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13 Nov 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 09 Oct 2017 Romania

Draft Law Threatens Independence of AGERPRES News Agency

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ RSF
Partner EFJ/IFJ RSF
A new draft law, which risks threatening the independence of the national news agency AGERPRES, will be discussed on 11 October 2017 by the Romanian Parliament. The draft law foresees that any political majority could decide to dismiss the director-general by rejecting AGERPRES’ anual report, whereas the current law stipulates that the director-general has a 5-year mandate and cannot be biased, meaning promoting the ideas, the programmes and the activities of the political parties. Such provisions would have the same impact as the legislation regulating the management of the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Corporation (SRR) and the Romanian National Television Corporation (SRTV): following each election, the SRR and SRTV administration boards can be dismissed before the end of their mandates to reflect the new political forces and many media freedom organisations had denounced this provision as an instrument to politicize the public service media.

In a letter addressed to Parliament, AGERPRES’ general-director and the Romanian trade union of journalists said: “We believe that the proposed modification opens the path to a political subordination of the AGERPRES management. (…) Any political force could find that the director-general is not ‘loyal’ enough to the government, regardless of the quality of the work, for political reasons only. It must be abandoned.” The draft law has been initiated and submitted by Lucian Romascanu, now Minister of Culture, while he was president of the Culture Committee of the Romanian Senate. The proposal was also signed by four other senators.
Updates
31 Oct 2017
On 30 October 2017, the Romanian Senate voted the law with 64 votes in favour, 16 against and 27 abstentions. The law is now supposed to be submitted to the National Assembly.
State replies
13 Nov 2017
Response from the Romanian authorities
Follow-ups
02 May 2017
The CoE Commissioner for Human Rights details the prerequisites for well-funded and strong public service media.
Relevant CoE instruments Disclaimer
15 Dec 2016
Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on public service media governance (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 15 February 2012 at the 1134th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)
Disclaimer
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13 Nov 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 13 Nov 2017 Italy

Brother of Mafia Boss Breaks Italian Journalist's Nose During Interview

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Daniele Piervincenzi, a journalist for Rai TV, was hit by Roberto Spada, the brother of a mafia boss, during an interview about the local elections in Ostia, on 7 November 2017. Spada head-butted Piervincenzi after the journalist asked him about his alleged support for the far-right extremist group Casapound. Spada broke Piervincenzi's nose, then chased the cameraman away, lashing out at him with a baton. Edoardo Anselmi, the cameraman, continued filming during the attack. Roberto Spada was arrested on 9 November. He is under investigation for “grievous bodily harm and private violence with the aggravating factor of acting in a mafia context,” said judicial sources. On 13 November, the Italian Interior minister Marco Minniti announced he will meet on 15 November the Italian Journalists' Federation, FNSI, in order to discuss urgent measures to protect media workers under threat.
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13 Nov 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 15 Dec 2016 Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani Journalist Afgan Sadikhov in Pre-trial Detention

1 Journalist in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Article 19 AEJ CPJ Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner Article 19 AEJ CPJ Index RSF
On 22 November 2016, police arrested Afgan Sadikhov, a journalist and editor-in-chief of AzelTV news website, known for his reporting on embezzlement of public funds. Sadikhov was arrested in Gazakh region and was later transferred to Jalilabad city, where the Jalilabad District Court sentenced him to three month’s pre-trial detention on charges of “deliberate infliction of minor harm to health in a publicly dangerous way or through motives of hooliganism” under article 127.2.3 of the Criminal Code. Sadikhov faces up to five years in prison if convicted.

The charges stem from an incident that occurred shortly before Sadhikov’s arrest. According to Sadikhov's family, he was summoned to meet with the local authorities, but on arriving at the spot was physically attacked by a local woman, who then filed a complaint to the law-enforcement against him. The woman has been previously involved in a number of similar altercations with individuals known for their criticism of regional authorities.

Sadikhov wrote extensively about the poor conditions of roads and social infrastructure in Jalilabad region. According to his mother, prior to his arrest Sadikhov received several warnings demanding he stop his criticism.
Updates
13 Nov 2017
On 8 November 2017, the Supreme Court held Afgan Sadikhov's appeal hearing and ruled to reduce his jail term to one year and six months by changing the original charges brought against him.
25 May 2017
On 25 May 2017, the Shirvan Court of Appeal rejected Sadikhov`s request for appeal.
09 Mar 2017
On 9 March 2017, the head of the Jalilabad District filed a lawsuit against Sadikhov for aggravated defamation.
12 Jan 2017
On 12 January 2017, the District Court of Jalilabad sentenced Afgan Sadikhov to 2 years and 6 months in prison on hooliganism charges.
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07 Nov 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 07 Nov 2017 France

Journalist Nadia Daam Harassed and Target of Death Threats on Social Network

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ INSI RSF
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ INSI RSF
The journalist Nadia Daam is being subjected to a hate campaign on the internet following the broadcast of her programme on Europe 1 radio, on 1 November 2017. She denounced the sabotage by members of the platform Jeuxvideo.com’s forum "Blabla 18-25" of a telephone line "anti-relou" (anti-bullies/harassers), which was opened to help female victims of street harassment. Nadia Daam described the forum as "a non-recyclable rubbish bin".

Since then, the journalist has been the victim of attacks on her electronic accounts, received insults of a pornographic nature, death threats, threats of rape, and hate speech on social networks. According to Europe 1, an individual also tried to break into her home in the middle of the night.

Europe 1 announced that it has filed a complaint at a police station in the 8th arrondissement of Paris for "threat of crime against persons".
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02 Nov 2017 Lvl. 1
Resolved
Alert created on: 09 Aug 2017 Spain

Turkish-Swedish Journalist Detained at Airport Following Request by Turkey

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ IPI RSF
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ IPI RSF
Turkish journalist Hamza Yalçın, who also holds a Swedish passport, was detained by passport police at the El Prat airport in Barcelona on 3 August 2017, where he was vacationing. Police reported to Spanish news agency EFE that he was held by police following Interpol order, Turkish news website Diken reported. The next day he was arrested on charges of “insulting the Turkish president” and “terror propaganda” for an article he wrote for Odak magazine.
A group of Swedish journalists have condemned the detention in an open letter, asking the Swedish Government to intervene. Yalçın has lived in Sweden since 1984.
Resolved
02 Nov 2017: On 2 November 2017, following the release of Hamza Yalçin and the decision of the Spanish Government not to extradite him to Turkey, the partner organisations to the Platform declared this case to be ”resolved”, concluding it was no longer an active threat to media freedom.
Updates
29 Sep 2017
On 29 September 2017, the Spanish Government decided not to extradite Hamza Yalçin to Turkey.
29 Sep 2017
On 28 September 2017, a Spanish judge has granted provisional release from custody of Hamza Yalçin, after Pen International and the Barcelona City Council guaranteed to the court that they would house him in Spain while the extradition claim is being assessed.
State replies
Relevant CoE instruments Disclaimer
09 Oct 2017
PACE resolution on abusive recourse to the Interpol system: the need for more stringent legal safeguards
Disclaimer
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02 Nov 2017 Lvl. 2
Resolved
Alert created on: 28 Aug 2017 Ukraine

