Teaching material is created and distributed with a view to making it easier for teachers to prepare lessons based on the "Day of Remembrance of the Holocaust and for the Prevention of Crimes against Humanity".

It should be pointed out here that the intention is for the "Day of Remembrance of the Holocaust" to be the subject of a lesson lasting at least one hour, and if possible of a multidisciplinary project (history, literature, music, arts, biology, philosophy, sports, ...) on which several teachers co-operate.

This material also caters for the needs expressed by teachers at training seminars.

Educational kit and factsheets

Sport in nazis camps. Educational kit.


Queer in europe during the second world war

Edited bu Régis Schlagdenhauffen*

2018 ISBN 978-92-871-8464-1

At the height of the Second World War, Switzerland decriminalised homosexuality. At the same time, France chose to introduce a law punishing homosexual relationships in certain circumstances. These two examples illustrate contradictory attitudes adopted by European states towards homosexuals during the Second World War.

Going beyond the issue of the persecution of homosexuals and the central role played by Nazi Germany between 1939 and 1945, this book is the first to examine the daily lives of homosexual men and women in wartime. By bringing together European specialists on the subject, it relates a different history, one which was indeed marked by repression but also by enlistment in armies at war and resistance groups, not to mention collaboration. Chapter by chapter, it enables us to better understand why the Second World War was a turning point for gays and lesbians in Europe and why our continent is a leader in the fight against discrimination.

For the Council of Europe, this book contributes to two separate programmes, the Passing on the Remembrance of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity programme and the Promoting Human Rights and Equality for LGBT People programme, within the framework of Committee of Ministers Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 on combating discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity programme. It also continues work towards acknowledging all of the victims of the Nazi regime.

*Régis Schlagdenhauffen is a lecturer at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), head of the gender-based social history department, member of the Laboratory of Excellence “Writing a new history of Europe” (LabEx EHNE) and co-author of the Council of Europe pedagogical factsheets for teachers entitled “Victims of Nazism. A mosaic of fates” (2015).

La musique dans le système concentrationaire nazi . Manuel pédagogique pour les enseignants

Presented by Amaury Du Closel

French only

Victims of Nazism – A mosaic of Fates». Pedagogical Factsheets for teachers

Régis Schlagdenhauffen and Francine Mayran (2015)

Those education factsheets on the different categories of Nazi victims are designed to help teachers prepare their lessons on the history and remebrance of the Holocaust. Each sheet gives an overview of the Nazi persecution of a specific victim group.

European Pack for visiting Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum: Guidelines for Teachers and Educators

(2011). ISBN 978-92-871-6794-1.
Taking groups of students to the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is a heavy responsibility, but it is a major contribution to citizenship if it fosters understanding of what Auschwitz stands for, particularly when the last survivors are at the end of their lives. It comes with certain risks, however.This pack is designed for teachers wishing to organise student visits to authentic places of remembrance, and for the guides, academics and others who work every day with young people at Auschwitz.

The testimony of the survivor in the class-room. 16 pedagogical factsheets.

Fabienne Regard (2009). French version only

Information fact sheets on Roma History

December 2008

This collection of pedagogical fact sheets on Roma history is available in Albanian, English, French, German, Italian, Romani, Romanian, Serbian and Swedish.

See, among others, sheet 5.0 Holocauste

The shoah on screen - Representing crimes against humanity

Anne-Marie Baron (2006). ISBN 978-92-871-5960-1
In attempting to portray the Holocaust and crimes against humanity on the big screen, film-makers generally have to address the key question of realism. This is both an ethical and an artistic issue. The full range of approaches has been adopted, covering documentaries and fiction, historical reconstructions such as Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List, depicting reality in all its details, and more symbolic films such as Roberto Benigni's Life is beautiful. Some films have been very controversial, and it is important to understand why.Is cinema the best way of informing the younger generations about what took place, or should this perhaps be left, for example, to CD-Roms, videos or archive collections? What is the difference between these and the cinema as an art form? Is it possible to inform and appeal to the emotions without being explicit? Is emotion itself, though often very intense, not ambivalent? These are the questions addressed by this book which sets out to show that the cinema, a major art form today, cannot merely depict the horrors of concentration camps but must also nurture greater sensitivity among increasingly younger audiences, inured by the many images of violence conveyed in the media.


