Mayda, Tuncer Çetinkaya, Vahit Yazgan, Vedat Demir and Yalçın Güler. Most of them were former Zaman journalists and executives. Additionally, 11 journalists, arrested during the State of emergency outside the coup probe, were also added to the list of detained journalists: Erdem Mühirci, Hülya Karakaya , İlker İlkan, Mehmet Anıl, Mehmet Arslan , Necmiye Alpay, Nizamettin Yılmaz, Rabia Özkaya, Selahattin Koyuncu , Şirin Çoban and Zeynel Abidin Bulut.
18 Oct 2016
As of 18 October 2016, 35 of the 89 journalists targeted by one of the 2 mass warrants issued after the coup attempt have been arrested : Abdullah Kılıç, Ali Akkuş, Nazlı Ilıcak, Bayram Kaya, Bünyamin Köseli, Cemal Azmi Kalyoncu, Cihan Acar, Cuma Ulus, Emre Soncan, Ercan Gün, Habip Güler, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Haşim Söylemez, Hüseyin Aydın, İbrahim Balta, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Seyid Kılıç, Ufuk Şanlı, and Yakup Çetin - Şeref Yılmaz, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Alaattin Güner, Faruk Akkan, Mümtazer Türköne, Şahin Alpay, Ali Ünal, Mustafa Ünal, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Ali Bulaç, Mehmet Özdemir, Fevzi Yazıcı, Murat Avcıoğlu, , Zafer Özsoy, Cuma Kaya, and Hakan Taşdelen. On Oct 12, former Taraf and Zaman columnists Lalezar Sariibrahimoglu and Nuriye (Akman) Ural were released from prison pending trial. An Istanbul Criminal Court decided that there were sufficient grounds for suspecting that both were members of the so-called Fethullah Gülen Terrorist Organization/Parallel State Structure, or FETÖ/PDY, but also indicated that the case against them would be subject to further assessment to ascertain whether it could be shown to be strong enough to proceed. On that basis they were released from custody on appeal with certain legal controls. Both are banned from travelling abroad. To date, ten journalists have been released: Arda Akın, Bülent Mumay, Mehmet Gündem, and Yakup Sağlam -Zeki Önal, Hilmi Yavuz, Lalezar Sarıibrahimoğlu (Lale Kemal), İhsan Duran Dağı, Nuriye (Akman) Ural and Osman Nuri Arslan.
05 Oct 2016
Ramazan Alkan, a journalist for Yeni Akit newspaper, was ordered arrested on 30 September 2016 for allegedly having used the mobile phone encryption application Bylock, which Turkish prosecutors consider to be evidence of membership in the Gülen movement.
12 Sep 2016
Mutlu Çölgeçen, an editor with Millet newspaper, was ordered arrested on 9 September 2016. Çölgeçen is one of 29 journalists charged in a case accusing them of having been part of the Gülen movement’s “media wing”. He faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.
05 Sep 2016
On 2 September 2016, Ahmet Memiş, a reporter for Haberdar news website, was arrested as part of a purge of journalists allegedly linked to U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gülen. Mr Memiş is accused of having been part of the Gülen movement’s “media wing” and is kept in detention at Silivri prison camp.
01 Sep 2016
In August 2016, Ankara Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office has ordered detention for 34 employers of TRT (Turkey's Public Broadcasting Service) claimed to be users of ByLock, an encrypted communication software allegedly used among members of the Gülen Community. According to Bianet, there are eight TRT employees among journalists taken into custody under the State of Emergency declared on July 20 and put behind bars. The names of the eight former TRT employees are as follows: Ahmet Yavaş (TRT radio Erzurum correspondent), Ali Yüce (TRT radio broadcasting manager), Ersin Şanlı (TRT domestic news manager), Hakan Aksel (TRT News and Sports Department Coordinator Assistant and Producer), Halil İbrahim Mert (TRT TV Erzurum cameraperson), Nuri Durna (TRT Erzurum correspondent), Yalçın Güler (TRT Erzurum correnspondent), Seyid Kılıç (TRT correspondent). Since August 2016, those eight journalists are kept in detention as part of the government’s investigation following the 15 July 2016 coup attempt.
29 Aug 2016
On 21 August 2016, a court in Van arraigned Ali Aşikar, a journalist working for the Kurdish-language daily newspaper Azadiya Welat, and ordered him jailed pending trial on charges of "committing crimes in the name of [terrorist] organizations" and possessing explosives. Mr Aşikar is kept in detention at Van M type prison since 28 August 2016.
25 Aug 2016
Burçin Dokgöz, a reporter for Zaman newspaper and for Cihan News Agency in the northern Anatolian city of Çorum, was ordered arrested on 21 August 2016.
24 Aug 2016
İsmail Efe, the press consultant of the İzmir Directorate of Tourism, was arrested as a part of ongoing operations against alleged followers of Fethullah Gülen following the failed coup attempt. Efe is currently imprisoned in Aliağa prison in İzmir
24 Aug 2016
Erol Yüksel, a vice president of the news department of state-owned TRT, was ordered arrested on 19 August 2016 as part of the investigation following the coup attempt.
15 Aug 2016
On 10 August 2016, Habervaktim site and founder of Vahdet newspaper, Yener Dönmez, was detained at the Habervaktim Ankara bureau, in the scope of an investigation into the leaking of a sex tape featuring former leader of the opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) Deniz Baykal. The video was first published on Akit's unofficial website Habervaktim in 2010. An investigation at the time produced no arrests. Dönmez had been detained earlier in the post-coup investigation.
15 Aug 2016
On 13 August 2016 Tahsin Kürklü, head of Logistics Department of the now-closed Zaman newspaper, was detained by gendarmerie officers in Gürün district of Sivas province and later ordered arrested by a Sivas court. He is said to be the former chauffeur of Ekrem Dumanlı, the former editor-in-chief of daily Zaman who was jailed for “attempting a coup” and “forming an organisation with felonious intent.”
11 Aug 2016
On 10 August 2016, an Ankara court of penal peace arraigned Erdal Şen, former Ankara correspondent for the daily newspaper Habertürk, on suspicion of assisting an alleged high-ranking member of the Hizmet movement to escape after the failed coup. He was released on 21 April 2017, and re-arrested the next day upon objection of the prosecutor’s office.
08 Aug 2016
İsmail Avcı, a former reporter for Zaman newspaper and Cihan News Agency, was arrested on 1 August 2016 as a part of the purge of journalists allegedly linked to Fethullah Gülen. Avcı was reportedly detained in the Yalvaç district of Isparta while trying to hide from police. He is currently being held in the Diyarbakır D-type prison.
08 Aug 2016
On 5 August 2016, police in the western Turkish province of Denizli, detained Resul Cengiz, a former reporter for the shuttered Cihan News Agency. A local court ordered Cengiz jailed pending trial on terrorism charges on 10 August 2016.
01 Aug 2016
Isa Siyi, journalist for Haberdar news site, was arrested on 28 July 2016, among the 88 journalists for whom arrest warrants were issued as part of the reaction to the July 15 military coup attempt.
01 Aug 2016
Abdurrahim Ersöz, a local press correspondent for Cihan news agency In Antalya, was arrested on 28 July 2016 as part of a purge of journalists allegedly linked to the movement headed by U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gülen. Mr Ersöz was arrested along with Antalya correspondent Ömer Özdemir from Zaman newspaper and is kept in detention at Antalya L Type Closed Criminal Infrastructure Authority since July 2016.
26 Jul 2016
In the early morning of 26 July 2016, journalist and former parliamentarian Nazlı Ilıcak, one of the 42 journalists named in the arrest warrants as part of the post-coup attempt crackdown operations, was detained in the Bodrum district of the Aegean province of Muğla. According to Turkish media reports, six other journalists appearing on the list were also detained: Yakup Sağlam, İbrahim Balta, Seyit Kılıç, Bayram Kaya, Cihan Acar and Hanım Büşra Erdal.
25 Jul 2016
Mehmet Dener, the owner of the local sanliurfa.com website, was ordered arrested on 22 July 2016 along with the editor-in-chief of the website, Muhammet Taşçılar, as a part of the ongoing investigation into the failed 15 July 2016 coup attempt.
Follow-ups
17 May 2018
New OSCE Media Freedom representative welcomes the release of journalists Ali Bulaç and Mehmet Özdemir from pre-trial detention and the vend of house arrest for Şahin Alpay, but increased sentences demanded against other defendants and continued arrests are of great concern.
20 Mar 2018
On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Şahin Alpay’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Alpay’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) of the Convention, the Court held that it was incumbent on the respondent State to ensure the termination of Mr Alpay’s pre-tria detention at the earliest possible date. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Alpay’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.
19 Mar 2018
OSCE media freedom representative welcomes the release of Şahin Alpay but considers that "placing him under house arrest is contrary to the 2nd Constitutional Court ruling".
09 Mar 2018
OSCE representative Désir urges Turkey to release and drop charges against 25 media workers sentenced to prison, including journalists Aksoy and Taş
16 Feb 2018
Life sentences for Turkish journalists are an unprecedented, unacceptable attack on freedom of expression, say OSCE representative on Media Freedom.
19 Jan 2018
The Council of Europe Secretary General refers to the recent decisions of Turkey’s Constitutional Court in his address to the Committee of Ministers
19 Oct 2017
On 10 October 2017, the Commissioner for human rights intervened before the European Court of Human Rights in cases concerning the detention of journalists and freedom of expression in Turkey
14 Mar 2017
Opinion of the Venice Commission on the Measures provided in the recent Emergency Decree Laws with respect to Freedom of the Media
15 Feb 2017
Human Rights Commissioner : Urgent measures are needed to restore freedom of expression in Turkey
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (76):