Two Spanish Journalists Deported from Ukraine

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ Index RSF
Partner EFJ/IFJ CPJ Index RSF
Spanish freelance journalists Antonio Pampliega and Manuel Angel Sastre were intercepted by Ukrainian police upon arrival at Kyiv airport on 24 August 2017. They were deported on the same day under the pretense that they represented "a threat to national security". The two journalists intended to cover the armed conflict in the east of the country, as they did in a previous report in December 2014. The Spanish consular authorities told the journalists that the Ukrainian authorities justified their deportation by the fact that they were on a list drawn up by the Ukrainian secret service. The Federation of Associations of Journalists of Spain (FAPE) condemned the deportation. It asked the Spanish authorities to request official explanations from the Ukrainian authorities.
Resolved
02 Nov 2017: On 2 November 2017, following the lift of travel ban on journalists Antonio Pampliega and Manuel Angel Sastre, the partner organisations to the Platform declared this case to be ”resolved”, concluding it was no longer an active threat to media freedom.
Updates
23 Oct 2017
On 10 October 2017, the Ukrainian Security Service (SBU) announced that it lifted the travel ban on the two Spanish journalists who were denied entry to the country in August.
State replies
02 Nov 2017
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02 Nov 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 02 Nov 2017 Russian Federation

Continued Impunity for Murder of Journalist Gadzhimurad Kamalov in 2011

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity for murder
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index
No reply yet
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index
On the occasion of the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists, Article 19 is submitting an alert regarding the ongoing impunity for the murder of journalist, Gadzhimurad Kamalov, on 15 December 2011 in Makhachkala, the capital city of the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. Kamalov, founder and editor of the popular Chernovik newspaper, one of the few independent media in Dagestan, was shot dead by an unknown assailant as he left his office to go home. A vocal critic of corruption and abuse of power, Kamalov and other journalists at Chernovik, had previously experienced a wide-range of attacks, from harassment, threats, and physical violence, to criminal charges and confiscation of copies of the newspaper.

The Dagestani authorities have failed to properly investigate Kamalov’s murder, failing to find any suspect or bring charges. Although there is little publicly available information about the status of the investigation, at the time of writing, complete impunity in Kamalov’s murder remains. Investigators have failed to explore leads brought forward by Kamalov’s family, and refused their requests for the case to be investigated by Russia’s Federal Security Service. In 2013, Kamalov’s brother told the Committee to Protect Journalists that they did not rule out the involvement of Dagestani officials in the murder.

In spring 2013, Orkhan Jemal, a local journalist in Dagestan published an investigation into Kamalov’s death, alleging the involvement of a Dagestani MP in the murder. The MP denied the allegation and brought a defamation case against Orkhan Jemal; however, this was subsequently dropped.
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02 Nov 2017 Lvl. 1
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Alert created on: 02 Nov 2017 Azerbaijan

Continued Impunity for Murder of Azerbaijani journalist Rafiq Tagi

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity for murder
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index IPI
No reply yet
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ Index IPI
To mark the upcoming International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists, Article 19 and IPI, submit an alert regarding the ongoing impunity for the murder of Azerbaijani freelance journalist Rafiq Tagi in Baku in November 2011. Tagi, who contributed to Radio Free Europe’s Azerbaijani Service and was well-known for his criticism of Islam and the Azerbaijani authorities, died in hospital on 23 November 2011. He was receiving treatment having been stabbed in Baku on 19 November by an unknown assailant. During an interview on 21 November, Tagi suggested the attack could have been related to his criticism of the Iranian authorities for their theologically based policies and suppression of human rights in an article published the previous month. Previously, in November 2006, a prominent Iranian cleric had issued a religious fatwa calling for Tagi’s death.

The Azerbaijani authorities have failed to adequately investigate both the circumstances of the initial attack and Tagi’s subsequent death, and no perpetrator has been brought to justice. In January 2014, Elcin Sadyqov, Tagi’s lawyer, reported that the Azerbaijani Prosecutor-General's Office had informed him in writing that the probe into Tagi's death has ended. Tagi’s family and rights groups have raised suspicions about the circumstances of his death, stating that he died suddenly as his condition stabilised and noting a lack of security in the hospital prior to his death. They have also raised multiple shortcomings in the process of the investigation into his death.

On 17 May 2017, the European Court of Human Rights accepted an application from Tagi’s widow, alleging a violation of Article 2 (‘right to life’), on the grounds that the Azerbaijani authorities failed to protect her husband’s right to life because they should have known about the threats faced, and that the domestic authorities failed to conduct an effective investigation into the death of her husband. The application also alleges a violation of Article 10 (‘freedom of expression’), on the grounds that Tagi was targeted on account of his journalistic activities.
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02 Nov 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 21 Aug 2017 Azerbaijan

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Article 19 CPJ EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner Article 19 CPJ EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
On 7 August 2017, Azerbaijan's tax authorities opened a criminal investigation against Turan, an independent news agency. Turan is accused of under-declaring profits since 2014 and faces a fine of over 37,000 manat (18,000 euros) in back taxes and other charges. The agency denies the allegations and has referred the matter to a Baku economic administrative court. They believe the proceedings are part of a government-orchestrated campaign to limit the organisation's critical reporting. They have faced similar allegations in the past, and an audit conducted previously demonstrated that they were complying with their tax obligations.

Although Turan agreed to cooperate with the authorities and to provide them with the requested financial documentation, Turan’s office was raided by tax officers on 16 August. The following day, the authorities announced that they had extended period covered by their investigation and requested the agency's financial records since 2010.

