Ecological Networks

Joint Council of Europe / European Union Programme

"Emerald Network of Nature Protection Sites, Phase II"


Republic of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is located between the Caspian and the Black Seas, partly in the Caucasus Mountains and enjoys a 713 km long coastline on the Caspian Sea. The elevation in the country ranges from -28m below the sea level at the Caspian Sea to the height of 4,485 m at Bazarduzu in the Caucasus. The countryís principal rivers drain from the Caucasus to the Caspian Sea and include the Kura and its tributary the Aras River. From the mountainous regions of the Caucasus to the coastal lowlands, Azerbaijan encompasses nine climatic zones, resulting in a rich variety of flora and fauna which requires to be protected.

In 28 March 2000, Azerbaijan acceeded to the Bern Convention, which entered into force four months later the same year. Up to 2010, the country listed more than 160 species of Europen importance resent on its territoty and need to be protected, along with 18 different habitats. The category of fauna or flora that is best represented in sheer numbers on that list is birds. Some of the species listed most recently as part of the country's work on the the development of the Emerald network include the goitered gazelle, Gazella subgutturosae, the spur-thighed tortoise, Testudo graeca, and luckily Marsilea quadrifolia, commonly known as four-leaf clover. Continental salt steppes and salt marshes are among the habitats of European importance to be protected in the country.

10 sites in Azerbaijan have been officially nominated as candidate Emerald sites by the Standing Committee to the Bern Convention in December 2012. The country continues to identify areas suitable to join and complete the Emerald Network on its territory.


Caspian Sea

Goitered Gazelle, Gazella subgutturosa

Project activities in the Republic of Azerbaijan
First national workshop in the frame of the JP Emerald Network phase II in Azerbaijan, 5-6 June 2013: consult the meeting agenda and final meeting report

Visibility materials/events

Useful linkss
Emerald Network Leaflet:
   English  | French
   Georgian | Russian
+33 390 21 58 81

+33 390 21 55 37