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FEDERAL LAW OF 17 JANUARY 1992
ON THE PROSECUTION SERVICE
OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

(as amended by the Federal Laws No. 168-FZ of 17.11.1995, No. 31-FZ of 10.2.1999, No. 202-FZ of 19.11.1999, No. 19-FZ of 2.1.2000, No. 182-FZ of 29.12.2001, No. 77-FZ of 28.6.2002, No. 112-FZ of 25.7.2002, No. 120-FZ of 5.10.2002, No. 86-FZ of 30.6.2003, No. 122-FZ of 22.8.2004, No. 85-FZ of 15.7.2005, No. 138-FZ of 4.11.2005, No. 24-FZ of 2.3.2007, No. 87-FZ of 5.6.2007, No. 214-FZ of 24.7.2007)

(Extract)
Section I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. The Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation
1. The Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation shall be a single, federal and centralised system of bodies exercising on behalf of the Russian Federation supervision over compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and execution of the laws in force within the territory of the Russian Federation.
The Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation performs also other functions provided for in other federal laws.
2. In order to ensure the rule of the law, unity and consolidation of the regime of legality, the protection of human rights and freedoms as well as the lawful interests of society and the State, the Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation shall:
supervise over the execution of any laws by federal ministries, state committees, services and other federal executive authorities, representative (legislative) and executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, local self-government, military administration bodies, agencies of control and officials thereof, governing bodies and chief officers of commercial and non-commercial organisations, as well as over any legal acts issued by those mentioned to be in conformity with any laws; supervise over the observance of human and rights and freedoms by federal ministries, state committees, services and other federal executive authorities, representative (legislative) and executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, local self-government, military administration bodies, controlling agencies and officials thereof, and by governing bodies and chief officers of commercial and non-commercial organisations;
supervise over the execution of any laws by bodies carrying out operative-and-search activities, inquiries and preliminary investigations; supervise over the execution of any laws by bailiffs; supervise over the execution of any laws by the administration of institutions and establishments executing sentences and enforced judicial measures as well as by the administration of detention and remand facilities; prosecute within the scope of powers prescribed by the legislation of criminal procedure in the Russian Federation; co-ordinate the crime-control activities of law enforcement agencies.
3. In accordance with the procedural legislation of the Russian Federation, prosecutors shall participate in the proceedings in courts of law and commercial courts (hereinafter referred to as the “courts”) and shall challenge any court decisions, sentences and rulings which are contrary to the law.
4. The Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation shall participate in law-making activities.
5. The Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation shall have special publications.
Article 2. International co-operation
Within the scope of its powers, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation shall communicate directly with the competent authorities of other States and with international organisations, shall co-operate with them, shall conclude agreements on matters relating to legal assistance and crime control and shall participate in the drafting of international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 3. Legal foundations for the activities of the Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation
The organisation and procedural rules governing the activities of the Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation as well as the powers of prosecutors shall be determined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the present Federal Law and other federal laws and by international treaties of the Russian Federation.
The Prosecution Service of the Russian Federation may not be assigned any functions other than those prescribed by federal laws.