Turan is considered by many media freedom organisations as one of the last remaining independent media outlets in Azerbaijan.
Updates
02 Nov 2017
On 2 Novembre 2017, the criminal case against Turan news agency was closed and charges against Mehman Aliyev dropped.
11 Sep 2017
On 11 September 2017 Mehman Aliyev was released from pre-trial detention and placed under house arrest.
30 Aug 2017
On 30 August 2017, the Baku Court of Appeal confirmed Mehman Aliyev's pre-trial detention.
25 Aug 2017
On 25 August 2017 Mehman Aliyev was sentenced to a three-month pre-trial detention.Turan news agency has announced that it will suspend its operations starting from September 1 as a result of Aliyev`s arrest and the agency`s bank accounts being frozen.
24 Aug 2017
On 24 August 2017, Mehman Aliyev, director of Turan news agency, was detained by the authorities as a suspect in a tax-evasion and abuse of power investigation.
Follow-ups
13 Sep 2017
PACE monitors react to release of Mehman Aliyev in Azerbaijan.
11 Sep 2017
Statement by the Spokesperson of the Secretary General on the release of Mehman Aliyev
11 Sep 2017
OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media welcomes release of Azerbaijani journalist Mehman Aliyev, calls for all charges to be dropped.
11 Sep 2017
Volodymyr Ariev, PACE General Rapporteur on Media Freedom and the Safety of Journalists, welcomes the release of the Director of Turan agency Mehman Aliyev.
31 Aug 2017
CoE Commissioner for Human Rights dismayed at last blow to media freedom in Azerbaijan: Turan news agency Director Mehman Aliyev detained and announced suspension of agency operations.
25 Aug 2017
CoE Secretary General calls on the authorities in Azerbaijan to respect the spirit of the country’s cooperation with the Council of Europe and to fully abide by its commitments under the European Convention on Human Rights in order to avoid yet another case of unjust deprivation of liberty which has no place in a democratic society.
25 Aug 2017
PACE co-rapporteur on Azerbaijan (Sub-Committee on Conflicts between Council of Europe Member States) calls for the immediate release of Mehman Aliyev.
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31 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
Resolved
Alert created on: 25 Oct 2017 Spain

Spanish Government Threatens to Take over Autonomic Public Media in Catalonia

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index
On Saturday 21 October 2017, the Spanish Council of Ministers approved the application of article 155 of the Constitution, which will limit the sovereign capacity of the Catalan government. The measures announced by the Prime minister Mariano Rajoy (People’s party), with the support of the two main opposition parties (Socialist party and Ciudadanos) include the possible takeover of Catalan autonomic public media by the national government. The national government would have the power to revoke the current leaders of the Catalan Corporation of the Audiovisual Media (CCAM), which oversees the autonomic public media (TV channel TV3, Catalunya Radio and Catalan News Agency ACN). According to the national government, the measure aims at guaranteeing “a truthful, objective and balanced information, respectful of political, social and cultural pluralism, as well as territorial balance“. Several journalists' unions (SPC and FSC-CCOO) strongly condemned the threat of takeover of Catalan autonomic public media by the Spanish government.
Resolved
31 Oct 2017: On 31 October 2017, as the takeover of Catalan public media was excluded from a series of measures adopted in application of article 155 of the Spanish constitution, which allows the Spanish government to take over the autonomous communities, the partner organisations to the Platform declared this case to be ”resolved”, concluding it was no longer an active threat to media freedom.
Updates
30 Oct 2017
Takeover of Catalan public media was excluded from a series of measures adopted in application of article 155 of the Spanish constitution, which allows the Spanish government to take over the autonomous communities. This measure was invalidated by the Senate on 27 October 2017, following an amendment tabled by the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE) . The control of the Catalan public media will hence remain in the hands of Parliament.
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31 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 18 Aug 2016 Turkey

Özgür Gündem Daily Shut Down and Journalists’ Homes Raided in Turkey

Source of threatState
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Article 19 AEJ CPJ Index IPI RSF
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Article 19 AEJ CPJ Index IPI RSF
A court in Istanbul ordered on August 16, 2016 the closure of Özgür Gündem newspaper for spreading alleged "propaganda on behalf of the outlawed terrorist organisation". Shortly after the announcement of the newspaper’s closure by authorities, police raided its office in İstanbul’s Beyoğlu district. During the police raid, the newspaper’s editor-in-chief Zana Kaya, journalists Günay Aksoy, Kemal Bozkurt, Reyhan Hacıoğlu, Önder Elaldı, Ender Önder, Sinan Balık, Fırat Yeşilçınar, İnan Kızılkaya, Özgür Paksoy, Zeki Erden, Elif Aydoğmuş, Bilir Kaya, Ersin Çaksu, Mesut Kaynar,Sevdiye Gürbüz, Amine Demirkıran, Bayram Balcı, Burcu Özkaya, Yılmaz Bozkurt, Gülfem Karataş, Gökhan Çetin, Hüseyin Gündüz and Aslı Erdoğan were taken in custody by the authorities. Media freedom organisations condemned the violence of the detentions.

Following the closure of Özgür Gündem, the authorities raided the next day (17 August) the house of Ragip Zarakolu, a journalist, writer and editor known for his publishing work on minority rights in Turkey. The writer was not home but his books about Armenian, Pontus and Assyrian genocides have been confiscated by the authorities. Houses of journalists Eren Keskin and Filiz Koçali have also been raided by the police for similar purpose.

The total number of staff members detained has risen to 24, P24 reported on 16 August.
Updates
08 Mar 2018
On 6 March 2018, the 23rd High criminal court of Istanbul lifted the arrest warrant against Özgür Gündem advisory board member Ragıp Zarakolu on grounds that the court had been notified of his address of residence in Sweden where he now lives in exile. The trial was adjourned to 4th June.
31 Oct 2017
On the fifth hearing in the main trial of Özgür Gündem daily held on 31 October 2017, the Court decided to release the managing Editor İnan Kızılkaya pending trial. The Court also placed him under an international travel ban. The next hearing will be on 6 March 2018.
08 Sep 2017
On 7 September 2017, Aslı Erdoğan was given back her passport, after the travel ban imposed on her was lifted in June 2017.
28 Aug 2017
Eren Keskin, former editor-in-chief of the Özgür Gündem daily, was released on 25 August 2016 after being referred to a court by prosecutors. She was then placed under a travel ban.
29 Dec 2016
On 29 December 2016, Aslı Erdoğan was released and a travel ban was imposed on her pending trial.The hearing is set for 22 June 2017. Zana Kaya was also released.
14 Nov 2016
On 10 November 2016, a prosecutor in Istanbul asked for life sentences for nine journalists and executives from Özgür Gündem. All nine defendants in the case, author Aslı Erdoğan, linguist Necmiye Alpay, journalists Ragıp Zarakolu, Bilge Contepe, Filiz Koçali, editor-in-chief Bilir Kaya, the holder of the newspaper’s publication rights, Kemal Sancılı, the paper’s Responsible Managing Editor İnan Kızılkaya and lawyer and former co-editor-in-chief Eren Keskin, are charged with “membership in a terrorist organisation,” “damaging the unity of the state,” “conducting propaganda for a terrorist organisation” and “establishing an organisation for the purpose of committing crime.”
18 Oct 2016
On 23 August 2016, Özgür Gündem daily’s Editor-in-Chief Zana Kaya and Chief Editor İnan Kızılkaya were arrested on charge of being a member of an illegal organization. Kaya and Kızılkaya who denied the accusations have filed complaints against the police officers for having beaten them during their six-day detention.
22 Aug 2016
23 staff members of Özgur Gündem Daily have been released, according to EFJ. Journalist Aslı Erdoğan is the only one to be kept in detention to date.
Follow-ups
15 Feb 2017
Human Rights Commissioner : Urgent measures are needed to restore freedom of expression in Turkey
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25 Oct 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 18 May 2017 Turkey

