European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)

Fourth report on San Marino [en] - [fr] - [ita]

Press Release – 09.07.2013

Italian version

Council of Europe’s Anti-Racism Commission publishes new report on San Marino

Strasbourg, 09.07.2013 - The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) today published its fourth report on San Marino. ECRI’s Chair, Ms Eva Smith, said that, while there are positive developments, some issues of concern remain, including the legislation on citizenship and the absence of a comprehensive civil and administrative legal framework aimed at combating racial discrimination in all fields of life.

Society in San Marino continues to believe in dialogue and tolerance. The Criminal Code contains new provisions against discrimination based on race, ethnic origin, religion and sexual orientation. The system of residence and “stay permits” has been reviewed extending the maximum length of “stay permits” for foreign workers.

However, citizenship continues to be granted only by means of extraordinary laws, which each time may provide for different requirements to fulfil, procedure to follow and deadline to respect; the fact of compulsorily interrupting one month per year the work contract of private carers is particularly disadvantageous for this category of foreign workers; San Marino still lacks an independent body to combat racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance at national level.

In its report, ECRI has made a number of recommendations to the authorities, among which the following two require priority implementation and will be revisited by ECRI in two years’ time:

  • To establish an independent body specialised in combating racism and racial discrimination;
  • To revise the legislation on stay and work permits for foreigner private carers so as to reduce their precariousness of employment.

The report is available here. It was prepared following ECRI’s contact visit to San Marino in March 2012 [Press release of 13 March 2012] and takes account of developments up to 5 December 2012.

ECRI is a human rights body of the Council of Europe, composed of independent experts, which monitors problems of racism, xenophobia, antisemitism, intolerance and discrimination on grounds such as “race”, ethnic/national origin, colour, citizenship, religion and language (racial discrimination); it prepares reports and issues recommendations to member States.

For more information on ECRI:

Press contact: Stefano Valenti, Tel: +33 (0)3 90 21 43 28,