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Franais

PARTIAL AGREEMENT IN THE SOCIAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH FIELD
 
PUBLIC HEALTH COMMITTEE
 
COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON COSMETIC PRODUCTS

 

Indicative catalogue of criteria for delimiting borderline situations between cosmetic and medicinal products

INTRODUCTION
 
Borderline situations and borderline products are to a very great extent defined by claims and the form of advertising given for a product. This became evident during the discussion of the data-sheets for borderline products and is laid down in the preamble of the CoE-publication “Cosmetic Products – Borderline Situations” prepared by the Committee of Experts on Cosmetic Products.
 
The cosmetic as well as the pharmaceutical products regulations in the Member States of the Partial Agreement give definitions (Directive 76/768/EC for cosmetics and the Directive 65/65/EC for pharmaceutical products). The classification of a product depends on the fulfilment of these definitions with regard to composition, application, function and presentation of the product.
 
Practically all regulations are quite clear as concerns the composition of a product by limiting or banning pharmacologically active, toxicologically relevant or downright poisonous substances in positive and negative ingredient lists. Unfortunately nowhere does the legislator define what exactly has to be understood by "pharmacological activity" or "toxicological relevance".
 
The mode and site of application is also quite clear; but the range of activity or function of a preparation is open to interpretation. For instance a product which has to be injected or implanted is nowhere considered as a legal cosmetic. But already products for oral application are interpreted differently in the Member States: e.g. chewing gums or (sugarless) "candies" for refreshing the breath or "beauty-from-within"-capsules (or any other galenical form) are classified in some countries as cosmetics, in other countries as food products.
 
Another example are products having antimicrobial properties. The cosmetic legislation does not define this expression. Is it just impeding (excessive) proliferation of germs ? Or must all microorganisms be killed or only a certain fraction ? In other words is an ”antimicrobial“ preparation microbistatic or microbicide or is a bactericide/fungicide still considered as a cosmetic product ?
 
When it comes to presentation (claims and advertising) of a product, legislators are at a loss: all countries ban, of course, claims referring to the prevention, alleviation or healing of diseases for cosmetics; but at present no definition is given of what is understood by the expression "disease"! It is also clearly understood that cosmetics are intended for (maintaining good condition) healthy and intact skin (hair, nails, teeth). But again no definition is given at what point skin is no longer intact or when a condition has to be named pathological. Would this for instance be the case when the skin itches? Or is an irritated skin no longer intact and already diseased ?
 
In general, direct references to the effectiveness of a preparation against diseases and illnesses are avoided in order to elude registration as a pharmaceutical. Nevertheless much creativity is spent on phrases and overall lay-out to suggest that a product has more than just "ordinary" cosmetic properties. In this way a grey area has emerged with numerous products whose classification is treated differently in the Member States due to different interpretations of the mentioned definitions.
 
 
In the following pages a catalogue has been compiled in order to demonstrate the different modes of delimitation between cosmetics and pharmaceuticals by the member states. The entries are samples and are by no means deemed to be comprehensive and complete. Having the inventiveness of the advertising people in mind this would be unachievable in any case.
 
The claims have been arranged for the whole range of cosmetic applications and split into two categories – Cosmetic claim and Non-cosmetic claim. In a 3rd column the national initials indicate the situation and classification in the corresponding Member State.
 
The alphabetical Index of key-words may help find corresponding entries.

 
I N D E X of K E Y W O R D S

 
 
Absorption 3.6
Accumulation of fat 11.42
Aches, aching 11.13; 11.19; 11.22
Acid aggression 6.7
Acid-composition 3.7
Acne, acneic and combinations with acne 2.34; 2.35; 2.38; 2.42; 2.43 2.47; 2.51; 2.54;
Activation of resistance 1.9; 1.11
Adallergic 2.59
Affections of skin p. 1; 2.2
Ageing by free radicals 3.3
Ageing, prevention 3.33; 3.35; 3.40
Airways 13.11
Allergy 2.55 - 2.61
Alleviates itch 2.4
Alopecia 12.7; 12.13;
Anti-ageing 3.28; 3.32; 3.34;
Antibacterial 7.1; 7.2
Anti-caries 6.4
Anti-dandruff 12.3
Anti-inflammatory 2.14;
Antimycotic 7.7
Anti-oxidants 3.1
Antiparasite 10.2
Antiseptic 7.3; 7.6; 7.8
Antistress 13.1
Aspect 1.22
Athletes foot 11.33
Atopic skin condition 2.8; 2.9
Augmented cover 9.16
 
Baby care 8.1 – 8.11
Back pain 11.15
Bacteria, combatting 6.31
Bacteriostatic 7.9
Bald, baldness 12.16; 12.19
Bath preparations 13.1 – 13.11
Benefice, beneficial 1.2; 1.19
Bio-energy 13.9; 13.4
Bites 10.5; 10.6; 10.9; 10.10; 10.11
Black heads 2.48
Bleeding of gums 6.26
Blemish, blemished 2.36
Blisters, blister-forming 11.17; 11.18
Blood-circulation 3. 9 – 3.18
Blotches 3.16
Boils 2.2; 2.49; 12.20
Brand names p. 1
Breast care 8.9
Breath 6.34
Breath, breething 13.10
Broken skin 2.25
Bruises p. 1
Burns p. 1
Burns, calming minor burns 2.30
 