Judicial Harassment Against Opposition Journalists in Turkey

3 Journalists in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ
New media reports stress the critical situation of the young (27 year old) female Turkish journalist and law student Ayşenur Parıldak, arrested over 9 months ago, and released by court order on 2 May 2017 and immediately re-arrested on the same day on new charges related to the same facts (being a correspondent for the Zaman newspaper). Similarly in mid-April 2017, 12 journalists (Gökçe Fırat Çulhaoğlu, Yakup Çetin, Bünyamin Köseli, Cihan Acar, Abdullah Kılıç, Oğuz Usluer, Atilla Taş, Hüseyin Aydın, Murat Aksoy, Mustafa Erkan, Seyit Kılıç and Yetkin Yıldız) who were arrested on 30 August 2016 for being members of an illegal terrorist organisation were released by a court in Istanbul and immediately re-arrested on charges of “trying to topple the constitutional order and the Turkish government” based on the same facts. In April 2017, in the city of Nusaybin, the female journalist Meltem Oktay, who is working for DIHA news agency was detained for reporting under the state of emergency, was released by a court decision in Mardin and re-arrested immediately on charges of “doing propaganda” by another court in Edirne, Also in the same month in the city of Antalya, 5 detained journalists (out of 8) were released by a court and then re-arrested immediately by another court decision on other charges based on the same facts.
In some of these cases, even those judges ordering the release of journalists were prosecuted and suspended for taking these decisions, which raises questions about access to a fair trial for detained journalists.

Currently in detention under this alert (3): Gökçe Fırat Çulhaoğlu, Meltem Oktay, Oğuz Usluer.
Updates
25 Oct 2017
Atilla Taş was released from pretrial detention by an İstanbul court on 24 October 2017. According to the decision of the İstanbul 25th High Criminal Court, Taş was released after the court determined that the suspect had no bank account with Bank Asya and never used the ByLock mobile phone application, both considered by Turkish authorities to be evidence of links to the Gülen movement.
Follow-ups
19 Oct 2017
On 10 October 2017, the Commissioner for human rights intervened before the European Court of Human Rights in cases concerning the detention of journalists and freedom of expression in Turkey
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15 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 16 Oct 2017 Bulgaria

Bulgarian Investigative Journalist's Car Set on Fire following Warnings about TV Reports

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ
No reply yet
Partner AEJ CPJ EFJ/IFJ
On 4 October 2017, a car belonging to Zornitsa Akmanova, a reporter for the TV programme ‘Lords of the Air’, was set on fire in the central Bulgarian town Karlovo. The ‘Lords of the Air’ programme sets out to expose and confront cases of fraud and other dishonest business practices. On the following day, the owner of a local car garage, Plamen Dimitrov, was arrested in connection with the attack on Ms Akmanova’s car. Just a few hours before the arson, the local authorities had closed down Mr Dimitrov’s garage business. Police intervention was prompted by high-profile TV reports by Ms Akmanova alleging Mr Dimitrov’s involvement in a number of acts of fraud against clients. Ms Akmanova has stated that she had previously received several threats warning her to stop reporting on Mr Dimitrov’s activities.

On 9 October, Mr Dimitrov was released on bail after being charged on a single count of fraud against a client. No charges have been brought in connection with the burning of Ms Akmanova’s car or the threats she has received. Bulgarian media report that following a number of previous claims made by local people against Mr Dimitrov, three local prosecutors have dropped the investigations on account of his reported relationship with a senior official in the Karlovo municipality. Subsequently those cases were re-directed to the regional prosecutors in Plovdiv, Bulgaria’s second largest city, but prosecutors there have also declined to carry out investigations against the garage owner.

The destruction of Zornitsa Akmanova’s car follows threats and acts of violence against other journalists working for ‘Lords of the Air’. In the recent past another reporter for the progamme, Eva Veselinova, was physically assaulted while filming an investigation into alleged fraudulent practices at a construction company. A third reporter, Dimitar Varbanov, received threats related to his investigations of the activities of a local businessman.
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13 Oct 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 11 Jul 2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Al Jazeera Columnist Flees Following Death Threats

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ RSF
No reply yet
Partner Index AEJ EFJ/IFJ RSF
Dragan Bursac, a columnist for regional private broadcaster Al Jazeera Balkans (AJB), received a series of death threats via Facebook after publishing on 8 July 2017 a piece in which he condemned the gathering in the city of Banja Luka in support of Ratko Mladic. The piece, entitled: "Is Banja Luka Celebrating Srebrenica Genocide?", refers to Ratko Mladic, a former Bosnian Serb military leader accused of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

As a result of numerous threats on social media, Bursac had to flee Banja Luka and, as regional broadcaster N1 reported, he is currently living in an undisclosed location in Bosnia. In the comment section of Bursac’s piece, which was published on AJB’s Facebook page, an unknown person nicknamed “Caruga Stanisavljevic” wrote that “a penalty shot has been issued” and that the journalist "should be careful”. The incident was reported to the police.

In a written reaction published on their website, the BH Journalists Association strongly condemned the threats, urging the police to conduct an efficient investigation.
Updates
13 Oct 2017
On 7 August 2017 Dragan Bursac was again the victim of death threats on social media. The police arrested a suspect and criminal charges were filed against him. On 13 October 2017 the preliminary hearing for this second case of threats began.
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12 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 28 Jul 2017 United Kingdom

License for UK Community Radio Station Revoked

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19
Partner Article 19
On 27 July 2017, Ofcom, the UK regulatory authority for audiovisual media, revoked the community radio licence held by Iman FM, due to "extremely serious breaches of the Broadcasting Code, after [Iman FM] aired material likely to incite or encourage the commission of crime or to lead to disorder". The decision is related to the broadcast of a series of lectures by Anwar al-Awlaki, an American radical Muslim cleric. Ofcom launched an investigation into the station, following a complaint from a member of the public at the beginning of July. The radio station's service was suspended on 4 July; and on 27 July, Ofcom issued a decision stating that it will not be reinstated.