Abdullah Kılıç, Abdürrahim Ersöz, Ahmet Memiş, Ahmet Yavaş, Ahmet Metin Sekizkardeş, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Alaattin Güner, Ali Akkuş, Ali Aşikar, Ali Ahmet Böken, Ali Ünal, Ali Yüce, Ayşenur Parıldak, Aytekin Gezici, Aziz İstegün, Bayram Kaya, Beytullah Özdemir, Burçin Dokgöz, Cemal Kalyoncu, Cuma Kaya, Cuma Ulus, Emre Soncan, Ercan Gün, Erdal Şen, Erol Yüksel, Faruk Akkan, Fevzi Yazici, Gültekin Avcı, Habip Güler, Hakan Aksel, Hakan Taşdelen, Halil Ibrahim Mert, Hamza Günerigök, Hanim Büşra Erdal, Haşim Söylemez, Hüseyin Aydın, Hüseyin Turan, Ibrahim Balta, İbrahim Karayeğen, Idris Okur, Ilker Ilkan, Isa Siyi, İsmail Avcı, İsmail Efe, Lokman Erdoğan, Mehmet Kuru, Mümtazer Türköne, Murat Avcioğlu, Murat Dağdeviren, Mustafa Erkan Acar, Mustafa Ünal, Mutlu Çölgeçen, Nazlı Ilıcak, Nadir Yücel, Nuri Durna, Nurullah Kaya, Ozan Kaplanoğlu, Ömer Oruç, Ömer Özdemir, Özcan Keser, Osman Yakut, Rabia Özkaya, Ramazan Alkan, Resul Cengiz, Serhat Şeftali, Şeref Yılmaz, Seyid Kılıç, Şirin Çoban, Tahsin Kürklü, Ufuk Şanlı, Ünal Tanık, Vahit Yazgan, Yakup Çetin, Yakup Şimşek, Yalçın Güler, Zafer Özsoy.
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14 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 14 May 2018 Bulgaria

Bulgaria: Investigative journalist attacked

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ RSF
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On 10 May 2018, investigative journalist Hristo Geshov was attacked and assaulted outside his home in the town of Cherven Bryag in northwestern Bulgaria, desant.net reports.

“I attribute this attack entirely to my investigative reporting and to the warnings I sent to the authorities about the management of finances by the Cherven Bryag municipal government,” Geshov wrote in a Facebook post a few hours after being punched in the stomach and back by an unidentified assailant. “Despite the pain and many bruises, I am sure that I will not abandon my work, and the attack against me is a sign that I am right,” he added.

Geshov writes for the regional investigative reporting website Za Istinata, works with the journalistic online platform “About the Truth” and hosts a programme called “On Target” that is available on YouTube.

He began being harassed after a series of articles about municipal government irregularities in Cherven Bryag in which he claimed, inter alia, that three municipal councillors were using European Union funds to renovate their homes.

Reporters Without Borders condemns the attack. “This attack is indicative of the degree to which investigative reporters are now being targeted by groups that want to silence them and impose terror,” said Pauline Adès-Mével, the head of RSF’s EU-Balkans desk. “We hail the swift reaction of the police and medical services, but the Bulgarian authorities must also provide physical protection to journalists who, like Hristo Geshov, are the targets of threats of this kind.”
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09 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 10 Apr 2018 Turkey

Journalists Detained on Account of Social Media Posts Critical of the Military Operation in Afrin

3 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
At least four journalists have been detained in police raids since 20 January 2018 as part of a social media crackdown on individuals who shared critical comments or news regarding the ‘Operation Olive Branch’, which was launched by the Turkish army on the Syrian town of Afrin.
Van-based journalist Idris Yılmaz, was taken into custody on 21 January following a police raid on his house in Van province. He was ordered arrested on 23 January 2018 on charges of “making terrorist propaganda”. His house has been raided by the police on 20 March 2018 and according to his wife, his family members intimidated.
On 22 January, Ishak Karakaş, editor-in-chief of Halkın Nabzı newspaper and columnist for Artı Gerçek, was taken into custody during a police raid at his home in Istanbul. An Istanbul court formally arrested Karakaş on 26 January. His social media posts criticising the Turkish military’s operation in Afrin have been used as criminal evidence.
Mezopotamya news agency reporter Seda Taşkın was detained on 22 January during a police raid on her home in Ankara. Taşkın was arrested on 23 January on “membership in a terrorist organization” charges.
On 23 January, Haydar Ergül, an editor for the Demokratik Modernite magazine, who had been in custody since he was detained at the Diyarbakır Airport on 16 January, was arrested by an Istanbul court on charges of “making terrorist propaganda” and “membership in a terrorist organisation”.
Updates
New 09 May 2018
Editor-in-Chief of the local Istanbul daily Halkın Nabzı and Artı Gerçek columnist, İshak Karakaş, was released under judicial control measures in his first court appearance on 8 May 2018.
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (3):

Idris Yılmaz, Seda Taşkın, Haydar Ergül
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09 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 09 May 2018 Montenegro

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
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Partner EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
Investigative journalist Olivera Lakić who works for Montenegro based newspaper Vijesti was shot outside her home on 8 May 2018 around 9 pm in Podgorica by an unidentified gunman. Ms Lakić was injured in the right leg and sent to the hospital where her condition is described as stable.

