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03 Aug 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 06 May 2015 France

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ
Partner Article 19 EFJ/IFJ
On 5 May 2015, the French National Assembly voted on the surveillance bill which gives the Prime Minister the power to massively monitor the French population without judicial control. The bill, adopted under an accelerated procedure, was met with opposition from a number of civil and professional organizations (the journalists’ unions SNJ and SNJ-CGT, the European Federation of Journalists, the Human Rights League, Amnesty International, two Unions of Magistrates, the Union of Lawyers, the Defender of Rights, the National Commission for Computing and Liberties ...). The text legalizes the practice by the intelligence services, of a particularly broad and intrusive surveillance on the privacy of citizens, with no real counter-power, and for purposes unrelated to terrorism. This law definitively compromises the protection of journalists' sources and it is an obvious deterrent to whistleblowers.
Updates
05 Oct 2015
On 3 October 2015, the Law on Surveillance entered into force, after the Official Journal published the Presidential decree, appointing the members of the National Commission for the Intelligence Techniques. On the same day, 180 journalists of the legal press association announced that they were appealing to the European Court of Human Rights, arguing that the law has wide implications for civil liberties and asking the Court to strike down the sweeping powers the law gives to intelligence agencies.
22 May 2015
Journalists respond to the French Authorities on the Draft Law on Intelligence
State replies
12 May 2015
Reply by the French authorities
Follow-ups
03 Aug 2017
The European Court of Human Rights decided to communicate to the French Government several applications lodged by journalists and lawyers which concern the French Intelligence Act of 24 July 2015. On 27 April and 4 July 2017, the Court put questions to the parties under Articles 8 (right to respect for private life and correspondence), 10 (freedom of expression) and 13 (right to an effective remedy) of the Convention.
20 May 2015
The Commissioner for Human Rights addressed the French Senate on surveillance bill
06 May 2015
13 Apr 2015
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31 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 27 Nov 2015 Turkey

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner RSF AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
Partner RSF AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
On 26 November 2015, at the request of Istanbul prosecutor’s office, Can Dündar, editor of the daily Cumhuriyet and its Ankara representative Erdem Gül were taken before a judge and placed in pre-trial detention on charges of membership of a terrorist organization, espionage and divulging state secrets.

Dündar and Gül were investigated in connection with an article published in May 2015 about allegations that Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization (MIT) had been delivering arms to rebels in Syria. The newspaper produced a video and photos to support the claim.

In June 2015, after Cumhuriyet published the video, President Erdoğan had personally filed a complaint accusing Dündar of spying, and publicly vowed that he would ‘not get away with it.’ Since then, Cumhuriyet and Dündar were being investigated on the basis of a criminal complaint referring to several articles of the Turkish penal code. The imprisonment of the two journalists is additional evidence that the Turkish authorities are suppressing independent journalism in Turkey.

In April 2015, Can Dündar was already the subject of an alert on the Council of Europe platform, regarding his prosecution on charges of insulting Turkey’s President Erdoğan and violating the confidentiality of an investigation. Dündar had published a series of articles about a corruption investigation by prosecutors in which close associates of Mr Erdoğan were implicated.

The high number of lawsuits initiated on behalf of President Erdoğan against journalists critical of the government are consistent with a concerted attempt to intimidate his opponents to remain silent about issues which are manifestly of public interest.
Updates
28 Jul 2017
On 28 July 2017, an Istanbul court issued an interim judgment in the trial of 17 Cumhuriyet journalists and executives. This judgment states that the arrest warrant formerly issued against Can Dündar, who is tried in absentia, remains further in effect.
01 Jun 2016
The Istanbul 14th High Criminal Court’s ruling from May 2016 was appealed by the two journalists. The case is pending before the Supreme Court of Appeals. Can Dündar fled the country to seek asylum in Germany. Erdem Gül is waiting for the appeal verdict.
10 May 2016
On 6 May 2016, the Istanbul 14th High Criminal Court convicted Can Dündar and Erdem Gül --the former for ‘obtaining and revealing state secrets’, the latter for ‘revealing state secrets’. They were respectively sentenced to five years and 10 months and five years in prison. Shortly before the Court's decision earlier that day, Dundar survived an attempted shooting where the gunman instead wounded another journalist reporting on the Court case. Both journalists were acquitted of charges of trying to overthrow the government and espionage. But the Court ordered that the charges of “knowingly and willfully” helping a terrorist organization must be separated from the trial in order to await a verdict in a separate case against the two men on charges of supporting terrorist organisations. The Court has also ordered the lifting of the ban on the two journalists’ rights to leave the country and ruled that their political rights, including the right to vote, should be restored.
29 Mar 2016
On 25 March 2016, an Istanbul court ruled for the whole trial of Can Dündar and Erdem Gül to be held in camera. The hearing was adjourned until 1st April 2016.
26 Feb 2016
Can Dündar and Erdem Gül were freed in the early hours of 26 February 2016 after Turkey's Constitutional Court ruled that their detentions had violated their rights.
25 Feb 2016
On 25 February 2016, by a 12-3 vote, the plenary of the Turkish Constitutional Court ruled that Can Dündar and Erdem Gül's right to freedom and security, right to express and disseminate thought, and the freedom of press as guaranteed by Articles 19, 26 and 28 of the Constitution had been violated.
28 Jan 2016
On 27 January 2016, during a court hearing in Istanbul, prosecution demanded “aggravated life imprisonment and imprisonment up to 30 years” for Can Dündar and Erdem Gül.
01 Dec 2015
RSF launches international appeal for release of ​Cumhuriyet journalists
State replies
15 Dec 2015
Statement of the Permanent Representative of Turkey to the Council of Europe to the 1242nd meeting of the Ministrers' Deputies
07 Dec 2015
Response of the Turkish Government (information provided by the Ministry of Justice)
Follow-ups
25 Jul 2017
OSCE media freedom representative calls on Turkey to release imprisoned journalists
13 May 2016
The Council of Europe Secretary General refers to the case of Can Dündar and Erdem Gül in his address to the Committee of Ministers on 11 May 2016.
10 Mar 2016
The Monitoring Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe expresses its serious concern at recent developments in Turkey with respect to restrictions on media freedom and access to pluralistic information, challenges to the decisions of the Constitutional Court.
03 Mar 2016
Secretary General welcomes the release of Can Dündar and Erdem Gül in his address to the Committee of Ministers
26 Feb 2016
Secretary General Jagland welcomes the release of Can Dündar and Erdem Gül.
14 Jan 2016
CoE Secretary General mentions the continuing detention of Can Dündar and Erdem Gül in his allocution to the Committee of Ministers about the outcome of the meeeting of the informal working group on freedom of expression in Turkey
03 Dec 2015
CoE Secretary General focuses on the arrest of Can Dündar and Erdem Gül in his address to the Committee of Ministers
30 Nov 2015
Hürriyet Daily News article quoting the statement by the spokesperson of European Council Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland
27 Nov 2015
OSCE Representative condemns arrest of journalists Can Dündar and Erdem Gül, urges Turkey not to proceed with charges
27 Nov 2015
Ingebjørg Godskesen and Nataša Vuckovic, co-rapporteurs for PACE’s post-monitoring dialogue with Turkey question arrests of leading journalists
27 Nov 2015
Statement by Nils Muiznieks, CoE Commissioner for Human Rights
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28 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 28 Jul 2017 Bulgaria