According to Ofcom's decision, the breach of the Broadcasting Code was particularly serious: the broadcast lectures are clearly extremist, coming from a known figure identified as a terrorist by the United States. Ofcom stated that Iman FM had demonstrated "a fundamental lack of understanding of the basic requirements of compliance in broadcasting", and that a failure to revoke the license would "put listeners and the general public at risk." Ofcom further noted that, although there is no evidence that Iman FM intended to incite crime, the station's failure to fully listen to or check the source of materials that it broadcast "fell substantially below the standards expected of a responsible broadcaster, including one that is run by a team of volunteers."

Iman FM has admitted it made a mistake broadcasting the lectures and has issued an apology for it.

Freedom of expression groups have raised concerns that Ofcom's decision is disproportionate.
State replies
12 Oct 2017
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11 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 19 Sep 2017 Croatia

Far-right Militants Threatened Novosti Newspaper During Protest

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ
Partner EFJ/IFJ
On 2 September 2017, members of the far-right Autochthonous Croatian Party of Right (A-HSP) gathered in front of weekly Novosti’s office in central Zagreb and burned a copy of the magazine, which is published by the Serb National Council in Croatia.

According to the Western Balkans Regional Platform for Advocacy of Media Freedom and Journalists’ Safety, A-HSP accused Novosti journalists of spreading hate against Croatians and called on the Croatian government to stop funding the magazine.

During the incident, Novosti journalists also faced repeated hate speech through social media and threats - including death threats - according to Novosti editor Nikola Bajto, who said in an interview to Novi list newspaper that the A-HSP threatened Novosti journalists that "they will end up like Charlie Hebdo".
State replies
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11 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 11 Oct 2017 Bulgaria

Threats from Politicians towards Bulgarian TV Journalist Viktor Nikolaev

Source of threatState
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ EBU Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ EBU Index RSF
Viktor Nikolaev, journalist at NOVA TV, was threatened by an MP for ruling party GERB, Anton Todorov, and Deputy Prime Minister Valeriy Simeonov during live broadcast of his TV morning show, on 6 October 2017. Todorov and Simeonov threatened the journalist that he would lose his job if he continued to ask inconvenient questions about the purchase of fighter aircraft for the Bulgarian Air Force. The threat immediately raised a wave of concern among journalists in Bulgaria. Both politicians consider this incident as misrepresentation of their words. However, the same day MP Todorov apologised in a Facebook post. He resigned from Parliament on 9 October. On the contrary, Simeonov considered the accusations as slander and asked Bulgarian National Radio, Bulgarian National TV and NOVA TV for an apology otherwise the case will be taken to court. According to him, the media organized a scandalous campaign against him. The Union of Bulgarian Journalists (UBJ) called on Simeonov to resign.
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11 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
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Alert created on: 11 Oct 2017 Turkey

WSJ Journalist Ayla Albayrak Sentenced to Prison by Turkish court

Source of threatState
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ
On 10 October 2017, a Turkish court sentenced Wall Street Journal reporter Ayla Albayrak to two years and one month in prison, declaring her guilty of engaging in terrorist propaganda in support of a banned Kurdish separatist organization through one of her articles. Ms. Albayrak, who is currently in New York, has announced her intention to appeal the decision. Turkish legal actions against Ms. Albayrak began after the publication on 19 August 2015, on the WSJ's website of her article “Urban Warfare Escalates in Turkey’s Kurdish-Majority Southeast.” The article and accompanying video reported on the state of a conflict in Silopi, Turkey, between Turkish security forces and the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK. It included interviews with the local mayor and residents, a Turkish government official, as well as a representative of an organization Turkey says is the youth unit of the PKK. In November of the same year, Ms. Albayrak, who has dual Finnish and Turkish citizenship, received a written order on her door to visit her local police station in Istanbul where she was notified she was under investigation for spreading terrorist propaganda. Ms. Albayrak said in a statement included in the court documents that the original article didn’t include any praise for the group, but rather provided a balanced and objective view of urban warfare that had gripped areas of Turkey’s southeast at the time.
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05 Oct 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 28 Apr 2017 Germany

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19 CPJ EFJ/IFJ IPI
Partner Article 19 CPJ EFJ/IFJ IPI
On 5 April 2017, the German Cabinet approved the Draft Bill on the Improvement of Enforcement of Rights in Social Networks. The stated aim of the bill is to combat hate speech and disinformation online; however, human rights and internet freedom organisations have expressed concern that it would enable disproportionate censorship online. The Bill is now due to be debated by Parliament.

The Draft Bill proposes a system, whereby ‘Social Networks’ would face severe administrative penalties (fines) for failing to remove content that violates 24 already-existing provisions of the German Criminal Code – including offences as varied as “defamation of religions” (blasphemy), defamation of the President of the Federation, criminal defamation and insult, and denial of National Socialist-era crimes, among others.

This obligation applies without a determination of the legality of the content at issue by a court, and with no guidance to Social Networks on respecting the right to freedom of expression. Critics of the Bill argue that intermediaries are not competent to make these complex factual and legal determinations, and that the Draft Bill provides no recourse to redress for users whose content is blocked or deleted unfairly pursuant to the Draft Bill.

Critics further argue that there is a high likelihood of Social Networks over-vigorously deleting or blocking content, due to the legal uncertainty pervading the Draft Bill. This includes ambiguities in the term ‘Social Network’, meaning a number of online media could be affected; and an unclear threshold for determining whether a social network’s response to illegal content is “inadequate’ and therefore should incur penalties.
Updates
05 Oct 2017
The Network Enforcement Act entered in force on 1 October after having been approved by the Parliament in June.
State replies
Follow-ups
05 Oct 2017
OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media warns Germany social networks law could have disproportionate effect.
26 Sep 2017
The CoE Commissioner for Human Rights recalls that any restrictions on access to Internet content should be based on a clear and predictable framework affording guarantee of judicial oversight to prevent possible abuses.
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05 Oct 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 04 Oct 2017 Spain

