The Heinrich Schickhardt Route
Heinrich Schickhardt is referred to as the "Swabian Da Vinci". As a town planner, military engineer and architect to Duke Frederick I of Württemberg, he built churches, castles, schools and mills, and helped to perfect hydraulic systems, water tanks and bridges designed to prevent flooding. His reputation was also made by his work as an engineer and cartographer.
Dates and countries
Incorporated into the programme
"The Council of Europe Cultural
Countries: France, Germany
The traces left by Schickhardt help us to discover one of the key periods of south-west German architecture, namely that represented by the Renaissance style of the cities of the Duchy of Württemberg.
Among his works are Esslingen Town Hall, the façade of the Fruchtkasten in Stuttgart, the outer tower of Hohentübingen Castle, the tower of the protestant church in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, Saint Michael’s Church in Backnang, the protestant church in Göppingen, and Saint Martin’s temple and the citadel in Montbéliard.
The towns and cities which bear the mark of his work as a planner have decided to establish a transfrontier route between France and Germany. The main signboards marking the route bear writings and drawings by the architect. This is an excellent example of the enhancement of cross-border heritage.
Another of the Council of Europe’s aims in including Schickhardt in its programme was to encourage people to explore regions which are off the beaten tourist track but are still pittoresque and form an integral part of Europe’s common heritage.
(Drawing by Heinrich Schickhardt)