Teaching about the Holocaust in the 21st century

J.M. Lecomte (2001)  ISBN 978-92-871-4537-6
This teaching pack, based on the work of such widely recognised authors as Raul Hilberg, Sir Martin Gilbert, Saul Friedlander and Christopher Browning, plus first-hand accounts, including those of Primo Levi, Hermann Langbein and Claude Lanzmann's interviewees, offers teachers a body of knowledge for use in course planning. In addition, the pack brings to the forefront facts and figures on victims often "overlooked", Roma/Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.
Included is a certain amount of material about the nature and implementation of the genocide in different countries. Beyond any specific local characteristics, what emerges from the succinct descriptions of how and where this genocide was carried out is the comprehensiveness of the nazi enterprise.


The Holocaust in the school curriculum : a European perspective

(1998)  ISBN 978-92-871-3352-6
This monograph is intended to help educators who wish to include the Holocaust in their teaching programmes.
The first part of the book briefly provides some background information on teaching the Holocaust. The second part discusses the issues and problems involved in teaching about the Holocaust, the types of victims, and the attitudes towards the Holocaust which may be encountered, and the last part provides a directory of organisations involved directly or indirectly with teaching about the Holocaust.

Education Newsletter


Proceeding of the colloquies

Proceedings of the colloquy "Music and concentration camps" Council of Europe - 7 and 8 November 2013

Amaury Du Closel (2015)
French only



Proceeding of the training seminars

Teaching about the Holocaust. Vilnius (Lithuania), 1-6 April 2000.

European seminar for educational staff. ISBN 978-92-871-5293-0
The seminar's aims were to discuss the Holocaust in the context of history teaching in Eurpean schools, to analyse historical consciousness vis-à-vis the Holocaust, to study in depth the diffrent methods that can be adopted in the teaching and learning of the Holocaust, to propose some recommendations to help our students to become more familiar with the Holocaust and its serious implications for all humanity.


Teaching about the Holocaust and the History of genocide in the 21st Century.

90th European Teachers’ Seminar. Donaueschingen, (Germany), 6-10 November 2000.  Jean-Michel Lecomte, Gunther Volk, Hildegard Vieregg, Karen Polak, Pierre Chauve. ISBN 978-92-871-5292-3
This book gathers contributions of several experts :
- Why and how to teach about the Holocaust and Mechanisms which lead to genocide, by J.M. Lecomte
- German History 1933-1945 as reflected in Anglo-American literature of the present by G. Volk
- Visits of memorial sites by H. Vieregg
- The use of oral testimonies concerning the Holocaust, by K. Polak
-The use of modern technology and archives by P. Chauve
-Kristallnacht, by E. Kolman


Remembering the Past and Preventing Crimes against Humanity.

Seminar. Bucharest (Roumania), 7-10 May 2003. A report by Mihai Manea. ISBN 978-92-871-5311-1
The seminar's aims were to discuss how the Holocaust is represented in the history curricula and textbooks of the European countries, debate on the didactical methods and increase the awareness among history educators about various available additional teaching materials such as cinema, art, museums, ICT, etc.


Our memory of the past and for the future.

Jerusalem (Israel), 15-21 September 2003. ISBN 978-92-871-5603-7
This publication is based on the proceedings of an international forum organised in conjunction with the Council of Europe which took place at Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, in September 2003. During the seminar, participants from ten countries exchanged ideas on their respective historical narratives and explored questions relating to various techniques and tools to foster education about and remembrance of the Holocaust throughout Europe. This volume, which indudes classroom lessons and educational guidelines, has been written within the framework of the Council of Europe's project "Teaching Remembrance: Education for the Prevention of Crimes against Humanity".


Proceedings of the seminar "Teaching the Remembrance of the Holocaust: Education for the prevention of crimes against humanity".

Budapest (Hungary), 15-17 April 2004.


Seminar "History and remembrance", Education for the prevention of crimes against humanity.

Brusells (Belgium), 16-20 March 2004. (French only)


Teaching and Remembering about the Holocaust

Bratislava (Slovak Republic) 20-22 January 2006. Report of the workshop