Olivera Lakić is known for investigating crime and corruption in Montenegro. This attack is the second attack on the journalist after an earlier incident in 2012 when she was punched in the head multiple times following her reports on alleged illegal dealings involving a tobacco factory. The perpetrator was sentenced to jail and Olivera Lakic was put under police protection for a while.
Follow-ups
09 May 2018
New Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights condemned the repeated assault on Olivera Lakić, investigative journalist at the daily Vijesti.
09 May 2018
New CoE Secretary General shocked over the attack on investigative journalist in Montenegro
09 May 2018
New OSCE Representative Désir strongly condemns shooting of journalist Olivera Lakić in Podgorica, call on authorities to bring perpetrators to justice
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09 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 09 May 2018 Russian Federation

Journalists Detained and Assaulted at Inauguration Protests

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ
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Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ
In Russia at least 13 journalists were detained and at least six journalists were beaten during nationwide protests before Vladimir Putin’s inauguration for a fourth presidential term, according to OVD-Info, Mediazona and other media.

In Moscow at least seven journalists were detained (some of them assaulted by police) and five were assaulted without detention. Dozhd TV editor Oksana Gandzyuk, Daily Storm's reporter Ilya Gorshkov and photographer Alexandr Antyufeev were taken to police vans and taken to police departments. Current Time TV reporter Aleksey Alexandrov was detained while reporting live but was released after his documents were checked. Novaya Gazeta reporter Mikhail Grebenshchikov was also briefly detained. Vedomosti photographer Evgeny Razumni was briefly detained, struck by police and had his camera broken. Photographer Aleksandr Osipov was detained and taken to a police department. He was also assaulted.

FederalPress reporter Ivan Zaloznych, MBH.Media reporter Aleksandr Skrylnikov and an unnamed reporter for Znak.com were also struck by police with batons. According to Open Russia human rights activist Polina Nemirovskaya, Skrylnikov was later diagnosed with a pulmonary laceration and hospitalised. A reporter for Agence France Presse was assaulted by activists of pro-government NOD movement (National Liberation Movement), news source The Insider reported. NOD activists tried to assault him while he was interviewing a protester, and later threw stones at him and asked the police to detain him.

A reporter for Komsomolskaya Pravda was beaten by a person dressed as a Cossack, who hit him with a whip and punched him in the face. People in Cossack attire also threatened an unnamed Mediazona reporter, telling him they would break his phone. Cossacks are generally pro-government.

In Saint-Petersburg four journalists were detained and at least one beaten by police. Fontanka.Ru reporter Tatiana Tsipushtanova, Ekho Moskvy reporter Arseniy Vesnin, Dozhd TV reporter Mikhail Nad, Mediazona reporter David Frenkel were briefly detained. A Flashnord reporter was beaten by police during the protest dispersal.

In Yakutsk Egor Karpov, an editor for local newspaper Vtornik, was detained. In Krasnoyarsk journalist Vladimir Perekotiy was detained.D
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04 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 31 Oct 2016 Turkey

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Article 19 AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ Index IPI RSF
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Partner Article 19 AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ Index IPI RSF
On 31 October 2016, Turkish police detained at least 12 employees of Cumhuriyet newspaper, Turkey's largest secular, left-leaning paper, and one of the few publications that continues to criticise the government. The detained media workers are accused of membership of, and committing crimes on behalf of, two terrorist organisations: the Kurdistan Workers’ party and the Fethullah Terrorist Organisation (FETÖ), which the government accuses of being behind the failed coup attempt. According to media reports, prosecutors also issued detention warrants for two of the newspaper’s executives, who are both currently abroad.