Bulgarian TV Presenter Assaulted and Injured in Central Sofia

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner AEJ Index
No reply yet
Partner AEJ Index
On 25 July 2017, Ivo Nikodimov, a presenter for Bulgarian National Television, was attacked in broad daylight by three unknown assailants in Borisova Gradina park in central Sofia. The three men, thought to be in their 20s, beat him, breaking his nose and causing other facial injuries before escaping from the scene. The journalist underwent surgery for his broken nose in a nearby hospital. Later he reported that the attackers did not reply when he demanded to know why they were attacking him. None of his belongings were taken. Mr Nikodimov is a nationally-known public figure and an experienced reporter on criminal and legal affairs, who has received threats in the past because of his work. So far investigators have not found evidence linking this attack to the journalist’s work, but a senior Interior Ministry official characterised the assault as a hate crime. Bulgaria’s media regulator, the Council of Electronic Media, expressed alarm at the attack on a prominent journalist, saying that acts of violence against well-known figures are aimed at instilling fear. Bulgarian National TV stated that aggression against journalists is tantamount to an attack on free expression and called for the culprits to be found and punished. One day before the attack on Ivo Nikodimov two notaries suffered a similar assault in the same area. The authorities say investigations are ongoing into the incidents.
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21 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 30 Mar 2017 Ukraine

Failure to Punish the Perpetrators of Attack on Journalists in Berdyansk

Source of threatState
CategoryImpunity
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ
TV journalist Volodymyr Holovatiy and his cameraman were attacked on 10 June 2016 in Berdyansk, Zaporizhia region. The attack, according to the journalists, happened in full view of police officers who failed to intervene. The local TV crew, had gone to cover the seizure of a hotel building in a commercial dispute, when unidentified men in military uniform attacked them, took away the camera and seized the memory card from the cameraman. The two were admitted to the hospital for treatment, where doctors diagnosed a brain contusion in the case of Volodymyr Holovatiy. The journalist filed a complaint with the local branch of the National Police. The case is investigated by Berdyansk City District Prosecutor's Office. The National Union of Journalists of Ukraine considers this case as a major impunity case.

To date, the crime remains unpunished and no one has been arrested in connection with this assault.
State replies
21 Jul 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
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20 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 20 Jul 2016 Ukraine

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner Index Article 19 AEJ EFJ/IFJ
Partner Index Article 19 AEJ EFJ/IFJ
Pavel Sheremet, a journalist working for online investigative newspaper Ukrayinska Pravda and Radio Vesti, was killed in a car explosion on Wednesday 20 July 2016.

According to Ukrayinska Pravda, the car blew up on the corner of Khmelnytsky and Franko streets in Kyiv. This car belonged to Olena Prytula, editor at Ukrayinska Pravda, but she wasn’t in the car at the time. According to Radio Vesti's website, the journalist was heading to the radio's office to host his morning show when the car exploded.

Pavel Sheremet, 44, was a Belarusian journalist and TV host who was imprisoned by the government of Belarus in 1997 and has been working outside of Belarus for a long time. He previously worked in Russia as TV host and journalist before moving to Kyiv around five years ago.
Updates
13 Jul 2017
On 11 July, during a meeting with Sheremet's family and a CPJ delegation, Ukrainian President Poroshenko proposed adding an internationally recognized investigator to the team inquiring into Sheremet`s killing.
State replies
14 Feb 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
Follow-ups
20 Jul 2017
OSCE media freedom representative urges authorities in Ukraine and other OSCE participating States to end impunity for murders of journalists.
05 Aug 2016
Statement by Marina Kaljurand, Chair of the Committee of Ministers and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Estonia
21 Jul 2016
OSCE Representative condemns murder of journalist Pavel Sheremet in Ukraine
21 Jul 2016
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe strongly condemns the appalling murder of journalist Pavlo Sheremet and calls on the Ukrainian authorities and law-enforcement agencies to quickly and effectively investigate this crime.
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17 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
State replied
Alert created on: 24 May 2017 Ukraine

Ongoing Impunity in the Case of Killed Journalists Andrea Rocchelli, Andrei Mironov and Wounded Photographer William Roguelon

Source of threatUnknown
CategoryImpunity for murder
Partner RSF AEJ EFJ/IFJ
Partner RSF AEJ EFJ/IFJ
On 24 May 2014, on the Sloviansk southern front, Italian reporter Andrea Rocchelli, accompanied by Russian journalist and human rights activist Andrei Mironov and French photographer William Roguelon, were the victims of mortar fire that killed Rocchelli and Mironov on the spot and inflicted serious leg injuries on Roguelon, who eventually managed to return to France.

These three experienced reporters were in civilian dress and were travelling in a civilian taxi. They had press accreditation and had crossed ten checkpoints prior to the attack. Their presence was known and they could not be mistaken for military personnel or parties to the conflict.

An investigation was launched in Ukraine, which concluded that no evidence exist to find those responsible for this attack. However many evidences and testimonies were not taken into account : William Roguelon, as well as other key witnesses, were never heard, the ballistic test did not manage to draw any useful conclusion. A complaint has been filed also by William Roguelon in France, and by the Rocchelli family in Italy, where there has been considerable progress in the investigation.

Three years have passed since the date journalists were killed and the Ukrainian, French and Italian authorities cannot let this case go unpunished. They must collaborate and take all appropriate action so as the authors of this attack against journalists do not remain unpunished.
Updates
17 Jul 2017
On 30 June 2017, Vitaliy Markiv, a 28-year-old Italian-Ukrainian citizen was arrested in Bologna in the framework of the investigation into the death of Andrea Rocchelli.
State replies
13 Jul 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
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17 Jul 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 17 Jul 2017 Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan Offers Journalists Free Apartments

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ RSF
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ RSF
The State Fund for the “Support of Mass Media Development in Azerbaijan” will provide to journalists free government housing grants on 22 July 2017, National Press Day in Azerbaijan. A first “Journalists’ House” built in the Bibiheybat settlement of Baku by state budget funds was commissioned in 2013. A total of 156 journalists were allotted apartments there. The second “Journalists’ House” will host 255 journalists. The apartments will be distributed on 22 July. Broadcasting companies were allowed to nominate up to 10 candidates; daily newspapers and news agencies up to six candidates; weekly publications, news portals and websites up to three candidates. Several media representatives and journalists strongly criticized this State initiative: they believe that journalists who are granted apartments for free will fall under the government’s control.
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17 Jul 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 17 Jul 2017 Azerbaijan

