The Council of Europe’s approach against corruption (AC) and money laundering (AML) has been and continues to be: setting standards in the form of treaty law and through other "soft law" instruments (recommendations and resolutions); and monitoring their compliance with Council of Europe and global standards through its monitoring mechanisms, in particular the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) and the Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism (MONEYVAL).
This approach is supported through cooperation and assistance related activities and programmes implemented by the Economic Crime and Cooperation Division.
In using standard-setting, monitoring, and technical assistance altogether, the Council of Europe as a Pan-European political organisation displays a unique added value in supporting significant reforms concerning economic crime, corruption and money laundering in many of its Members States (including some emerging from the former-communist block and some from post‑conflict areas).
Results and lessons learned from previous engagement in such cooperation have enriched the Council of Europe’s expertise with solid tools and “know how” facilities in supporting such important reforms especially in the newly emerged democracies. Those countries have successfully managed to join the European family as Council of Europe Member States and contribute on an equal footing to its work.
Council of Europe presence, partnership and approach when involved in those reforms and cooperation modalities offers to the countries: access to experience and knowledge in mainstreaming their legislation in line with European acquis; sharing tools to effectively implement international standards; using the Council’s monitoring methodologies to address concerns in neighbouring regions; coordinating, supporting and hosting professional networks which promote better international co-operation in criminal matters (European Union/Council of Europe member States and other countries).
Such networks and exchange of good practices (in implementing and monitoring international and European standards) have served to build capacities and create strong links among homologue practitioners, professionals and government structures that share common goals and objectives when tackling economic and organised crime and its cross-border effects. Furthermore the global co-operation on technical matters concerning the fight against economic crime, corruption, and money-laundering is a key element when aiming at the objective in reaching beyond the European borders through extensive dissemination of European values and policies.
Standards and instruments
- Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 173)
- Civil Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 174)
- Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions (CETS 2015)
- Additional Protocol to the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 191)
- Resolution (97) 24 Concerning Twenty Guiding Principles on the fight against Corruption
- Rec(2000)10E 11 May 2000 on Codes of Conduct for Public Officials
- Rec(2003)4 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on Common Rules against Corruption in the Funding of Political parties and electoral campaigns
- Rec(2014)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of whistleblowers
- Rec(2017)2 of the Committee of Ministers to member States
on the legal regulation of lobbying activities in the context of public decision making
Anti-money laundering and terrorist financing
- Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime [CETS 141]
- Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism [CETS 198]
- Recommendation on measures against the transfer and safekeeping of funds of criminal origin [Recommendation No R (80) 10]
- Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS 196)
- Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS 217)