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These articles do not necessarily reflect official positions of the Council of Europe
The Executive Secretary of the Cybercrime Convention Committee, Alexander Seger, speaks about the impact of the Budapest Convention, its use as a framework for international cooperation on cybercrime, the evidence in the cloud and the rule of law in cyberspace:
- The Europeans Files, January 2016 – n°40
Cybercrime, Cybersecurity, Cyberdefence in Europe
"The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime: impact and outlook”
- CSR Cybersecurity Council Magazine, January 2016 – n°2
“International cooperation on cybercrime: The Budapest Convention as a framework”
- Europe’s world, Security Europe, December 7 2015
“Evidence in the cloud and the rule of law in cyberspace”
The most recent book of Dr. Cristos Velasco titled “Criminal Jurisdiction and Cross-Border Access on Cybercrime” [ISBN 978-84-9086-992-5] has been published by Tirant lo Blanch. This book is a continuation of its predecessor “Jurisdiction over Crimes Committed through Computer Systems and Internet” published in May 2012.
A large part of the content of this book is devoted to analyzing cross-border access to data and information by law enforcement authorities for purposes of criminal investigations in third countries. Although said topic is not new, it has gained attention and relevance in recent years mainly because the legal evidence that could be useful for a criminal investigation may be found not only in computer and information systems used by criminals located in different territories, but also hosted and stored in servers and data centers of cloud computing service providers that are usually located in different countries, a mater that complicates the work and criminal investigations of national law enforcement authorities.
Cross-border access to data by law enforcement authorities in third countries brings other controversial and complex issues to be resolved at the national and local level, such as aspects of national sovereignty under international law, safeguards and protection of fundamental rights such as the right to data protection, international cooperation aspects through multilateral legal mutual assistance mechanisms and conflict of laws on data protection between countries.
This book offers some insights, perspectives and possible solutions concerning this topic based on the author's experience and his active participation in international seminars and conferences related to cybercrime, cyber security and data protection.
This current edition also includes the review and analysis of the legal frameworks on criminal jurisdiction and legislation on crimes committed through the use of information technologies of ten Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Dominican Republic), as well a assessment of their respective Computer Emergency and Information Security Response Teams (CERT's) which play an important role in coordinating, facilitating and offering immediate response for both, victims of crime and organizations & institutions responsible for the management and control of security systems 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This book is divided into two parts; the first part consists of three chapters and the second part of four chapters; and finalizes with a section of conclusions and perspectives concerning the thematic that we are quite sure will be useful and relevant for public servants and employees of international and regional organizations; national data protection authorities and government offices in charge of creating and implementing policies on information and digital security; CERTs and 24x7 contact point networks; legislators and policy makers; trial and practicing attorneys, Judges, Magistrates and professionals responsible for the administration of criminal justice; professors; researchers and law students interested in the subject.
I will be officially presenting this book during international conferences and seminars related to cybercrime, information security and data protection in Europe and Latin America, as well as in some universities and academic circles in Spain and Mexico during 2016, including the International Book Fair of Guadalajara in December 2016. The book can be purchased in electronic or print format at:
Tirant lo Blanch España (Spain and countries of the European Union)
Tirant lo Blanch México (Mexico, United States, Canada and countries of Latin America)
Springer recently published an article I co-authored with Professor Julia Hörnle and Anna- Maria Osula titled: “Global Views on Internet Jurisdiction and Trans-border Access” This article was originally published in the book: Data Protection on the Move. Current Developments in ICT and Privacy/Data Protection coordinated by Serge Gutwirth, Ronald Leenes & Paul de Hert.
This article offers insights and perspectives on the jurisdiction of law enforcement authorities (LEAs) under international law and reviews current approaches to the territoriality principle and trans-border access to data for LEAs to conduct criminal investigations; controversial topics that are currently in the center of discussions, both at the international and national level. The views and perspectives offered in this paper seek to contribute to the international debate on cross-border access to data by LEAs and how the principles on internet jurisdiction should evolve in order to turn the administration of the criminal justice system more efficient, dynamic and compliant with the needs to obtain and secure evidence while respecting data protection safeguards.
The complete bibliography info of the publication is the following:
Article title: “Global Views on Internet Jurisdiction and Trans-border Access”
Authors: Cristos Velasco, Julia Hörnle and Anna- Maria Osula
Book title: Data Protection on the Move. Current Developments in ICT and Privacy/Data Protection
Published on: January 2016
Suggested citation: Cristos Velasco, Julia Hornle & Anna- Maria Osula, “Global Views on Internet Jurisdiction and Trans-border Access” in Data Protection on the Move. Current Developments in ICT and Privacy/Data Protection, Springer (2016), Pages 465-476.
