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Employment of persons with disabilities

Activities in the field of employment aim at completing or enlarging the provisions of Recommendation N° R (92) 6 on a coherent policy for people with disabilities (chapter VI on vocational guidance and training and chapter VII on employment).

According to the concept of "employment in a usual and ordinary working environment for all cases where the person with a disability could be judged to be fit normal employment", activities carried out from 1993 to 1996 focused on transition from sheltered to ordinary employment.

From 1997 to 1999 they were devoted to employment strategies in the ordinary working environment with the analysis of the concept of supported employment, the study of the role and responsibilities of employers organisations, trade unions and associations of persons with disabilities in the drawing up of such strategies including ways and means of implementing them.

PUBLICATIONS

The transition from sheltered to ordinary employment, 1996
In this report sheltered employment and different systems in force in the countries studied are replaced within the general context of vocational integration of people with disabilities, by proposing a dynamic concept of sheltered work, an active placement policy and the definition of accompanying measures.

Sheltered employment in five member States of the Council of Europe: Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland, 1997
This study expands to five more countries that on sheltered employment published in 1992 by the Commission of the European Communities which had then twelve member States. In view of the disparity of the concept of sheltered employment throughout the European States, a broad view of what constitutes sheltered employment has been adopted. This study also deals with the transition from sheltered to ordinary employment.

Vocational training and rehabilitation of people with disabilities: a comparative analysis, 1997
This comparative analysis focuses on four main aspects: education, vocational training, guidance to employment and sheltered workshops. It shows that in the fifteen countries concerned, all advocating equal opportunities and the right to independence, persons with disabilities receive appropriate education and integrated education is to the fore.

Employment strategies to promote equal opportunities for persons with disabilities on the labour market, 2000
A new approach is developed in this report which works out an integral plan of action with an active and co-ordinated participation of many actors. It insists on innovative measures, and highlights examples of good practice developed in the member States.
 
Employment strategies to promote equal opportunities for persons with disabilities on the labour market (2000)