Following police raids, the following people were taken into custody: Murat Sabuncu (Cumhuriyet Editor-in-Chief); Güray Öz (Cumhuriyet board executive and columnist); Aydın Engin (former editor-in-chief of the newspaper); Hikmet Çetinkaya (columnist); Eser Sevinç, Hakan Kara, Musa Kart, Bülent Utku, Mustafa Kemal Güngör and Önder Çelik (all board members of the Cumhuriyet Foundation); Turhan Günay (Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper’s book supplement); and columnist Kadri Gürsel, who is also the head of the International Press Institute’s Turkey office.
Updates
New 26 Apr 2018
On 25 April 2018, an Istanbul court convicted 13 journalists and executives of Cumhuriyet of aiding terrorist organizations and sentenced them to jail terms ranging between two and seven years. The court placed the journalists on probation and banned them from traveling until the appeals process has ended. The judge also ordered the conditional release of Cumhuriyet chairman Akin Atalay. The court acquitted three of the defendants : Bülent Yener, a former board member, Turhan Günay, chief editor of the daily's literary supplement, and Günseli Özatalay, the chief accountant.
12 Mar 2018
On 9 March 2018, the 27th High Criminal Court of Istanbul ruled for the release of Murat Sabuncu and Ahmet Şık pending the conclusion of the trial. Sabuncu and Şık remain under judicial control. The daily's chairman, Akın Atalay, however, was remanded in custody until the next hearing, scheduled for 16 March, during which the prosecutor is expected to submit his final opinion.
29 Dec 2017
On 29 December 2017 an Istanbul Court ruled to release Emre İper. He remains under judicial control and an international travel ban.
25 Dec 2017
On 25 December 2017 a judge at Istanbul’s Çağlayan Courthouse ruled to keep Ahmet Şık, Akın Atalay, Emre Iper and Murat Sabuncu in jail for at least two more months until the next session of the trial on 9 March 2018.
26 Sep 2017
On 25 September 2017, the Court ruled to release Kadri Gürsel, though he remains on trial on charges of links to terror groups. After completing formalities, he was released from the Silivri prison. The Court confirmed the detention of Akın Atalay, Emre Iper and Murat Sabuncu. Their next hearing is scheduled for 31 October 2017.
12 Sep 2017
On 11 September 2017, a Turkish court confirmed Ahmet Şık's detention. The next hearing is scheduled for 25 September.
12 Sep 2017
On 11 September 2017 a Turkish court Court confirmed the detention of Akın Atalay, Murat Sabuncu and Kadri Gürsel. Their next hearing is scheduled for 25 September.
31 Jul 2017
On 28 July 2017, an Istanbul court released seven Cumhuriyet journalists and executives. Five are to remain under arrest including Ahmet Şık. The court also decided that additional criminal charges would be brought against Ahmet Şık for his defense statement.
15 Jun 2017
On 14 June 2017, after 30 days of imprisonment, Oğuz Güven was released pending trial. His next hearing is scheduled to take place on 14 September 2017.
16 May 2017
On 12 May 2017, Oğuz Güven, editor-in-chief of the online edition of the daily newspaper Cumhuriyet, was detained as part of a criminal investigation led by the Bureau of Press Offences of the Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office in Istanbul. On 15 May, Güven appeared before a judge, who ordered that he be held in pre-trial detention, on “propaganda for a terrorist organisation” and “defamation against a person’s memory” charges. Both charges against the journalist are solely based on the title of a news report published and tweeted by Cumhuriyet on an online account about the accidental death of a prosecutor. During the hearing, the journalist repeated that the controversial tweet (“the prosecutor who sought the first warrants against FETÖ was cut apart by a truck”) was only visible during 55 seconds, was immediately corrected (“the prosecutor lost life in a serious car accident”) and is one of the 300 tweets per day written by the journalist, that he cannot be suspected of doing anything to support any terrorist organisation. Oğuz Güven is the 12th Cumhuriyet professional arrested by the Turkish authorities on charges of supporting two illegal organisations (PKK and FETÖ) based on opinions and articles published by the newspaper.
19 Apr 2017
On 7 April 2017, Cumhuriyet’s Finance Manager Emre İper was taken into custody during a midnight raid on his home by police. He was arrested on 19 April on charges of using ByLock, a communications app allegedly used by the Fethullah Gülen network and “being member of a terrorsit organisation”.
11 Jan 2017
On 29 December 2016, the investigative journalist Ahmet Şık was detained by Turkish authorities on charges of " propaganda on behalf of an illegal terrorist organisation" and "openly denigrating the Republic of Turkey, its judicial organs and its military and police". Şık tweeted that he was being detained due to a single tweet; a news report stated that the detention also related to various reporting elements including an interview with Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)'s administrator published in Cumhuriyet daily in March 2015. On 30 December, Ahmet Şık was officially put under arrest on charges of spreading propaganda for the PKK, the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP-C) and for the Fethullah Gülen group, an Islamic network the Turkish judiciary refers to as the Fethullahist Terrorist Organization (FETÖ). All three groups are outlawed in Turkey. A report published by the Cumhuriyet claimed that Ahmet Şık had been denied drinking water for three days at Metris Prison, where he was kept before being transferred to Silivri Prison on 3 January. The Justice Ministry's Directorate General for Correctional Facilities released a statement denying the allegation, the official statement claimed Şık was given 1.5 liters of bottled water on 1 January. The Turkish authorities own regulation states that "any inmate has to right to have on daily basis 200 liters of cold water and 50 liters of hot water". Ahmet Şık also claimed that he was denied access to newspaper, pen and books in the cell. Ahmet Şık's access to his lawyers (Can Atalay and Tora Pekin) and family members were also denied during the first 5 days of his detention because the authorities couldn't record the conversation between the lawyers and their client. Şık was previously arrested in March 2011 in relation to an investigation into the Oda TV news website. He spent a year in prison for an unpublished critical book about the Gülen movement supported, at that time, by the AKP government. Today, the journalist is charged with doing propaganda for the same movement.
14 Nov 2016
On 12 November 2016, the CEO of daily Cumhuriyet, Akin Atalay, was arrested for “being a member of a terrorist organization” , upon his arrival at Istanbul Atatürk Airport. A detention warrant had been issued for him on 30 October while he was abroad.
08 Nov 2016
On 5 November 2016, nine journalists and executives from the Cumhuriyet daily were placed under formal arrest by the İstanbul 9th Penal Court of Peace. The daily’s columnists Aydın Engin and Hikmet Çetinkaya were released by the court pending trial. A travel ban was imposed on them. On 4 November 2016, Günseli Özaltay, the accounting manager of the newspaper, and former accounting manager Bülent Yener were released.
Follow-ups
04 May 2018
New Secretary General deeply worried by the chilling effect the heavy criminal sentences may have on media freedom
26 Apr 2018
New OSCE representative welcomes release of Akın Atalay in Turkey but strongly condemns prison sentences for Cumhuriyet journalists and staff.
23 Mar 2018
All Cumhuriyet journalists must be released, says OSCE representative Désir following continued detention of CEO Atalay
12 Mar 2018
OSCE Media Freedom Representative welcomes the release of two Cumhuriyet journalists, calls on Turkey to free Akın Atalay and drop charges against all defendants
19 Jan 2018
The Council of Europe Secretary General refers to the recent decisions of Turkey’s Constitutional Court in his address to the Committee of Ministers
19 Oct 2017
On 10 October 2017, the Commissioner for human rights intervened before the European Court of Human Rights in cases concerning the detention of journalists and freedom of expression in Turkey
26 Sep 2017
OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media welcomes the release of Kadri Gürsel and calls for release of imprisoned Cumhuriyet journalists in Turkey.
12 Sep 2017
OSCE Media Freedom Representative renews calls on Turkey to urgently release jailed journalists.
31 Jul 2017
Cumhuriyet trial interim court decision shows urgency to drop charges and release all imprisoned Turkish journalists, says OSCE Media Freedom Representative.
25 Jul 2017
OSCE media freedom representative calls on Turkey to release imprisoned journalists
12 Jun 2017
On 8 June 2017, the European Court of Human Rights communicated to the Turkish Government the case of Sabuncu and Others v. Turkey. The applicants, ten journalists from the daily newspaper Cumhuriyet placed in police custody and subsequently in pre-trial detention on suspicion of having committed offences on behalf of terrorist organisations and disseminating propaganda for them, complained about their pre-trial detention and its duration, and also submit that there has been a breach of their freedom of expression. They further allege that their detention is a sanction against them for criticising the government and amounts to politically-motivated judicial harassment. They rely in particular on Article 5 § 1, 3 and 4 (right to liberty and security / right to speedy review of the lawfulness of detention), Article 10 (freedom of expression) and Article 18 (limitation on use of restrictions on rights).
15 Feb 2017
Human Rights Commissioner : Urgent measures are needed to restore freedom of expression in Turkey
31 Oct 2016
Statement from Secretary General Jagland expressing his concern about state of emergency measures and freedom of expression in Turkey
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04 May 2018 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 04 May 2018 Germany

German Photographers Chased and Assaulted by Neo-Nazis

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner Index
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Partner Index
On 29 April 2018, two freelance photographers were injured after being chased through the Thuringian countryside by Neo-Nazis armed with baseball bats, knives, a wrench and teargas.

The pair were initially pursued by car, then on foot when they had to abandon their car on a country road. One of the photographers suffered an open wound to his head from being hit with a wrench and the other was stabbed in his thigh. The assailants smashed the car windows and slashed its tires before fleeing with the photographic equipment.

The photographers were taking images and video footage of the home of Thorsten Heise, Thuringian leader of the far-right party National Democratic Party (NPD). Anti-Fascist group ALI called Hiese’s home a networking point and training camp for violent Neo-Nazis in a statement on 30 April, regional daily Märkishe Allgemeine reported. In the previous week Heise hosted the “Shield and Sword” festival in Saxony attended by over 1,000 Neo-Nazis from Germany and neighbouring countries, in which police intervened numerous times as militants had done the Nazi salute and displaying signs of proscribed organisations.