Journalists Assaulted in Catalonia

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index RSF
Several journalists were the targets of attacks while covering events in the wake of the Catalan referendum on self-determination held on 1 October 2017. On 2 October, press photographer Jordi Borràs was assaulted by a Spanish gendarmerie officer (Guardia Civil), who tried to snatch his camera from his hands while he was covering a demonstration in Calella for the information website "El Món". On 3 October, Ana Cuesta Herráiz, a journalist working for the private channel La Sexta, was also subjected to threats and insults by demonstrators who accused her of "manipulation" as she was covering the events, in Calella. The Catalan police force (Mossos d'Esquadra) had to ensure her safety against the demonstrators. On the same day, another La Sexta journalist, Guiomar Roglán, had to be evacuated out of the Catalan parliament by the Barcelona Urban Guard and the Catalan police force (Mossos d'Esquadra), as hundreds of demonstrators, gathered in front of the Parliament, were insulting and threatening her. On 3 October, journalist Jesús Badenes of the Catalan daily "Diari de Girona" was reporting on the general strike by filming a picket line in Salt. He had to be hospitalised after being violently hit on the head by an unidentified person who was upset with being filmed. The strikers stated that the aggressor was not one of them. The Catalan police have opened an investigation.
Updates
05 Oct 2017
On 3 October 2017, besides Guiomar Roglán, other journalists from La Sexta, including Antonio García Ferreras, had to be evacuated out of the Catalan parliament by the Barcelona Urban Guard and the Catalan police force (Mossos d'Esquadra), as pro-independence demonstrators, gathered in front of the Parliament, were insulting and threatening people them.
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Follow-ups to alerts Follow-ups to alerts

16 May 2018

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

16 May 2018

Russia: Proposed Amendments to Criminal Code Threaten Media Freedom

16 May 2018

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

9 May 2018

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

4 May 2018

Slovak Journalist Gets a Suspended Sentence for Defamation

4 May 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

2 May 2018

Ukrainian Police Accused of Violence against Journalists, Leaving one Hospitalized

2 May 2018

Arson Attack on News Website in Northwestern Ukraine

24 April 2018

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

18 April 2018

Azerbaijani Journalist With Dutch citizenship Fears for His Life after Attack In Kyiv

17 April 2018

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

17 April 2018

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

16 April 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

16 April 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

16 April 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

16 April 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

12 April 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

12 April 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

11 April 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

11 April 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

6 April 2018

Azerbaijani Director of Internet Television Re-arrested

3 April 2018

2 France 5 Journalists Denied Access to President Macron During his Visit to Lille

3 April 2018

Journalist Caroline Christinaz from “Le Temps” of Geneva Questioned by the Police While on a Reporting Assignment in France

28 March 2018

Slovenian Media under Police Pressure to Reveal Journalistic Sources

28 March 2018

Two Ukrainian Journalists Sentenced to 9 Years’ Imprisonment for Assisting Separatism

23 March 2018

Greek Sport Journalist Aris Asvestas Assaulted for Second Time

23 March 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

21 March 2018

Strana Editor-in-Chief Flees, Seeks Asylum in Austria after Receiving Death Threats

20 March 2018

Ahmet Altan and Mehmet Altan Detained for Words Used on TV

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Mehmet Altan’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Altan’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Altan’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

20 March 2018

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Şahin Alpay’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Alpay’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) of the Convention, the Court held that it was incumbent on the respondent State to ensure the termination of Mr Alpay’s pre-tria detention at the earliest possible date. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Alpay’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

12 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

1 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

27 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

26 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

23 February 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

23 February 2018

Journalist Philippe Bertinchamps Threatened with Expulsion in Serbia

23 February 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

23 February 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

23 February 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

23 February 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

23 February 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

23 February 2018

Radio Journalist and Presenter Found Dead in Home

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

23 February 2018

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

23 February 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

23 February 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

23 February 2018

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

12 February 2018

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

12 February 2018

France 2 TV channel sued in a Commercial Court by the Bolloré Group

12 February 2018

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 February 2018

Around Ten Journalists from France Télévisions Assaulted by Residents

9 February 2018

Journalists Victims of Police Violence During Demonstrations

9 February 2018

Programme Cancellation and Dismissal Threats Within the French Channel Canal+

8 February 2018

French Journalists and Magistrates Subject to Death Threats

8 February 2018

French Satellite Provider under Pressure to Remove Kurdish Med Nûçe TV

7 February 2018

Expulsion of Two Russian Journalists from Latvia

7 February 2018

Front National Refuses to Grant Accreditations to Mediapart and Quotidien on the Occasion of the Party’s "Presidential Congress”

7 February 2018

The State of Emergency Permits a Ban on Journalists Covering Public Events

7 February 2018

French Journalists Victims of Phone Harassment

6 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

5 February 2018

Poland Opens Investigation over Article Critical of Constitutional Tribunal President

2 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

24 January 2018

Journalists’ Union ESIEMTH and Two Municipal Media Attacked in Thessaloniki

15 January 2018

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

26 December 2017

Russian Journalists Deported from Ukraine

18 December 2017

Uzbek Journalist on Interpol List Detained

18 December 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

18 December 2017

Polish Journalist Receives Death Threats After Public Polish TV Classifies Her Remarks As “Harmful to Poland”

14 December 2017

Journalists Targeted by Protesters in northern Cyprus

29 November 2017

The Guardia Civil Raids Several Catalan Newsrooms

27 November 2017

Croatian Journalist Maja Sever Received Death Threat Via Facebook over Her Report on Nigerian Refugees

20 November 2017

Russia: Proposals to Extend 'Foreign Agents' Law to Media Outlets

17 November 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

14 November 2017

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

13 November 2017

Draft Law Threatens Independence of AGERPRES News Agency

2 November 2017

Two Spanish Journalists Deported from Ukraine

31 October 2017

Physical Attack Against Journalist Drago Miljuš

24 October 2017

Ekho Moskvy Journalist Stabbed, Hospitalised in Moscow

19 October 2017

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

18 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

17 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

12 October 2017

License for UK Community Radio Station Revoked

11 October 2017

Far-right Militants Threatened Novosti Newspaper During Protest

5 October 2017

Turkish-Swedish Journalist Detained at Airport Following Request by Turkey

5 October 2017

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

3 October 2017

Vesti’s Media Office in Kyiv Raided by National Police and Military Prosecutors

22 September 2017

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

21 September 2017

Political Appointments to Head Spanish and Catalan Public TV Channels

20 September 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

13 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

12 September 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

11 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

11 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

11 September 2017

Israeli-Russian Blogger Aleksandr Lapshin to Be Tried in Azerbaijan

6 September 2017

Journalists Stripped of Press Accreditation and Victims of Police Violence During the G20 in Hamburg

31 August 2017

Estonian Authorities Turn Down Three Requests for Accreditation from Rossiya Segodnya to Cover EU meeting

31 August 2017

Estonian Authorities Turn Down Three Requests for Accreditation from Rossiya Segodnya to Cover EU meeting

31 August 2017

Two Reporters Injured During Storming of Parliament

31 August 2017

Journalists from Macedonian A1 TV Attacked While Covering Demonstration

31 August 2017

Three Journalists from Kosovo Arrested in Skopje

31 August 2017

Five Journalists Beaten by Police in Skopje During Protests

31 August 2017

28 Media Workers Detained and Fined for Illegal Border Crossing

31 August 2017

Macedonian Journalist Faces Death Threat

31 August 2017

Macedonian Journalist Sashe Ivanovski Physically Assaulted by Deputy Prime Minister