Journalist Detained When Crossing Border Following Travel Ban

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner Index RSF
Journalist Kamran Mahmudov was detained when crossing the Azerbaijan-Georgia border on 22 June, 2017. The journalist was first informed he was on the wanted list, but was later told he was under a travel ban. Mahmudov's travel ban began in April, according to the Gazakh police department. The ban was introduced by the Interior Ministry. The journalist was released after several hours in detention in Gazakh. In an interview with Azadliq Radio, Mahmudov said he had travelled to many countries over the last two years and was never told about being under a travel ban. Mahmudov is a former employee of Azadliq Radio and Kanal 13.
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13 Jul 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 13 Jul 2017 Belgium

Attempted Intimidation of Journalists Investigating the Samusocial Scandal

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
On 12 July 2017, the Belgian Parliamentary Committee investigating the Samusocial financial scandal revealed an attempt at intimidating journalists working for the weekly newspaper “Le Vif” and RTBF, the public broadcasting organisation of the French-speaking community in Belgium. The journalists were investigating the affair following revelations from an MP of the opposition, Alain Maron (Ecolo Party).
The president of the non-profit association Samusocial, Michel Degueldre, sent an email on 25 May to the Head of Communications and the three operational managers of Samusocial asking them to launch “a thorough investigation on the life, academic background, habits, beliefs, friends, families of the two star journalists at Vif and RTBF and the Ecolo MP”. Michel Degueldre specified that he would like to “better understand their motivations, connections and potential aspirations.The time for being nice is over”.
The Association of Professional Journalists (AJP) has condemned Degueldre`s methods, highlighting his “clear intention to hurt and attack journalists”. RTBF has declared its “outrage and indignation for such actions which touch upon the private lives of our colleagues and their families”.
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07 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 07 Jul 2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatian Journalist Received Insults and Death Threats After Publishing Newspaper Reports

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
Croatian journalist Hassan Haidar Diab, working for Vecernji list newspaper, received insults and threats, including death threats, sent through social networks. The verbal attacks came from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) after Diab published a story citing classified document which revealed the names of jihadists from BiH, Kosovo and Serbia who went to fight on the battlefront in Syria and Iraq. According to the Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for Advocating Media Freedom and Journalists’ Safety, some BiH media openly called for his elimination.
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07 Jul 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 07 Jul 2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina

N1TV Journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina Targeted With Hate Speech and Threats Following Report

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryHarassment and intimidation of journalists
Partner AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
No reply yet
Partner AEJ EFJ/IFJ Index
Two journalists working for the BiH private regional channel N1TV were victims of hate speech. Reporter Adisa Imamović and local program editor and manager Amir Zukić were targeted by messages on the web portal Bosnjaci.net following the publication on 23 June 2017 of a story on the Iftar in Konjevic Polje, a small town in the Eastern part of BiH. According to the Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for Advocating Media Freedom and Journalists’ Safety, Bosnjaci called through its Facebook page for violence against N1 workers, and spread hate speech on a national and religious basis. N1 filed a complaint against the portal.
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05 Jul 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 12 May 2017 Ukraine

Russian Journalist Ashot Dzhazoyan Banned from Entering Ukraine for Three Years

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index IPI RSF
Partner EFJ/IFJ Index IPI RSF
Ashot Dzhazoyan, the secretary of the Russian Union of Journalists, was banned from entering Ukraine for the next three years over “systematic violations of Ukrainian legislation as regards Ukraine’s border crossing during visits to the occupied Crimea”. The Ukrainian Security Service also accuse him of “committing socially dangerous actions that contradict Ukrainian security interests”.

The Union of Journalists of the Russian Federation called the decision as “incomprehensible”. Mr Dzhazoyan is one of the most active participants in at the dialogue between members of professional organisations of journalists from Russia and Ukraine under the theme "Two Countries, One Profession". He is also co- chair of youth OSCE project.

On 15 April 2014, the Ukrainian Parliament adopted a law ‘On the rights and freedoms of citizens and legal regime of the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine’. According to its Article 10, foreign citizens may visit Crimea only from mainland Ukraine and with a special permit.

In September 2015, journalism was added as a ground of getting a permit, making possible for foreign journalists to go to Crimea. However, the procedures to receive the special permit have been criticised by the local NGOs as cumbersome – to receive the permit, foreign journalists must be physically present in Ukraine, they must file an application in Ukrainian, wait for approval letter from the Ministry of Information Policy, send it to the State Migration Service of Ukraine and then wait again for up to five days to obtain the permit.
State replies
05 Jul 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
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04 Jul 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 04 Jan 2016 Poland

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner AEJ Article 19 CPJ EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
Partner AEJ Article 19 CPJ EFJ/IFJ Index RSF
The law on Public Service Media governance which has been hurriedly adopted by the Polish parliament proposes the removal of guarantees for the independence of public service TV (TVP) and Radio (PR), in breach of Council of Europe norms and of the mandate given by the Polish constitution to the independent broadcasting authority (KRRiT) to uphold the broad public interest in broadcasting. The legislation gives a government minister exclusive powers to appoint and dismiss all members of the Supervisory and Management Boards of TVP and PR, making them wholly dependent on the goodwill and favour of the government The proposed arrangements represent a shift to direct government control over the strategic and editorial stance of the public broadcasters which is wholly unacceptable in a genuine democracy. The fundamental and drastic changes proposed were put before parliament to be voted on without the necessary inclusive public debate and in spite of strong objections by the KRRiT and many concerned bodies in Poland and abroad. The Polish government's plans directly contradict the commitments made by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in its 2012 Declaration on Public Service Media Governance; that Declaration stated that PSM must remain independent of political or economic interference, and should be accountable and transparent as they have the obligation to serve the public in all its diversity. The organisations submitting this Alert call on the Polish ruling party to abandon the proposed legislation at once.
Updates
04 Jul 2017
On 7 July 2016, the new “Act on the National Media Council" entered into force, according to which two out of five members of the Council are designated by the opposition parties while the remaining three are appointed by the present authorities. That system of senior management appointments to the public broadcaster by the new National Media Council has been criticised by some journalists’ organisations as being done, in effect, under the political and economic control of the government authorities, in contravention of the Council of Europe’s standards of independence of public service media. According to the Polish Towarzystwo Dziennikarskie (Society of Journalists), as of 4 July 2017, 228 journalists have lost their jobs - either by being dismissed or by resigning - as a result of management changes in the public radio and TV since the beginning of 2016.
07 Jan 2016
On the 7 January 2016, the President of Poland, Andrzej Duda, signed the act on public service media governance into a law.
State replies
Follow-ups
02 May 2017
The CoE Commissioner for Human Rights details the prerequisites for well-funded and strong public service media.
15 Jun 2016
Addressing the reform of public service media which is currently underway, the Commissioner urged the Polish authorities to introduce safeguards to guarantee the independence of public service media from political influence.
15 Jun 2016
The Secretary General welcomes the constructive dialogue with the Polish authorities on the public media legislation.
07 Jun 2016
Expert dialogue between the Polish Government and the Council of Europe : conclusions published
16 Feb 2016
Upon return of his visit to Poland, Coe Commissioner for Human rights expresses concerns at the adoption in December 2015 of transitional legislation in the field of public service media, pending the adoption of a wider reform in this area, expected before the summer 2016.
14 Jan 2016
CoE Secretary General mentions changes to the Polish Radio and Television Broadcasting Act in his address to the Committee of Ministers
06 Jan 2016
OSCE Media Freedom Representative urges Poland’s government to withdraw proposed changes to the selection of management in public service broadcasters
05 Jan 2016
Coe Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland expresses his particular concern with regard to the new Polish law on public service broadcasting and the impact it may have on the integrity and independence of public service media.
05 Jan 2016
Call by the CoE Commissioner for Human Rights on Polish President not to sign new Media Law
Relevant CoE instruments Disclaimer
15 Dec 2016
Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on public service media governance (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 15 February 2012 at the 1134th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)
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28 Jun 2017 Lvl. 2
Resolved
Alert created on: 16 Mar 2017 Ukraine