Police are investigating charges of robbery and attempted homicide and conducted a raid on Heise’s home the same day. Police press spokesperson Fränze Töpfer said the suspects are known to the police.
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04 May 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 04 Apr 2018 Slovak Republic

Slovak Journalist Gets a Suspended Sentence for Defamation

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner IPI EFJ/IFJ
Partner IPI EFJ/IFJ
On 15 March 2018, Slovak journalist Lukáš Milan was given a three-year suspended prison sentence and journalism ban following a conviction for criminal defamation. The charges were based on a 2015 article Milan wrote on the Slovak healthcare system for Plus 7 Dní weekly. The article examined alleged bribery on the part of Pavol Paška, a former speaker of the Slovak parliament and a prominent figure in the Smer party. Milan met with a young transport entrepreneur who claimed Paška had asked for bribes so that the entrepreneur could take on a blood plasma transport business for hospitals. The source’s claims are behind Paška’s libel case against Milan. The young entrepreneur has requested to remain anonymous in order to protect his business. He has not come forward to the authorities and Milan has refused to reveal his identity. Numerous international human rights bodies, including the U.N. Human Rights Committee and the European Court of Human Rights, have established that imprisonment – even in the form of a suspended sentence – is not a proportionate penalty for defamation. Moreover, Slovak law does not define “journalism” and the court has reportedly not provided further details about what the ban on practicing journalism entails.
State replies
Follow-ups
04 Apr 2018
New OSCE media freedom representative calls on Slovakia to decriminalize defamation and respect journalists’ rights
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03 May 2018 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 03 May 2018 Italy

Attempted Murder of an Italian Investigative Journalist by a Mafia Group

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner RSF EFJ/IFJ
No reply yet
Partner RSF EFJ/IFJ
The director of the online journal Spia and correspondant for Agi, Paolo Borrometi, was targeted by a murder attack that was planned by an Italian mafia group for May 2018. The police fortunately foiled the attack designed to end the journalist's inquiry on illegal activities of mafia groups.

It is not the first time that the journalist is being targeted for his work. He is under permanent police protection since 2014 and in 2015, he was forced to leave Sicily for Rome due to increasing threats.
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03 May 2018 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 03 May 2018 Armenia

Violence Against Reporters During 11 Days of Protests in Armenia

Source of threatState
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner RSF AEJ
No reply yet
Partner RSF AEJ
Between 13 and 23 of April 2018, during the protests in Yerevan that led to the resignation of Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan, several journalists were deliberately targeted by police. Alina Sargsyan, a reporter for the CivilNet.am news website, was hit by a police officer while she filmed police arresting demonstrators. Azatutyun TV producer Anatoly Egiazaryan was beaten by several policemen while filming a demonstration being dispersed.

Police damaged the cameras of the Factor.am reporter Vrezh Margaryan’s and Radio Azatutyun reporter Nayra Bulgadaryan, to prevent them from filming.

Tatul Hakobyan reporter for CivilNet. am was violently arrested while filming the attempted arrest of the protest movement’s main leader, Nikol Pashinyan. Public radio reporter Liana Egiazaryan was injured by a stun grenade in similar circumstances. Ani Keshishyan of 168.am and Factor.am cameraman Hovhannes Sargsyan were injured by non-lethal weapons.

Ani Grigoryan of CivilNet.am, Arus Hakobiyan of Radio Azatutyun, Tehmine Yenokyan of Lragir.am and Artak Hulyan of Shant TV were attacked by plainclothes policemen.

On 19 April, Tirayr Muradyan, a reporter for the Sut.am news website, was badly beaten by plainclothes police officers. The next day, the police bundled him into a car to prevent him from covering a demonstration on a motorway near Yerevan.

Factor.am editor-in-chief Arevik Sahakyan, his cameraman, Gevorg Martirosyan and public radio reporter Vruyr Tadevosyan were beaten up by unidentified individuals in different parts of the capital. In some cases, policemen looked on without making any attempt to intervene.
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02 May 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 05 Mar 2018 Ukraine

Ukrainian Police Accused of Violence against Journalists, Leaving one Hospitalized

Source of threatState
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner RSF Index
Partner RSF Index
Three journalists were attacked at a protest action in Kyiv on 3rd March 2018. The protesters were asking for the establishment of an anti-corruption court, the introduction of open voting lists and the removal of MPs’ immunity.

Serhiy Nuzhnenko of Radio Liberty\Radio Free Europe got a chemical burn after a police officer attacked him with a pepper spray gas can. He was hospitalized.

Vlad Krasinskiy of Insider was pushed by 2 policemen against the barricades and also suffered from pepper spraying without any preamble. Even though he also had his Press ID in front of him.

Bohdan Kutyepov of Hromadske, who was dressed in an orange "Press" vest, was not allowed to work and was kicked on his leg by a police officer. Wearing the vest, rather than helping, had been the source of constant harassment from the police who kept trying to drive him away, and stop him from filming.
State replies
02 May 2018
New Reply from the Government of Ukraine 
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02 May 2018 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 05 Mar 2018 Ukraine

Arson Attack on News Website in Northwestern Ukraine

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner RSF
Partner RSF
The arson attack took place on 22 February 2018 on the headquarters of Chetverta Vlada, an investigative news website in the city of Rivne in northwestern Ukraine. According to the police, an unidentified individual walked into the website’s offices in the basement of a building and used two bottles of gasoline to start a fire. The ensuing blaze completely destroyed one of its offices but fortunately none of the four persons present at the time was injured. The arson attack came just five days after the theft of the servers that hosted the Chetverta Vlada site, which is still down.​ ​

The media specializes in exposing corruption. Its recent investigative reporting has included revelations about the illegal confiscation of land and buildings in Rivne’s old town. The site’s journalists say that, as a result of its reporting, the real estate companies involved lost a lot of money and had to be wound up.
State replies
02 May 2018
New Reply from the Government of Ukraine
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30 Apr 2018 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 30 Apr 2018 Russian Federation

Russia: Blocking of Telegram and Collateral Temporary Blocking of Media Sites

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
On 13 April 2018, Moscow’s Tagansky District Court granted Roskomnadzor, Russia’s communications regulator, its request to block access to the Internet messaging service Telegram on the grounds that the company had not complied with a 2017 order to provide decryption keys to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB).

For Russian users, apps such as Telegram and similar services that seek to provide secure communications are crucial for users’ safety. They provide an important source of information on critical issues of politics, economics and social life, free of undue government interference. For media outlets and journalists based in and outside Russia, Telegram serves not only as a messaging platform for secure communication with sources, but also as a publishing venue. Through its channels, Telegram acts as a carrier and distributor of content for entire media outlets as well as for individual journalists and bloggers.

Since the 13 April decision, the actions taken by the Russian authorities to restrict access to Telegram have caused mass Internet disruption, including mass collateral website blocking. Between 16-18 April 2018, almost 20 million Internet Protocol (IP) addresses were ordered to be blocked by Roskomnadzor as it attempted to restrict access to Telegram. The majority of the blocked addresses are owned by international Internet companies, including Google, Amazon and Microsoft. Among those temporarily blocked were at least six online media outlets (Petersburg Diary, Coda Story, FlashNord, FlashSiberia, Tayga.info, and 7×7). As of 30 April 2018, 14.6 million websites remain blocked.

