Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

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The evaluation of judges’ work, the quality of justice and respect for judicial independence (Opinion No. 17)


The Committee of Ministers has entrusted the CCJE for 2014, having regard to Recommendation Rec(2010)12 on judges: independence, efficiency and responsibilities, with the preparation and adoption, in 2014, of an opinion for the attention of the Committee of Ministers on issues regarding the status of judges and the exercise of their functions. The draft opinion on evaluation of judges’ work, the quality of justice and respect for judicial independence has been submitted for adoption at the 15th plenary meeting of the CCJE, from 22 to 24 October 2014 in Strasbourg.

Working party

The working party in charge of drafting the opinion had 2 meetings in Strasbourg, from 17 to 19 March 2014 and from 23 to 26 June 2014 in Berlin (Germany).


Working group meeting report (17 to 19 March 2014 in Strasbourg)

Working group meeting report (24 to 26 June 2014 in Berlin, Germany)


The composition of the Working group is as follows:


Mr Orlando AFONSO (Portugal)
Mr José Francisco COBO SÀENZ (Spain)
Mr Nils ENGSTAD (Norway)
Ms Aida-Rodica POPA (Romania)
Mr Gerhard REISSNER (Austria)
Mr Raffaele SABATO (Italy)
Mr Duro SESSA (Croatia)
Mr Jean-Claude WIWINIUS (Luxembourg)
Mr Osman Nesuh YILDIZ (Turkey)



Mr Alain LACABARATS (France)
Ms Katarzyna GONERA (Poland)


Useful documents

Questionnaire for the preparation of the CCJE Opinion No. 17 (2014) on justice, evaluation and independence

Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)12 on judges: independence, efficiency and responsibilities

Replies by country

Compilation of replies by country
Summary of the replies to the questionnaire on evaluation of judges' work
Albania Finland  Poland 
Austria and Appendix  France and Appendix Republic of Moldova 
Bosnia-Herzegovina  Georgia  Romania  
Belgium  Germany and Appendix United Kingdom
Bulgaria and Appendix Greece  Slovakia
Croatia Hungary  Slovenia
Cyprus  Iceland  Spain and Comments [in French]
Czech Republic Italy and Appendices 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Switzerland
Denmark  Luxemburg Sweden 
Estonia Monaco and Appendix Turkey 
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Netherlands Ukraine


The independence of the judiciary and its relationships with the other powers in a modern democratic state

Evaluation of judges’ work, the quality of justice and respect for judicial independence

The relationship between judges and lawyers

The specialisation of judges

Justice and information technologies

Magna Charta of European Judges

Principles of public prosecution as regards juvenile justice

Relations between judges and prosecutors

Quality of judicial decisions

The councils for the judiciary

International context and terrorism

Justice and society

Fair trial

Training for judges

Ethics of judges

Independence of judges and funding of courts