Group of experts on European Island Biological Diversity
In 2009, the
Standing Committee set up a Group of experts on biodiversity of European islands. Islands contain a very rich
biological diversity developed as a result of their isolation.
However, that biodiversity is under particular threat
because of islands' shortness of space,
climate change, habitat destruction by
building on the shore line and pollution.
Islands are also very vulnerable to invasive
alien species (IAS) which is the second
cause of loss of species in the world.
The Group of
experts contributed to the work of the Convention on Biological Diversity on
islands, integrating the Global Island Partnership (GLISPA) and promoting further work on IAS on islands in the seas
surrounding Europe: the Baltic, Mediterranean and Black seas and the Arctic and East Atlantic Oceans.
The Group focussed its work in the elaboration of a Charter on Biodiversity in European Islands,
filling the knowledge gaps on threatened island biodiversity and on IAS on islands.
It proposes best practices for island
biodiversity monitoring and conservation, recommending eradication of some particularly harmful alien species and
exploring the conservation potential of small uninhabited islands.
The Group fulfilled its mandate and is now on stand-by.
Moreover, a workshop on feral ungulates and their impact on island biodiversity in the Mediterranean and Macaronesian regions will be organised on 23-24 March 2015 in La Gomera (Canary Islands, Spain) to examine how serious is the impact of feral ungulates in fragile island ecosystems and make proposals on how to better control those species so as to promote native biological diversity.
(Photo credit: Ivana d’Alessandro)
Charter on the Conservation and Sustainable
Use of Biological Diversity in European
Priorities for Conserving Biodiversity on
European Islands -
International efforts to conserve biological diversity in islands -
Compilation of National Reports on activities related to Biological Diversity on European Islands -
Toward a European information system on Invasive Alien Species in European islands -
153 (2011) on the Charter on the
Conservation and Sustainable use of
Biological Diversity on European Islands
Recommendation No. 91 (2002)
on Invasive Alien Species that threaten biological diversity in Islands and geographically and evolutionary isolated ecosystems