Callosity 11.34; 11.35
Calming effect 2.20; 2.21
Calms irritation 2.13
Camouflage 11.28
Cancer 9.2
Capacity for skin repair 1.18
Capillary strengtheing 3.14
Care, caring 2.11
Caries 6.2; 6.4
Cavities 6.2
Cell defence promotion 1.6
Cell metabolism 12.11
Cellulitis, cellulite 11.38 – 11.41
Chapped lips 5.2
Chapped skin 2.18; 3.24
Chaps, chapping 11.20
Chewing gums p. 1
Chilblains 9.25
Cicatrization; promotion of 2.27
Circulation 3.10; 11.14
Clarifying 2.50
Cleansers for dentures p. 1
Clinical proof p. 2
Clinically tested p. 1
Cold and heat 6.12
Colds 13,11
Combats against bacteria 6.31
Comedogenous 9.21
Comedones 2.52
Company, pharmaceutical p. 2
Condition of gums 6.16
Connective tissues 1.19
Contagion, protection against 7.11
Cooling 9.10; 9.11
Corns 11.34; 11.35
Cough 13.11
Couperose, couperosis 3.16; 3.17; 11.31
Cracked skin 2.25
Cramps, cramping 11.5
Curative properties p. 1
Cysts, mycrocysts 2.40
 
Damage by free radicals 3.3
Damage, damaged skin 2.24; 9.7; 9.8; 9.14
Dandruff 12.3; 12.4;12.6
Dead skin cells 2.41
Decay 6.2
Defences 1.4
Dehaydration, protecion against 3.25
Dental hygiene 6.1
Dental problems 6.15
Dentists p. 1
Dentures, products for p. 1
Dermatitis, eczema 2.1; 2.2; 8.8
Dermatologic use 2.8
Dermatitis 8.8
Dermatoses 9.17
Deterioration of gums 6.28
Diaper rash, 8.2; 8.3
Disinfectant, disinfecting 7.3; 7.8; 7.10
Disinfection of teeth and oral cavity 6.32
Doctors p. 1
Dry, dryness of skin 3.19
 
Ear preparations p. 1
Easing promotion skin absorption 3.6
Echograph products p. 1
Eczema 2.1; 2.2; 8.8
Eczema, allergic 2.57
Elasticity of cell walls 3.6
Enamel 6.7
Enhancement of healing 9.13
Equilibrium 12.12
Exertion 11.3
Exfoliation, exfoliating 1.22
Exposure to sun 9.9
External 1.15
Extremely / excessively dry 3.20
Eye area 4.3;
Eye care 4.1 – 4.13
Eye sight 4.4
 
Fat, fatty deposits 11.37; 11.38; 11.42
Fatty hair 12.1
Feet and legs 11.17 – 11.35
Fever blisters, healing, preventing 5.4
Fibrosis 12.17
Fight against parodontosis 6.29
Figure forming products 11.37 – 11.45
Fissures of teeth 6.8
Fixatives for dentures p. 1
Freckles, pigment spots 3.29; 3.30
Free radical savenger 3.2
Function 1.4
Fungicidal, fungistatic 7.7; 7.9
 
General skin care 1.1 – 1.23
Germ killing 7.4; 7.5
Germicidal 7.7
Gingiva, gums 6.16 – 6.38
Gingivitis 6.21
Grazes p. 1
Growth of hair 12.18
Gum and teeth diseases 6.3
Gum irritation, gum problems 6.19; 6.20; 6.25
Gum protection 6.16
 
Hair and nail care 12.1 – 12.20
Hairloss 12.12; 12.13; 12.16
Healing enhancement 2.26; 9.13
healing properties p. 1
Health, healthy 1.3; 1.22
Heat and cold 6.12
Hemorrhoids 11.36
Homoeopathic properties p. 1
Hydration 3.19 – 3.27
Hygiene of feet 11.32
Hygiene, general 7.1 – 7.11
Hypersensitivity 2.56
Hypoallergenic 2.59
 
Illness p. 1
Immunal system; immunity 1.5; 1.8; 1.11
Improvement of appearance 2.36; 6.17
Indications, therapeutic p. 1
Infection of skin p. 1
Inflammation of gums 6.26; 6.30
Inflammation, eyes 4.12
Inflammation, irritation 2.13 – 2.23
Influence of weather 9.24
Injury 11.16; p.2
Insect bites 10.5; 10.6; 10.9; 10.10; 10.11
Insect protection 10.1 – 10.11
Intercourse, sexual, products for p. 1
Internal action p. 1; 1.15; 1.16
Irritation 2.13; 4.9; 8.1; 8.4; 8.7;
Itch, itching 2.4 - 2.12
Itch, itching 9.19; 9.20; 10.10; 10.11; 12.8; 12.9
 
Joints 11.11
 
Keloids 2.31
Killing, kill 10.2
Kills germs 7.4; 7.5
 
Lactic acid-level in blood and muscles 11.8 ; 11.9
Legs and feet 11.17 – 11.35
Lice 10.3
Lightening, skin 3.30
Light-induction 9.17
Liniment 11.4
Lip care 5.1 – 5.4
Lipid elimination 11.42
Lipo-reduction 11.42
Loose teeth, prevention 6.14
 
Mallorca-acne 9.22; 9.23
-med- p. 1
Medicinal properties p. 1
Melanin, excessive production 3.31
Melanoma 9.7
Metabolism 12.11
Microbistatic 7.9
Minerals 13.7
Modelling massage 11.43
Mouth dryness 6.35
Mucosa, oral 6.35
Muscles 11.3; 11.5 - 11.13; 11.15; 13.3
Mycoses 11.33
 
Nail and hair care 12.1 – 12.20
Napkins 8.4; 8.5
Nasal preparations p. 1
Necks of teeth 6.10
Nervous skin; nervousness 2.6; 2.7; 2.22; 2.23; 13.3
Neutralisation 10.7
Night blindness, protection against 4.13
Nimbleness 11.21
Nippels, broken skin 8.10
Non-comedogenous 9.21
Nourishement, nourishing 1.17; 3.5
Nursing personel, nursing p. 1; 8.9
 
Oligoelements 13.7
Oral care, teeth 6.1 – 6.38,
Oral use p. 1; 1.6
Orange.skin, orange-peel skin 11.41; 11.44
Overheated skin 9.18
 
