Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.005 - Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Nature of declaration : Declarations, Denunciations, Derogations
Status as of 24/07/2017

United Kingdom

Derogation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 23 December 1988, registered at the Secretariat General on 23 December 1988 - Or. Engl. - and withdrawn by a Notification from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 19 February 2001, deposited with the Secretary General on 19 February 2001 - Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in order to ensure compliance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on 5 November 1950.

There have been in the United Kingdom in recent years campaigns of organised terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland which have manifested themselves in activities which have included repeated murder, attempted murder, maiming, intimidation and violent civil disturbance and in bombing and fire raising which have resulted in death, injury and widespread destruction of property. As a result, a public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) of the Convention exists in the United Kingdom.

The Government found it necessary in 1974 to introduce and since then, in cases concerning persons reasonably suspected of involvement in terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland, or of certain offences under the legislation, who have been detained for 48 hours, to exercise powers enabling further detention without charge, for periods of up to five days, on the authority of the Secretary of State. These powers are at present to be found in Section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1984, Article 9 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) Order 1984 and Article 10 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984.

Section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1984 provides for a person whom a constable has arrested on reasonable grounds of suspecting him to be guilty of an offence under Section 1, 9 or 10 of the Act, or to be or to have been involved in terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland, to be detained in right of the arrest for up to 48 hours and thereafter, where the Secretary of State extends the detention period, for up to a further five days. Section 12 substantially re-enacted Section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1976 which, in turn, substantially re-enacted Section 7 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1974.

Article 10 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 (SI 1984/417) and Article 9 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) Order 1984 (SI 1984/418) were both made under Sections 13 and 14 of and Schedule 3 to the 1984 Act and substantially re-enacted powers of detention in Orders made under the 1974 and 1976 Acts. A person who is being examined under Article 4 of either Order on his arrival in, or on seeking to leave, Northern Ireland or Great Britain for the purpose of determining whether he is or has been involved in terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland, or whether there are grounds for suspecting that he has committed an offence under Section 9 of the 1984 Act, may be detained under Article 9 or 10, as appropriate, pending the conclusion of his examination. The period of this examination may exceed 12 hours if an examining officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting him to be or to have been involved in acts of terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland.

Where such a person is detained under the said Article 9 or 10 he may be detained for up to 48 hours on the authority of an examining officer and thereafter, where the Secretary of State extends the detention period, for up to a further five days.

Copies of Section 12 of the 1984 Act and the said Articles 9 and 10 are enclosed.

In its judgment of 29 November 1988 in the Case of Brogan and Others, the European Court of Human Rights held that there had been a violation of Article 5(3) in respect of each of the applicants, all of whom had been detained under Section 12 of the 1984 Act. The Court held that even the shortest of the four periods of detention concerned, namely four days and six hours, fell outside the constraints as to time permitted by the first part of Article 5(3). In addition, the Court held that there had been a violation of Article 5(5) in the case of each applicant.

Following this judgment, the Secretary of State for the Home Department informed Parliament on 6 December 1988 that, against the background of the terrorist campaign, and the over-riding need to bring terrorists to justice, the Government did not believe that the maximum period of detention should be reduced. He informed Parliament that the Government were examining the matter with a view to responding to the judgment. On 22 December 1988, the Secretary of State further informed Parliament that it remained the Government's wish, if it could be achieved, to find a judicial process under which extended detention might be reviewed and where appropriate authorised by a judge or other judicial officer. But a further period of reflection and consultation was necessary before the Government could bring forward a firm and final view.

Since the judgment of 29 November 1988 as well as previously, the Government have found it necessary to continue to exercise, in relation to terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland, the powers described above enabling further detention without charge, for periods of up to 5 days, on the authority of the Secretary of State, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation to enable necessary enquiries and investigations properly to be completed in order to decide whether criminal proceedings should be instituted. To the extent that the exercise of these powers may be inconsistent with the obligations imposed by the Convention the Government has availed itself of the right of derogation conferred by Article 15(1) of the Convention and will continue to do so until further notice.
Period covered: 23/12/1988 - 26/02/2001
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 November 1998, registered at the Secretariat General on 13 November 1998 - Or. Engl. - and withdrawn by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 4 May 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 5 May 2006 - Or. Engl.

In communications from this Delegation to the then Secretary General of 23 December 1988 and 23 March 1989, reference was made to the introduction and exercise of certain powers under Section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1984, Article 9 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) Order 1984 and Article 10 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 and to the replacement of those provisions by Section 14 and paragraph 6 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989.

These powers were previously extended by Order in Council to cover the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. Following the adoption, by the authorities in Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man of legislation making comparable provision, the relevant Orders in Council have been repealed. A copy of the new legislation for the Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey is enclosed.

In respect of the Isle of Man the relevant provisions are Section 12 of and paragraph 6 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism Act 1990 which entered into force on 1 December 1990. In respect of Guernsey the relevant provisions are Section 12 of and paragraph 6 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law 1990 which entered into force on 1 January 1991. In respect of Jersey the relevant provisions are Article 13 of and paragraph 6 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism (Jersey) Law 1996 which entered into force on 1 July 1996.

APPENDIX TO THE COMUNICATION

PREVENTION OF TERRORISM ACT 1990 - PART 4 - ARREST, DETENTION AND CONTROL OF ENTRY

12- Arrest and detention of suspected persons
[P/1989/4/14]

1. Subject to the following provisions of this section, a constable may arrest a person whom he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be:

a. a person guilty of an offence under section 2, 6, 7, 8 or 9;
b. a person who is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which this section applies; or
c. a person subject to an exclusion order.

2. The acts of terrorism to which this section applies are:

a. acts of terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland; and
b. acts of terrorism of any other description except acts connected solely with the affairs of the Island, the United Kingdom or any part of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland.

3. Subject to subsection 4, a person arrested under this section shall not be detained in right of the arrest for more than 48 hours after his arrest.

4. The Governor after consultation with the Chief Minister or the Minister for Home Affairs may, in any particular case, extend the period of 48 hours mentioned in subsection 3 by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed 3 days in all, and if an application for such an extension is made, the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

5. The exercise of the detention powers conferred by this section shall be subject to supervision in accordance with Schedule 3.

6. The provisions of this section are without prejudice to any power of arrest exercisable apart from this section.

7. The power of arrest under this section may be exercised:

a. under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection 8; or
b. without a warrant if the circumstances make it impracticable to apply for such a warrant.