29 August 2017

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

28 August 2017

Bulgarian Financial Supervision Commission Tries to Silence Newspapers Working on Banking Disclosures

16 August 2017

Ukrainian Journalist Missing in Donbass

11 August 2017

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

3 August 2017

Polish Defence Minister Seeks Criminal Charges against Journalist for 'Coercion', 'Insult' over Exposé of Associates' Contacts

3 August 2017

Polish Defence Minister Seeks Criminal Charges against Journalist for 'Coercion', 'Insult' over Exposé of Associates' Contacts

25 July 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

25 July 2017

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

21 July 2017

Failure to Punish the Perpetrators of Attack on Journalists in Berdyansk

17 July 2017

Ukraine Blocks Russian Social Networks and Expands Economic Sanctions Against Russian Companies

13 July 2017

Ongoing Impunity in the Case of Killed Journalists Andrea Rocchelli, Andrei Mironov and Wounded Photographer William Roguelon

5 July 2017

Russian Journalist Ashot Dzhazoyan Banned from Entering Ukraine for Three Years

27 June 2017

Italian Journalist Risks Being Jailed for Thirty Months for Libel

27 June 2017

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

20 June 2017

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

29 May 2017

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

12 May 2017

Attack on Office of Kathimerini in Thessaloniki

12 May 2017

Pressure by Prime Minister on Public Broadcaster over Coverage

10 May 2017

Greek Journalist Arrested on Libel Charges

9 May 2017

An Albanian Journalist Received Death Threats

2 May 2017

Pressure by Prime Minister on Public Broadcaster over Coverage

2 May 2017

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

7 April 2017

Two Journalists Harassed by Far-Right Wing Protesters

20 March 2017

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

15 March 2017

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

14 March 2017

Albanian Journalist Elvi Fundo Attacked in Tirana

14 March 2017

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

28 February 2017

New Albanian Anti-Corruption Law Threatens Media Freedom

22 February 2017

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

17 February 2017

The National Radio and TV Council of Ukraine Bans Broadcast of Russian TV Channel Dozhd

17 February 2017

Journalists Beaten by Security Guards and Local Police in Kharkiv

17 February 2017

Ukrainian Local Newspaper Raided, Office Sealed by the Representatives of the Local Authorities in Kivertsy

17 February 2017

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

16 February 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

16 February 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

16 February 2017

Continuing Impunity in the Killing of the Ukrainian Investigative Journalist Georgiy Gongadze

16 February 2017

Harassment of Journalists Natalya Kokorina and Anna Andrievska in Crimea, Ukraine by Russian Officials

16 February 2017

Pro-Russia Journalist, Oles Buzyna, Gunned Down in Kyiv, Ukraine

15 February 2017

Turkish Emergency Decree Shuts Down 9 Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Turkish Government Shuts Down 15 Pro-Kurdish Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

15 February 2017

At least Twenty TV and Radio Channels Removed from Türksat, the National Satellite Operator

15 February 2017

Turkey: Two Journalists Detained under State of Emergency Provisions

15 February 2017

Police Raided Azadiya Welat Newspaper, at least 23 Staff Members Detained

15 February 2017

Özgür Gündem Daily Shut Down and Journalists’ Homes Raided in Turkey

15 February 2017

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

15 February 2017

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Journalist Viacheslav Veremii Killed in Kyiv

15 February 2017

Senior Journalist Oleksandr Kuchynsk Killed in Donetsk, Ukraine

14 February 2017

Arson Attack on Ukrainian Broadcaster Inter TV

14 February 2017

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

14 February 2017

Ukrainian Journalist Maria Varfolomeyeva Held for over a Year in Eastern Ukraine

14 February 2017

Ukrainian journalist Ruslan Kotsaba Held for Nearly a Year over Allegations of ‘Treason and Obstructing the Military’

13 January 2017

The National Radio and TV Council of Ukraine Bans Broadcast of Russian TV Channel Dozhd

13 January 2017

Poland - Journalists' Access to Parliament Restricted

9 January 2017

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

20 December 2016

Spanish Journalist based in the Netherlands Victim of Online Death Threats

9 December 2016

Cyprus: Police Reporter's Car Set on Fire

9 December 2016

Slovakia’s Prime Minister uses Offensive Language towards Journalists at a Press Conference

9 December 2016

Russian Journalist Expelled from Latvia

9 December 2016

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

7 December 2016

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

2 December 2016

Car of Croatian Journalists' Association President Appears to Have Been Deliberately Sabotaged

21 November 2016

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

21 November 2016

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

15 November 2016

Continuing Impunity in the Killing of the Ukrainian Investigative Journalist Georgiy Gongadze

7 October 2016

Masterminds still not Brought to Justice, Ten Years after the Murder of Novaya Gazeta Journalist Anna Politkovskaya

22 September 2016

Sport Journalist Kyriakos Thomaidis Faces Arrest after Police Raid on Skai TV's Building

16 September 2016

Swiss Intelligence Act threatens Secrecy of Journalistic Sources

7 September 2016

Arson Attack on Ukrainian Broadcaster Inter TV

17 August 2016

Journalist Lukasz Masiak Beaten to Death

10 August 2016

New Proposed Law Set to Increase the Power to Surveil Foreign Journalists

5 August 2016

New Anti-terrorism Law Allows Blocking of Online Media

5 August 2016

Threats to the Independence of the Romanian Public Broadcaster (TVR)

27 July 2016

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

21 July 2016

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

13 July 2016

Journalist Sergei Ilchenko Jailed on Extremism Charges in Moldova’s Transdniester Region

29 June 2016

Former Prime Minister Publicly Insults Two Journalists

28 June 2016

Polish Journalists Targeted in Police Wiretapping, Audit Reveals

21 June 2016

Draft Bill to Tighten Criminal Penalties for Defamation

21 June 2016

Italian Journalist Lirio Abbate Faces Hate Speech in Courtroom

21 June 2016

Headquarters of TV station Piazza Pulita Raided by Police

21 June 2016

Draft Italian Law Imposes Sanctions on Journalists who Published Wiretapping Materials

21 June 2016

Italian Journalists and Media Staff Face Death Threats Following Mafia Boss’ Funeral

20 June 2016

Criminal Investigation Opened Against Journalists for Solidarity Campaign

20 June 2016

Criminal Investigation Opened Against Journalists for Solidarity Campaign

15 June 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

10 June 2016

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

9 June 2016

'Golden Dawn' Members Violently Attacked Petros Anastassiades

9 June 2016

Police Denies TV Crew Access to Refugee Camp

7 June 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

26 May 2016

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

25 May 2016

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

18 May 2016

Sports Journalist Assaulted by President of Football Club

17 May 2016

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

13 May 2016

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

13 May 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

13 May 2016

Threats to the Independence of the Romanian Public Broadcaster (TVR)