Pains; painful 11.5; 11.15; 11.22
Parasites 10.2
Parodontosis 6.26; 6.29
Pathological condition p. 1
Peripheral vasodilation 3.9
Permanent make-up, products for p. 1
Peroral 1.16
-pharm- p. 1
Pharmaceutical standard p. 2
Pharmacists p. 1
Physicians, recommended by p. 1
Physiology 3.
Pigment spots 3.29; 3.30
Plaque 6.6;
Poison of insects 10.7
Pre-cancerous cells 9.8
Pregnancy marks 8.11
Premature ageing 3.32; 3.38
Prescription, available without p. 1
Prevention of acne 2.43
Prevention of spread of bacteria 7.11
Prevention, preventive 2.10; 8.1; 8.4; 8.7; 9.2; 9.5;
Problems, skin and other problems 2.1; 2.3; 2.10; 6.19; 6.20;
Proliferation of bacteria 6.31
Promotion 1.6
Prophylaxis, against illness, against caries p. 1; 6.4
Protection of gums 6.16
Protection; protection against contagion 1.14; 1.17; 7.11; 8.1; 8.4; 8.7;
Provision, providing 1.22
Prurigo, itch 2.4 – 2.12
Psoriasis 2.2
Pustules 2.40
 
Radiation burns p. 1
Radical scavenger 3.2
Rash, diaper 8.2; 8.3; 8.8
Rays, sun's 9.1; 9.2
Recuperation 13.2
Red skin 2.20; 2.21; 2.61
Red, burning eyes 4.10; 4.11;
Red, redness, general, of bottom, buttocks 8.6; 8.7; 12.5
Reduction, reducing 11.39; 11.42
Refreshment 6.34
Regenerating, regeneration 1.20; 1.21; 11.23
Relax, relaxation 11.1;11.13; 13.3
Relief 11.16
Removal of pigment spots 3.30
Repair, repairment 1.18; 2.24
Repellation, repellent 10.1; 10.8
Replacement of saliva 6.37
Replenishment of antioxidants 3.1
Resistance 1.7; 1.9
Rheumatic pains p.2
Rim of gums 6.23
Roots 12.17
Rosacea 2.51
Rough, roughness 1.13; 3.22
Running, watering eyes 4.10; 4.11
 
Saliva replacement 6.37
Sanitary products p. 1
Scales, scaling 12.5; 12.14;
Scalp 12.3; 12.8; 12.10 – 12.12
Scar, diminishing 2.28; 2.29; 2.42
Scavenger 3.2
Sclerotization 12.17
Scrub, scrubbing 1.22
Seborrhea 12.2
Sebum glands, inflamed 2.40
Sensitive, sensitivity in general, necks of teeth 2.55 – 2.61; 6.10; 6.11
Sexual intercourse, products for p. 1
Short time itch 2.12
Silhouette 11.43
Skin cancer, tumor 9.2; 9.7
Skin diseases p. 1; 2.2
Skin function 1.4
Skin problems 2.1 – 2.61
Skin repair 1.18
Skin structure 1.12
Slimness, slimming 11.40; 11.43
Smooth, smoothness 1.13
Snoring, prevention, help against 6.38
Soften 1.13
Soothe, soothing 3.19; 9.9; 12.8; 12.9
Sore, soreness in general, lips, feet, skin 2.18; 5.3; 6.35; 11.17
Sports massage 11.1 – 11.16
Spots 2.39
Spread of bacteria 7.11
Staunching 6.27
Stiffness 11.6; 11.7
Stimulating, stimulation 1.4; 3.5; 7.6; 13.5
Strained, dry lips 5.1
Strengthening of capillaries, of gums 3.14; 6.18
Striae, prevention of; removal of 2.32; 2.33; 8.11
Strongness of teeth 6.9
Structure of the skin 1.12
Subcutaneous tissues 3.13
Sun- and weather protection 9.1 – 9.25
Sun exposure 9.9
Sunburn 9.5; 9.11; 9.12; 9.19; 9.20
Suppression, alleviation of itch (and other combinations) 2.4
Surgery p. 1
Swellings, swollen 11.16; 11.26
 
Tattooing, products for p. 1
Teeth, oral care 6.1 – 6.38
Telangiectasia 3.16
Tendons 11.11
Tension, muscular 13.3
Therapeutic indications; therapy p. 1; 13.2
Throat, sore 6.35
Tiredness, tired in genral, of eyes 4,7; 4.8; 11.10; 11.24; 11.25
Tissues, subcutaneous, deep tissues 1.19; 3.13
Tooth and gum diseases 6.3
Tooth decay, protection against 6.2
Tooth fissures 6.8
Toplayer of the skin 1.22
Toxin 13.5
Treatment of caries 6.5
Tumors 9.7
 
UV protection 9.3
 
Vaginal use p. 1
Varicosis, varicose 11.29
Vasodilation 3.9
Veins 11.26; 11.27 – 11.31
Vessels 11.28
Virus immunity 1.8
Vision 4.6
Vitalization, vitalizing 13.4
 
Watering, running eyes 4.10; 4.11
Weather and sun protection 9.1 – 9.25
Weather influence 9.24
Well-being, wellness 1,2; 11.2; 11.21; 13.8
Wounds, wound healing; wound protection p. 1; 2.26; 8.6
Wrinkles, formation and prevention 3.38; 3.39; 3.40
 
Xerotic 3.20
Yellow heads 2.48
 
 
 
CLAIMS AND ADVERTISING
AS CRITERIA FOR
ASSESSING BORDERLINE SITUATIONS
BETWEEN COSMETIC AND PHARMACEUTIC PRODUCTS
 
 

General rules for cosmetic advertising
 

Delegation

A product must not be presented or sold in a way which might imply that it has medicinal properties. This includes references and illustrations

UK;
A; CH;
PT; SP

This includes illustrations of medical persons in professional clothing (doctors, pharmacists, dentists and nursing personal, etc.) and medical installations such as dentist chairs and contraptions.