8. If a Deemster or High Bailiff is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a person is liable to arrest under this section, he may grant a warrant authorising a constable to arrest that person.

Schedule 5 - Port Control - Detention pending examination etc.

6. (1.) A person who is examined under this Schedule may be detained under the authority of an examining officer:

a. pending conclusion of his examination;
b. pending consideration by the Governor whether to make an exclusion order against him; or
c. pending a decision by the Attorney General whether proceedings for an offence should be instituted against him.

(2.) Subject to sub-paragraph 3, a person shall not be detained under sub-paragraph 1 for more than 48 hours from the time when he is first examined.

(3.) The Governor may, in any particular case, extend the period of 48 hours mentioned in sub-paragraph 2 by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed 3 days in all, and if an application for such an extension is made the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

(4.) A person liable to be detained under this paragraph may be arrested without warrant by an examining officer.

(5.) A person on board a ship or aircraft may, under the authority of an examining officer, be removed from the ship or aircraft for detention under this paragraph; but if an examining officer so requires, the captain of the ship or aircraft shall prevent from disembarking in the Island any person who has arrived in the ship or aircraft if the examining officer notifies him either that that person is the subject of an exclusion order or that consideration is being given by the Governor to the making of an exclusion order against that person.

(6.) Where under sub-paragraph 5 the captain of a ship or aircraft is required to prevent a person from disembarking he may for that purpose detain him in custody on board the ship or aircraft.

(7.) A person may be removed from a vehicle for detention under this paragraph.

THE PREVENTION OF TERRORISM (BAILIWICK OF GUERNSEY) LAW, 1990 - PART IV - ARREST, DETENTION AND CONTROL OF ENTRY

12. (1.) An officer of police may arrest without warrant a person who he has reasonable grounds to suspect:

a. is guilty of an offence under section 2, 6, 7, 8 or 9;
b. is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which this section applies; or
c. is subject to an exclusion order.

(2.) The acts of terrorism to which this section applies are:

a. acts of terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland; and
b. acts of terrorism of any other description except acts connected solely with the affairs of the Bailiwick or any part of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland.

(3.) Subject to subsection 4, a person arrested under this section shall not be detained in right of the arrest for more than 48 hours after his arrest.

(4.) Her Majesty's Procureur may, in any particular case, extend the period of 48 hours mentioned in subsection 3 by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed 5 days in all; and if an application for such an extension is made, the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of the fact and of the time when the application was made.

(5.) The powers of detention conferred by this section are subject to supervision in accordance with Schedule 3.

SCHEDULE 5 - PORT CONTROL - Detention pending examination

6. (1.) A person who is examined under this Schedule may be detained under the authority of an examining officer:

a. pending conclusion of his examination;
b. pending consideration by the Lieutenant-Governor of whether to make an exclusion order or a deportation order against him; or
c. pending a decision by Her Majesty's Procureur of whether proceedings for an offence should be instituted against him.

(2.) Subject to sub-paragraph 3, a person shall not be detained under sub-paragraph 1 for more than 48 hours from the time when he is first examined.

(3.) Her Majesty's Procureur may, in any particular case, extend the period of 48 hours mentioned in sub-paragraph 2 by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed 5 days in all; and if an application for such an extension is made, the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

(4.) A person liable to be detained under this paragraph may be arrested without warrant by an examining officer.

(5.) A person on board a ship or aircraft may, under the authority of an examining officer, be removed therefrom for detention under this paragraph; but the captain shall prevent any person who has arrived in the ship or aircraft from disembarking in the Bailiwick if an examining officer so requires and notifies him either that the person is the subject of an exclusion order or that consideration is being given by the Lieutenant-Governor to the making of an exclusion order against him.

(6.) Where under sub-paragraph 5 the captain of a ship or aircraft is required to prevent a person from disembarking, he may for that purpose detain him in custody on board.

(7.) A person may be removed from a vehicle for detention under this paragraph.

PREVENTION OF TERRORISM (JERSEY) LAW, 1996 - PART V - Powers of arrest, detention and control of entry

Article 13 – Arrest and detention of suspected persons

1. Subject to paragraph 2, a police officer may arrest a person whom he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be:

a. a person guilty of an offence under this Law;
b. a person who is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which this Article applies; or
c. a person subject to an exclusion order.

2. The acts of terrorism to which this Article applies are:

a. acts of terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland; and
b. acts of terrorism of any other description except acts connected solely with the affairs of the Island, or any part of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland.

3. Subject to paragraph 4, a person arrested under this Article shall not be detained in right of the arrest for more than forty-eight hours after his arrest.

4. The Attorney General may, in any particular case, extend the period of forty-eight hours mentioned in paragraph 3 by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed five days in all and if an application for such extension is made, the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

5. The exercise of the powers of detention conferred by this Article shall be subject to supervision in accordance with the Third Schedule.

FIFTH SCHEDULE - PORT CONTROL - Detention pending examination, etc.

6. (1.) A person who is examined under this Schedule may be detained under the authority of an examining officer :

a. pending conclusion of his examination;
b. pending consideration by the Lieutenant Governor whether to make an exclusion order against him or to serve him with notice of a decision to make a deportation order against him under the Immigration Act; or
c. pending a decision by the Attorney General whether proceedings for an offence should be instituted against him.

(2.) Subject to sub-paragraph 3, a person shall not be detained under sub-paragraph 1 for more than forty-eight hours from the time when he is first examined.

(3.) The Attorney General may, in any particular case, extend the period of forty-eight hours mentioned in sub-paragraph 2 by a period or periods specified by him, but any such period or periods shall not exceed five days in all and if an application for such extension is made the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

(4.) A person liable to be detained under this paragraph may be arrested without warrant by an examining officer.

(5.) A person on board a ship or aircraft may, under the authority of an examining officer, be removed from the ship or aircraft for detention under this paragraph; but if an examining officer so requires, the captain of the ship or aircraft shall prevent from disembarking in the Island any person who has arrived in the ship or aircraft if the examining officer notifies him either that the person is the subject of an exclusion order or that consideration is being given by the Lieutenant Governor to the making of an exclusion order against that person.

(6.) Where under sub-paragraph 5 the captain of a ship or aircraft is required to prevent a person from disembarking, he may for that purpose detain him in custody on board the ship or aircraft.

