Human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI)
Despite progress in many areas over the last decades, people in Europe are still stigmatised because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity. Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons cannot fully enjoy their universal human rights. They run a risk of becoming victims of hate crime and may not receive protection when attacked in the street by fellow citizens.
Some LGBTI organisations are denied registration or are banned from organising peaceful meetings and demonstrations in Europe. The freedom of expression of LGBTI people has also been subject to unjustified restrictions. Many LGBTI persons have fled to Council of Europe member states from countries where their human rights are not protected and they may even risk being tortured or executed because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Too few opinion leaders and leading politicians have taken a firm stand against homophobic and transphobic expressions, discrimination and violence. The Commissioner for Human Rights has therefore put the human rights of LGBTI persons and the fight against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics firmly on his agenda.
The Commissioner regularly raises this topic with authorities in member states, and has expressed his concerns in country monitoring reports and specific thematic publications, such as the Issue Paper on Human Rights and Gender Identity.
In 2011, the Commissioner launched a detailed report on 'Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity', covering all member states of the Council of Europe. In May 2015 the Commissioner published an Issue Paper on human rights and intersex people.
- Georgian authorities should address the underlying reasons behind the discrimination and intolerance towards LGBTI people, and religious and other minority groups
- ILGA Europe Annual Conference 2023: the resilience of the movement for LGBTI equality hinges on solidarity
- North Macedonia: Parliament should seize opportunity to protect the human rights of trans people and execute the European Court’s judgment on legal gender recognition