CH;
A; PT

Brand names must n o t contain syllables such as –med-1[1], -pharm-, or attributes such as „medicinal“, or p.ex. “Healing Garden ”

A1; CH
SP;

Claims which refer to preventive, healing, therapeutic or curative properties are n o t allowed. Neither are claims referring to any form of internal action or statements which suggest that a product is used in any kind of surgery or medical practice.

A; CH; N; UK; SP; PT

In general any mentioning of pathological conditions, or illnesses, or other terms describing a skin (or oral tissues) which is no longer intact are n o t allowed with the exception of caries-prevention 2[2]. Neither is mentioning illnesses or diseases in context with fighting against or curing these tolerated

A2; CH
N; NL; SP; PT

The following product categories are n o t accepted as cosmetic products:
- lubricants, for vaginal use or for sanitary products
- massage preparations with therapeutic indications or those which induce one to think they have; sports massage preparations3 ; for warming-up muscles, stimulation of the circulation of subcutaneous tissues
and for aching after sport practice (SP)
- echograph gels
- nasal and ear drops
- chewing gums for dental hygiene3
- fixatives and cleansers for dentures
- products to encourage sexual relations and intercourse
- products for tattooing and permanent make-up

A3[3]; CH;
SP

Claims concerning damaged skin are n o t tolerated, such as
          For superficial / light skin affections
          Skin irritation and small skin problems4[4]
          (prevention of) skin infection
          grazes and small bruises
          prophylaxis of decubitus4
          small wounds
          treatment of radiation burns
          healing of burned skin
overheated skin

A4
NL
SP

N o t allowed are are statements conferring to a product medicinal, homeopathic or general healing properties. The same holds for formulations which suggest that the preparation is more than an “ordinary” cosmetic such as “advised by physicians” or “this is not a drug”, “freely obtainable without prescription”, “against small problems for which you wouldn’t visit your physician”.
With herbal products the name of the herb in connection with an organ can be used, (not tolerated in A)

A5[5]
CH5
NL
SP

N o t allowed are statements and expressions indicating
          clinical proof and clinically tested5 (of an effect)
          production (of a product) by pharmaceutical companies (tolerated in A and CH)
          products having pharmaceutical standards (tolerated in A and CH)
N o t allowed is mentioning illnesses, diseases and pathological manifestations such as
          helping against insomnia or sleeping troubles
          (treatment) of edemas
          subduing inflammation, burns, even small and superficial ones, injuries, such as injured hands
          psoriasis, eczema and scaly skin, “fish skin” and other skin diseases
          alleviating pains in general, including rheumatic pains

A;
CH;
N;
SP

 

Specific claims according to use and application of a cosmetic product

 

Nr

COSMETIC CLAIMS

NON-COSMETIC CLAIMS

National Initials

 

1. General skin care

 

1.1

Confers a feeling of wellness; relaxing

 

A; CH; FIN; N

1.2

Beneficial to the skin

 

A; CH; FIN; UK; PT; SP;

1.3

Maintains healthy skin

 

A; CH; FIN; UK; PT; SP

1.4

Improves the natural defences of the skin and stimulates the skin functions

 

A; CH; FIN; UK

1.5

 

Enhances the immunal system

A; CH; FIN; UK; PT; SP

1.6

 

Promoting cell defence

FIN; N; SP

1.7

 

Helps against insufficient resistence

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

1.8

 

Activates the immunity against viruses;

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

1.9

Activates the resistence of the organism and supports the immune system

 

NL

1.10

 

Activates the resistence of the organism and supports the immune system

A; FIN; PT;

1.11

Activates the resistence of the organism

Supports the immune system

CH

1.12

Improves the structure of the skin

 

A; CH; FIN; S; PT; SP

1.13

Softens and smoothes rough skin

 

CH; FIN; NL; PT;

1.14

Protects the skin

 

A; CH; FIN; S; PT; SP

1.15

For external and internal skin care

 

NL

1.16

 

Internal (peroral) skin care; (beauty from within)

CH; FIN; SP

1.17

Nourishes and protects the skin

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

1.18

Supports the capacity for skin repair

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

1.19

Beneficial for the connective tissues of the skin

 

A; CH; FIN; NL: PT;

1.20

 

Regenerates the connective tissue of the skin

A; CH; FIN; NL; SP

1.21

Skin regenerating

 

A; CH; PT; SP

1.22

Exfoliating effect; scrubs off the top-layer of the skin and so providing a healthy and smoother aspect

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

1.23

 

Deep peeling effect

A; CH; PT; SP

 

2. Skin problems

 

2.1

 

Alleviates skin problems such as dermatitis, eczema, etc.

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK;

2.2

 

Claims in any combination referring to skin diseases and affectations such as: eczema, dermatitis psoriasis, boils

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK

2.3

Against skin problems (without specifications)

 

A; CH; FIN;

 

 

Itch; itching; prurigo; pruriginous

 

2.4

 

Helps to suppress, alleviates itching

A; CH; N; SP

2.5

 

Against itching (and any other combination with “itch”)

A; CH; N; PT; SP

2.6

Alleviating nervous skin

 

CH

2.7

 

Alleviating nervous skin

A; PT; S

2.8

Dermatologic; to be used for atopic skin conditions

 

A; PT; SP; UK

2.9

 

Dermatologic; to be used for atopic skin conditions

CH; FIN;

2.10

Alleviates, prevents skin problems (without specifying what kind of problems)

 

A; CH; FIN;

2.11

 

Care of skin problems

S; FIN; SP

2.12

 

Itching (local and short time); against itching; from small itches (i.e. not too serious)

NL; FIN; SP

 

Irritation / inflammation

 

2.13

Calms irritation (and any other combination with “irritation”)