(7.) A person may be removed from a vehicle for detention under this paragraph.
Period covered: 12/11/1998 - 05/05/2006
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a Note Verbale from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 February 2001, handed to the Secretary General on 19 February 2001 - Or. Engl. - and completed by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 4 May 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 5 May 2006 - Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to refer to Article 15, paragraph 3, of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on 4 November 1950, as well as to the notification made by the then United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the then Secretary General under the Article 15, paragraph 3, and dated 23 December 1988 and 23 March 1989.

The provisions referred to in the March 1989 notification, namely section 14 and paragraph 6 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism Act 1989, have been replaced by section 41 and paragraph 6 of Schedule 7 to the Terrorism Act 2000. Under section 41 a person who has been arrested by a constable upon reasonable suspicion of being guilty of an offence under Sections, 11, 12, 15 to 18, 54 and 56 to 63 of the Act, or of being concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism, can be detained by virtue of the arrest for up to 48 hours and thereafter, where a judicial authority extends the detention period, for up to a further five days. The judicial authority will extend detention only to the point strictly necessary for the completion of investigations and enquiries or to preserve relevant evidence in order to decide whether criminal proceedings should be instituted. Under paragraph 6 of Schedule 7 to the Act a person who is being examined at a port or in a border area by an examining officer for the purpose of determining whether he is a person who is or has been involved in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism, or for the purpose of determining whether his presence in the border area is connected with his entering or leaving Northern Ireland, may be detained pending the conclusion of his examination. The period of his detention under this power shall not exceed nine hours. No extension of detention is possible.

In the light of these developments, the measures referred to in the notificaions dated 23 December 1988 and 23 March 1989 will cease to operate as of Monday, 26 February 2001. Accordingly, the two notifications are withdrawn as from that date, and the Government of the United Kingdom confirms that the provisions of the Convention will again be executed as from then.

However, this withdrawal of the derogation only applies to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is not yet possible to withdraw the derogation in respect of the Crown Dependencies, that is the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Isle of Man. The Crown Dependencies are actively considering enacting or amending their current Prevention of Terrorism legislation to reflect the changes in the United Kingdom legislation made under the Terrorism Act 2000. (The letter from the Permanent Representative of 12 November 1998 to the previous Secretary General explains the position in relation to the legislation in the Crown Dependencies.)
Period covered: 26/02/2001 - 05/05/2006
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note Verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 18 December 2001, registered by the Secretariat General on 18 December 2001 - Or. Engl.Engl. - and withdrawn by a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom dated 16 March 2005, registered at the Secretariat General on 16 March 2005 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in order to ensure compliance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on 5 November 1950.

Public emergency in the United Kingdom

The terrorist attacks in New York, Washington, D.C. and Pennsylvania on 11th September 2001 resulted in several thousand deaths, including many British victims and others from 70 different countries. In its resolutions 1368 (2001) and 1373 (2001), the United Nations Council recognised the attacks as a threat to international peace and security.

The threat from international terrorism is a continuing one. In its resolution 1373 (2001), the Security Council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, required all States to take measures to prevent the commission of terrorist attacks, including by denying safe haven to those who finance, plan, support or commit terrorist attacks.

There exists a terrorist threat to the United Kingdom from persons suspected of involvement in international terrorism. In particular, there are foreign nationals present in the United Kingdom who are suspected of being concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of international terrorism, of being members of organisations or groups which are so concerned or of having links with members of such organisations or groups, and who are a threat to the national security of the United Kingdom.

As a result, a public emergency, within the meaning of Article 15 (1) of the Convention, exists in the United Kingdom.

The Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001

As a result of the public emergency, provision is made in the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, inter alia, for an extended power to arrest and detain a foreign national which will apply where it is intended to remove or deport the person from the United Kingdom but where removal or deportation is not for the time being possible, with the consequence that the detention would be unlawful under existing domestic law powers. The extended power to arrest and detain will apply where the Secretary of State issues a certificate indicating his belief that the person's presence in the United Kingdom is a risk to national security and that he suspects the person of being an international terrorist. That certificate will be subject to an appeal to the Special Immigration Appeals Commission ("SIAC"), established under the Special Immigration Appeals Commission Act 1997, which will have power to cancel it if it considers that the certificate should not have been issued. There will be an appeal on a point of law from a ruling by SIAC. In addition, the certificate will be reviewed by SIAC at regular intervals. SIAC will also be able to grant bail, where appropriate, subject to conditions. It will be open to a detainee to end his detention at any time by agreeing to leave the United Kingdom.

The extended power of arrest and detention in the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 is a measure which is strictly required by the exigencies of the situation. It is a temporary provision which comes into force for an initial period of 15 months and then expires unless renewed by the Parliament. Thereafter, it is subject to annual renewal by Parliament. If, at any time, in the Governments' assessment, the public emergency no longer exists or the extended power is no longer strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, then the Secretary of State will, by Order, repeal the provision.

Domestic law powers of detention (other than under the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001)

The Government has powers under the Immigration Act 1971 ("the 1971 Act") to remove or deport persons on the ground that their presence in the United Kingdom is not conducive to the public good on national security grounds. Persons can also be arrested and detained under Schedules 2 and 3 to the 1971 Act pending their removal or deportation. The courts in the United Kingdom have ruled that this power of detention can only be exercised during the period necessary, in all the circumstances of the particular case, to effect removal and that, if it becomes clear that removal is not going to be possible within a reasonable time, detention will be unlawful (R. v Governor of Durham Prison, ex parte Singh [1984] All ER 983).

Article 5(1)(f) of the Convention

It is well established that Article 5(1)(f) permits the detention of a person with a view to deportation only in circumstances where "action is being taken with a view to deportation" (Chahal v United Kingdom (1996) 23 EHRR 413 at paragraph 112). In that case the European Court of Human Rights indicated that detention will cease to be permissible under Article 5(1)(f) if deportation proceedings are not prosecuted with due diligence and that it was necessary in such cases to determine whether the duration of the deportation proceedings was excessive (paragraph 113).

In some cases, where the intention remains to remove or deport a person on national security grounds, continued detention may not be consistent with Article 5(1)(f) as interpreted by the Court in the Chahal case. This may be the case, for example, if the person has established that removal to their own country might result in treatment contrary to Article 3 of the Convention. In such circumstances, irrespective of the gravity of the threat to national security posed by the person concerned, it is well established that Article 3 prevents removal or deportation to a place where there is a real risk that the person will suffer treatment contrary to that article. If no alternative destination is immediately available then removal or deportation may not, for the time being, be possible even though the ultimate intention remains to remove or deport the person once satisfactory arrangements can be made. In addition, it may not be possible to prosecute the person for a criminal offence given the strict rules on the admissibility of evidence in the criminal justice system of the United Kingdom and the high standard of proof required.

