OUR CONTEXT, history and background
Winston Churchill (British Prime Minister and one of the founding fathers of the Council of Europe) first uttered the words Council of Europe and the vision behind it "…we must re-create the European family in a regional structure called, it may be, the United States of Europe, and the first practical step will be to form a Council of Europe."
After two devastating World Wars - in both human and economic cost - the Council of Europe (CoE) is set up.
Council of Europe (CoE)
- Mission: to guard the rights of all its people, to promote peace and co-operation and to achieve respect of law and order; in other words democracy, human rights and rule of law.
- Encourages political unity between European countries.
- Aims to ensure that such tragic events as WWI and WWII never be repeated.
- Is the first organisation of its kind.
- Is an organisation based in Strasbourg, France.
- 47 member countries, 800 million citizens.
- Is different and separated from other European international bodies, but it works closely on various themes with European Union and United Nations institutions.
- Student protests in France which led to general strike and brought the economy to standstill.
- For the Council of Europe it is the year that brought to attention the needs of young people.
- Starting with May - youth policy is included on the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe agenda/programme.
Parliamentary Assembly (CoE) decides to establish a European Youth Foundation and a European Youth Centre as permanent institutions.
December Summit - heads of state and government meeting in Hague, support the enlargement of the European Community (European Union). They also acknowledge the need to facilitate active participation and involvement of young people in the construction of Europe.