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner RSF Index
Partner RSF Index
On 22 February 2017, the parliamentary fraction of Oleh Lyashko's Radical Party sent a letter to the National Broadcasting Council, requesting to replace the member it previously appointed to the Supervisory Board of the National Public Broadcasting Company, Vyacheslav Kozak, by another one, Valentyna Rudenko. The parliamentary fraction did not refer to any legal ground to do so. Members of the Supervisory Board and Mr Kozak's relatives say he is under pressure to sign a letter of «voluntary resignation».

The Article 10 of the Law on the Public Broadcasting Service provides an exhaustive list of possible legal grounds for the revocation of Supervisory Board members and bans any revocation based on other grounds. Its Article 8 also prevents Supervisory Board members from «performing assignments for a political party».

The members of the Supervisory Board of the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine issued a statement on 14 March, denouncing political interferences into their work.
Resolved
28 Jun 2017: On 28 June 2017, following consideration of the response of the Ukrainian authorities, the partner organisations of the Platform declared this case to be "resolved”, concluding that it was no longer an active threat to media freedom.
State replies
27 Jun 2017
Reply from the Government of Ukraine
Follow-ups
20 Mar 2017
Independence of the Supervisory Board of the public broadcaster is of crucial importance for the reform of public broadcasting
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27 Jun 2017 Lvl. 2
State replied
Alert created on: 19 May 2017 Italy

Italian Journalist Risks Being Jailed for Thirty Months for Libel

Source of threatState
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner AEJ Index
Partner AEJ Index
Gabriele Carchidi, editor in chief of the online newspaper iacchite.com, has been sentenced by a court in Cosenza, in the Calabrian region of southern Italy, to a total of 30 months in prison without suspension of sentence in four libel cases between September 2016 and May 2017. The latest conviction, handed down on 10 May 2017, resulted from a lawsuit brought by the mayor of Cosenza, Mario Occhiuto, concerning references to the mayor on Facebook. The other convictions relate to reports by the journalist about the behaviour of senior carabinieri officers, mayor Occhiuto and a Cosenza magistrate, respectively. Gabriele Carchidi is free while he awaits the result of his appeals to the Appeal court against these four verdicts. Media reports say he also faces the possibility of being tried and receiving further custodial sentences as a result of more than 60 other pending defamation lawsuits against him, mostly brought by politicians, police, magistrates and other public figures.
State replies
27 Jun 2017
Reply from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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27 Jun 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 27 Jun 2017 Russian Federation

Journalist Assaulted and Left with Concussion after Investigation in North Ossetia

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryAttacks on physical safety and integrity of journalists
Partner Index
No reply yet
Partner Index
Pyotr Pliev, a correspondent for state newspaper Rossiskaya Gazeta in North Ossetia, was assaulted by an unknown person in Vladikavkaz, on 21 June 2017. According to witnesses, a young man came out of a car, quickly approached Pliev on the street, hit him in the head and then left in a car. Pliev lost consciousness and woke up in the hospital where he was diagnosed with a concussion. He stated he thought the assault was connected to his professional activities. Shortly before the assault, Pliev published an investigation in Rossiskaya Gazeta into the case of the local North Ossetian businessman Murat Kisiev who reportedly built three distilleries on a local pasture. Pliev also criticised the head of the local municipality who refused to meet with inhabitants to address the problem. At the end of the article, which was published two days before the assault, Pliev wrote that he received threats: “The businessman told me that if I don't stop poking my nose into something that is not my business I will get into trouble, big time." The Ministry of Interior of the Republic of North Ossetia said it had started a police investigation following the assault.
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22 Jun 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 22 Jun 2017 Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani Chief Editor of News Website Sentenced to Seven Years on Extortion Charges

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner CPJ Index
No reply yet
Partner CPJ Index
Fikret Faramazoglu, chief editor of the news website Journalistic Research Center, was sentenced on June 14, 2017 to seven years in prison on extortion charges. The judge also ruled to ban Faramazoglu from working as a journalist for two years after serving his prison term. Faramazoglu and his lawyer told the court the journalist was severely beaten in detention and lost several teeth as a result.

Faramazoglu was first detained on June 30, 2016 for allegedly receiving a large amount of money from a restaurant owner whom authorities claimed the journalist extorted. The journalist and his lawyer say the money was planted in his pocket. Faramazoglu also told the court he and his family were on a trip when the first incident of alleged extortion took place and requested that he be allowed to call witnesses. The judge denied his request. The judge also dismissed Faramazoglu's request for authorities to investigate the beating, according to reports.

The journalist's lawyer, Elchin Sadygov, told CPJ that the arrest came soon after Faramazoglu reported that restaurants were allegedly operating as brothels under the protection of law-enforcement agencies. Sadygov told media following the Baku court's verdict that he thinks the case was retaliation for Faramazoglu's reporting. Sadygov said Faramazoglu will appeal the verdict.

In 2006 Faramazoglu, then chief editor of the Baku-based opposition weekly 24 Saat, was found guilty of libel and sentenced to a one-year suspended prison term, which was considered by media freedom organisations as a retaliation for his articles on alleged corruption in Azerbaijani law enforcement.
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22 Jun 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 05 Jun 2017 Azerbaijan

Freelance Journalist, Nijat Amiraslanov, Sentenced to 30 Days Imprisonment

Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner Article 19 CPJ Index IPI RSF
No reply yet
Partner Article 19 CPJ Index IPI RSF
On 22 May 2017 freelance journalist, Nijat Amiraslanov, known for his critical reports for local and regional media about poverty in the region and corruption among local officials, was detained in the Gazakh region of north-western Azerbaijan.

On 23 May 2017 Amiraslanov appeared before Gazakh Regional Court, which found him guilty under Article 535.1 of the Code of Administrative Offences (‘disobeying police orders’) and sentenced him to 30 days’ administrative arrest.