Derogation under Article 15 of the Convention

The Government has considered whether the exercise of the extended power to detain contained in the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 may be inconsistent with the obligations under Article 5(1) of the Convention. As indicated above, there may be cases where, notwithstanding a continuing intention to remove or deport a person who is being detained, it is not possible to say that "action is being taken with a view to deportation" within the meaning of Article 5(1)(f) as interpreted by the Court in the Chahal case. To the extent, therefore, that the exercise of the extended power may be inconsistent with the United Kingdom's obligations under Article 5(1), the Government has decided to avail itself of the right of derogation conferred by Article 15(1) of the Convention and will continue to do so until further notice.
Period covered: 18/12/2001 - 14/03/2005
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom dated 16 March 2005, registered at the Secretariat General on 16 March 2005 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, and has the honour to refer to Article 15, paragraph 3, of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on 5 November 1950, as well as to the notification made by the then United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the then Secretary General under Article 15, paragraph 3, dated 18 December 2001.

The provisions referred to in the 18 December 2001 notification, namely the extended power of arrest and detention in the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, ceased to operate on 14 March 2005. Accordingly, the notification is withdrawn as from that date, and the Government of the United Kingdom confirm that the relevant provisions of the Convention will again be executed as from then.
Period covered: 16/03/2005 -
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, transmitted by the Permanent Representation and registered by the Secretariat General on 5 May 2006 - Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, and has the honour to refer to Article 15, paragraph 3, of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on 4 November 1950, as well as to the notification made by the United Kingdom under that provision dated 23 December 1988 and 23 March 1989, and to the further communication in that regard made on 12 November 1998.

By a letter from the then Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the then Secretary General dated 19 February 2001, the derogation referred to in the above-mentioned notifications was withdrawn as from that date in respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Norther Ireland only.

It has now also become possible to withdraw the derogation referred to in those notifications and in the above mentioned letter of 12 November 1998 in respect of the Crown Dependencies, that is the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Isle of Man. Accordingly, the derogation is withdrawn in respect of those territories with immediate effect, and the Governement of the United Kingdom confirm that the relevant provisions of the Convention will again be executed there.
Period covered: 05/05/2006 -
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 23 March 1989, registered at the Secretariat General on 28 March 1989 - Or. Engl. - and withdrawn by a Notification from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 19 February 2001, deposited with the Secretary General on 19 February 2001 - Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information.

In his communication to the Secretary General of 23 December 1988, reference was made to the introduction and exercise of certain powers under Section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1984, Article 9 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) Order 1984 and Article 10 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Supplemental Temporary Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984.

These provisions have been replaced by section 14 of and paragraph 6 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989, which make comparable provision. They came into force on 22 March 1989. A copy of these provisions is enclosed.

Appendices to the Communication

DETENTION PENDING EXAMINATION ETC.

6. (1) A person who is examined under this Schedule may be detained under the authority of an examining officer :

(a) pending conclusion of his examination ;
(b) pending consideration by the Secretary of State whether to make an exclusion order against him ; or
(c) pending a decision by the Director of Public Prosecutions or Attorney General or, as the case may be, the Lord Advocate or the Director of Public Prosecutions or Attorney General for Northern Ireland whether proceedings for an offence should be instituted against him.

(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (3) below, a person shall not be detained under sub-paragraph (1) above for more than forty eight hours from the time when he is first examined.

(3) The Secretary of State may, in any particular case, extend the period of forty-eight hours mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) above by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed five days in all and if an application for such an extension is made the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

(4) A person liable to be detained under this paragraph may be arrested without warrant by an examining officer.

(5) A person on board a ship or aircraft may, under the authority of an examining officer, be removed from the ship or aircraft for detention under this paragraph ; but if an examining officer so requires, the captain of the ship or aircraft shall prevent from disembarking in the relevant territory any person who has arrived in the ship or aircraft if the examining officer notifies him either that that person is the subject of an exclusion order or that consideration is being given by the Secretary of State to the making of an exclusion order against that person.

(6) Where under sub paragraph (5) above the captain of a ship or aircraft is required to prevent a person from disembarking he may for that purpose detain him in custody on board the ship or aircraft.

(7) A person may be removed from a vehicle for detention under this paragraph.

(8) In sub paragraph (5) above "the relevant territory" has the same meaning as in paragraph 6 of Schedule 2 to this Act.

PART IV - ARREST, DETENTION AND CONTROL OF ENTRY

14. (1) Subject to subsection (2) below, a constable may arrest without warrant a person whom he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be :

(a) a person guilty of an offence under section 2, 8, 9, 10 or 11 above ;
(b)a person who is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which this section applies ; or
(c) a person subject to an exclusion order.

(2) The acts of terrorism to which this section applies are :

(a) acts of terrorism connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland ; and
(b) acts of terrorism of any other description except acts connected solely with the affairs of the United Kingdom or any part of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland.

(3) The power of arrest conferred by subsection (1)(c) above is exercisable only :

(a) in Great Britain, if the exclusion order was made under section 5 above ; and
(b) in Northern Ireland, if it was made under section 6 above.

(4) Subject to subsection (5) below, a person arrested under this section shall not be detained in right of the arrest for more than forty eight hours after his arrest.

(5) The Secretary of State may, in any particular case, extend the period of forty eight hours mentioned in subsection (4) above by a period or periods specified by him, but any such further period or periods shall not exceed five days in all and if an application for such an extension is made the person detained shall as soon as practicable be given written notice of that fact and of the time when the application was made.

(6) The exercise of the detention powers conferred by this section shall be subject to supervision in accordance with Schedule 3 to this Act.

(7) The provisions of this section are without prejudice to any power of arrest exercisable apart from this section.
Period covered: 23/03/1989 - 26/02/2001
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 24 May 1954, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 May 1954 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in accordance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th November 1950.

A state of emergency exists in the following territories for whose international relations Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom are responsible.

Federation of Malaya and Colony of Singapore. A State of Emergency in the Federation of Malaya was declared on the 18th June, 1948, and a few days later in the adjacent territory of the Colony of Singapore, owing to a conspiracy to overthrow the lawfully constituted governments of those territories by armed force.

