17 May - International Day against Homophobia
For equality in diversity
The principle of equality and non-discrimination is a fundamental element in the protection of human rights. It is guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights (article 14) and was reinforced by Protocol No.12 to the Convention, which in a general manner, provides that no-one shall be discriminated against on any ground by any public authority.
Homophobic acts which have occurred in several states unhappily point to systematic violation of the fundamental rights of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transsexuals (LGBTs). These occurrences have also shown that in many cases such injustice is condoned and sometimes even actively supported by the very authorities whose strict duty it is to protect their citizens against all discrimination.
The Committee of Ministers, the Parliamentary Assembly and the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities have issued several recommendations and resolutions calling upon governments and local authorities to take the requisite measures to combat incitement to homophobia.
IDAHO Forum 2015
No cultural, traditional, religious values can justify hate crime and violence against LGBT people – Council of Europe participates in IDAHO Forum in Montenegro
The Council of Europe representatives are among key participants in the IDAHO Forum 2015 “Ending hate crime and violence” organised by the Government of Montenegro, to mark the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia celebrated on 17 May.
Snezana Samardžić-Marković, Director General of Democracy of the Council of Europe, delivered a keynote speech at the Forum today saying that hate crime and violence against LGBT people are among the most persistent human rights challenges, with homophobic and transphobic incidents, the so-called “corrective rapes”, forced marriages, physical and emotional violence, family and community rejection, bullying and discrimination still being a sad reality in Europe. A sound legal and policy framework is needed to effectively counter these crimes.
Today in Budva, the Council of Europe has also launched a new publication on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights on sexual orientation and gender identity. The new publication looks at the key articles of the Convention under which violations of LGBT rights may fall, and also analyzes solutions applicable at the European level, and those which are decided largely by the states, e.g. related to adoptions and marriages. The publication is meant for human rights professionals, researchers and students.
- Convention on Human Rights
- Protocol No. 12
- Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 of the Committee of Ministers
- Resolution 1728 (2010) of the Assembly
- Recommendation 1915 of the Assembly
- Congress Recommendation 211 (2007) on freedom of assembly and expression
- Congress Resolution 230 (2007) on freedom of assembly and expression
- Assembly Recommendation 1635 (2003) : Lesbians and gays in sport
- Collective complaint No. 45/2007 by the International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights (INTERIGHTS) against Croatia
- Case law of the ECHR relating to discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity (2015)
- Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe (2011)
- Combating discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity - Council of Europe standards (2011)
- Non-discrimination: a human right (2006)