Details of Treaty No.174

Civil Law Convention on Corruption
Title Civil Law Convention on Corruption
Reference ETS No.174
Opening of the treaty Strasbourg, 04/11/1999  - Treaty open for signature by the member States and the non-member States which have participated in its elaboration and for accession by other non-member States and by the European Union
Entry into Force 01/11/2003  - 14 Ratifications.

It is the first attempt to define common international rules in the field of civil law and corruption. It requires Contracting Parties to provide in their domestic law "for effective remedies for persons who have suffered damage as a result of acts of corruption, to enable them to defend their rights and interests, including the possibility of obtaining compensation for damage" (art.1).

The Convention is divided into three chapters, they cover: measures to be taken at national level, international co-operation and monitoring of implementation) and final clauses. In ratifying the Convention, the States undertake to incorporate its principles and rules into their domestic law, taking into account their own particular circumstances.

The Convention deals with :

  • compensation for damage;
  • liability (including State liability for acts of corruption committed by public officials);
  • contributory negligence: reduction or disallowance of compensation, depending on the circumstances;
  • validity of contracts;
  • protection of employees who report corruption;
  • clarity and accuracy of accounts and audits;
  • acquisition of evidence;
  • court orders to preserve the assets necessary for the execution of the final judgment and for the maintenance of the status quo pending resolution of the points at issue;
  • international co-operation.

The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) will monitor commitments entered into under the Convention by the States Party.

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