Kenya. A State of Emergency was proclaimed in the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya on the 20th October, 1952, owing to the crimes of violence, including murder and mutilation, and the attempted subversion of the lawfully constituted government, by terrorists known by the name of Mau Mau.

British Guiana. Emergency powers were brought into operation in the Colony of British Guiana on the 8th October, 1953, owing to a dangerous crisis in public order and in the economic life of the territory and in order to prevent the subversion of the lawfully constituted government.

A State of Emergency was declared on the 30th November, 1953, in the Province of Buganda in the Uganda Protectorate following a constitutional crisis. The State of Emergency was terminated on the 31st March, 1954.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative has the honour to state that under legislation enacted to confer upon them powers for the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the governments of the Federation of Malaya, the Colony of Singapore, the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, the Uganda Protectorate and the Colony of British Guiana have respectively taken and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised or are exercising powers to detain persons which involve derogating in certain respects from the obligations imposed by Article 5 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The United Kingdom Permanent Representative has however the honour to add that all persons now in detention have been permitted in accordance with the provisions of the relevant Regulations to have their cases reviewed by a Committee under a judicially qualified chairman.

[Note by the Secretariat: The dates registered by the Secretariat General as concluding these derogations to the Convention are, respectively :

- Buganda: 31 March 1954 as indicated in the present declaration;
- Kenya: 12 December 1963, date of its Independence. See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 19 September 1960;
- British Guiana: 23 November 1957, date of withdrawal of the derogation by a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom dated 15 December 1958, registered at the Secretariat General on 16 December 1958 – Or. Engl. See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 27 November 1964, 1 March 1965 and 12 July 1965;
- Federation of Malaya: 31 August 1957, date of its Independence;
- Singapore: 16 September 1963, date of its Independence. See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 11 May 1960.]
Period covered: 24/05/1954 - 12/12/1963
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 7 October 1955, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 October 1955 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in accordance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th November 1950.

A public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) of the Convention exists in the following territory for whose international relations Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom are responsible.

Cyprus. Certain emergency powers were brought into operation in the Colony of Cyprus on the 16th of July, 1955, owing to the commission of acts of violence including murder and sabotage and in order to prevent attempts at the subversion of the lawfully constituted government.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative has the honour to state that under legislation enacted to confer upon them powers for the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Government of the Colony of Cyprus have taken and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised or are exercising powers to detain persons which involve derogating in certain respects from the obligations imposed by Article 5 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The United Kingdom Permanent Representative has however the honour to add that all persons now in detention are permitted in accordance with the provisions of the relevant Regulations to have their cases reviewed by a Committee under a judicially qualified chairman.

[Note by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 13 April 1956 and 21 January 1959.]
Period covered: 07/10/1955 - 19/06/1959
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 13 April 1956, registered at the Secretariat General on 20 April 1956 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in accordance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th November 1950.

A public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) of the Convention exists in the following territory for whose international relations Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom are responsible.

Cyprus. Certain further emergency powers were brought into operation in the Colony of Cyprus on the 26th of November, 1955 owing to the commission of acts of violence including murder and sabotage and in order to prevent attempts at subversion of the lawfully constituted Government.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative has the honour to state that under legislation enacted to confer upon them powers for the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Government of the Colony of Cyprus have exercised powers to deport persons from the Colony of Cyprus to the Colony of Seychelles; and the government of the Colony of Seychelles have taken, and to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation are exercising powers to detain those persons, which involve derogating in certain respects from the obligations imposed by Article 5 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

[Note by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 21 January 1959.]
Period covered: 26/11/1955 - 19/06/1959
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 27 June 1957, registered at the Secretariat General on 27 June 1957 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in order to ensure compliance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950.

A public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) of the Convention exists in a part of the United Kingdom, namely, Northern Ireland.

Owing to the recurrence in Northern Ireland of organised terrorism, certain emergency powers have been brought into operation at various dates between June 16, 1954, and January 11, 1957, in order to preserve the peace and prevent outbreaks of violence, loss of life and damage to property; for these purposes the Government of Northern Ireland, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised powers to detain persons, to search and seize, and to prohibit the publication and distribution of certain printed matter, which may involve derogations in certain respects from the obligations imposed by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

[Note by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 25 September 1969, 20 August 1971, 23 January 1973, 16 August 1973, 19 September 1975, 12 December 1975, 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984.]
Period covered: 27/06/1957 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 16 August 1957, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 August 1957 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Acting Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information in order to ensure compliance with the obligations of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th November, 1950.

In or about September 1956, a public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) of the Convention arose in the following territory for whose international relations Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom are responsible.

Northern Rhodesia. Certain emergency powers were brought into operation in the Western Province of the Protectorate of Northern Rhodesia on 11th September, 1956, in order to preserve the peace and prevent outbreaks of violence, loss of life and damage to property; for these purposes the Governor of the Protectorate of Northern Rhodesia, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, exercised powers to detain persons which may involve derogations in certain respects from the obligations imposed by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. However, there are at the present time no persons under detention pursuant to these powers.

[Note by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 16 November 1962.]
Period covered: 19/08/1957 - 16/11/1962
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 21 January 1959, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 January 1959 – Or. Engl. – and withdrawn by a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 16 June 1959, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 June 1959 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to his Note Verbale of the 7th of October 1955, and the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information.

The Government of the Colony of Cyprus have taken and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised or are exercising, powers to detain persons in accordance with the following legislative measures (copies of which are appended hereto [*]) introduced by the Government of the Colony:

1. The Detention of Persons Law, 1955, (Law No. 26 of 1955), enacted on the 15th of July, 1955. Under this Law, the Governor of Cyprus is empowered to order the detention of any person if he is satisfied that it is necessary so to do on any of the grounds set out in Section 2 of the Law. By Section 4 of the Law, any person who is aggrieved by the making of a detention order against him is permitted to make objection to an advisory committee appointed by the Governor. The duration of the Law has been extended from time to time by orders of the Governor in Council made under Section 5.

2. The Detention of Persons (Amendment) Law, 1955, (Law No. 53 of 1955), enacted on the 26th of October, 1955, which made a minor amendment to the Detention of Persons Law, 1955.

3. Regulation 6 of the Emergency Powers (Public Safety and Order) Regulations, 1955 (hereinafter referred to as "the principal Regulations") made on the 26th of November, 1955, which permitted the Governor to order the detention of persons in certain circumstances. Paragraph (4) of Regulation 6 also provided for an advisory committee to whom objections could be made.

