The death of 30 Haitian migrants at sea earlier this week off the Bahamas has triggered renewed concerns about the plight of irregular migrants risking their lives around the world in unseaworthy boats and other life-threatening transport in search of better lives.
"The deaths at sea of these migrants in the Caribbean, and others in the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea, as well as in the deserts of Mexico and the Sahara, are a wake-up call for the international community to act. We must take urgent measures to ensure that these tragedies become a thing of the past", says IOM Director General William Lacy Swing.
IOM calls on all actors to address the situation of migrants attempting life-threatening journeys. They include refugees and asylum seekers, people seeking employment and people who may be particularly vulnerable, including victims of trafficking and unaccompanied minors. […]
IOM has received a donation of EUR 1.1 million from the European Union for a project which will help to fight child trafficking and gender- based violence (GBV) in Puntland, Somalia.
Entitled "Prevention of Child Trafficking and Gender-based Violence, as well as Protection and Care for Victims in Somalia", IOM, in coordination with key stakeholders in Puntland, will spearhead the project by raising awareness on both issues, support capacity building of the authorities, and provide direct assistance to child trafficking and GBV survivors.
The prevalence of gender-based violence and child trafficking in Somalia is reportedly one of the highest in the world. In particular, migrants and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are vulnerable to child trafficking and GBV including sexual attacks and female genital mutilation, due to lack of protection and awareness, a situation which is aggravated by the insecure environment in which they live.
In addition, migrants are trafficked for domestic servitude and labour in the agricultural sectors. Most of them experience cruelty, abuse and inhuman treatment, with Puntland being a transit point to the Middle Eastern countries. […]
IOM today launched its Annual Review of Migrant Assistance projects implemented in 2012. The report focuses on protection and services for vulnerable migrants, including victims of trafficking, unaccompanied migrant children (UMCs), and other stranded migrants who have suffered abuse or exploitation. It also addresses assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR).
The review also looks at human trafficking crime trends worldwide. While women continue to represent the majority of trafficked people in receipt of IOM assistance, accounting for over half of all cases, the review reports rising numbers of male victims of trafficking and labour exploitation, particularly in economic sectors requiring predominantly manual labour.
Children, especially UMCs, continue to represent an important beneficiary group of IOM assistance projects. Close to 30 per cent of the total number of victims of trafficking assisted were under the age of 18.
The review also stresses that while demand for cheap labour and sexual services remains a root cause of human trafficking and related abuses, other factors, notably migration push factors, such as relative poverty, under development and lack of equal opportunity, also contribute to the vulnerability of many young migrants. […]
Figures presented during the recent launch of the new “Statistical Dossier on Immigration” by the Italian National Office Against Racial Discrimination (UNAR) and the IDOS Study and Research Centre show there are more than five million migrants currently residing in Italy.
The migrants, who represent 7.4 per cent of the Italian population, contribute 12 per cent of the country’s GDP and pay EUR 13.3 billion annually in tax. Other data highlighted in the report shows that nearly 80,000 children were born to migrant parents in Italy last year and the number of foreign enterprises in in the country rose by 5.4 per cent. According to the report, some 53.3 per cent of migrants living in Italy are Christians, while 32.9 are Muslims.
The "Statistical Dossier on Immigration" is issued every year to record the impact of migration in Italy and issues related to migration. This year’s report has a specific focus on racial discrimination, which has been recorded in many sectors. […]
IOM France has launched a reintegration project to assist 130 victims of trafficking who have opted for voluntary return from European Union (EU) countries to their countries of origin in Africa, Asia and South America. The Coordinated Approach for the Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking (CARE) project aims to assess the needs of up to 260 victims of trafficking who are contemplating the option of assisted voluntary return from Austria, France, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom.
Out of the 260 assessed victims, IOM intends to provide flexible and tailored pre-departure, immediate post-arrival assistance such as the reception at the airport, safe accommodation, medical check-ups, secondary transportation to final destination, and reintegration assistance to 130 beneficiaries.
The reintegration package will include medical care, temporary housing, child care, income-generating activities such as job trainings, job placement, starting-up of a small business and other reintegration support as required on a case-by-case basis. […]