 

A: CH; FIN; N; UK;

2.14

 

Anti-inflammatory;

A: CH; FIN; N; S; UK; PT; SP

2.15

 

Inflammation (in general as expression in any combination including prevention of and using the adjectif “inflamed”)

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

2.16

 

 

 

2.17

 

Against sore skin

A; FIN;

2.18

Against sore and chapped skin

 

CH; N

2.19

Stimulates skin regeneration; improves the structure of the skin

Stimulates regeneration of skin in inflamed areas

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

2.20

 

Calming effect red and irritated skin

FIN; PT; S; SP

2.21

Calming of red and irritated skin

 

A; CH

2.22

 

Alleviating nervous skin

A; PT; S; SP

2.23

Alleviating nervous skin

 

CH

 

(Minor) injuries; burns; not intact, damaged skin

 

2.24

 

Restores, repaires damaged skin

A; UK; CH; FIN; PT; SP

2.25

 

Heals cracked, broken skin

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; SP; UK

2.26

 

Wound healing

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

2.27

 

Promoting cicatrization

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK

2.28

Diminishes scars

 

CH

2.29

 

Diminishes scars

A; FIN;

2.30

 

Calming of (minor) burns

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

2.31

 

Against keloids

A; CH; FIN; S; SP

2.32

Helps to prevent the formation of striae

 

A; CH; PT; S; SP

2.33

 

Removes, makes disappear striae

CH; FIN;

 

 

Impure skin

 

2.34

 

Acne (as expression in any combination)

A; CH; FIN; SP

2.35

 

Treatment of acne; against acne

A; CH; FIN; N; UK; S; SP

2.36

Improves appearance of blemished skin

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK

2.37

Cleanses the face to stop the build-up of oil and dirt which causes spots

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; UK

2.38

 

Prevents acne and improves acne-prone skin

A; CH; FIN; UK; SP
 

2.39

Prevents, removes white spots, black spots, comedones

 

A; CH; FIN;

2.40

 

Prevents, removes cysts, microcysts, pustules and inflamed sebum glands

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

2.41

Removes dead skin cells;

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK

2.42

Reduces acne scars; acne cleansing products

 

PT; S

 

 

Reduces acne scars; acne cleansing products

FIN;

2.43

Prevents development of acne

 

PT; S

 

 

Prevents development of acne

FIN;

2.44

 

Care of acneic skin

A; CH; FIN; S; SP

2.45

Antibacterial, bacteriostatic (only for acne-cleansing products

 

A; S

 

 

Antibacterial, bacteriostatic (only for acne-cleansing products

FIN; PT

2.46

Skin with tendency to acne

 

A; PT; SP

 

 

Skin with tendency to acne

CH; FIN;

2.47

 

Acne, manifestations of acne

A; SP

2.48

Yellow and black heads

 

A; CH; FIN; SP

2.49

 

Against boils

A; CH; NL; FIN; SP

2.50

Clarifies the skin

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT;

2.51

 

Advised against acne and acne rosacea

A; CH; FIN; NL; SP

2.52

For or against pimples and comedones; ends pimples (topical product)

 

A; CH; FIN; NL

2.53

 

For or against pimples and comedones; ends pimples (oral preparation)

A; CH; FIN; NL; SP

2.54

 

Against pimples and spots

N; FIN;

 

 

Sensitivity; allergy

 

2.55

For sensitive skin

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; S; SP

2.56

 

For (hyper-)sensitivity to XX

FIN; NL

2.57

 

Fights allergies; against allergic eczema

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

2.58

 

To ease the symptoms of allergic eczema

CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

2.59

Hypo-, adallergenic (product, composition, etc);

 

CH; SP

2.60

 

Hypo-, adallergenic (product, composition, etc);

A; FIN;

2.61

For red and sensitive skin

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT

 

3. Claims referring to physiology, blood-circulation, etc.

In connection with ingredients”

 

 

3.1

Replenishes anti-oxidants

 

A; CH; NL

 

 

Replenishes anti-oxidants

FIN;

3.2

Contains free radical scavenger

 

A; CH; NL; SP;

 

 

Contains free radical scavenger

FIN;

3.3

 

Against damage and ageing by free radicals

NL

3.4

Against free radicals

 

A; CH; FIN; N; NL; PT; SP

3.5

 

Stimulating the ability of cells to obtain nourishment

N; FIN;

3.6

 

Making the cell-walls more elastic so that essential compounds can be absorbed more easily

N; FIN;

3.7

 

Changing the acid-composition in the cell

CH; FIN; N

3.8

Mentioning, lipids, herbal treatment (or any other permitted ingredient CH)

 

CH; FIN; N; SP

 

 

Blood, blood-circulation

 

3.9

Encourages peripheral vasodilation

 

A; CH; SP; UK(?)

 

 

Encourages peripheral vasodilation

FIN;

3.10

 

Aid to general circulation

A; SP; PT; UK(?)

3.11

Stimulates blood circulation (In the skin)

 

A; CH

 

 

Stimulates blood circulation (In the skin)

FIN; PT;

3.12

 

Stimulating blood circulation

N; FIN; PT; SP

3.13

 

Promotes blood circulation in deep tissues, beneath the skin

A; CH; PT; SP

3.14

 

Strengthens capillaries

A; FIN; PT; S; SP

3.15

Strengthens capillaries

 

CH

 

 

Strengthens capillaries

FIN;

3.16

Helps against “couperose” and red blotches

Telangiectasia

CH; FIN;

3.17

 

(Against) couperose

A; FIN; NL

3.18

 

(Against) acn rosacea

A; CH; FIN; NL

         

 

 

 

Dry, dryness,

 

3.19

Soothes dry skin

 

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; SP; UK;

3.20

Moisturises, hydrates dry skin

 

A; CH; FIN; UK; SP; UK

3.21

 