4. The Emergency Powers (Public Safety and Order) (Amendment No. 6) Regulations, 1956, made on the 13th of April, 1956, amended Regulation 6 of the principal Regulations by the deletion of the word "recently" from paragraph (1) (a) thereof.

5. The Emergency Powers (Public Safety and Order) (Amendment No. 4) Regulations, 1957, made on the 8th of August, 1957, revoked Regulation 6 of the principal Regulations.

6. The Emergency Powers (Public Safety and Order) (Amendment No. 3) Regulations, 1958, made on the 21st of July, 1958, re-introduced in substance Regulation 6 of the principal Regulations.

7. The Emergency Powers (Public Safety and Order) (Amendment No. 1) Regulations, 1956, made on the 12th of January, 1956, amended Regulation 3 of the principal Regulations so as to provide that the period of detention following arrest might be extended for an additional period not exceeding 14 days (making a maximum period of 16 days). For convenience of reference, a copy of Regulation 3 of the principal Regulations is appended thereto [*].

8. The Emergency Powers (Arrest and Detention) (Temporary Provisions) Regulations, 1958, made on the 21st of July, 1958, provided that, in certain circumstances, persons arrested under powers conferred by these regulations might be detained for a period not exceeding 28 days. These Regulations were expressed to remain in force for a period of two months, but their duration was extended for a further two months by the Emergency Powers (Arrest and Detention) (Temporary Provisions) (Amendment) Regulations, 1958, made on the 30th of August, 1958.

9. The Emergency Powers (Public Safety and Order) (Amendment) (No. 6) Regulations, 1958, made on the 17th of November, 1958, revoked the Emergency Powers (Arrest and Detention) (Temporary Provisions) Regulations, 1958, and a new Regulation 3 was substituted for the existing Regulation 3 of the principal Regulations. The new Regulation 3 permitted persons arrested under the Regulation to be detained in certain circumstances for a period not exceeding 28 days.

[[*] Note by the Secretariat: The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 22/01/1959 - 19/06/1959
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 25 May 1959, registered at the Secretariat General on 26 May 1959 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information.

A public emergency threatening the life of the nation has arisen in the Protectorate of Nyasaland in the following circumstances. A systematic campaign involving the deliberate flouting of lawfully constituted authority has led to grave disorders culminating, in mid-February, 1959, in serious rioting in several places in the Protectorate. Further serious incidents occurred on subsequent dates, resulting in loss of life and numerous casualties and in substantial damage to Government and private property. Intimidation and threats of violence have been rife, and information which reached the Government of the Protectorate, and which was of such a nature that that Government could not ignore it, indicated the existence of plans for further widespread violence and murder directed towards the disruption of law and order and the over-throw of the duly constituted authorities.

For the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Government of the Protectorate of Nyasaland have enacted certain Emergency Regulations conferring powers to detain persons the exercise of which may involve derogation from obligations imposed by the Convention, and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised and are exercising those powers.

The relevant Emergency Regulations (copies of which are annexed [*]) are as follows:

1. Regulation 24 of the Emergency Regulations, 1959, which were enacted on the 2nd of March, 1959, and which came into operation on the 3rd of March, 1959. Under this Regulation, the Governor may make a detention order against any person if he is satisfied that for the purposes of maintaining public order, it is necessary to exercise control over him. By virtue of sub-regulation (4) of this Regulation, any person aggrieved by the making of a detention order against him may make his objections to an Advisory Committee presided over by a person who holds or has held judicial office, and may also make representations direct to the Governor. By sub-regulation (7) of this Regulation, any authorised officer may arrest any person in respect of who he has reason to believe there are grounds which would justify his detention under the Regulation and may order such person to be detained for a period not exceeding twenty-eight days. The Governor is obliged by sub-regulation (8) of this Regulation to review every detention order at least every six months.

2. Regulation 26 of the Emergency Regulations, 1959. This Regulation confers upon certain officers in certain circumstances the power to arrest a person whom they reasonably suspect of having acted or of being about to act or of being likely to act in a manner prejudicial to the public safety or the preservation of the peace or of being about to commit an offence against the Regulations and to detain that person pending enquiries. No person may be detained under this power for more than twenty-four hours except with the authority of a Magistrate or a senior Police Officer who may authorise him to be detained for a further forty-eight hours, but if such a Magistrate or Police Officer is satisfied that it is necessary so to do in order to permit the necessary enquiries to be completed, he may direct the person to be detained for a further period not exceeding seven days.

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 11 January 1961 and 15 March 1961.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 26/05/1959 - 16/03/1961
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 5 January 1960, registered at the Secretariat General on 5 January 1960 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information.

A public emergency threatening the life of the nation has occurred in the Colony of Aden in the following circumstances. In the early part of 1958 a terrorist campaign broke out in the Colony. This campaign, which, it is believed, was organised and fomented by persons who had come from outside the Colony, manifested itself chiefly in the form of bomb-throwing and explosions which were aimed at a variety of targets, including oil pipelines, the local broadcasting service, water and electricity supplies, a bank, the printing press of a local newspaper, a church, cafes frequented by troops and the home of a local police officer. As a result of these outrages there was some loss of life and injury to persons and also some damage to property.

For the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Government of the Colony of Aden enacted certain emergency regulations conferring powers to detain persons the exercise of which may have involved derogation from obligations imposed by the Convention, and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised those powers.

The relevant emergency regulations (copies of which are annexed [*]) are as follows:

1. Regulation 4 of the Emergency Regulations, 1958, enacted on the 2nd of May, 1958 (as amended by Regulation 2 of the Emergency (Amendment) Regulations, 1958, enacted on the 18th of August, 1958). Under this Regulation, the Governor was empowered to direct, by order under his hand, that any person named in such order should be detained for such period as might be specified in the order.

2. Regulation 5 of the Emergency Regulations, 1958, (as amended by Regulation 2 of the Emergency (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations, 1958, which came into force on the 31st of October, 1958). This Regulation empowered certain officers to arrest a person in respect of whom they had reason to believe that there were grounds which would justify his detention under the provisions of Regulation 4 or his deportation from the Colony or his prosecution for an offence and to hold such person in custody pending a decision as to whether a detention order should be made against him or whether he should be deported or prosecuted. No person might be held in custody under this Regulation for a period exceeding seven days, excluding the day on which he was arrested.

