Part I. Executive Summary  

Part II Introduction  

PUBLIC SECTOR

JKP “Park” and KJKP”RAD”

JKP “Alba” and
City Cemetery

No employees

Communal company

Sarajevo

Zenica

Doboj

Tuzla Canton

8

5

/

19

Part III Roma employment situation  

Municipalities

Total

Nationality

Albanian

Bosniaks

Montenegrin

Croat

Macedonian

Slovenian

Serb

Jews

Other

Total for Canton

59.763

34

51.799

12

6.263

3

5

1.143

1

503

Zenica

17.304

11

15.166

6

1.422

2

5

575

1

116

Roma in collective centers in BiH

Place

Number

Number

Number

Number

Bos. Petrovac
Roma Collective Center Goricani

238

 

Breza RCC Smrekovica

 

319

 

Mostar /RCC / Salakovac

   

100

 

Sarajevo/RCC/Rakovica

     

12

 

Total

669

Part IV Employment policy development and implementation  

V Legislative framework  

VI Racial discrimination in employment  

Employment rate in IX / 2003

 

Sarajevo municipality

Zenica municipality

Doboj municipality

Tuzla municipality

Roma

8 (0.13%)

5 (0.12%)

/

8 (0.05%)

National workers

72.147 (38.6%)

26.261 (10%)

 

28.723 (8%)

Estimation of population by cantons of Federation on 31. 12. 2002

 

Sarajevo Canton

Zenica Canton

Doboj

Tuzla Canton

Roma

9.000

8.650*
9.800**

375

15.000

Non Roma

401.118

398.419

70.560

509.584

Working active population

 

Sarajevo Canton

Zenica Canton

Doboj

Tuzla Canton

Roma

5.900***

5.700****

230

10.200*****

Non Roma

278.341

267.752

48.486

351.575

Employed by government

 

Sarajevo

Zenica

Tuzla

Doboj

Police officers

1*

/

2

/

Municipal councillor **

1

/

/

/

* During the research two other persons are employed as police officers but they do not declare themselves Roma.
** Two Roma Referent (Roma Advisors) have been appointed in Zivinice, Mr. Fahrudin Pecaninovic and in Zenica, Ms. Jasmina Beganovic – but the funding for these posts comes from a donor, not from the municipality

Figures from this table are included in the total employment figure.

VII Access to vocational training 

VIII Romani women 

Location

Sarajevo
(Gorica)

Doboj
(Stara Carsija)

Hadzici
(Cigansko brdo)

Total

30

25

8

63

I grade

II grade

III grade

IV grade

V grade

VI grade

VII grade

Primary school

Secondary school

With out education

/

3

5

12

2

3

1

12

4

21

/

4,76%

7,93%

19 %

3,17%

4,76%

1,58%

19 %

6,35%

33,33%

IX Romani youth  

X Inter-sectoral relations: education, housing, health, social welfare 

FBiH Unemployed persons according to education level

 

Total

Woman

 

303.054

139.650

University

3.750

2.044

Polytechnic

3.712

2.269

Secondary

64.636

39.801

High skilled

2.635

281

Skilled

111.426

40.283

Semi skilled

10.125

3.396

Primary school

1.146

1.002

Unqualified

105,624

50.574

RS Unemployed persons according to education level

 

Total

 

147,200

University

1.461

Polytechnic

2.631

Secondary

35.025

High skilled -
Skilled

57.165

Semi skilled

5.248

Primary school -
Unqualified

45.670

XI Existing employment projects  

XII Good practices / case studies  

XIII Conclusions and recommendation  

Recommendations

Long-term
(one year)

Short-term
(6 months)

Should be addressed by

M&E and/or other support

Roma National Strategy

X

 

Council of Ministers + Roma National Council

OSCE, CoE, UNHCR, UNDP, OHR

Roma Employment Action Plan

 

X

Council of Ministers + Roma National Council

OSCE, CoE, UNDP, OHR

Labour legislation – BiH level

X

X

BiH ministries + FBiH and RS Ministries of Labour

WB, ILO, OHR, UNDP

Employment Policy – BiH level

 

