Digital Citizenship refers to the ability to engage positively, critically, and competently in the digital environment, drawing on the skills of effective communication and creation, to practice forms of social participation that are respectful of human rights and dignity through the responsible use of technology.


The Council of Europe’s Competences for Democratic Culture (Council of Europe, 2016) provides the starting point for this approach to digital citizenship, noting that the competences which citizens need to acquire if they are to participate effectively in a culture of democracy are not acquired automatically but instead need to be learned and practised.

Living digital citizenship calls for a holistic yet multi-faceted approach to digital citizenship education, offering young citizens ample opportunities to exercise their competences in a conducive learning environment whether at school, at home or in the community.