The Emergency having been brought to an end, the Government of the Colony of Aden terminated the operation of the above Regulations on the 1st of October, 1959; the powers conferred by these Regulations had, in fact, not been exercised for some time before that date. Accordingly, the United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe has the honour to state that the provisions of the Convention are again being fully executed in the Colony of Aden.

[[*] Note by the Secretariat: The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 05/01/1960 - 05/01/1960
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 11 May 1960, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 May 1960 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to his Note Verbale of the 7th of May, 1954, and the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information bringing up to date the contents of the earlier Note.

The Government of the Colony of Singapore (now the State of Singapore) have taken, and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised or are exercising powers to detain persons, in accordance with the following legislative measures introduced by that Government.

1. Regulation 20 of the Emergency Regulations, 1948
(The Emergency Regulations, 1948, were made on the 28th of July, 1948 and were subsequently amended from time to time. The text of Regulation 20 is appended hereto in the form in which it remained from the 23rd of October, 1953, when the Convention was first extended to Singapore under the provisions of Article 63 thereof, until the 21st of October, 1955, when the Emergency Regulations, 1948, lapsed [*]).

Under Regulation 20 the Colonial Secretary (subsequently styled the "Chief Secretary") of the Government of the Colony was empowered to order the detention of any person for a period not exceeding two years in any case where it appeared to him to be necessary or expedient for securing the public safety or for maintaining public order. The Regulation provided for a person so detained to make his objections against such an order to an advisory committee appointed by the Governor and presided over by a person holding or having held the office of Judge or District Judge, and it also provided for the subsequent periodic review of each case by the advisory committee upon application therefore being made by the detainee (Appendix I [*]).

2. The Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955. (Ordinance No. 25 of 1955)
In 1955, the Government of the Colony decided to allow the Emergency Regulations, 1948 to lapse but to replace certain of them by Ordinances of temporary duration. Accordingly, the Emergency Regulations, 1948, (including Regulation 20) lapsed on the 21st of October, 1955, and at the same time the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955, which had been enacted on the 18th of October, 1955, was brought into operation. Its duration has been extended from time to time by amending Ordinances. Section 3 of the Ordinance empowered the Chief Secretary to order the detention of any person for a period not exceeding two years in any case where it appeared to the Governor in Council that it was necessary to do so with a view to preventing that person from acting in any manner prejudicial to the security of Malaya or the maintenance therein of essential services. Section 5 of the Ordinance gave any person ordered to be detained the right to appeal to an Appeal Tribunal, which under section 6, was to consist of not less than three persons appointed by the Chief Justice of whom two should be Judges and one a District Judge. Section 7 of the Ordinance provided that the Appeal Tribunal, on hearing an appeal, might in its discretion revoke, amend or confirm a detention order. Section eight of the Ordinance provided for a Reviewing Officer to review each case not less often than once in every six months and to report thereon to the Governor in Council. Section 9 provided that the Reviewing Officer should be a person qualified to be appointed as a Judge. The text of sections 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 of the Ordinance is appended hereto. (Appendix II [*]).

3. The Preservation of Public Security (Amendment) Ordinance, 1958, (Ordinance No. 35 of 1958) enacted on the 14th of October, 1958
Section 3 of this Ordinance amended subsection (1) of section 3 of the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955, by permitting the extension of an initial period of detention for further periods not exceeding twelve months at a time. The text of section 3 is appended hereto. (Appendix III [*]).

4. The Preservation of Public Security (Amendment) Ordinance, 1959, (Ordinance No. 65 of 1959) enacted on the 17th of October, 1959
Section 3 of this Ordinance further amended section 3 of the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955, in certain minor respects. Sections 5, 6 and 7 of the Ordinance made certain amendments affecting sections 5, 6, 7 and 8 of the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955. The effect of these amendments was to replace the Appeal Tribunal by an Advisory Committee appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Negara and presided over by a person qualified to be a judge. The text of sections 3; 5, 6 and 7 is appended hereto (Appendix IV [*]).

5. The Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Ordinance, 1955, (Ordinance No. 26 of 1955) which was enacted on the 18th of October, 1955, and which came into operation on the 21st of October, 1955
This Ordinance was one of those which replaced certain of the Emergency Regulations, 1948. It is of temporary duration but its duration has been extended from time to time by amending Ordinances. In 1958 it was amended by the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) (Amendment) Ordinance, 1958, (Ordinance No. 25 of 1958). This added certain new sections to the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Ordinance, 1955, for the purpose of permitting, inter alia, the detention of members of secret societies and similar criminal gangs whose activities, including assault and murder, had become a serious threat to the life of the nation in Singapore but against whom it was usually impossible to proceed under the ordinary criminal law because of the intimidation of witnesses. Of the new sections which were added by the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) (Amendment) Ordinance, 1958, to the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Ordinance, 1955, section 47 empowered the Chief Secretary, with the consent of the Public Prosecutor, to order the detention of any person for a period not exceeding six months if he was satisfied that that person had been associated with activities of a criminal nature and that it was necessary that he be detained in the interests of public safety, peace and good order; section 48 required each detention order to be referred to an Advisory Committee for a report; section 50 empowered the Governor in Council to extend the validity of a detention order for periods not exceeding six months at any one time up to a maximum total to two years; and section 51 provided for the composition of the Advisory Committee. The text of sections 47, 48, 50 and 51 as added by the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) (Amendment) Ordinance, 1958, is appended hereto (Appendix V [*]).

6. The Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) (Amendment No. 2) Ordinance, 1959, (Ordinance No. 56 of 1959) which was enacted on the 8th of September, 1959, and which came into operation on the 25th of September, 1959
Section 7 of this Ordinance amended section 47 of the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Ordinance, 1955, (hereafter in this paragraph referred to as "the principal Ordinance") by, inter alia, extending to one year the period for which a person might be ordered under that section to be detained; section 8 made a minor amendment to section 48 of the principal Ordinance; section11 made certain minor amendments to section 50 of the principal Ordinance, including some amendments consequential on the amendment made to section 47; and section 12 made a minor amendment to section 51 of the principal Ordinance. The Text of Section 7, 8, 11 and 12 is appended hereto (Appendix VI [*]).

7. Regulations 27 and 28 of the Emergency Regulations, 1948
These Regulations permitted certain senior police officers in certain circumstances to authorise the extension of the period of detention following arrest for an additional period not exceeding fourteen days (making a maximum period of sixteen days in all). The text of Regulations 27 and 28 as in force between the 23rd of October, 1953, and the 21st of October, 1955, is appended hereto (Appendix VII [*]).

