Prohibition of torture
No one shall be subjected to torture or to onhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in all circumstances. Human dignity must be respected, even in detention. Acts of torture or ill-treatment must be consided as criminal offences. Protection against torture is a universally acknowledged principle and is not disputed in international law; there are special conventions in this field drawn up by the Council of Europe (e.g. the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings) and by the United Nations.
IN PRACTICE, the prohibition of torture applies, for example, to…