On 17 April 2018, Roskomnadzor requested that Google and Apple remove access to the Telegram app from their App stores, despite having no basis in Russian law to make this request. The app remains available, but Telegram has not been able to provide upgrades that would allow better proxy access for users. Virtual Private Network (VPN) providers – such as TgVPN, Le VPN and VeeSecurity proxy – have also been targeted for providing alternative means to access Telegram. Federal Law 276-FZ bans VPNs and Internet anonymisers from providing access to websites banned in Russia and authorises Roskomnadzor to order the blocking of any site explaining how to use these services.
Follow-ups
02 May 2018
Blocking of Telegram and legal restrictions on social networks will limit freedom of expression in Russia, says OSCE Representative Désir.
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27 Apr 2018 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 27 Apr 2018 Turkey

Arrests and Confiscation at Özgürlükçü Demokrasi Newspaper

9 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On 28 March 2018, police raided the headquarter of the pro-Kurdish Özgürlükçü Democrasi (formerly known as Özgür Gündem) newspaper in Istanbul and its printing house arresting at least 32 journalists and media workers. The assets of the newspaper have been confiscated. On 04 April 2018, Özgürlükçü Demokrasi newspaper staff Reyhan Hacıoğlu, Pınar Tarlak, Hicran Ürün and its former staff Mehmet Beyazıt have also been detained without justification. According to Bianet, the ones from Özgürlükçü Demokrasi newspaper who are currently in custody are: grant holder of Özgürlükçü Demokrasi newspaper İhsan Yaşar, managing editor İshak Yasul, newspaper staffs Reyhan Hacıoğlu, Nedim Demirkıran, Mehmet Ali Çelebi , Ramazan Sola, Pınar Tarlak, Hicran Ürün, former media worker Mehmet Beyazıt.
Journalists in detention

Currently in detention (9):

İhsan Yaşar, İshak Yasul, Reyhan Hacıoğlu, Nedim Demirkıran, Mehmet Ali Çelebi, Ramazan Sola, Pınar Tarlak, Hicran Ürün, Mehmet Beyazıt.
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Follow-ups to alerts Follow-ups to alerts

16 May 2018

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

16 May 2018

Russia: Proposed Amendments to Criminal Code Threaten Media Freedom

16 May 2018

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

9 May 2018

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

4 May 2018

Slovak Journalist Gets a Suspended Sentence for Defamation

4 May 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

2 May 2018

Ukrainian Police Accused of Violence against Journalists, Leaving one Hospitalized

2 May 2018

Arson Attack on News Website in Northwestern Ukraine

24 April 2018

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

18 April 2018

Azerbaijani Journalist With Dutch citizenship Fears for His Life after Attack In Kyiv

17 April 2018

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

17 April 2018

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

16 April 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

16 April 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

16 April 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

16 April 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

12 April 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

12 April 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

11 April 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

11 April 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

6 April 2018

Azerbaijani Director of Internet Television Re-arrested

3 April 2018

2 France 5 Journalists Denied Access to President Macron During his Visit to Lille

3 April 2018

Journalist Caroline Christinaz from “Le Temps” of Geneva Questioned by the Police While on a Reporting Assignment in France

28 March 2018

Slovenian Media under Police Pressure to Reveal Journalistic Sources

28 March 2018

Two Ukrainian Journalists Sentenced to 9 Years’ Imprisonment for Assisting Separatism

23 March 2018

Greek Sport Journalist Aris Asvestas Assaulted for Second Time

23 March 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

21 March 2018

Strana Editor-in-Chief Flees, Seeks Asylum in Austria after Receiving Death Threats

20 March 2018

Ahmet Altan and Mehmet Altan Detained for Words Used on TV

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Mehmet Altan’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Altan’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Altan’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

20 March 2018

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Şahin Alpay’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Alpay’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) of the Convention, the Court held that it was incumbent on the respondent State to ensure the termination of Mr Alpay’s pre-tria detention at the earliest possible date. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Alpay’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

12 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

1 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

27 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

26 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

23 February 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

23 February 2018

Journalist Philippe Bertinchamps Threatened with Expulsion in Serbia

23 February 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

23 February 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

23 February 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

23 February 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

23 February 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

23 February 2018

Radio Journalist and Presenter Found Dead in Home

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

23 February 2018

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

23 February 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

23 February 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

23 February 2018

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

12 February 2018

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

12 February 2018

France 2 TV channel sued in a Commercial Court by the Bolloré Group

12 February 2018

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 February 2018

Around Ten Journalists from France Télévisions Assaulted by Residents

9 February 2018

Journalists Victims of Police Violence During Demonstrations

9 February 2018

Programme Cancellation and Dismissal Threats Within the French Channel Canal+

8 February 2018

French Journalists and Magistrates Subject to Death Threats

8 February 2018

French Satellite Provider under Pressure to Remove Kurdish Med Nûçe TV

7 February 2018

Expulsion of Two Russian Journalists from Latvia

7 February 2018

Front National Refuses to Grant Accreditations to Mediapart and Quotidien on the Occasion of the Party’s "Presidential Congress”

7 February 2018

The State of Emergency Permits a Ban on Journalists Covering Public Events

7 February 2018

French Journalists Victims of Phone Harassment

6 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

5 February 2018

Poland Opens Investigation over Article Critical of Constitutional Tribunal President

2 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

24 January 2018

Journalists’ Union ESIEMTH and Two Municipal Media Attacked in Thessaloniki

15 January 2018

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

26 December 2017

Russian Journalists Deported from Ukraine

18 December 2017

Uzbek Journalist on Interpol List Detained

18 December 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

18 December 2017

Polish Journalist Receives Death Threats After Public Polish TV Classifies Her Remarks As “Harmful to Poland”

14 December 2017

Journalists Targeted by Protesters in northern Cyprus

29 November 2017

The Guardia Civil Raids Several Catalan Newsrooms

27 November 2017

Croatian Journalist Maja Sever Received Death Threat Via Facebook over Her Report on Nigerian Refugees

20 November 2017

Russia: Proposals to Extend 'Foreign Agents' Law to Media Outlets

17 November 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

14 November 2017

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

13 November 2017

Draft Law Threatens Independence of AGERPRES News Agency

2 November 2017

Two Spanish Journalists Deported from Ukraine

31 October 2017

Physical Attack Against Journalist Drago Miljuš

24 October 2017

Ekho Moskvy Journalist Stabbed, Hospitalised in Moscow

19 October 2017

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

18 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

17 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

12 October 2017

License for UK Community Radio Station Revoked

11 October 2017

Far-right Militants Threatened Novosti Newspaper During Protest

5 October 2017

Turkish-Swedish Journalist Detained at Airport Following Request by Turkey

5 October 2017

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

3 October 2017

Vesti’s Media Office in Kyiv Raided by National Police and Military Prosecutors

22 September 2017

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

21 September 2017

Political Appointments to Head Spanish and Catalan Public TV Channels

20 September 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

13 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

12 September 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

11 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

11 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

11 September 2017

Israeli-Russian Blogger Aleksandr Lapshin to Be Tried in Azerbaijan

6 September 2017

Journalists Stripped of Press Accreditation and Victims of Police Violence During the G20 in Hamburg

