Belgium // 46 States, one Europe

Belgium joined of the Council of Europe on 5 May 1949. It is a founder member of the Organisation.

Action of the Council of Europe in Belgium


Prevention of torture

The European Committee for the prevention of torture visits places of detention (for juvenile or immigration detainees, police stations, psychiatric hospitals) in order to assess how persons deprived of their liberty are treated.

Visits and reports


Fight against racism

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) is an independent monitoring body which provides member States with concrete and practical advice on how to tackle problems of racism and intolerance in their country.



Protection of social rights

The European Social Charter is a Council of Europe treaty which guarantees social and economic human rights. It was adopted in 1961 and revised in 1996. The European Committee of Social Rights rules on the conformity of the situation in States with the European Social Charter, the 1988 Additional Protocol and the Revised European Social Charter.




Protection of minorities

The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities provides for a monitoring system to evaluate how the treaty is implemented in State Parties. An advisory Committee adopts recommendations to improve minority protection. Belgium has signed the Convention on 31 July 2001, but has not yet ratified it.

 More information


Fight against corruption

The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) monitors member states' compliance with the Council of Europe anti-corruption standards with the objective to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption.



Fight against money laundering

MONEYVAL Committee of experts

The committee evaluates the effectiveness of domestic measures to counter money laundering and the financing of terrorism in Council of Europe member states which are not members of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Council of Europe member states which are members of MONEYVAL but subsequently become members of the FATF can elect to retain full membership of MONEYVAL. Applicant states for membership and other non-member states which are not members of the FATF may apply to join the terms of reference under certain conditions. Belgium is member of the FATF.



The Conference of the Parties under the Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism (CETS No. 198) monitors the proper implementation of the Convention by the Parties.



Democracy through Law

The European Commission for Democracy through Law - the Venice Commission - is an advisory body on constitutional matters which plays a leading role in the adoption of constitutions that conform to the standards of Europe's constitutional heritage



Fight against trafficking in human beings

The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) is responsible for monitoring implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the Parties. It regularly publishes evaluation reports.



Justice system

European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ)

The aim of the CEPEJ is the improvement of the efficiency and functioning of justice in the member States.


Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE)

This consultative body to the Committee of Ministers prepares opinions, promotes the implementation of Rec(2000)19 and collects information about the functioning of prosecution services in Europe.


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Belgium in the Council of Europe

Committee of Ministers

Hadja Lahbib, Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Affairs and Foreign Trade and the Federal Cultural Institutions
- Jean-Cédric Janssens de Bisthoven, Ambassador, Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe

Parliamentary Assembly

Belgium is represented in the Parliamentary Assembly by a delegation of 7 representatives and 7 substitutes.

Working documents

Adopted texts

Congress of Local and Regional Authorities

Belgium is represented in the Congress by a delegation of 7 representatives and 7 substitutes.

Monitoring reports

 Observation of elections


European Court of Human Rights

- Judge to the European Court of Human Rights: Frédéric Krenc
- Applications allocated to a decision body(*) in 2021: 155
- Judgments in 2021: 16 of which 8 violations and 8 non-violations 

(*) Do not include applications which are at the pre-judicial stage (incomplete case file)

Country profiles

Execution of Court's judgments

Commissioner for Human Rights

As part of his mandate, the Commissioner carries out visits to countries in order to monitor the human rights situation and pursue a dialogue with national authorities and civil societies.


Council of Europe Treaties

Treaties ratified and signed by Belgium


The Council of Europe's budget, for 2022, is € 477M.

The contribution of Belgium is € 8 570 015.

Liaison Office in Brussels


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European Court of Human Rights judgments in cases of human rights violations have led to the improvement of people’s lives across Council of Europe member states.