X

BiH ministries + FBiH and RS Ministries of Labour

WB, ILO, OHR, UNDP

Anti-Discrimination Law

X

X

BiH ministry of Justice + FBiH and RS Justice ministries

Ombudsman, HR NGOs

PRSP – Annex on Roma issues should be added

X

X

Council of Ministers + PRSP/EPPU, Roma National Council

OSCE, CoE, UNHCR, UNDP, OHR

Law on National Minorities should be amended – include the needs of Roma

X

 

Min. of HR and Refugees, Council of Ministers

OSCE, CoE, UNHCR, UNDP, OHR

Repossession (or compensation) of Roma housing or social housing for Roma people

 

X

Min. of Housing & Infrastructure

WB, OHR, UNDP, OSCE, UNHCR, Ombudsman

Roma should be given identification documents free of charge

 

X

Min. of Interior, Justice, HR & refugees, local authorities, Roma NGOs

OSCE, CoE, UNHCR, UNOHCHR, UNDP

Access to Health Care & relevant documents should be made more accessible

X

 

Min of Health,
Labour/local authorities, social Centres & Health Centres/Hospitals

WHO, WB

Recommendations

Long-term
(1-3 years)

Short-term
(3-6 months)

Should be addressed by

M&E and other support

Roma civil servants/Roma Referent

In towns with more than 50 Roma families

Roma referent in Tuzla, Sarajevo and Banja Luka

Local authorities/Min. of Interiors

Roma NGOs
Min of HR + Refugees

Employ Roma as Employment Mediators in EAs

Gradually employ 5 Roma Employment Officers

Roma Employment Officer in Zenica, Tuzla and Sarajevo

Min of Labour, EAs (local/ national)

EAs, Roma NGOs, Min. of Labour

Information Centre for assistance in employment in Roma Communities

Grow to five centres

Tuzla, Sarajevo and Gradiste

Roma NGOs

Support from
Employment Agencies (EAs)

Database on Roma unemployed, including Roma women – not related to education levels

 

X

Roma NGOs, EAs, local authorities

UNDP, Gender Centre

Roma Employment Bureau for temporary work

 

X

Roma NGOs + EAs

(I) NGOs, local authorities

Cooperation between Roma NGOs and EAs – information sharing & developing projects

X

Tuzla, Sarajevo and Gradiste to start

Roma NGOs + EAs

Local authorities, OHR, UNDP, UNHCR

EAs, Labour Inspectorates and Roma NGOs to prepare Roma for transition from informal to formal economy

 

X

EAs, Labour Inspectorates, Min. of Labour, Roma NGOs

Min. of Labour,
Local authorities

EAs to collect ethnically sensitive data

X

 

Min of Labour, EAs at local and national level & statistics bureau

UNDP, OHR

Min. of Labour to cooperate with Min of Education to focus on demand job skills

X

 

Min. of Labour and Education

WB, ILO, OHR

More Cooperation on Roma issues between Min. of Labour, Education and Health

 

X

Min of Labour, Education & Health

WB, OSCE, CoE

EAs to cooperate with schools to focus on demand skills

 

X

EAs, schools, local authorities, private/public companies

Roma NGOs, entity authorities

RE-qualification, vocational training and second chance education at reduced cost (and with stipends), for all without complicated administrative procedures

 

X

Min of Labour, Education, EAs, Social Centres, local authorities, (I) NGOs, Vocational Training Institutes

Local authorities, EAs
(I) NGOs, Roma NGOs

Public Works should include Roma (fair representation)

 

X

Min. of Labour, EAs, local authorities

Roma NGOs,
Ombudsman

SME: provide training for Roma + credits (small at first, if successful higher)

 

X

Min. of Labour, EAs, Local Banks, WB

Roma NGOs, (I) NGOs, ILO, UNDP

Private employers with > 100 employees should employ 1-2 Roma – they will receive tax reduction & support from local authorities

 

X

Local authorities, Min. of Labour, Min. of Finance

Roma NGOs

Roma companies to be established and receive subsidies/support from local authorities

 