Print ISBN: 978-94-017-7375-1
Online ISBN: 978-94-017-7376-8
Series Title: Law, Governance and Technology Series
Series Volume: 24
Series ISSN: 2352-1902
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Chapter available for purchase at:
Book available for purchase at:
Durante esta semana, la Secretaría de Gobernación (SEGOB), la Comisión Nacional de Seguridad (CNS), la Policía Federal (PF) y la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA) organizan la Semana Nacional de la Ciberseguridad 2015 (#SemanaCiberseguridadMX) en distintas sedes en la ciudad de México. El primer día (26 de Octubre), se llevó a cabo la inauguración y conferencias magistrales en las instalaciones de la SEGOB; el segundo día (27 de Octubre) en el Senado de la República; y el tercer día (28 de Octubre) en el Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Penales (INACIPE) de la Procuraduría General de la República.
Algunos de los puntos más destacados de los tres días de la conferencia fueron:
- Belisario Contreras de la OEA indicó que en las próximas semanas, la OEA dará a conocer un documento que contendrá una guía sobre mejores practicas de los Centros de Respuesta a Incidencias de Cómputo y Seguridad Informática -mejor conocidos como CERT’s- para la región de Latinoamérica y el Caribe.
- Aníbal Quiñónez, representante en México de la OEA advirtió que es necesario impulsar un marco jurídico integral y suficiente para enjuiciar el delito cibernético, además de la necesidad de mejorar la capacitación en las últimas tecnologías y técnicas de criminalística digital, para quienes hacen frente a esta problemática.
- El Senador Omar Fayad del PRI dio a conocer su iniciativa de Ley Especial para Prevenir y Sancionar los Delitos Informáticos http://www.senado.gob.mx/sgsp/gaceta/63/1/2015-10-27-1/assets/documentos/Inic_PRI_Ley_Delitos_Informaticos.pdf y comentó que la someterá a discusión y comentarios en su página personal y en la del Senado de la República.
- La División Científica de la Policía Federal estima que el número de incidentes de seguridad cibernética en México ha aumentado más de 100 por ciento entre los años 2012 y 2013 e indicó que de los incidentes denunciados, 31 por ciento se realizaron contra instituciones gubernamentales, 26 por ciento contra entidades del sector privado, 39 contra organizaciones académicas y 4 por ciento contra otras entidades. México fue ranqueado en el segundo lugar en la comisión de delitos informáticos en la región.
- El Director de la Policía Federal y el Comisario General Dr. Ciro Humberto Ortiz Estrada, Titular de la División Científica de la Policía Federal indicaron que al concluir el ciclo de conferencias, se espera concluir un modelo o acuerdo marco nacional sobre policía cibernética en la lucha en contra del ciberdelito.
Los videos de las presentaciones de los tres días de conferencias se encuentran en la página de la Policía Federal en: https://www.youtube.com/user/PFMexico?app=desktop
Algunas noticias, artículos y fotos relacionadas con la Semana de Ciberseguridad 2015:
Excelsior, “Buscan Modelo Jurídico Penal para delitos de ciberseguridad”, 26 de Octubre de 2015 http://www.excelsior.com.mx/nacional/2015/10/26/1053458
MVS Noticias, “Urge OEA a incrementar capacitación en seguridad de las redes a fin de evitar ciberdelincuencia”, 26 de Octubre de 2015 http://www.noticiasmvs.com/#!/noticias/urge-oea-a-incrementar-capacitacion-en-seguridad-de-las-redes-a-fin-de-evitar-ciberdelincuencia-66
MVS Noticias, “Indispensable desarrollar estrategia global ante delitos cibernéticos: PF”, 26 de Octubre de 2015 http://www.noticiasmvs.com/#!/noticias/indispensable-desarrollar-estrategia-global-ante-delitos-ciberneticos-pf-618
OMNIA, “Fiscal General participa en la Semana Nacional de la Ciberseguridad”, 26 de Octubre de 2015 http://www.omnia.com.mx/noticias/fiscal-general-participa-en-la-semana-nacional-de-la-ciberseguridad/
El Financiero, “Hay que aplicar estrategia común para combatir delitos cibernéticos: PF”, 26 de Octubre de 2015 http://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/nacional/hay-que-aplicar-estrategia-comun-para-combatir-delitos-ciberneticos-pf.html
Comunicado de Prensa No. 700 de la Comisión Nacional de Seguridad de la SEGOB de fecha 27 de Octubre de 2015. “Durante “Semana Nacional de Ciberseguridad” PF y Senado Analizan Retos Jurídicos para Compartir y Prevenir la Cibercriminalidad” http://www.cns.gob.mx/portalWebApp/appmanager/portal/desk;jsessionid=PsqSWwhBvDf14KTvdnQyh24sXCJdvw8hypxsTn8Lj1wPKSVxLrtL!-1153552922?_nfpb=true&_windowLabel=portlet_1_1&portlet_1_1_actionOverride=%2Fboletines%2FDetalleBoletin&portlet_1_1id=1398152
Nota de Prensa No. 396 del Senado de la República sobre la presentación del Senador Omar Fayad
Fotos de los Ponentes en el Senado de la República
Videos de las presentaciones del tercer día de la conferencia se encuentran en la página de la Policía Federal https://www.youtube.com/user/PFMexico?app=desktop
The German Publishing Company Springer recently published an article of my authorship titled: “Cybercrime jurisdiction: past, present and future” This article was published in the ERA Forum Journal of the Academy of European Law as part of my participation as lecturer in the training courses on legal and technical aspects of cybercrime for Judges and Prosecutors organized by the Academy of European Law (ERA) in Trier, Germany during 2014 and 2015. Here is the complete bibliography info of the publication:
Article title: Cybercrime jurisdiction: past, present and future
Author: Cristos Velasco
Journal title: ERA Forum Journal of the Academy of European Law
Final version published online: 24 June 2015
Suggested citation: Cristos Velasco, “Cybercrime jurisdiction: past, present and future” in ERA Forum Journal of the Academy of European Law, Springer, October 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp. 331-347.
