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    The Council of Europe has developed a legal instrument on protecting individuals who report or disclose information on acts and omissions in the workplace that represent a serious threat or harm to the public interest (‘whistleblowers’).

    The Recommendation CM/Rec(2014)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of whistleblowers was adopted on 30 April 2014. It recommends that member States have in place a normative, institutional and judicial framework to protect individuals who, in the context of their work-based relationship, report or disclose information on threats or harm to the public interest. To this end, it sets out a series of principles to guide member States when reviewing their national laws or when introducing legislation and regulations or making amendments as may be necessary and appropriate in the context of their legal systems.

    In the context of preparing this instrument, a meeting to consult key stakeholders from both the public and private sectors concerned with the issue was held in Strasbourg on 30 and 31 May 2013. The aim of the meeting was to seek their views on various main elements to be addressed in the draft text of the legal instrument. The outcome of those discussions contributed to enriching and finalising the development of an innovative European standard on protecting whistleblowers (see above).

    Recommendation on the protection of whistleblowers


    Unofficial German translation Recommendaton CM/Rec(2014)7 and its Explanatory memorandum provided by the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection

    Outcome of the meeting with key stakeholders

     Report of the rapporteur of the meeting

    Documentation for the meeting


     Explanatory notes for the meeting

     Resolution 1729 (2010) of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on protection of whistleblowers

    Recommendation 1916 (2010) of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on protection of whistleblowers

     The protection of whistleblowers - report by Mr Pieter Omtzgit  (Parliamentary Assemby of the Council of Europe)

     A study on the feasibility of a legal instrument on the protection of employees who make disclosures in the public interest by Mr Paul Stephenson

     Rule No. 1327 of 10 January 2011 on awareness and prevention of fraud and corruption

     G20 compendium of best practices and guiding principles for legislation on the protection of whistleblowers

    G20 Anti-Corruption Action Plan

     OECD « Whistleblower Protection : encouraging reporting»

    EU Guidelines on Whistleblowing



    Links to other relevant documents

    Report by Transparency International: Whistleblowing in Europe: Leegal protections for Whistleblowers in the European Union