X

Local authorities, banks, Min. of Labour/EAs

Roma NGOs, Labour Inspectorate
Support from (I) NGOs

Roma companies to participate in public tenders

X

X

Roma NGOs, local authorities, EAs

Local authorities, Ombudsman

Labour Inspectorates should have simpler procedures & more competences to address discrimination

 

X

Min. of Labour BiH, FBiH and RS level – amend the law
Min of Justice

WB, ILO, UNDP, Ombudsman

Roma NGOs should be trained in legal issues & assist others

X

X

Roma NGOs, HR NGOs, Social Centres

UNHCR, Ombudsman

Roma NGOs should work together towards common aims/networking

X

X

Min. of HR and Refugees, Roma National Board,
Roma NGOs

OSCE, CoE, Min of HR & refugees

Roma NGOs should promote education of Roma children

 

X

Roma NGOs, schools, Roma parents

OSCE, Min of Education, schools

Roma NGOs should provide health education

 

X

Roma NGOs, Health centres (especially Patronaz/Dom Zdravlja)

Health centres, Roma NGOs

Roma NGOs to work on projects in partnership with (I) NGOs & local authorities

X

X

Roma NGOs, local authorities, (I) NGOs

Local authorities, (I) NGOs

Develop Roma capacity in agriculture

X

 

Roma NGOs, Min of Agriculture/local authorities, (I) NGOs

Local authorities, (I) NGOs

Police and media need training on Roma/HR issues (anti-discrimina-
tion awareness)

X

X

Government at large, Min. of Interior, Media: R/TV, press

Roma NGOs, HR NGOs, Ombudsman

Roma Youth – provide them with work experience and SME training

X

X

EAs, local authorities, Council of Ministers/Youth Dept., Roma NGOs

WB, UNDP, ILO, Roma NGOs

Local authorities to prepare a budget to simulate Roma initiatives

X

X

Local authorities

(Roma) NGOs

XIV Bibliography 

XV ANNEXES 


1 UNDP Annual report 2002

2 Official census figures

3 Council of Roma of BiH

4 Please refer to annex

5 Ilijas Bosnjakovic Population of BiH 1878 - 2001.

6 Agency for statistics of BiH

7 Interviews with Mr. Slobodan Nagradic, Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees, Representative of Employment Agency in Tuzla and Indira Bajramovic, Roma Women NGO, Tuzla, April 2004.

8 Interview Madeleine Rees, UNOHCHR, Sarajevo, April 2004

9 RS Regulations do not allow banking and credit activities outside the banking system.

10 Employment Service in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Documents, Statistic overview September 2003.

11 See the paragraph “Roma Woman”

18 Labor Market in After War BiH: How to stimulate companies to open new positions and increase mobility of the workers, WB, November 2002.

13 Source Society for Threatened People

14 Source UNHCR

15 Refer to the report of FBiH Ombudsman.

16 Ombudsman Institution of FBiH “Report on human right situation in the Federation of BiH for 2002

17 LSMS

18 Gender and Poverty, IBHI June 2002.

19 Prevention and elimination of discrimination in employment, Fair employment practices strategy, Revised policy paper, October 2001,OSCE, OHR. OHCHR, UNHCR

20 Article 1 of FBiH Employment Law.

21 Article 2.

22 Article 1.

23 Article 12.

24 Special report on violations of Social Rights 2002, Ombudsman’s Office of the Federation BiH.

25 According to one employee in Doboj municipality in charge of registration of self-employment (SME), “she regretted because she was forced to reject an application for one Roma applicant, who wanted to start his own business”. He did not fulfill the conditions to start his own business because he had not finished primary education.

26 Mrs. Branka Raguz

27 Labour inspectors, Zenica, April 2004.

28 EU VET Program 05 April 2002

29 PRSP, Second draft version 2003

30 Research carried out by Mrs. Venita Popovic, a journalist experienced in working with Roma people.

31 “Rijetke su romske porodice u Bosni I Hercegovini bez nepismenih clanova porodice” page 24. 1999

18 Labor Market in After War BiH: How to stimulate companies to open new positions and increase mobility of the workers, WB, November 2002.

33 January 2004

34 OSCE research, 2003-2004 In 50-70 informal settlements through BiH live more then 2000 families.

35 Living Standard Measurement Survey.