Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

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3rd European Conference of Judges: Which Council for Justice?

Rome (Italy), 26-27 March 2007

A judge can only exercise his/her duty being fully independent. The principle of the separation of powers also implies that the body entrusted with the protection of this independence and with the management of the judiciary be itself independent. Such independence cannot be seen as a privilege of the judicial function but a fundamental principle for the sake of the community : thus the citizens who turn to justice cannot be satisfied only with an independent justice, but expect that justice be fair and efficient as well. Therefore, to cope with an always more litigious society, an in-depth reflection should be led on the concrete means enabling to benefit from a quality of justice combining these fundamental values.

As the functioning of judicial institutions is sometimes challenged in the Council of Europe's member states, the Council of Europe should indeed reflect further, within the framework of the CCJE's terms of reference, on the existence, structure and role of these independent bodies, which are at the crossroads of powers (and then essential elements of the balance between these powers), while taking into account of the situation particularly contrasted between member states. An Opinion is to be prepared by the CCJE on this thematic in 2007 and the achievements of this Conference, to be focused on the main issues and aiming at addressing the way these issues should evolve in the future, will feed the preparatory works of this Opinion.

The composition and duties of the bodies vary from one country to another, so as their relationships with the executive and legislative powers, and even with the society. The name of these bodies is discussed as such. As the concept is similar everywhere in essence, the title of the Conference is voluntarily unclear on this point, in an attempt to include what some would call "high councils of the judiciary", others "councils of justice" or any other equivalent body. The work of the Conference aims at clarifying this diversity.


Preparatory works on the opinion concerning Councils for justice
Poster of the conference



Press release
Interview with Nicola Mancino, Vice-President of the Italian High Council for the Judiciary
Interview with Julia Laffranque, Vice-President of the CCJE
Photos gallery

 Conference venue

High Council of the judiciary, Rome, Italy