The Execution Department published today the third thematic factsheet on the execution of ECHR judgments concerning freedom of religion.
The European Court has underlined that freedom of religion is one of the foundations of a democratic society within the meaning of the Convention. Pluralism, which is intrinsically linked to democratic society, depends on it. Over the years the Court has developed a rich case-law concerning freedom of religion while the execution by States of the relevant judgments has been supervised by the Committee of Ministers.
The present factsheet sets out several examples of measures adopted and reported by States, in the context of the execution of the European Court's judgments, in order to safeguard and protect freedom of religion. The factsheet focuses on the following major issues: recognition and organisation of religious communities; conscientious objection; religious discrimination; freedom of religion in courts and education; freedom of religion in civil law matters and of persons in detention.