According to reports by the Turan news agency in Azerbaijan, human rights activist, Bashir Suleymanly, believes that Amiraslanov was detained as a result of recent posts he has made on social media which are critical of the Azerbaijani authorities.
Updates
22 Jun 2017
On 22 June 2017 Nijat Amiraslanov was released at the end of the administrative detention.
09 Jun 2017
On 3 June 2017, Nijat Amiraslanov appeared before the Gazakh district court of appeal. According to his lawyer, Amiraslanov was forced to retract his appeal against the court’s decision sentencing him to administrative arrest. He was reportedly submitted to torture during his detention.
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15 Jun 2017 Lvl. 2
No reply yet
Alert created on: 15 Jun 2017 Albania

Two Media Outlets and Four Journalists Sued by Judge

Source of threatNon-state
CategoryOther acts having chilling effects on media freedom
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ RSF
No reply yet
Partner Index EFJ/IFJ RSF
Gjin Gjoni, a judge for a court of appeals in Tirana, and his wife filed a lawsuit against four journalists and two media outlets on 9 June, 2017 for their reports over his criminal investigations and his family's declared assets. They have filed charges against Balkan Investigation Reporting Network (BIRN) along with their journalist Besar Likmeta and Aleksandra Bogdani and Shqiptarja newspaper, along with their journalists Adriatic Doci and Elton Qyno. The judge reported that their media coverage has caused reputational damage and pain.

Gjoni and his wife are asking for 7 million Lek (54, 000 EUR) in compensation from Balkan Investigation Reporting Network, BIRN in Tirana and two of their journalists; They are asking for 4 million Lek (30,000 EUR) from Shqiptarja newspaper and from two of their journalists. BIRN Albania declared that they "stand by the article and are ready to face all the claims in the court."

The Union of Albanian Journalists also condemned the lawsuit: “The Union of Albania Journalists has been informed of the judicial assault launched by the member of the High Council of Justice, Gjin Gjoni, against several journalists and respective media, with the legal pretense that his image has been tainted,” the Union said in a statement.
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14 Jun 2017 Lvl. 1
No reply yet
Alert created on: 25 Jul 2016 Turkey

Journalist Zehra Doğan Arrested and Charged with "Membership of an Illegal Organisation"

1 Journalist in detention
Source of threatState
CategoryDetention and imprisonment of journalists
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
No reply yet
Partner EFJ/IFJ AEJ Index
Zehra Doğan, JINHA editor (women's news agency) and a painter, was arrested by the police in Mardin, south-east of Turkey, on 22 July. She was taken to the Nusaybin police office the day after. According to reports, the authorities accused her of "being a member of the terrorist organisation PKK". The police presented Doğan 's paintings, along with her news reports and her social media posts, as evidence of this membership. The reason cited for the decision to detain her was a testimony by a confidential witness who reportedly claimed that Zehra had worked alongside DİHA reporter Bilal Gülden, also reporting from Nusaybin. Doğan was sent to the court which ordered her pre-trial detention and was transferred to Mardin Women's Prison.
Updates
14 Jun 2017
After losing her final appeal (2 June 2017), Zehra Doğan was arrested on 12 June 2017 and sent to Diyarbakır Prison.
02 Mar 2017
In March 2017, the court ruled that Ms Doğan be acquitted of the crime of "being a member of a terrorist organisation" but sentenced her for "propagandising for a terrorist organization" to 2 years, 9 months and 22 days in prison for her social media postings.
06 Dec 2016
On 6 December 2016, Zehra Doğan was released pending trial.
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16 May 2018

RIA Novosti Journalist Kyrylo Vyshynsky Held on Treason Allegations in Ukraine

16 May 2018

Russia: Proposed Amendments to Criminal Code Threaten Media Freedom

16 May 2018

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

9 May 2018

Vijesti Investigative Journalist Olivera Lakić Shot and Injured

4 May 2018

Slovak Journalist Gets a Suspended Sentence for Defamation

4 May 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

2 May 2018

Ukrainian Police Accused of Violence against Journalists, Leaving one Hospitalized

2 May 2018

Arson Attack on News Website in Northwestern Ukraine

24 April 2018

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

18 April 2018

Azerbaijani Journalist With Dutch citizenship Fears for His Life after Attack In Kyiv

17 April 2018

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

17 April 2018

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

17 April 2018

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

16 April 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

16 April 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

16 April 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

16 April 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

12 April 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

12 April 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

11 April 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

11 April 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

6 April 2018

Azerbaijani Director of Internet Television Re-arrested

3 April 2018

2 France 5 Journalists Denied Access to President Macron During his Visit to Lille

3 April 2018

Journalist Caroline Christinaz from “Le Temps” of Geneva Questioned by the Police While on a Reporting Assignment in France

28 March 2018

Slovenian Media under Police Pressure to Reveal Journalistic Sources

28 March 2018

Two Ukrainian Journalists Sentenced to 9 Years’ Imprisonment for Assisting Separatism

23 March 2018

Greek Sport Journalist Aris Asvestas Assaulted for Second Time

23 March 2018

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

21 March 2018

Strana Editor-in-Chief Flees, Seeks Asylum in Austria after Receiving Death Threats

20 March 2018

Ahmet Altan and Mehmet Altan Detained for Words Used on TV

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Mehmet Altan’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Altan’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Altan’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

20 March 2018

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

On 20 March 2018, the European Court of Human Rights issued its Grand chamber judgment on Şahin Alpay’s case. The Court found there had been a violation of Article 5 § 1 (right to liberty and security) and a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention for Human Rights. With regards to article 5 §1, according to the Court findings, “Mr Alpay’s continued pre-trial detention, after the Constitutional Court’s clear and unambiguous judgment of 11 January 2018 (…), could not be regarded as ‘lawful’ ”. The Court held that “for another court to call into question the powers conferred on a constitutional court to give final and binding judgments on individual applications ran counter to the fundamental principles of the rule of law and legal certainty, which (…) were the cornerstones of the guarantees against arbitrariness”. Under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) of the Convention, the Court held that it was incumbent on the respondent State to ensure the termination of Mr Alpay’s pre-tria detention at the earliest possible date. Under Article 10, the Court held in particular that “there was no reason to reach a different conclusion from that of the Constitutional Court, which had found that Mr Alpay’s initial and continued pre-trial detention, following his expression of his opinions, constituted a severe measure that could not be regarded as a necessary and proportionate interference in a democratic society”. The Court pointed out in particular that “criticism of governments and publication of information regarded by a country’s leaders as endangering national interests should not attract criminal charges for particularly serious offences such as belonging to or assisting a terrorist organisation, attempting to overthrow the government or the constitutional order or disseminating terrorist propaganda”.

12 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

1 March 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

27 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

26 February 2018

Slovak Investigative Journalist Killed at Home

23 February 2018

Increased Verbal Abuse Against Independent Serbian Media.

