Perspectives 2020: Democracy in Europe - Principles and Challenges

6th Session of the Forum for the Future of democracy - Yerevan, 19-21 October 2010)

CoE acquis on democracy

Guests and experts


Democracy Fair

Host Country

at the crossroads of cultures

''The Council of Europe has a unique strategic role to play in strengthening good democratic governance at all levels in the European space'' (..) Democracy, or rather good democratic governance, is now not only intrinsically linked to the respect of human rights but is also recognised as the most effective form of governance to ensure stability, sustainability and well-being. ''This is what I call deep security,'' said Council of Europe Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland. (more ...)


The Yerevan Forum addressed the principles of democratic governance by analysing their application to, and their repercussions on, contemporary political and societal changes in Council of Europe member states.

See Proceedings

Three sub-themes were each examined in two separate working sessions during the morning and afternoon of day 2:

Sub-theme 1 : Law and democracy (A. The impact of European law and case-law on shaping democracy - B. "Should there be a right to democracy?")
Sub-theme 2: Institutions and Democratic governance (A. Democracy and representation, B. Democracy and global governance)
Sub-theme 3: Live Democracy (A. Sustainable communities for a live democracyB. Democratic political culture: democracy's oxygen)

A Democracy Fair was organised as a complement to the plenary and working sessions of the Forum. It was visited by up to 400 participants from the 47 Council of Europe member States and its observer States, as well as representatives of civil society and academia.


Reflections from our experts

  • "Continuing to build a truly just society is certainly not simple. It requires political will, popular support and resources. It requires legislation influenced by human rights principles; a competent, non-corrupt judiciary; a disciplined police force; a system for independent monitoring; a political culture which is open for criticism and ready to take action for reform. And it requires the courage to dream." (Thomas Hammarberg, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights)

  • "Too often, governments have operated in a vacuum, believing they could come up with some magic formula to which they have an elusive patent. In a democracy, government isn't something that a small group of people do to everybody else, it's not even something they do for everybody else, it should be something they do with everybody else." (Kim Campbell, Former Prime Minister of Canada).

  • "Elections are when the principle underlying democracy - that all men and women are equal - is demonstrated to each and every voter. (..) It is not enough for us to just rest on our laurels. I believe it is a very important part of being a democrat to be constantly critical and look at oneself". (Maria Leissner, Swedish Ambassador for democracy)

  • "The presence of good governance principles help to sustain democracy and underpin democratic principles and determine their successful implementation." (Peter Ashman, Human Rights and democracy Advisor, United Kingdom).

  • "Democratic government must be the underlying political regime for the effective realisation of human rights (..). The respect of rights is itself a tool for democratisation and maintaining democratic standards." (Basak çali, Lecturer in Human Rights, University College London)

  • "Political parties have been widely regarded as the backbone of democracy, performing such vital functions as presenting candidates for office, representing various social groups, aggregating interests, and integrating citizens into the political process. Yet they appear to be underperforming". (Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Professor of democracy studies, Hertie School of Governance, Germany)


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Council of Europe - Forum for the Future of Democracy Secretariat

Directorate General of Democracy and Political Affairs

67075 Strasbourg Cedex



The Conclusions will contribute to the Council of Europe’s agenda-setting for future work in the field of democracy.

Forum video  

. Introductory panel debate


. Working sessions findings (Roundtable discussion

  with Forum General Rapporteur and  discussants)



Word version - including speeches and presentations

Pdf version


Democracy Fair

   (Report on Democracy Fair & Links to exhibitors' web

    sites )



Speakers' biographies

List of participants

Photo gallery

Working documents

Press and media

Quotations from our acquis

  • "Democracy is the government of the people by the people. Its basic principles are the rule of law and the separation of powers. Under a democratic system, the rule of law governs the functioning of the government and administration, and confers on judges the power to verify whether the administration has complied with that rule."

    Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly - Resolution 800 (1983) on the principles of democracy.


  • "Strengthening local and regional democracy and securing respect for human rights are among the Council of Europe's main aims because a properly functioning democracy provides one of the foundations for peace and stability in Europe."

    Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Local and Regional Government - "Good local and regional governance in turbulent times: the challenge of change" (16th session, Utrecht, 16-17 November 2009).


  • "(..) It is essential that young people learn about participation and democracy while in school and that courses on democracy, participation and citizenship are available and properly resourced. However school must also be a place where young people experience democracy in action and where their participation in decision-making is supported, promoted and is seen as effective."

    (..)The active participation of young people in decisions and actions at local and regional level is essential if we are to build more democratic, inclusive and prosperous societies. Participation in the democratic life of any community is about more than voting or standing for election, although these are important elements. Participation and active citizenship is about having the right, the means, the space and the opportunity and where necessary the support to participate in and influence decisions and engage in actions and activities so as to contribute to building a better society.

    Committee of Ministers Recommendation Rec(2004)13 to member states on the participation  of young people in local and regional life (adopted by the committee of Ministers on 17 November 2004, at the 904th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies).


  • "(..) The Assembly notes that [the recent financial crises] have hit countries where democracy is weak, incomplete or even absent, while the more fully developed democracies have on the whole withstood their international impact. This points to the importance of democracy for lasting economic development, including respect for human rights, the rule of law, social justice and solidarity, transparency and accountability in public affairs, and independent judiciary, a free press and a firm stance against "cronyism", corruption and economic crime. Similarly, economic development can lead a country to a stage where more democracy will not only be possible but even necessary for economic development to go further. (..) Member states of the Council of Europe - an organisation founded on these very values - must work actively with other like-minded countries and international institutions to draw attention to the importance of democracy for economic and social development and the stability of the international economic system. They must also do their utmost, individually and jointly, to improve further the functioning of their own democracies in all the above respects.

    Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly - Resolution 1209 (2000) - Democracy and economic development