13 May 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

12 May 2016

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

12 May 2016

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

11 May 2016

Chief Editor Anne Brumagne Dismissed for Criticizing a Restructuring Plan that Puts Business above Journalism

2 May 2016

Two-year Prison Sentences for Cumhuriyet Journalists Ceyda Karan and Hikmet Çetinkaya

2 May 2016

Greek Journalist Brutally Attacked during Public Rally

2 May 2016

Journalists Detained and Barred from Entering Idomeni to Report on Treatment of Refugees

2 May 2016

Police Assault Against a Photographer in Greece

29 April 2016

Journalists Working for RTL Info and France 3 Attacked in Molenbeek

29 April 2016

Palestinian Journalist Salama Attaallah Assaulted While Covering Muslim Fair in Brussels

29 April 2016

Journalists Arrested and Forced to Delete Material During Anti-TTIP Event

29 April 2016

Chief Editor Anne Brumagne Dismissed for Criticizing a Restructuring Plan that Puts Business above Journalism

18 April 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

4 April 2016

Several Vehicles Belonging to POP TV Vandalised in Ljubljana

18 March 2016

Journalists Levan Sutidze, Irakli Kiknavelidze and Nino Macharashvili Attacked in Tbilisi

15 March 2016

TV Journalist Eni Shehu Attacked by the Director of the National Theatre

10 March 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

10 March 2016

Journalists and Human Rights Activists Attacked in Ingushetia

4 March 2016

Gojko Raičević Regularly Targeted by Authorities in Montenegro

3 March 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

26 February 2016

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

26 February 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

25 February 2016

Belgian Journalist Assaulted Live on Air at the Cologne Carnival

11 February 2016

Molotov Cocktails and Gun Attacks on Yeni Şafak and Yeni Akit Newspapers

25 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

14 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

12 January 2016

Cumhuriyet Journalist Canan Coşkun Faces 23 Years in Prison for Alleged Insult

11 January 2016

Journalist Beyza Kural Briefly Detained and Threatened with Violence by Police While Covering Protest

11 January 2016

'Today's Zaman' Journalist Bülent Keneş Arrested

8 January 2016

ABC News Cameraman Attacked and Detained for Three Hours by Police

5 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

15 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

15 December 2015

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

7 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

3 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

1 December 2015

Kurdish Daily Attacked, Doors Broken and 32 Journalists Interrogated

30 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

30 November 2015

Two Turkish Journalists, Cevheri Güven and Murat Çapan, Charged with "Inciting Armed Rebellion"

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

25 November 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

24 November 2015

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

17 November 2015

Detention of the Vice News Fixer Mohammed Ismael Rasool

17 November 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

16 November 2015

Police Used Teargas Against a Group of About 30 Journalists

12 November 2015

Three Media Staff Assaulted at Pegida Rally

12 November 2015

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 November 2015

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

10 November 2015

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

23 October 2015

Spanish Public Security Law Threatens Freedom of Press

22 October 2015

Journalist Seyithan Akyüz Sentenced to more than 22 Years

22 October 2015

Art and Literature Journalist Erdal Süsem Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Left-Wing Female Journalist Hatice Duman Serving Life-Time Imprisonment in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Kenan Karavil Sentenced to more than 19 Years

22 October 2015

Alawite Journalist Miktat Algül Sentenced to 61 Years in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Mustafa Gök Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Erol Zavar, Suffering from a Cancer, is Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Turkish Cartoonists Bahadır Baruter and Özer Aydoğan Found Guilty of Insulting President Erdoğan

22 October 2015

Police Violence Against a Journalist Covering Protests in Turkey

22 October 2015

Newspaper Editor Prosecuted for Insulting the President over Reports about a Judicial Corruption Probe

22 October 2015

Dutch Journalist Charged with ‘Terrorism’ in Turkey

14 October 2015

'Today's Zaman' Journalist Bülent Keneş Arrested

1 October 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

1 October 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

24 September 2015

Georgian TV Channel Rustavi 2 Faces Crippling Court Measures in Civil Case

17 September 2015

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

17 September 2015

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

15 September 2015

Turkish Special Operations Team Attacks Journalists Covering the Transfer of Injured Police Officer to a Hospital

9 September 2015

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

8 September 2015

Journalist Fired over Tweets Critical of Erdoğan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

28 August 2015

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

28 August 2015

Attacks and Intimidation on Journalists Covering Workers’ Strikes in Turkey

28 August 2015

Meydan TV Director Emin Milli Threatened for Critical Reporting on European Games

27 August 2015

DIHA Journalist Cüneyt Yavuz Injured in Tear Gas Canister Attack During Clashes Between Police and Protesters

27 August 2015

Turkey’s Chief Prosecutor Seeks 7.5 Year Jail Term Against 18 Journalists over Siege Picture

27 August 2015

LGBT Journalist Beaten by Police Officers

25 August 2015

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

21 August 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

11 August 2015

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

10 August 2015

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

3 August 2015

Journalist Sergei Ilchenko Jailed on Extremism Charges in Moldova’s Transdniester Region

9 July 2015

Journalist Lukasz Masiak Beaten to Death

30 June 2015

Electoral Coverage under Political Control in Spain

24 June 2015

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

1 June 2015

Journalist Seymour Hazi Sentenced on Hooliganism Charges

1 June 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Journalist Nijat Aliyev Sentenced to 10 Years in Jail in Baku

1 June 2015

Senior Journalist Araz Guliyev Sentenced to Eight Years in Prison in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Trumped-up Charges and Trial Without Due Process to Silence an Azerbaijani Journalist

1 June 2015

Independent Senior Journalist Parviz Hashimli Jailed in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Media Freedom Activist Emin Huseynov Charged with Tax Evasion and Abuse of Power

21 May 2015

Slovenian Investigative Journalist Anuška Delić Charged over “Intelligence Material”

20 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

15 May 2015

Two Danish Journalists Prosecuted for Exposing a Public Health Hazard

15 May 2015

Spanish Public Security Law Threatens Freedom of Press

12 May 2015

Administrative Blocking of Websites "Inciting Terrorism"

12 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

6 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

28 April 2015

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

22 April 2015

Macedonian Journalist Faces Death Threat

13 April 2015

Slovenian Investigative Journalist Anuška Delić Charged over “Intelligence Material”

13 April 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

2 April 2015

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

2 April 2015

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

22 January 2015

Investigative Journalist Sergei Reznik Handed a 3-Year Jail Term for ‘Insults’ Charges in Russia

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