Full bibliographic details: ERA Forum, Journal of the Academy of European Law, Springer (2015), 17 pages.
DOI information: 10.1007/s12027-015-0379-y
Article in PDF available for download at:
Marco Federico Site Administrator: www.servizisegreti.com
The study analyzes - both from a legal point of view, that policy - the problem of the threats from cyber-space perspective of small and medium Italian enterprises, delineating also the top 15 best practices for this sector in the field of cyber-security. By dott. Stefano Mele
The European Centre for Information Policy and Security (ECIPS) recently held discussions with INTERPOL in aim to assist the development of a global legal framework for Cyber Policing. Some of the talks focused on the lack of the Budapest Convention to indite criminals and terrorist across the border that invoke the illegal and criminal activities. The discussion was attended by an ECIPS delegation invited to visit INTERPOL Headquarters in Lyon, France.
This is a collection of news items related to activities on cybercrime by the Council of Europe and other partners. Members of the community are encouraged to add further links.
Ghana: Workshop on cyber laws in the ECOWAS region (Accra, 18-21 March 2014)
Senegal: GLACY Getting Started Conference (Dakar, 24-27 March 2014)
Mexico: Workshop on cybercrime legislation in Latin America (Mexico City: 31 March – 2 April 2014)
Colombia: OAS mission on cybersecurity (Bogota, 31 March – 4 April 2014)
European Cybercrime Centre
More and more concern is being set to Child on line safety given that access to information for education is very much online, and many governments are giving importance to Internet access at home and schools. However the vulnerability of Children on internet are many nowadays :
- Solicitation, Grooming and Luring of Children
- Sexual Exploitation / Abuse ( Causing or recruiting a child to participate in pornographic performances
- Bullying, Harassment and Discrimination
All depends on the Law in place in a country to attend to such breaches , and in the absence of a proper Cyber Crime / Child on-line safety legislation , can we think anything about the following :
- Any other law in place specifically addressing Cybercrime-related offences / investigation to protect the child.
- How to attend to procedures related to search and seizure of computer data, computer systems and storage devices ?
- How to attend to cases where the data is residing outside the country than where it is reported ?
- Where and how does Law enforcement get the power to attend to cyber crime ? ( i.e taking away stored data / imaging / retrieval of evidence)
- What obligations are put on people having knowledge / skill to help investigation when offences are disclosed ( criminal sanction) ?
- How preservation, disclosure, production of stored data be dealt with in cases of online child pornography or abuse?
- What will be the obligations of Internet Service Providers in such cases? Can there be online real time interception of data ?
There are many grey areas that will not be answered if there is no such law , and of course if there is no international cooperation to combat child abuse online.
Other than laws, countries are also looking at :
- reating major Awareness Campaigns for children at School, and for Parents to protect the children when they use internet. This include educational and information resources to promote awareness among parents, teachers and other professionals who work with children., and awareness among media professionals, in order to provide them with the necessary information to report child online safety issues. Also promote awareness among law enforcement agencies on the sensitive issues of child safety.
See : The Council of Europe - Empowering and Protecting the Children on Internet : http://www.saferinternetday.org/web/council-of-europe/my-home
- Provide for filtering at the level of ISPs as safety measures for schools and public Internet Access points. Filtering at the level of all ISPs for known sites hosting Child Pornography .
(iii) Convention on the Rights of Children
(iv) On-line Child Safety Action Plans ( In Mauritius the National Computer Board has worked on an action plan in 2009 : http://www.gov.mu/portal/sites/isf/files/Final%20Action%20Plan%20ve...
We see that many countries are involved at the The European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online (eNACSO) , and the Focus areas are :
- Internet governance and online child protection
- Fight against online child sexual abuse material
- Identification and protection of child victims of sexual online abuse
- Protection and prevention measures in children’s use of interactive technologies
- Online grooming, manipulation, and sexual exploitation
- Children’s participation in policy development
Thanks to awareness campaigns people are becoming more alert on this vulnerability of children on internet. However law enforcement has much to do in this area as regards to cyber patrol and investigations.
Inputs from friends are most welcome on this topic !!!
- Cybercrime website
- Contact form
- Template: Mutual Legal Assistance Request for subscriber information (Art. 31 Budapest Convention). Available in Albanian, Bosnian,
Serbian and Turkish
- Template: Data Preservation Request (Articles 29 and 30 Budapest Convention). Available in Albanian, Bosnian,
Serbian and Turkish