23 February 2018

Journalist Philippe Bertinchamps Threatened with Expulsion in Serbia

23 February 2018

Intimidation Campaign against NUNS (Independent Journalists Association of Serbia)

23 February 2018

Serbian Weekly ‘Vranjske Novine’ Closed Following Administrative Harassment

23 February 2018

Journalists from Magločistač News Portal Receive Death Threats

23 February 2018

Serbian Reporter Lidija Valtner Attacked During New Serbian President’s Inauguration

23 February 2018

Journalist Stefan Cvetkovic Sentenced to Jail for Unauthorised Publication

23 February 2018

Radio Journalist and Presenter Found Dead in Home

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

23 February 2018

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

23 February 2018

Closure of the Serbian National Press Agency Tanjug

23 February 2018

Impunity in the Case of the Murder of Dada Vujasinovic

23 February 2018

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

23 February 2018

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

12 February 2018

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

12 February 2018

France 2 TV channel sued in a Commercial Court by the Bolloré Group

12 February 2018

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 February 2018

Around Ten Journalists from France Télévisions Assaulted by Residents

9 February 2018

Journalists Victims of Police Violence During Demonstrations

9 February 2018

Programme Cancellation and Dismissal Threats Within the French Channel Canal+

8 February 2018

French Journalists and Magistrates Subject to Death Threats

8 February 2018

French Satellite Provider under Pressure to Remove Kurdish Med Nûçe TV

7 February 2018

Expulsion of Two Russian Journalists from Latvia

7 February 2018

Front National Refuses to Grant Accreditations to Mediapart and Quotidien on the Occasion of the Party’s "Presidential Congress”

7 February 2018

The State of Emergency Permits a Ban on Journalists Covering Public Events

7 February 2018

French Journalists Victims of Phone Harassment

6 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

5 February 2018

Poland Opens Investigation over Article Critical of Constitutional Tribunal President

2 February 2018

Poland: New Bill Could Ban Journalists from Historical Debate

24 January 2018

Journalists’ Union ESIEMTH and Two Municipal Media Attacked in Thessaloniki

15 January 2018

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

26 December 2017

Russian Journalists Deported from Ukraine

18 December 2017

Uzbek Journalist on Interpol List Detained

18 December 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

18 December 2017

Polish Journalist Receives Death Threats After Public Polish TV Classifies Her Remarks As “Harmful to Poland”

14 December 2017

Journalists Targeted by Protesters in northern Cyprus

29 November 2017

The Guardia Civil Raids Several Catalan Newsrooms

27 November 2017

Croatian Journalist Maja Sever Received Death Threat Via Facebook over Her Report on Nigerian Refugees

20 November 2017

Russia: Proposals to Extend 'Foreign Agents' Law to Media Outlets

17 November 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

14 November 2017

Armenian TV Station Editor Assaulted While Reporting on Road Building Project

13 November 2017

Draft Law Threatens Independence of AGERPRES News Agency

2 November 2017

Two Spanish Journalists Deported from Ukraine

31 October 2017

Physical Attack Against Journalist Drago Miljuš

24 October 2017

Ekho Moskvy Journalist Stabbed, Hospitalised in Moscow

19 October 2017

Injunction Prohibiting Media from Reporting on the Financial Dealings of Iceland Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson

18 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

17 October 2017

Investigative Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia Killed by Car Bomb

12 October 2017

License for UK Community Radio Station Revoked

11 October 2017

Far-right Militants Threatened Novosti Newspaper During Protest

5 October 2017

Turkish-Swedish Journalist Detained at Airport Following Request by Turkey

5 October 2017

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

3 October 2017

Vesti’s Media Office in Kyiv Raided by National Police and Military Prosecutors

22 September 2017

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

21 September 2017

Political Appointments to Head Spanish and Catalan Public TV Channels

20 September 2017

Government Plan to Strongly Reduce Funding for Public Service Broadcasting

13 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

12 September 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

11 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

11 September 2017

Criminal Case Opened against Turan Independent News Agency in Azerbaijan

11 September 2017

Israeli-Russian Blogger Aleksandr Lapshin to Be Tried in Azerbaijan

6 September 2017

Journalists Stripped of Press Accreditation and Victims of Police Violence During the G20 in Hamburg

31 August 2017

Estonian Authorities Turn Down Three Requests for Accreditation from Rossiya Segodnya to Cover EU meeting

31 August 2017

Estonian Authorities Turn Down Three Requests for Accreditation from Rossiya Segodnya to Cover EU meeting

31 August 2017

Two Reporters Injured During Storming of Parliament

31 August 2017

Journalists from Macedonian A1 TV Attacked While Covering Demonstration

31 August 2017

Three Journalists from Kosovo Arrested in Skopje

31 August 2017

Five Journalists Beaten by Police in Skopje During Protests

31 August 2017

28 Media Workers Detained and Fined for Illegal Border Crossing

31 August 2017

Macedonian Journalist Faces Death Threat

31 August 2017

Macedonian Journalist Sashe Ivanovski Physically Assaulted by Deputy Prime Minister

29 August 2017

Germany: Draft Bill on Social Networks Raises Serious Free Expression Concerns

28 August 2017

Bulgarian Financial Supervision Commission Tries to Silence Newspapers Working on Banking Disclosures

16 August 2017

Ukrainian Journalist Missing in Donbass

11 August 2017

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

3 August 2017

Polish Defence Minister Seeks Criminal Charges against Journalist for 'Coercion', 'Insult' over Exposé of Associates' Contacts

3 August 2017

Polish Defence Minister Seeks Criminal Charges against Journalist for 'Coercion', 'Insult' over Exposé of Associates' Contacts

25 July 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

25 July 2017

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

21 July 2017

Failure to Punish the Perpetrators of Attack on Journalists in Berdyansk

17 July 2017

Ukraine Blocks Russian Social Networks and Expands Economic Sanctions Against Russian Companies

13 July 2017

Ongoing Impunity in the Case of Killed Journalists Andrea Rocchelli, Andrei Mironov and Wounded Photographer William Roguelon

5 July 2017

Russian Journalist Ashot Dzhazoyan Banned from Entering Ukraine for Three Years

27 June 2017

Italian Journalist Risks Being Jailed for Thirty Months for Libel

27 June 2017

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

20 June 2017

Exiled Journalist Abducted, Detained and Faces Charges in Azerbaijan

29 May 2017

Armenian Journalist Attacked While Covering Parliamentary Elections

12 May 2017

Attack on Office of Kathimerini in Thessaloniki

12 May 2017

Pressure by Prime Minister on Public Broadcaster over Coverage

10 May 2017

Greek Journalist Arrested on Libel Charges

9 May 2017

An Albanian Journalist Received Death Threats

2 May 2017

Pressure by Prime Minister on Public Broadcaster over Coverage

2 May 2017

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

7 April 2017

Two Journalists Harassed by Far-Right Wing Protesters

20 March 2017

Pressure by a Political Party to Replace a Member of the Public Broadcaster's Supervisory Board

