Priorities for the Directorate general of democracy
Every two years the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decides on the programme of activities and the corresponding budget of each sector of the Organisation.
For the period 2020-2021, the main work priorities of the Directorate General of Democracy are centred on: promoting human rights and dignity; strengthening democratic governance and fostering innovation; and, promoting participation and diversity.
- Promoting human rights and dignity covers: equality, diversity and tackling violence against women and girls (GREVIO), racism and intolerance (ECRI), promoting social inclusion and respect for human rights (Roma), minorities (national minorities, regional or minority languages) and the rights of the child.
- Strengthening democratic governance and fostering innovation covers: democratic governance, strengthening democratic dialogue, building inclusive societies and the Council of Europe Development Bank.
- Promoting participation and diversity covers: education for democratic citizenship, the European Centre for Modern Languages, the North-South Centre, Youth for Democracy, the European Youth Foundation, youth mobility through the Youth Card, valuing culture, nature and heritage – Eurimages, Cultural Routes, managing natural catastrophes and major natural and technological disasters (EUR-OPA) – and the two European Youth Centres, in Strasbourg and Budapest.
Also covered are:
- Ensuring social rights: the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and Healthcare (EDQM, Pharmacopia).
- Countering threats to the rule of law: trafficking in human beings (GRETA) and sport and integrity (Enlarged Partial Agreement on Sport, EPAS).
Why these priorities?
The Council of Europe regards the protection of human dignity, democratic governance, innovation, participation and diversity and as the most pressing challenges for democracy today. The need to build inclusive societies across Europe, based on these principles, has never been more urgent, given the ongoing threat of violent extremism and terrorism, on one hand, and the challenges posed by the current refugee crisis, on the other.
“Recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world” — the opening words of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) have lost nothing of their relevance. In Europe today, the dignity of many is threatened by discrimination, violence and marginalisation. Addressing issues like racism, intolerance, hatred of minorities, violence against women, the trafficking of human beings or sexual violence against children is vital for a continent committed to common human rights values. Injustice and bias often have deep historic roots, but new threats to the dignity of the human being are emerging constantly.
Education is central to democratic societies. Schools, universities, civil society organisations and other learning institutions should encourage the acquisition and practice of values and skills which are essential for democracy.
The fast pace of social, economic and technological change make it imperative to adapt the institutions of democracy to the requirements of the 21st century. Implementing the principles of good, democratic governance for all public authorities is an ongoing challenge. A vibrant civil society and the ability of public services to manage Europe’s diverse societies in a democratic manner are crucial to create a true “culture of democracy”.
Citizens’ participation is the lifeblood of democracy. The long-term trend of falling voter turnout in general elections almost everywhere on the continent indicates a growing problem, echoed by the widespread withdrawal from trade unions and other types of civil society organisations. Specific population groups still experience acute problems when they try to participate actively and without discrimination in public life. The legitimacy of democracy – and its future – depends on the ability to open up new, attractive ways to engage with all citizens.
The cultural diversity of European societies is growing, due to globalisation, migration and increased mobility. Mounting populist and xenophobic trends in many parts of Europe, often aggravated by economic problems and the weakening of human rights protection and social cohesion, are symptomatic of a crisis which requires a constructive response: the development of intercultural competences and dialogue based on shared human rights standards. Europe, faced with serious demographic challenges, must learn to realise the benefits of diversity.