Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

First GRETA report on Spain

Link to the report

Strasbourg, 27 September 2013 – The Spanish authorities have taken a number of steps in the area of action against trafficking in human beings, such as adopting a national action plan to combat human trafficking for sexual exploitation and a framework for the identification and referral of trafficking victims, but several important challenges remain, according to a report published today by the Council of Europe’s expert group on human trafficking, GRETA.

GRETA acknowledges the considerable work done in Spain to combat trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, but underlines the importance of tackling other forms of trafficking. There is a particular need for measures to prevent labour exploitation in high-risk sectors of the economy and to address the particular vulnerability of children to trafficking.

In its report, GRETA stresses the importance of increasing the level of co-ordination between public agencies at national and regional levels and strengthening the involvement of civil society in the development, implementation and evaluation of anti-trafficking measures. The identification of victims of trafficking would be improved if more frontline actors are involved in the decision-making process, including NGOs, labour inspectors, social workers and medical staff.

Forced removals of possible victims of trafficking should be avoided, says GRETA. The shortcomings in the identification of trafficking victims at borders and in detention centres for irregular migrants, as well as the lack of access to asylum procedures for victims of trafficking, can result in foreign nationals being deported without having been duly identified as victims of trafficking.

GRETA also urges the Spanish authorities to improve the assistance and protection of all victims of trafficking and to ensure that they have effective access to compensation.

The number of convictions for human trafficking is still very low and GRETA asks the authorities to improve the specialisation and training of police investigators, prosecutors and judges.

Media coverage

El 26/09/2013

El País 26/09/2013

El Mundo 27/09/2013

LA VANGUARDIA 27/09/2013 27/09/2013 27/09/2013

Abogacía_Española 27/09/2013

SICAR_cat 02/10/2013

udp_Unión Progreso y Democracia

Espirales CONSULTORIA DE INFANCIA 30/09/2013