15 March 2017

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

14 March 2017

Albanian Journalist Elvi Fundo Attacked in Tirana

14 March 2017

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

28 February 2017

New Albanian Anti-Corruption Law Threatens Media Freedom

22 February 2017

Crimea’s Prosecution Opens Criminal Probe against Journalist Mykola Semena

17 February 2017

The National Radio and TV Council of Ukraine Bans Broadcast of Russian TV Channel Dozhd

17 February 2017

Journalists Beaten by Security Guards and Local Police in Kharkiv

17 February 2017

Ukrainian Local Newspaper Raided, Office Sealed by the Representatives of the Local Authorities in Kivertsy

17 February 2017

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

16 February 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

16 February 2017

Malta Economy Minister Issues four Libel Suits and Warrants Against Blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia

16 February 2017

Continuing Impunity in the Killing of the Ukrainian Investigative Journalist Georgiy Gongadze

16 February 2017

Harassment of Journalists Natalya Kokorina and Anna Andrievska in Crimea, Ukraine by Russian Officials

16 February 2017

Pro-Russia Journalist, Oles Buzyna, Gunned Down in Kyiv, Ukraine

15 February 2017

Turkish Emergency Decree Shuts Down 9 Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Turkish Government Shuts Down 15 Pro-Kurdish Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Turkey: Arrest of At Least 12 Employees of Cumhuriyet Newspaper

15 February 2017

At least Twenty TV and Radio Channels Removed from Türksat, the National Satellite Operator

15 February 2017

Turkey: Two Journalists Detained under State of Emergency Provisions

15 February 2017

Police Raided Azadiya Welat Newspaper, at least 23 Staff Members Detained

15 February 2017

Özgür Gündem Daily Shut Down and Journalists’ Homes Raided in Turkey

15 February 2017

Journalists Arrested in Major Clampdown following Failed Coup in Turkey

15 February 2017

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

15 February 2017

Journalist Viacheslav Veremii Killed in Kyiv

15 February 2017

Senior Journalist Oleksandr Kuchynsk Killed in Donetsk, Ukraine

14 February 2017

Arson Attack on Ukrainian Broadcaster Inter TV

14 February 2017

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

14 February 2017

Ukrainian Journalist Maria Varfolomeyeva Held for over a Year in Eastern Ukraine

14 February 2017

Ukrainian journalist Ruslan Kotsaba Held for Nearly a Year over Allegations of ‘Treason and Obstructing the Military’

13 January 2017

The National Radio and TV Council of Ukraine Bans Broadcast of Russian TV Channel Dozhd

13 January 2017

Poland - Journalists' Access to Parliament Restricted

9 January 2017

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

20 December 2016

Spanish Journalist based in the Netherlands Victim of Online Death Threats

9 December 2016

Cyprus: Police Reporter's Car Set on Fire

9 December 2016

Slovakia’s Prime Minister uses Offensive Language towards Journalists at a Press Conference

9 December 2016

Russian Journalist Expelled from Latvia

9 December 2016

Armenian Journalists Injured in Police Violence against Media Journalists covering Street Demonstrations

7 December 2016

Freelance Journalist and Fixer Jovo Martinovic Tried for “Being a Member of a Criminal Organization”

2 December 2016

Car of Croatian Journalists' Association President Appears to Have Been Deliberately Sabotaged

21 November 2016

Serbian Journalist Stevan Dojčinović Target of a Smear Campaign

21 November 2016

Investigative Journalists Receive Several Death Threats, Broadcaster Claims

15 November 2016

Continuing Impunity in the Killing of the Ukrainian Investigative Journalist Georgiy Gongadze

7 October 2016

Masterminds still not Brought to Justice, Ten Years after the Murder of Novaya Gazeta Journalist Anna Politkovskaya

22 September 2016

Sport Journalist Kyriakos Thomaidis Faces Arrest after Police Raid on Skai TV's Building

16 September 2016

Swiss Intelligence Act threatens Secrecy of Journalistic Sources

7 September 2016

Arson Attack on Ukrainian Broadcaster Inter TV

17 August 2016

Journalist Lukasz Masiak Beaten to Death

10 August 2016

New Proposed Law Set to Increase the Power to Surveil Foreign Journalists

5 August 2016

New Anti-terrorism Law Allows Blocking of Online Media

5 August 2016

Threats to the Independence of the Romanian Public Broadcaster (TVR)

27 July 2016

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

21 July 2016

Journalist Pavel Sheremet Killed in Car Explosion

13 July 2016

Journalist Sergei Ilchenko Jailed on Extremism Charges in Moldova’s Transdniester Region

29 June 2016

Former Prime Minister Publicly Insults Two Journalists

28 June 2016

Polish Journalists Targeted in Police Wiretapping, Audit Reveals

21 June 2016

Draft Bill to Tighten Criminal Penalties for Defamation

21 June 2016

Italian Journalist Lirio Abbate Faces Hate Speech in Courtroom

21 June 2016

Headquarters of TV station Piazza Pulita Raided by Police

21 June 2016

Draft Italian Law Imposes Sanctions on Journalists who Published Wiretapping Materials

21 June 2016

Italian Journalists and Media Staff Face Death Threats Following Mafia Boss’ Funeral

20 June 2016

Criminal Investigation Opened Against Journalists for Solidarity Campaign

20 June 2016

Criminal Investigation Opened Against Journalists for Solidarity Campaign

15 June 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

10 June 2016

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

9 June 2016

'Golden Dawn' Members Violently Attacked Petros Anastassiades

9 June 2016

Police Denies TV Crew Access to Refugee Camp

7 June 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

26 May 2016

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

25 May 2016

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

18 May 2016

Sports Journalist Assaulted by President of Football Club

17 May 2016

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

13 May 2016

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

13 May 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

13 May 2016

Threats to the Independence of the Romanian Public Broadcaster (TVR)

13 May 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

12 May 2016

Personal Details of Thousands of Journalists Posted on Ukrainian Website over Accreditation with Rebels

12 May 2016

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

11 May 2016

Chief Editor Anne Brumagne Dismissed for Criticizing a Restructuring Plan that Puts Business above Journalism

2 May 2016

Two-year Prison Sentences for Cumhuriyet Journalists Ceyda Karan and Hikmet Çetinkaya

2 May 2016

Greek Journalist Brutally Attacked during Public Rally

2 May 2016

Journalists Detained and Barred from Entering Idomeni to Report on Treatment of Refugees

2 May 2016

Police Assault Against a Photographer in Greece

29 April 2016

Journalists Working for RTL Info and France 3 Attacked in Molenbeek

29 April 2016

Palestinian Journalist Salama Attaallah Assaulted While Covering Muslim Fair in Brussels

29 April 2016

Journalists Arrested and Forced to Delete Material During Anti-TTIP Event

29 April 2016

Chief Editor Anne Brumagne Dismissed for Criticizing a Restructuring Plan that Puts Business above Journalism

