Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (the Faro Convention) is first and foremost a convention about society, for society. It suggests that in the face of the present crisis relating to political representation, economic models and cultural identity, heritage provides answers by fostering
citizen participation, promoting itself as a
resource rooted in continuity and sustainability, and becoming a factor for
dialogue as a source of respect and social cohesion.
Broadening of the heritage concept in a human rights and democracy perspective suggests an interpretation of the Faro Convention which clarifies the idea of better “living together”. Three main working themes will be developed by the Council of Europe (action plan 2014-2015):
1. making the most of cultural diversity in order to generate a local and European citizenship;
2. taking integrated a action on the living environment and the quality of life in trying
out new economic models;
3. promoting democratic participation in order to influence policy-making and render it more legitimate and sustainable.
From this angle, the
conclusions of the joint European Union/Council of Europe
Marseilles Forum highlighted three initial reference notions related to the
social value of heritage (the action plan 2014-2015 will develop these further, as well as those related to the cultural and economic values of heritage):
a. Citizenship is based on a community, which is in turn based on a territory;
b. Social cohesion is newly founded on various modes of participation and involvement;
c. Local democracy reinforced by developing civil society’s capacities for action.