Policy is a driving force in education. It formalizes and shapes the work of educational practitioners.

However, effective implementation of policy in educational establishments depends on 3 key elements:

  • unambiguous definitions,
  • clear goals, and
  • a means of evaluation to measure progress.

The Recommendation on DCE published by the Council of Europe in 2019 provides comprehensive guidelines for policy makers and decision-makers, based on research into the competence needs of digital citizens.