18 April 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

4 April 2016

Several Vehicles Belonging to POP TV Vandalised in Ljubljana

18 March 2016

Journalists Levan Sutidze, Irakli Kiknavelidze and Nino Macharashvili Attacked in Tbilisi

15 March 2016

TV Journalist Eni Shehu Attacked by the Director of the National Theatre

10 March 2016

Attacks on the Independence of Croatian Public Broadcaster and Broadcast Regulator

10 March 2016

Journalists and Human Rights Activists Attacked in Ingushetia

4 March 2016

Gojko Raičević Regularly Targeted by Authorities in Montenegro

3 March 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

26 February 2016

Poland Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

26 February 2016

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

25 February 2016

Belgian Journalist Assaulted Live on Air at the Cologne Carnival

11 February 2016

Molotov Cocktails and Gun Attacks on Yeni Şafak and Yeni Akit Newspapers

25 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

14 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

12 January 2016

Cumhuriyet Journalist Canan Coşkun Faces 23 Years in Prison for Alleged Insult

11 January 2016

Journalist Beyza Kural Briefly Detained and Threatened with Violence by Police While Covering Protest

11 January 2016

'Today's Zaman' Journalist Bülent Keneş Arrested

8 January 2016

ABC News Cameraman Attacked and Detained for Three Hours by Police

5 January 2016

Polish Law on Public Service Broadcasting Removes Guarantees of Independence

15 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

15 December 2015

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

7 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

3 December 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

1 December 2015

Kurdish Daily Attacked, Doors Broken and 32 Journalists Interrogated

30 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

30 November 2015

Two Turkish Journalists, Cevheri Güven and Murat Çapan, Charged with "Inciting Armed Rebellion"

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

27 November 2015

Imprisonment of Two Senior Editors of the Turkish Daily Cumhuriyet, Can Dündar and Erdem Gül

25 November 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

24 November 2015

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

17 November 2015

Detention of the Vice News Fixer Mohammed Ismael Rasool

17 November 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

16 November 2015

Police Used Teargas Against a Group of About 30 Journalists

12 November 2015

Three Media Staff Assaulted at Pegida Rally

12 November 2015

Journalist Attacked in Paris by Members or Supporters of the Jewish Defense League

12 November 2015

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

10 November 2015

UK Draft Bill on Surveillance Threatens Protection of Journalists' Sources

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

30 October 2015

Turkey: Seizure of Media Holding, with Police Raids and Temporary Closure of Two Major Television Channels, Days Prior to Elections

23 October 2015

Spanish Public Security Law Threatens Freedom of Press

22 October 2015

Journalist Seyithan Akyüz Sentenced to more than 22 Years

22 October 2015

Art and Literature Journalist Erdal Süsem Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Left-Wing Female Journalist Hatice Duman Serving Life-Time Imprisonment in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Kenan Karavil Sentenced to more than 19 Years

22 October 2015

Alawite Journalist Miktat Algül Sentenced to 61 Years in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Mustafa Gök Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Journalist Erol Zavar, Suffering from a Cancer, is Serving Life Sentence in Turkey

22 October 2015

Turkish Cartoonists Bahadır Baruter and Özer Aydoğan Found Guilty of Insulting President Erdoğan

22 October 2015

Police Violence Against a Journalist Covering Protests in Turkey

22 October 2015

Newspaper Editor Prosecuted for Insulting the President over Reports about a Judicial Corruption Probe

22 October 2015

Dutch Journalist Charged with ‘Terrorism’ in Turkey

14 October 2015

'Today's Zaman' Journalist Bülent Keneş Arrested

1 October 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

1 October 2015

Hürriyet Journalist Ahmet Hakan Threatened and Attacked

24 September 2015

Georgian TV Channel Rustavi 2 Faces Crippling Court Measures in Civil Case

17 September 2015

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

17 September 2015

Ukraine Bans 38 European Journalists and Bloggers over “National Interest, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity"

15 September 2015

Turkish Special Operations Team Attacks Journalists Covering the Transfer of Injured Police Officer to a Hospital

9 September 2015

Serbian Investigative Journalist Ivan Ninić Suffers Brutal Attack

8 September 2015

Journalist Fired over Tweets Critical of Erdoğan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 September 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

28 August 2015

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

28 August 2015

Attacks and Intimidation on Journalists Covering Workers’ Strikes in Turkey

28 August 2015

Meydan TV Director Emin Milli Threatened for Critical Reporting on European Games

27 August 2015

DIHA Journalist Cüneyt Yavuz Injured in Tear Gas Canister Attack During Clashes Between Police and Protesters

27 August 2015

Turkey’s Chief Prosecutor Seeks 7.5 Year Jail Term Against 18 Journalists over Siege Picture

27 August 2015

LGBT Journalist Beaten by Police Officers

25 August 2015

Serbian Journalist Predrag Blagojević Assaulted by Police at a Music Festival over Identification

21 August 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

11 August 2015

Journalists Beaten and Arrested while Covering Protest Demonstration

10 August 2015

Murder of Azerbaijani Journalist Rasim Aliyev

3 August 2015

Journalist Sergei Ilchenko Jailed on Extremism Charges in Moldova’s Transdniester Region

9 July 2015

Journalist Lukasz Masiak Beaten to Death

30 June 2015

Electoral Coverage under Political Control in Spain

24 June 2015

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

1 June 2015

Journalist Seymour Hazi Sentenced on Hooliganism Charges

1 June 2015

Trumped-up Charges to Silence an Investigative Journalist in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Journalist Nijat Aliyev Sentenced to 10 Years in Jail in Baku

1 June 2015

Senior Journalist Araz Guliyev Sentenced to Eight Years in Prison in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Trumped-up Charges and Trial Without Due Process to Silence an Azerbaijani Journalist

1 June 2015

Independent Senior Journalist Parviz Hashimli Jailed in Azerbaijan

1 June 2015

Media Freedom Activist Emin Huseynov Charged with Tax Evasion and Abuse of Power

21 May 2015

Slovenian Investigative Journalist Anuška Delić Charged over “Intelligence Material”

20 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

15 May 2015

Two Danish Journalists Prosecuted for Exposing a Public Health Hazard

15 May 2015

Spanish Public Security Law Threatens Freedom of Press

12 May 2015

Administrative Blocking of Websites "Inciting Terrorism"

12 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

6 May 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

28 April 2015

French Journalist at the Origin of LuxLeaks Revelations Charged in Luxembourg

22 April 2015

Macedonian Journalist Faces Death Threat

13 April 2015

Slovenian Investigative Journalist Anuška Delić Charged over “Intelligence Material”

13 April 2015

France Legalises Mass Surveillance of its Citizens

2 April 2015

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

2 April 2015

Forced Closure of Crimean Tatar-Language Media Outlets

22 January 2015

Investigative Journalist Sergei Reznik Handed a 3-Year Jail Term for ‘Insults’ Charges in Russia

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