Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 - European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Nature of declaration : Declarations, Denunciations, Derogations
Status as of 05/12/2020

Romania

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that the provisions of Article 9 of the Charter shall apply according to the stipulations of Article 128 of the Romanian Constitution, republished, as well as of Article 14 of the Law on the judicial organization no. 304 of 2004, republished with subsequent completions and modifications.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 9

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that the phrase "number considered sufficient" provided for by Article 8, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph a(iii), of the Charter, means the minimum number of pupils necessary to establish a classroom or group, according to the provisions of Article 158 of the Educational Law no. 84 of 1995, republished with subsequent completions and modifications.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 8

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that:

1. The provisions of the Charter shall apply to the following minority languages used on the territory of Romania:

a) Albanian language;
b) Armenian language;
c) Bulgarian language;
d) Czech language;
e) Croatian language;
f) German language;
g) Greek language;
h) Italian language;
i) Yiddish language;
j) Macedonian language;
k) Hungarian language;
l) Polish language;
m) Romany language;
n) Russian language;
o) Ruthenian language;
p) Serbian language;
q) Slovak language;
r) Tatar language;
s) Turkish language;
s) Ukrainian language.

2. For the purpose of the Romanian law, the regional or minority languages refer to the languages of the national minorities.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 3

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that, in accordance with Article 2, paragraph 2, and Article 3, paragraph 1, of the Charter, the following provisions included in Part III of the Charter shall apply to the following national minorities languages:

a) Bulgarian language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), b(ii), c(iii), d(iv), e(ii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, c, d, e, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b, c;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

b) Czech language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), b(ii), c(iii), d(iv), g, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, c, d, e, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b, c;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

c) Croatian language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(i), b(i), c(ii), e(iii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, d, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

d) German language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(i), b(i), c(i), d(i), e(i), f(iii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v), b, c;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, c, d, e, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b, c;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), d, e(i), f(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b, c;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs c, d, e;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

e) Hungarian language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(i), b(i), c(i), d(i), e(i), f(i), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v), b, c;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, c, d, e, f, g;
- paragraph 3;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), b(i), c(i), d, e(i), f(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs c, d, e;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

f) Russian language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(iii), c(iii), d(iv), e(ii), f(iii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, d, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

g) Serbian language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), b(i), c(i), d(iv), e(ii), g, h, i;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, d, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

h) Slovak language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(i), b(i), c(i), d(iv), e(ii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, d, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a, b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

i) Turkish language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(i), b(i), c(i), d(iv), e(ii), f(iii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, d, e, f, g;
- paragraph 3;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraph b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b;

j) Ukrainian language:
. Article 8 – Education:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(i), b(i), c(i), d(iv), e(iii), f(iii), g, h, i;
- paragraph 2;

. Article 9 – Justice:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), b(ii), b(iii), c(ii), c(iii), d;
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraph a;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 10 – Administrative authorities and public services:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(ii), a(iii), a(iv), a(v);
- paragraph 2, sub-paragraphs b, d, e, f, g;
- paragraph 3, sub-paragraphs a, b, c;
- paragraph 4, sub-paragraphs b, c;
- paragraph 5;

. Article 11 – Media:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs a(iii), b(ii), c(ii), d, e(i), g;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 12 – Cultural activities and facilities:
- paragraph 1;
- paragraph 2;
- paragraph 3;

. Article 13 – Economic and social life:
- paragraph 1, sub-paragraph b;

. Article 14 – Transfrontier exchanges:
- paragraph a;
- paragraph b.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 3, 2

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that, in accordance with Article 2, paragraph 1, of the Charter, the provisions of Part II of the Charter shall apply to the following regional or minority languages:

a) Albanian language;
b) Armenian language;
c) Greek language;
d) Italian language;
e) Yiddish language;
f) Macedonian language;
g) Polish language;
h) Romany language;
i) Ruthenian language;
j) Tatar language.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 2

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that the provisions of Article 11, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph f(i), of the Charter shall apply according to the provisions of the Law on the organization and functioning of the Romanian Radio Compagy and the Romanian Television Company no. 41 of 1994.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 11

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that the provisions of Article 10 of the Charter shall apply according to the stipulations of the Romanian Constitution, republished, and the Local Public Administration Law no. 215 of 2001, republished, as well as of the Framework Convention on the Protection of National Minorities, adopted at Strasbourg, on 1 February 1995, ratified by Romania by the Law no. 33 of 1995.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 10

Declaration contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 29 January 2008 – Or. Engl.

Romania declares that the phrase "territory in which the regional or minority languages is used" provided for by Article 1, paragraph b, of the Charter, means the administrative-territorial units in which a regional or minority language is used by at least 20% of the population of these administrative-territorial units.
Period covered: 01/05/2008 -
Articles concerned : 1


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