Costa Rica

Last updated : 20/02/2018

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : Party Ratified : 22/09/2017 See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

Party since: 22 September 2017

Costa Rica has not yet adopted a comprehensive cybercrime or national cyber security strategy. The Government of Costa Rica has been very active participating in the Inter-American Strategy to Combat Threats to Cyber security of the Organization of American States (OAS) through the Computer Security and Incident Response Team (CSIRT-CR) of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications.

The Government of Costa Rica through the Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications participated in the Workshop on Cybercrime Legislation in Latin America organized by the Council of Europe and the Government of Mexico from March 31 to April 2, 2014 where the representatives of said Ministry provided updates on substantive and procedural legislation and the national activities to counter cybercrime.

During the workshop, the representative of said Ministry commented on the creation of a Division within the Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications that will be especially in charge of cyber security matters pursuant to the National Development Plan of Telecommunications. He commented that the Budapest Convention was approved during the first Plenary Debate and was submitted to the Parliamentary Commissions and the Senate in December 2013.

Costa Rica has a new government, which took office and officially commenced activities on May 8, 2014. It is expected that the national Congress and the government of Costa Rica formally access the Budapest Convention under the course of the current administration.

Specialised institutions

The Judicial Investigation Organism of Costa Rica has a Division on Cybercrime Investigations, which along with the corresponding Offices of Public Prosecutors pertaining to the Ministerio Publico are the main authorities in charge of the investigation of crimes, including crimes committed through the use of computer systems and Internet.

The Computer Security and Incident Response Team (CSIRT-CR) of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications, which was officially created in March 2012 is the official government entity that facilitates and coordinates matters on information security and cybercrime among government entities and financial institutions pertaining to the State. The CSIRT-CR is composed of the heads of the main national Ministries and is the entity in charge of facilitating support and cooperation with administrative and judicial authorities for the investigation and prosecution on cybercrime and the coordination of activities and tasks within the Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism (CICTE) of the Organization of the American States and Interpol.

Jurisprudence/case law

The Supreme Court of Justice has issued findings and jurisprudence regarding child pornography and intervention of private communications. The case law can be consulted directly in the website of the Judicial Power of Costa Rica at:

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