31 August 2017

Estonian Authorities Turn Down Three Requests for Accreditation from Rossiya Segodnya to Cover EU meeting

31 August 2017

Estonian Authorities Turn Down Three Requests for Accreditation from Rossiya Segodnya to Cover EU meeting

31 August 2017

Two Reporters Injured During Storming of Parliament

31 August 2017

Journalists from Macedonian A1 TV Attacked While Covering Demonstration

31 August 2017

Three Journalists from Kosovo Arrested in Skopje

31 August 2017

Five Journalists Beaten by Police in Skopje During Protests

31 August 2017

28 Media Workers Detained and Fined for Illegal Border Crossing

31 August 2017

Macedonian Journalist Faces Death Threat

31 August 2017

Macedonian Journalist Sashe Ivanovski Physically Assaulted by Deputy Prime Minister

29 August 2017

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

28 August 2017

Bulgarian Financial Supervision Commission Tries to Silence Newspapers Working on Banking Disclosures

16 August 2017

Ukrainian Journalist Missing in Donbass

11 August 2017

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

3 August 2017

Polish Defence Minister Seeks Criminal Charges against Journalist for 'Coercion', 'Insult' over Exposé of Associates' Contacts

3 August 2017

Polish Defence Minister Seeks Criminal Charges against Journalist for 'Coercion', 'Insult' over Exposé of Associates' Contacts

25 July 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

25 July 2017

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

21 July 2017

Failure to Punish the Perpetrators of Attack on Journalists in Berdyansk

17 July 2017

Ukraine Blocks Russian Social Networks and Expands Economic Sanctions Against Russian Companies

13 July 2017

Ongoing Impunity in the Case of Killed Journalists Andrea Rocchelli, Andrei Mironov and Wounded Photographer William Roguelon

5 July 2017

Russian Journalist Ashot Dzhazoyan Banned from Entering Ukraine for Three Years

27 June 2017

Italian Journalist Risks Being Jailed for Thirty Months for Libel

27 June 2017

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

20 June 2017

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

29 May 2017

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

12 May 2017

Attack on Office of Kathimerini in Thessaloniki

12 May 2017

Pressure by Prime Minister on Public Broadcaster over Coverage

10 May 2017

Greek Journalist Arrested on Libel Charges

9 May 2017

An Albanian Journalist Received Death Threats

2 May 2017

Pressure by Prime Minister on Public Broadcaster over Coverage

2 May 2017

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

7 April 2017

Two Journalists Harassed by Far-Right Wing Protesters

20 March 2017

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

15 March 2017

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

14 March 2017

Albanian Journalist Elvi Fundo Attacked in Tirana

14 March 2017

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

28 February 2017

New Albanian Anti-Corruption Law Threatens Media Freedom

22 February 2017

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

17 February 2017

The National Radio and TV Council of Ukraine Bans Broadcast of Russian TV Channel Dozhd

17 February 2017

Journalists Beaten by Security Guards and Local Police in Kharkiv

17 February 2017

Ukrainian Local Newspaper Raided, Office Sealed by the Representatives of the Local Authorities in Kivertsy

17 February 2017

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

16 February 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

16 February 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

16 February 2017

Continuing Impunity in the Killing of the Ukrainian Investigative Journalist Georgiy Gongadze

16 February 2017

Harassment of Journalists Natalya Kokorina and Anna Andrievska in Crimea, Ukraine by Russian Officials

16 February 2017

Pro-Russia Journalist, Oles Buzyna, Gunned Down in Kyiv, Ukraine

15 February 2017

Turkish Emergency Decree Shuts Down 9 Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Turkish Government Shuts Down 15 Pro-Kurdish Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

15 February 2017

At least Twenty TV and Radio Channels Removed from Türksat, the National Satellite Operator

15 February 2017

Turkey: Two Journalists Detained under State of Emergency Provisions

15 February 2017

Police Raided Azadiya Welat Newspaper, at least 23 Staff Members Detained

15 February 2017

Özgür Gündem Daily Shut Down and Journalists’ Homes Raided in Turkey

15 February 2017

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

15 February 2017

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Journalist Viacheslav Veremii Killed in Kyiv

15 February 2017

Senior Journalist Oleksandr Kuchynsk Killed in Donetsk, Ukraine

14 February 2017

Arson Attack on Ukrainian Broadcaster Inter TV

14 February 2017

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

14 February 2017

Ukrainian Journalist Maria Varfolomeyeva Held for over a Year in Eastern Ukraine

14 February 2017

Ukrainian journalist Ruslan Kotsaba Held for Nearly a Year over Allegations of ‘Treason and Obstructing the Military’

13 January 2017

The National Radio and TV Council of Ukraine Bans Broadcast of Russian TV Channel Dozhd

13 January 2017

Poland - Journalists' Access to Parliament Restricted

9 January 2017

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

20 December 2016

Spanish Journalist based in the Netherlands Victim of Online Death Threats

9 December 2016

Cyprus: Police Reporter's Car Set on Fire

9 December 2016

Slovakia’s Prime Minister uses Offensive Language towards Journalists at a Press Conference

9 December 2016

Russian Journalist Expelled from Latvia

9 December 2016

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

7 December 2016

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

2 December 2016

Car of Croatian Journalists' Association President Appears to Have Been Deliberately Sabotaged

21 November 2016

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

21 November 2016

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

15 November 2016

Continuing Impunity in the Killing of the Ukrainian Investigative Journalist Georgiy Gongadze

7 October 2016

Masterminds still not Brought to Justice, Ten Years after the Murder of Novaya Gazeta Journalist Anna Politkovskaya

22 September 2016

Sport Journalist Kyriakos Thomaidis Faces Arrest after Police Raid on Skai TV's Building

16 September 2016

Swiss Intelligence Act threatens Secrecy of Journalistic Sources

7 September 2016

Arson Attack on Ukrainian Broadcaster Inter TV

17 August 2016

Journalist Lukasz Masiak Beaten to Death

10 August 2016

New Proposed Law Set to Increase the Power to Surveil Foreign Journalists

5 August 2016

New Anti-terrorism Law Allows Blocking of Online Media

5 August 2016

Threats to the Independence of the Romanian Public Broadcaster (TVR)

27 July 2016

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

21 July 2016

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

13 July 2016

Journalist Sergei Ilchenko Jailed on Extremism Charges in Moldova’s Transdniester Region

29 June 2016

Former Prime Minister Publicly Insults Two Journalists

28 June 2016

Polish Journalists Targeted in Police Wiretapping, Audit Reveals

21 June 2016

Draft Bill to Tighten Criminal Penalties for Defamation

21 June 2016

Italian Journalist Lirio Abbate Faces Hate Speech in Courtroom

21 June 2016

Headquarters of TV station Piazza Pulita Raided by Police

21 June 2016

Draft Italian Law Imposes Sanctions on Journalists who Published Wiretapping Materials

