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Monitoring bodies and procedure


Chapter VII of the Convention sets out provisions which aim to ensure the effective implementation of the Convention by the Parties. The monitoring system foreseen by the Convention, which is undoubtedly one of its main strengths, consists of two pillars:

- the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), a technical body, composed of independent and highly qualified experts, and
- the Committee of the Parties, a more political body, composed of the representatives in the Committee of Ministers of the Parties to the Convention and of representatives of Parties non-members of the Council of Europe.

The monitoring procedure

Article 38 of the Convention details the functioning of the monitoring procedure and the interaction between GRETA and the Committee of the Parties.

The evaluation procedure will be divided into cycles. At the beginning of each cycle GRETA will autonomously define the provisions to be monitored and determine the most appropriate means to carry out the evaluation. This is likely to commence by requesting the Parties to complete a questionnaire which would then be followed up with additional requests for information. If GRETA considers it necessary it may also request information from civil society and/or organise country visits in order to obtain more information.

When GRETA has received all the necessary information it will prepare its draft report which will be sent to the Party concerned for comments. When the comments have been received GRETA will prepare its final report and conclusions which will be sent at the same time to the Party concerned and the Committee of the Parties. GRETA’s final report together with the Party’s comments will be made public and is not subject to modification by the Committee of the Parties.

The Committee of the Parties may adopt recommendations indicating the measures to be taken by the Party concerned to implement GRETA’s conclusions, if necessary setting a date for submitting information on their implementation, and promoting cooperation to ensure the proper implementation of the Convention.

Rules of procedure for evaluating implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the parties (adopted by GRETA at its 2nd meeting, Strasbourg, 16-19 June 2009)

Workflow of the Monitoring Mechanism of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings [CETS No. 197]