Against extremely / excessively dry (xerotic) skin,

A; CH; FIN; S

3.22

To soften and smooth dry and rough skin

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; UK;

3.24

Against dry, chapped and strained skin

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; S

3.25

Protects skin against skin dehydrating

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

3.26

For dry spots

 

FIN; NL; PT;

3.27

 

Repairs the humidity balance of the skin (preparations for oral use)

FIN; NL; SP

 

 

Skin ageing; freckles; skin discolouring

 

 

3.28

Against skin ageing; anti-ageing

 

A; CH; PT; S; SP

3.29

Pigment spot removal

 

A; PT; S; SP

 

 

Pigment spot removal

A; CH; FIN;

3.30

Pigment spot reducing, lightening

 

A; CH; PT;

3.31

 

Against excessive production of melanin

A; CH; FIN; PT; S

3.32

Active against the effects of (premature) aging

 

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

3.33

 

Fights ageing

A; FIN; NL

3.34

Protects against ageing; prevention of ageing

 

CH; NL; PT; SP

3.35

 

Protects against ageing; prevention of ageing

A;

3.36

Keeps young

 

CH; NL; PT;

3.37

Keeps the appearance young and fresh

 

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

3.38

Prevention of forming (premature) lines and wrinkles

 

CH; PT; SP

3.39

Helps to reduce ageing and formation of wrinkles

 

A; CH; PT; SP; UK

3.40

 

Prevention of ageing; prevention of wrinkle formation

A; FIN; UK

         

 

 

 

Claims in connection with products for specific application-sites

4. Products for the eye-area

 

4.1

Care for the eyes

 

FIN; NL

4.2

 

Care for the eyes

CH

4.3

Care for the eye-area

 

A; CH; PT; SP

4.4

To see sharply

 

NL

4.5

 

To see sharply

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

4.6

 

Against unclear vision

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

4.7

For tired eyes

 

CH; NL

4.8

 

For tired eyes

A

4.9

 

Against eye irritation

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

4.10

For tearing (watering), red, burning eyes

 

NL

4.11

 

For tearing (watering), red, burning eyes

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

4.12

 

Against inflammation of the eyes

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

4.13

 

Protection against night blindness

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

 

5. Lip care products

 

5.1

Against dry and strained lips

 

A; CH; FIN; S; PT; SP

5.2

Against chapped lips

 

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; S; SP

5.3

 

Healing sores on the lips

A; CH; FIN; S; SP

5.4

 

Prevents, heals fever blisters

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

 

6. Teeth / oral hygiene

Teeth

 

6.1

Dental hygiene in general

 

A; CH; PT; SP

6.2

Protects against tooth decay (caries, cavities)

 

A; CH; N; SP; UK

6.3

 

Prevents tooth and gum diseases

A; CH; UK; SP

6.4

Anti-caries effects; prevents caries; caries prophylaxis

 

A; CH; SP

6.5

 

Intensive treatment of caries

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

6.6

Against plaque; prevention of plaque-forming

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

6.7

Strengthens the tooth enamel and protects against acid aggression

 

A; CH; FIN;

6.8

 

Mends minor tooth fissures caused by acids

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

6.9

For strong teeth

 

CH; FIN; NL; PT;

6.10

Treatment for exposed and sensitive necks of teeth

 

A; CH; FIN;

6.11

Against sensitive teeth

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

6.12

Reduces sensitivity against heat and cold

 

A; CH; FIN; SP

         

 

6.13

 

Reduces, soothes pains of over-sensitive teeth(-necks)

A; CH; PT; SP

6.14

 

Prevents loose teeth

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

6.15

 

Helps with dental problems

A; UK; PT; SP

6.16

Helps to prevent caries

 

FIN; PT;

 

Gingiva, gums

 

6.16

Keeps teeth and gums healthy

 

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; SP

6.17

Improves the condition of the gums

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

6.18

Strengthens and protects the gums;

 

A; CH; FIN; N; SP

6.19

Prevents and protects against gum-problems

 

A; CH; FIN;

6.20

 

Prevents / protects against serious gum-problems

A; N; FIN; PT; SP

6.21

 

Gingivitis; fights the cause of gingivitis

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; S; SP

6.22

 

Serious problems can occur, when harmful bacteria get under the edge of the gingiva

N; PT; SP

6.23

Protects also beneath the rim of the gums

 

A; CH

6.24

 

Protects beneath the rim of the gums

FIN; N; SP

6.25

Soothes and alleviates gum-irritations

 

A; CH

 

 

Soothes and alleviates gum-irritations

FIN; PT

6.26

 

Protects against, prevents, treats gum-bleeding, -inflammation and parodontosis

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

6.27

 

Reduces and staunches gum-bleedings

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

6.28

Fights the deterioration of the gums

 

A; CH; SP

 

 

Fights the deterioration of the gums

FIN; PT;

6.29

 

Fights the cause of parodontosis

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; SP

6.30

 

Combats bacteria and counteracts inflammation of the gums

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; SP

6.31

Combats (the proliferation of) bacteria

 

CH

6.32

 

Disinfection of the teeth and oral cavity; protects against infection

A; CH; FIN; N; PT; SP; UK

6.33

 

Recommended by dentists

A; CH; FIN; N

6.34

Refreshes the breath

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

6.35

 

Soothes and helps against sore throat

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

6.35

Keeps the oral mucosa moist and prevents dryness of the mouth

 

A; CH; FIN; SP

6.37

 

Replaces saliva

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

6.38

 

Helps and prevents snoring during sleep

A; CH; FIN; SP

 

 

7. General hygiene

 

7.1

Antibacterial

 

UK;

7.2

 

Antibacterial

A; CH; PT; SP

7.3

 

Antiseptic, disinfectant

A; CH; UK; SP

 

Sntiseptic

Disinfectant

FIN;

7.4

Kills germs

 

