Azerbaijan is located between the Caspian and the Black Seas, partly in the Caucasus Mountains
and enjoys a 713 km long coastline on the Caspian Sea. The elevation in the country ranges from -28m below the sea level at the Caspian Sea to the height of 4,485 m at Bazarduzu in the Caucasus. The countryís principal rivers drain from the Caucasus to the Caspian Sea and include the Kura and its tributary the Aras River. From the mountainous regions of the Caucasus to the coastal lowlands, Azerbaijan encompasses nine climatic zones, resulting in a rich variety of flora and fauna which
requires to be protected.
In 28 March 2000, Azerbaijan acceeded to the Bern Convention, which entered into force four months later the same year. Up to 2010, the country listed more than 160 species
of Europen importance resent on its
territoty and need to be protected,
along with 18 different habitats.
The category of fauna or flora that
is best represented in sheer numbers
on that list is birds. Some of the
species listed most recently as part
of the country's work on the the development of the Emerald network include the goitered gazelle,
Gazella subgutturosae, the spur-thighed tortoise,
Testudo graeca, and luckily
Marsilea quadrifolia, commonly known as four-leaf clover. Continental salt steppes and salt marshes are among the habitats of European importance to be protected in the country.
10 sites in Azerbaijan have been
officially nominated as candidate
Emerald sites by the Standing
Committee to the Bern Convention in
December 2012. The country continues
to identify areas suitable to join
and complete the Emerald Network on