21 June 2016

Italian Journalists and Media Staff Face Death Threats Following Mafia Boss’ Funeral

20 June 2016

Criminal Investigation Opened Against Journalists for Solidarity Campaign

20 June 2016

Criminal Investigation Opened Against Journalists for Solidarity Campaign

15 June 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

10 June 2016

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

9 June 2016

'Golden Dawn' Members Violently Attacked Petros Anastassiades

9 June 2016

Police Denies TV Crew Access to Refugee Camp

7 June 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

26 May 2016

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

25 May 2016

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

18 May 2016

Sports Journalist Assaulted by President of Football Club

17 May 2016

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

13 May 2016

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

13 May 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

13 May 2016

Threats to the Independence of the Romanian Public Broadcaster (TVR)

13 May 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

12 May 2016

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

12 May 2016

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

11 May 2016

Chief Editor Anne Brumagne Dismissed for Criticizing a Restructuring Plan that Puts Business above Journalism

2 May 2016

Two-year Prison Sentences for Cumhuriyet Journalists Ceyda Karan and Hikmet Çetinkaya

2 May 2016

Greek Journalist Brutally Attacked during Public Rally

2 May 2016

Journalists Detained and Barred from Entering Idomeni to Report on Treatment of Refugees

2 May 2016

Police Assault Against a Photographer in Greece

29 April 2016

Journalists Working for RTL Info and France 3 Attacked in Molenbeek

29 April 2016

Palestinian Journalist Salama Attaallah Assaulted While Covering Muslim Fair in Brussels

29 April 2016

Journalists Arrested and Forced to Delete Material During Anti-TTIP Event

29 April 2016

Chief Editor Anne Brumagne Dismissed for Criticizing a Restructuring Plan that Puts Business above Journalism

18 April 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

4 April 2016

Several Vehicles Belonging to POP TV Vandalised in Ljubljana

18 March 2016

Journalists Levan Sutidze, Irakli Kiknavelidze and Nino Macharashvili Attacked in Tbilisi

15 March 2016

TV Journalist Eni Shehu Attacked by the Director of the National Theatre

10 March 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

10 March 2016

Journalists and Human Rights Activists Attacked in Ingushetia

4 March 2016

Gojko Raičević Regularly Targeted by Authorities in Montenegro

3 March 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

26 February 2016

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

26 February 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

25 February 2016

Belgian Journalist Assaulted Live on Air at the Cologne Carnival

11 February 2016

Molotov Cocktails and Gun Attacks on Yeni Şafak and Yeni Akit Newspapers

25 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

14 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

12 January 2016

Cumhuriyet Journalist Canan Coşkun Faces 23 Years in Prison for Alleged Insult

11 January 2016

Journalist Beyza Kural Briefly Detained and Threatened with Violence by Police While Covering Protest

11 January 2016

'Today's Zaman' Journalist Bülent Keneş Arrested

8 January 2016

ABC News Cameraman Attacked and Detained for Three Hours by Police

5 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

15 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

15 December 2015

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

7 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

3 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

1 December 2015

Kurdish Daily Attacked, Doors Broken and 32 Journalists Interrogated

30 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

30 November 2015

Two Turkish Journalists, Cevheri Güven and Murat Çapan, Charged with "Inciting Armed Rebellion"

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

25 November 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

24 November 2015

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

17 November 2015

Detention of the Vice News Fixer Mohammed Ismael Rasool

17 November 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

16 November 2015

Police Used Teargas Against a Group of About 30 Journalists

12 November 2015

Three Media Staff Assaulted at Pegida Rally

12 November 2015

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 November 2015

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

10 November 2015

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

23 October 2015

Spanish Public Security Law Threatens Freedom of Press

22 October 2015

Journalist Seyithan Akyüz Sentenced to more than 22 Years

22 October 2015

Art and Literature Journalist Erdal Süsem Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Left-Wing Female Journalist Hatice Duman Serving Life-Time Imprisonment in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Kenan Karavil Sentenced to more than 19 Years

22 October 2015

Alawite Journalist Miktat Algül Sentenced to 61 Years in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Mustafa Gök Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Erol Zavar, Suffering from a Cancer, is Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Turkish Cartoonists Bahadır Baruter and Özer Aydoğan Found Guilty of Insulting President Erdoğan

22 October 2015

Police Violence Against a Journalist Covering Protests in Turkey

22 October 2015

Newspaper Editor Prosecuted for Insulting the President over Reports about a Judicial Corruption Probe

22 October 2015

Dutch Journalist Charged with ‘Terrorism’ in Turkey

14 October 2015

'Today's Zaman' Journalist Bülent Keneş Arrested

1 October 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

1 October 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

24 September 2015

Georgian TV Channel Rustavi 2 Faces Crippling Court Measures in Civil Case

17 September 2015

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

17 September 2015

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

15 September 2015

Turkish Special Operations Team Attacks Journalists Covering the Transfer of Injured Police Officer to a Hospital

9 September 2015

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

8 September 2015

Journalist Fired over Tweets Critical of Erdoğan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

28 August 2015

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

28 August 2015

Attacks and Intimidation on Journalists Covering Workers’ Strikes in Turkey

28 August 2015

Meydan TV Director Emin Milli Threatened for Critical Reporting on European Games

27 August 2015

DIHA Journalist Cüneyt Yavuz Injured in Tear Gas Canister Attack During Clashes Between Police and Protesters

27 August 2015

Turkey’s Chief Prosecutor Seeks 7.5 Year Jail Term Against 18 Journalists over Siege Picture

27 August 2015

LGBT Journalist Beaten by Police Officers

25 August 2015

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

21 August 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

11 August 2015

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

10 August 2015

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

3 August 2015

Journalist Sergei Ilchenko Jailed on Extremism Charges in Moldova’s Transdniester Region

9 July 2015

Journalist Lukasz Masiak Beaten to Death

30 June 2015

Electoral Coverage under Political Control in Spain

24 June 2015

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

1 June 2015

Journalist Seymour Hazi Sentenced on Hooliganism Charges

1 June 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Journalist Nijat Aliyev Sentenced to 10 Years in Jail in Baku

1 June 2015

Senior Journalist Araz Guliyev Sentenced to Eight Years in Prison in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Trumped-up Charges and Trial Without Due Process to Silence an Azerbaijani Journalist

1 June 2015

Independent Senior Journalist Parviz Hashimli Jailed in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Media Freedom Activist Emin Huseynov Charged with Tax Evasion and Abuse of Power

21 May 2015

Slovenian Investigative Journalist Anuška Delić Charged over “Intelligence Material”

20 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

15 May 2015

Two Danish Journalists Prosecuted for Exposing a Public Health Hazard

15 May 2015

Spanish Public Security Law Threatens Freedom of Press

12 May 2015

Administrative Blocking of Websites "Inciting Terrorism"

12 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

6 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

28 April 2015

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

22 April 2015

Macedonian Journalist Faces Death Threat

13 April 2015

Slovenian Investigative Journalist Anuška Delić Charged over “Intelligence Material”

13 April 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

2 April 2015

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

2 April 2015

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

22 January 2015

Investigative Journalist Sergei Reznik Handed a 3-Year Jail Term for ‘Insults’ Charges in Russia

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