UK

7.5

 

Kills germs

A; FIN; CH; PT;

7.6

Stimulating, antiseptic

 

A; FIN; S

7.7

 

Germicidal, fungicidal, antimycotic

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

7.8

Slightly, mildly, weakly antiseptic, disinfectant,

 

A; CH; FIN;

7.9

Bacteriostatic, fungistatic, microbistatic

 

A; CH

 

 

Bacteriostatic, fungistatic, microbistatic

FIN;

7.10

 

Disinfecting

CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

7.11

 

Protection against contagion; prevention of the spread of bacteria

A: CH; FIN; PT; SP

 

8. Baby care products and for pregnant and nursing mothers

 

8.1

Preventing and protecting against development of (mild) irritation

 

A; CH; S

8.2

Prevents minor diaper rash

 

A; PT; S; SP

 

 

Prevents minor diaper rash

FIN;

8.3

 

Treatment, alleviation of diaper rash

A; CH; FIN; N; SP

8.4

 

(Soothes) irritation from napkins

A; FIN; S; SP

8.5

Protects against and soothes irritation from (wet) napkins

 

A; CH; N PT;

8.6

Bottom –wound-protection

A; CH; PT; SP

8.7

Prevents irritations and redness, red buttocks

 

A; CH; NL; PT;

8.8

 

For/against diaper eczema; prevents diaper dermatitis

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

8.9

For breast-care during nursing

 

A; CH; NL

8.10

 

Soothes broken skin of nippels during nursing

A; CH; PT;

8.11

Prevents the formation of striae (pregnancy marks)

 

A; CH; PT; SP

 

 

Prevents the formation of striae (pregnancy marks)

FIN;

 

9. Sun and weather protection

 

9.1

Protects the skin against the sun’s harmful rays

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK;

9.2

 

Prevents skin cancer by screening the sun’s harmful rays

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK;

9.3

Protects against UV-A and UV-B

 

A; PT; S; SP

9.4

 

Suncare products; protects against skin damage

A; S

9.5

Prevention of sunburns

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK;

9.6

UV protection against premature ageing of the skin

 

A; CH; PT; SP; UK;

9.7

 

Protects against melanoma; prevents late damage such as skin tumors and cancer

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK

 

9.8

 

Removes sun-damaged pre-cancerous cells

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK;

9.9

(Soothing) after too long (excessive) sun exposure

 

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

9.10

Cooling of sunburn

 

A; S; SP

9.11

 

Cooling of sunburn

CH; FIN;

9.12

 

Treatment of sunburn and other burns

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP; UK

9.13

 

Enhances healing of sun-damaged skin

A; CH; PT; S; SP

9.14

Against sun-damage / sun-burn

 

N

9.15

 

Against small superficial burns

A; CH; PT; SP

9.16

Protection for persons needing augmented cover

 

A; CH; FIN;

9.17

 

Prevents light-induced dermatoses due to medicaments

A; CH; FIN; SP

9.18

 

Treatment of overheated skin

NL; FIN;

9.19

Against itching due to minor sunburn

 

S

9.20

 

Against itching due to minor sunburn

A; CH; FIN; SP

9.21

Non-comedogenous formulations

 

A; CH; PT; SP

9.22

 

Prevents “Mallorca-acn”

CH; SP

9.23

Prevents “Mallorca-acn”

 

A;

9.24

Protects the skin against the influence of weather

 

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

9.25

 

Use against chilblains on feet and hands

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

 

10. Insect protection

 

10.1

Repells and drives away flys, gnats and other insects

 

A; CH

10.2

 

Kills insect and parasites; antiparasites

A; CH; PT; SP

10.3

Prevents transferring and spreading of lice from one to another person

 

CH

10.4

 

Acts against lice and nits

A; CH; NL; SP

10.5

 

For the care of the skin with insect-bites

CH; PT; SP

10.6

For the care of the skin with insect-bites

 

A; NL

10.7

 

Neutralizes the poison of insects

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

10.8

Contains an insect repellent ingredient

 

A; CH; PT; UK

10.9

 

Soothes insect bites

A; CH; UK; PT; SP

10.10

Against itching due to insect bites

 

A; FIN; S

10.11

 

Against itching due to insect bites

CH; FIN; PT;

 

11. Body massage, feet and leg care

Sports massage

 

11.1

 

Cooling spray for sprains and strains

A; CH; PT; SP; UK

11.2

Relaxing massage, promotes the feeling of well-being

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; UK

11.3

 

For massage to relieve muscles damaged by overexertion

A; CH; SP; UK

11.4

(Sport) liniment for warming and cooling
(CH: only if it is peripheral)

 

A; CH; FIN; S

11.5

 

Warming eases pain from cramped muscles

A; CH; FIN; NL; SP; UK

11.6

Against stiff and cold muscles;

 

A; FIN; NL

11.7

 

Against stiff and cold muscles

CH

11.8

Helps to decrease the lactic acid level in blood / muscles

 

NL

11.9

 

Helps to decrease the lactic acid level in blood / muscles

A; CH; PT;

11.10

For / against tired, sensitive muscles; makes / keeps muscles supple; takes care of muscles

 

A; FIN; NL

11.11

 

Mentioning muscles, tendons, joints or any other subcutaneous tissue ( in any combination)

CH; FIN; PT; SP

11.12

For the treatment of muscles after / during sports

 

A; FIN; NL

11.13

 

Muscle relaxing; alleviating tired and aching muscles

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

11.14

 

Enhances circulation

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

11.15

 

Against muscular pain and back pain; prevents muscular pains

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; S; SP

11.16

 

Temporaray relief of muscle problems; treatment of swellings and other sport injuries

A; CH; FIN; PT; S; SP

 

Feet and legs

 

11.17

Prevention of blister-forming; soothing for sore feet

 

A; CH; FIN;

11.18

 

