Education and academic and other
Lauri Hannikainen graduated from the Faculty of
Law of the University of Helsinki in 1966 (LL.M) and
received a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy
degree from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
in Boston, in 1974. He received his Doctorate in Law
(LL.D) from the University of Lapland (Finland) in
Professor of International Law
at the University of Turku from 2003 to 2009,
retired in 2009. Member of the European Commission
against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) of the Council
of Europe since 2000.
b) Work and activities
relating to human rights
A member of the
Foreign Service of Finland (1966-1973), researcher
at the Academy of Finland and researcher and teacher
at various Finnish universities. In 1999-2001
Director of the Northern Institute for Environmental
and Minority Law, University of Lapland.
He was Vice-chairperson of the Finnish League for
Human Rights in 1982-93 and Chairperson of the
Finnish Branch of Minority Rights Group
International in 1994-2004. In 2000-2002 he served
as legal expert of both the national Advisory Board
for International Human Rights Affairs and the
National Board against Racism.
Publications (short list)
- Hannikainen L., “Peremptory Norms (Jus Cogens) in
International Law - Historical Development,
Criteria, Present Status”, 1988, 781 p.
- Hannikainen L. & Horn F. (eds.), “Autonomy and
Demilitarization in International Law”
- Hannikainen L., The International Legal Basis of
the Autonomy and Swedish Character of the Aland
Islands, p. 57-84, in “The Aland Islands in Changing
European Context”, 1997, 346 p.
- Hernesniemi P. & Hannikainen L.: “The Roma
Minorities in the Nordic and Baltic Countries”,
2000, 100 p.
- Hannikainen L., The Rights of Minorities and
Dialogue among Civilizations and Cultures, p.
133-155, in Hannikainen L. &: Sajjadpour K.S (eds.),
“Dialogue among Civilizations — The Case of
Finnish-Iranian Human Rights Expert Dialogue”, 2002,
- Hannikainen L., The Status of Minorities,
Indigenous Peoples and Immigrant and Refugee Groups
in Four Nordic States, in “Nordic Journal of
International Law”, 1/1996, p. 1-71.
- Hannikainen L., Self-Determination and Autonomy in
International Law, in “Autonomy:
Applications and Implications”, Markku Suksi (ed.),
1998, p. 79-96.
- Hannikainen L., The European Commission against
Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), in “New Trends in
Discrimination Law”, 1999, p. 177-220.
- Hannikainen L., Article 19, in Weller, M. (ed.):
“The Rights of Minorities in Europe — A Commentary
on the European Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities”, 2005, p. 19-34.
- Hannikainen L, Legal Position of Asylum Seekers in
Austria, in Grimheden, J. & Ring,
R. (eds.): “Human Rights Law: From Dissemination to
Application”, 2006, p. 289-310.
- Hannikainen L, 2007, Legal Nature of Minority
Rights as Part of Human Rights Limitations,
Derogations, Reservations and Interpretative
Statements, in Marc Weller (ed.), “Universal
Minority Rights: A Commentary on the Jurisprudence
of International Courts and Treaty Bodies”, p.