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Section 2 - Radio

Example 1 Belgium, France, Italy and Luxembourg, “Antiracisme Infos” Campaign
Example 2 Luxembourg, Radio ARA
Example 3 Slovenia, Radio Student
Example 4 Greece, Greek State Radio ERT/ERA
Other examples of interest:

Example 1 Belgium, France, Italy and Luxembourg, “Antiracisme Infos” Campaign 

For two years, a network of 200 local radios in four European countries has produced and broadcast more than 2700 hours of programmes exclusively dedicated to the fight against racism and intolerance. The 1998-1999 European Campaign “Antiracisme infos” was a unique initiative of the French CNRL (Confédération Nationale des Radios Libres), the Italian Agency Amis, Radio Ara from Luxembourg and the Belgian radio Scorpio.

Their original approach was to imagine a “glocal” (global and local) concept for the production and exchange of radio programmes within their network. The radios would provide central programmes, that would be “personalised”, according to the local audience, by each radio. In addition, to decentralise the production and involve each partner, each country was assigned the production of a central programme in several minority languages.

This huge mobilisation of European local radios against racism was a tremendous success. The audience of many radios rose to more than 20% and proved to have had a positive impact at local level in terms of enhancing the visibility of many associations and non-profit organisations working to defend minority issues. The stories, interviews, news and surveys produced within the programmes gave voice to minorities living in the four countries involved, and gave them the opportunity to expose their problems, worries and hopes for their future.

Not only did the network produce CDs with the programmes, conceived in different formats to interest different audiences, which were made available to other radios, they also published a special issue about racism in the monthly Fréquences Libres, with information about the results of their action in this field. Finally, the CNRL website provides online information about the campaign.

For more information:

CNRL
Tour Pleyel (37ème)
153 Bd. Anatole
F - 93200 Saint-Denis
Tel: +33.1.49.33.81.94
Fax: +33.1.49.33.81.95
E-mail: cnrl@cnrl.org
Website: www.cnrl.org


Example 2 Luxembourg, Radio ARA 

Radio ARA dedicates two programmes to unusual audiences, regularly ignored by the media: the homeless and prisoners. These shows feature people hardly ever heard on the radio which most probably explains why these programmes attract a much wider audience than those primarily targeted. In this way, one can consider that their popularity certainly contributes to combating intolerance and racism against people who are victims of social exclusion.

“The voice of the street” (Stëmm vun der Strooss), a monthly 90-minute dynamic programme involves the active participation of homeless people and addresses their problems, such as what does it mean to live in the street, how to get a flat, a job or how to avoid drugs. Producer Alexandra Oxacelay also invites experts to handle special issues.

Association D'Stëmm vun der Strooss launched this show in mid-1999, to complement a paper edited by people living on the streets. The aim is, on the one hand, to give the homeless an opportunity to express themselves and, on the other hand, to raise awareness among the general public about socially-excluded people and the problems with which they have to cope.

Created in 1993 to enhance communication between people in and outside prison, “Across the wall” (Iwert d’Maueren ewech), is one of the most successful programmes of Radio ARA. Its philosophy is to demonstrate that society cannot get rid of crime just by putting people in prison. The 150-minute weekly program, presented by Ander Thomé and Jeannot Schmitz from Info-Prison Association, receives calls from prisoners and people having friends or relatives in prison, for personal messages, music requests and specific news concerning prisoners’ life.

The multilingual presenters of the show can give voice to minorities in French, Portuguese and Serbo-Croat.
 
Radio ARA was launched in 1992 by associations and individuals in order to create a participative radio station in Luxembourg. Its objective is to give a large number of persons, communities and associations access to the radio, to provide widespread information and to present a large variety of music styles. The station’s frequencies allow the coverage of almost the whole country and some of the border regions. Radio ARA counts today almost 50,000 regular listeners (out of a total population of 400,000) and average daily ratings of one percent.

For more information:

Radio ARA
B.P 266
L-2012 Luxembourg
Tel: +352.22.22.89
Fax: +352.22.22.66
Website: www.ara.lu
E-mail: radioara@pt.lu

Example 3 Slovenia, Radio Student 

One of the most well-known Slovenian positive examples of what media can do to improve tolerance and human relationships was a local radio programme produced by Radio Student, from 1991 to 1997, each Sunday at noon.

Aida Kurtovic, a young Bosnian, created the show “I am not from here” (Nisam ja odavde) to provide a provocative approach to the former Yugoslavia to a Slovenian audience. Through news, interviews, commentaries and music from all over ex-Yugoslavia she insisted on airing all opinions, however extreme, in her lively and controversial way. This programme was the first and last live show ever broadcast in Slovenia in a minority language.

From the very first day of the Croatian (and later Bosnian) war, Aida Kurtovic involved war refugees in the programme and found a way to get in touch with people in ex-Yugoslavia, at a time when there was news censorship. Part of the programme evolved into a solidarity network for refugees who wanted to return to their devastated regions of Croatia and Bosnia. Listeners in Slovenia would frequently tape this programme and send it to refugees from the former Yugoslavia all over the world. The dark side of this popular programme was the frequent threatening phone calls from extremists that Aida chose to ignore.

The UNHCR supported the show and recognised its exceptional value. Aida Kurtovic received several prizes for her unique programme. It was awarded The Golden Bird (1994), a traditional Slovene prize, for significantly contributing to Slovene culture and to the fight against nationalism and xenophobia. In 1995, “I am not from here” was among the three nominees for the Viktor (the Slovene equivalent of the Oscar) in the category of "the best radio show" in Slovenia. It was also recognised as “the best idea among all existing radio shows” in 1996, in a competition between local Slovenian radio stations.

For more information:

Aida Kurtovic
SLOVENIA
Tel: +386 41 694 344
E-mail: kurtoviceva@hotmail.com
Website: www.radiostudent.si


Example 4 Greece, Greek State Radio ERT/ERA 

In an effort to promote confidence among a minority community, since November 1997 Radio ERT/ERA offers a three-hour weekly programme in Turkish, aimed at the 50% Turkish speaking Muslim population of the Rodopi region. A reporter from the Muslim minority is in charge of the programme and reports on any news concerning this minority group for news bulletins.

In addition, Greek State Radio ERT/ERA devotes a two-hour weekly programme produced by a team of migrants aimed at the migrant community and half-hour programmes in twelve languages (Albanian, Arab, Bulgarian, English, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish and Turkish), seven days a week, to address the needs of minorities.

For more information:

The Greek State Radio ERT/ERA
Aghia Paraskevi
GR - 15342 Athens
Tel: +30.1.60.66.814-16
Fax: +30.1.60.09.425


Other examples of interest: 

· AMARC, International network of community radios, which launched the “Voices without frontiers” project

· Austria, Orange 94.0 was chosen as local co-ordinator for Austria in the international exchange project “Voices without frontiers”, and organised, on 21st March 1999, the “Day against Racism”

· Finland, the popular community-oriented Radio Robin Hood is an information channel for associations defending freedom of speech which is also strongly committed to foreigners’ integration

· France, Radio Beurs, aims at a second generation North African audience

· Germany, Multikulti (SFB4) and Funkhaus Europa (WDR) are famous examples of all-day cosmopolitan radio programmes

· Italy, Italia Radio broadcasts “Different like us”, a weekly programme about foreign communities in Italy, and Radio Uno, “Residence Permit”, a weekly programme about emigration and muticultural society which lasted three years

· Sweden, Swedish Radio carried out 19 projects for “more colour in the media” which lead to a new policy for cultural diversity