Treatment of blisters, chaps and aching feet

A; CH; FIN; PT;

11.19

Cooling spray to leave feet refreshed

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP; UK

11.20

 

Claims referring to chaps, sore feet and blisters

A; FIN; PT; S; SP

11.21

Endows feet and legs with wellness and nimbleness

 

A; CH; FIN; SP

11.22

 

Alleviates aching and painful legs and feet

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

11.23

Regenerates tired legs; for tired legs and feet

 

A; CH; FIN; NL

11.24

 

Fights tired legs and feet

NL

11.25

Fights tired legs and feet

 

A; CH; SP

11.26

 

Swollen legs, feet and veins; restless legs and feet

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

11.27

 

Against (varicose) veins; swollen legs

A; CH; NL; PT; SP; UK

11.28

Covering and camouflage of visible vessels of the legs

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP; UK

11.29

 

For / against disfiguring blue veins; cosmetic care of varicose veins

A; CH; FIN;

11.30

 

Blue veins will disappear; their formation will be prevented

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; SP

11.31

 

Against swollen veins and couperosis

A; CH; NL; FIN; SP

11.32

Foot hygiene

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

11.33

 

Prevents and treats athletes feet and mycoses;

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

11.34

Softens callosities and corns

 

A; CH; FIN; PT;

11.35

 

Removes callosities and corn

CH; FIN; SP

11.36

 

Activity against hemorrhoids

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

 

 

Figure forming products

 

11.37

Prevention of the formation of fatty deposits, cellulite or “orange-peel skin”

 

A; CH

11.38

 

Activity against already existent cellulitis and fatty deposits; removal of orange-peel skin

A; CH;K FIN;

11.39

Cellulitis; helps to reduce cellulite

 

A; SP; UK

11.40

 

Slimming; anti-cellulitis

A; N; SP; UK

11.41

Anti-cellulite (“orange-peel skin”) (in the preventive sense)

Anti-cellulite (“orange-peel skin”) (in the treating sense)

A; CH; PT; SP

11.42

 

Lipo-reducing ingredients act on lipid elimination by blocking cell receptors responsible for fat accumulation

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

11.43

Modeling massage; helping to keep the silhouette slim an

 

CH

11.44

Against “orange peel” skin

 

N; PT; SP

11.45

 

Against “orange peel” skin

A

 

12. Hair and nail care

 

12.1

Normalisation of fatty hair conditions

 

A; CH; FIN; PT; SP

12.2

 

Against excesive seborrhea

A; CH; FIN;

12.3

Keeps hair and scalp free from dandruff; anti-dandruff

 

A; CH; FIN; NL; PT; S; SP; UK

12.4

 

Clears and prevents problem dandruff from recurring

A; FIN; UK

12.5

 

Against redness, caused by excessive scaling of the scalp

A; CH; FIN; NL

12.6

Clears and prevents problem dandruff from recurring

 

A; CH; SP

12.7

Prevention of hair loss (alopecia)

 

CH; PT; SP

 

 

Prevention of hair loss (alopecia)

FIN;

12.8

 

Alleviates and soothes scalp itching

CH

12.9

Alleviates and soothes scalp itching

 

A; SP

 

 

Alleviates and soothes scalp itching

FIN;

12.10

Stimulates the cell metabolism of the scalp;

 

CH

12.11

 

Stimulates the cell metabolism of the scalp;

A; FIN; PT; SP

12.12

Helps against disordered equilibrium of the scalp; helping against excessive hairloss

 

A; CH

 

 

Helps against disordered equilibrium of the scalp; helping against excessive hairloss

FIN;

12.13

 

Fights abnormal hairloss; against alopecia areata

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

12.14

Prevents formation of excessive scales;

 

A; CH; PT;

 

 

Prevents formation of excessive scales;

FIN;

12.15

 

Stimulates the regeneration of skin in inflamed areas
burnt and damaged hair; curative effect on hair

A; CH; PT; S; SP

12.16

Against (premature) hairloss and male pattern baldness

 

CH; NL

12.17

 

Hairloss provoked by fibrosis and degenerative sclerotization of the hair-roots

A; CH; PT; SP

12.18

Against loss of hair, diminished hair-growth and growth problems

 

CH; NL; SP

12.19

 

Solves baldness

A; CH; NL; PT; SP

12.20

 

Boils (only anti-dandruff products are accepted) (??)

PT; SP

 

13. Bath Preparations

 

13.1

Antistress-bath, relaxing

 

A; CH

 

 

Antistress-bath, relaxing

FIN;

13.2

 

Bath for recuperation-therapy

A; CH; SP

13.3

 

Relaxes nervous muscular tensions

CH; SP

13.4

 

Bath-concentrate containing indispensable vitalising energies of diverse potency and polarity

A; CH; SP

13.5

 

X stimulates the organism to excrete the multiple environmental toxins of our civilization

A; CH; PT;
 

13.6

Salts for refereshing baths; invigorating and vitalizing

 

A; CH; FIN; SP

13.7

 

Mineral salts enable the organism to provide itself with the vital oligoelements and minerals through the skin

CH; FIN; SP

13.8

Wellness-bath

 

A; CH; FIN; PT;

13.9

 

Bath concentrate containing important bio-energies of diverse potency and polarity

A; CH; FIN;

13.10

Vapours of the bath prove pleasant for breething

 

A; CH; FIN;

13.11

 

Bath against colds; releases blocked airways and alleviates cough

A; CH; PT; SP

 
 
 

Note 
1 Austria tolerates “-med-“ in a brand name
Note 
2 Austria in addition tolerates also prevention of parodontosis
Note 
3 in Austria sports massage preparations and chewing gums for dental hygiene are classified as cosmetics
Note 
4 in Austria tolerated
Note 
5 “clinically tested” is tolerated in CH; in A if it has a clearance by theMinistry of Health