8. Section 17 of the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955
This repeated with certain minor variations the substance of Emergency Regulations 27 and 28. The text of section 17 is appended hereto (Appendix VIII [*]).

9. Section 55 of the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Ordinance, 1955, as added by the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) (Amendment) Ordinance, 1958
This section made provision in respect of the detention following arrest of persons whom it might be necessary to detain under section 47 of the Ordinance equivalent to the provision made by section 17 of the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1955, in respect of the detention following arrest of persons whom it might be necessary to detain under the latter Ordinance. Again, such detention cannot exceed 48 hours save with the authority of certain senior police officers and cannot exceed a period of 16 days in all. The text of section 55 is appended hereto (Appendix IX [*]).

[Notes by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 11/05/1960 - 16/09/1963
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 19 September 1960, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 September 1960 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to the Note Verbale of the 24th of May, 1954, and the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information bringing up to date the contents of the earlier Note referred to above.

The Government of the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya have taken and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised or are exercising powers to detain persons in accordance with the following legislative measures introduced by that Government.

1. Regulation 2 of the Emergency Regulations, 1952
The Emergency Regulations, 1952 (hereinafter referred to as "the principal Regulations") were enacted on the 20th of October, 1952, and were subsequently amended from time to time. Under Regulation 2 of the principal Regulations in the form in which it was in force as at the 23rd of October, 1953, when the Convention was first extended to Kenya under the provisions of Article 63 thereof, the Governor was empowered if he was satisfied that, for the purpose of maintaining public order, it was necessary to exercise control over any person, to make a detention order against that person. The Regulation provided for a person so detained to make his objections to an advisory committee appointed by the Governor and presided over by a person holding or having held judicial office and also to make representations direct to the Governor. Sub-regulation (6) of Regulation 2 also permitted a person who had been arrested in the reasonable belief that there were grounds justifying his detention under the Regulation to be detained for a period not exceeding 28 days pending a decision whether a detention order should be made against him. The text of Regulation 2 as in force on the 23rd of October, 1953, is appended hereto [*].

2. Regulation 3 of the Emergency Regulations, 1952
This Regulation (in the form in which it was in force on the 23rd of October, 1953) permitted police officers, in certain circumstances, to detain a person pending enquiries but the Regulation laid down that no such person might be so detained for more than 24 hours without the authority of a Magistrate or certain senior police officers on whose directions he might be detained for a further period of 48 hours, and in certain circumstances, for a further period not exceeding seven days. The maximum period for which he might be detained under this Regulation was thus 10 days. The text of Regulation 3, as in force on the 23rd of October, 1953, is appended hereto [*].

3. The Emergency (Amendment) (No. 39) Regulations, 1953
Regulation 2 of these Regulations, which were enacted on the 26th of November, 1953, amended sub-regulation (6) of Regulation 2 of the principal Regulations, by permitting persons detained thereunder to be so detained in a place other than a police station. The text of Regulation 2 of these Regulations is appended hereto [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 21/09/1960 - 12/12/1963
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1961, registered at the Secretariat General on 13 January 1961 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to the Note Verbale of the 25th of May, 1959 and to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information bringing up-to-date the contents of the earlier Note referred to above.

The Government of the Protectorate of Nyasaland have taken and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised or are exercising powers to detain persons in accordance with the following legislative measures introduced by that Government.

By about June, 1960, the security situation in the Nyasaland Protectorate has so improved that the Government of the Protectorate felt able to dispense with the powers conferred by the measures described in the Note Verbale of the 25th of May, 1959. Accordingly on the 13th of June, 1960, the Governor of the Nyasaland Protectorate signed a Proclamation under the Emergency Powers Order in Council, 1939, (as amended), the effect of which was to terminate as from 16th of June, 1960, the operation of those measures. A copy of this Proclamation is appended hereto [*]. There was, however, a small number of persons who were still so likely to resort to violence and intimidation for the accomplishment of their aims that it would not be safe, in the present state of affairs in Nyasaland, to allow them to be at large there. The Nyasaland legislature therefore enacted on the 17th of May, 1960, the Detained Persons (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1960 (Ordinance No. 2 of 1960) which was brought into operation on the 15th of June, 1960. Under subsection (1) of section 3 of the Ordinance, the Governor is empowered, for securing the public safety and the maintenance of public order, to make regulations to provide, so far as appears to him to be strictly required by the exigencies of the situation in the Protectorate , for the detention of "specified persons" (as defined in section 2 of the Ordinance); but it is specifically provided that any such regulations shall also require the case of each detained person to be reviewed at least once in every six months with a view to securing his release as soon as this can be done without serious prejudice to the securing of the public safety and the maintenance of public order, due regard being had to the extent to which the detained person is no longer likely to commit or to instigate others to commit or to be the cause of others committing acts of violence or public disorder and to the likely effect of his release on the necessity to keep other detained persons in custody. The text of section 3 and of subsection (1) of section 3 of the Ordinance is appended hereto [*]. The power conferred on the Governor by subsection (2) of section 2 was not in fact exercised and has now lapsed. The power conferred on the Governor by section 3 of the Ordinance was exercised by the enactment on the 15th of June, 1960, of the Detained Persons Regulations, 1960. Regulation 3 of these Regulations empowers the Governor to order the detention of any "specified Person" if he is satisfied with respect to that person that it is necessary to exercise control over him for securing the public safety and the maintenance of public order. Regulations 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 of the Regulations provide for the establishment of an Appeal Tribunal, regulate the mode of appeal by a detained person, and provide for the periodic review of the case of each detained person. The text of Regulations 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 is appended hereto [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 15 March 1961.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 13/01/1961 - 16/03/1961
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 1961, registered at the Secretariat General on 16 March 1961 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to its Note Verbale No. 1 of the 11th of January, 1961, and to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information concerning the situation in Nyasaland.

A certain number of persons was detained by virtue of orders made under the Regulations, of which details are given in the third paragraph of the Note Verbale in question, but this number was reduced as quickly as the exigencies of the situation permitted and the last persons so detained were released on the 27th of November 1960. No persons are now in detention in Nyasaland.

Accordingly, the United Kingdom Permanent Representative has the honour to state that the provisions of the Convention are again being fully executed in the Nyasaland Protectorate.

[Note by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.]
Period covered: 16/03/1961 - 06/07/1964
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 5 December 1961, registered at the Secretariat General on 6 December 1961 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information.

A public emergency threatening the life of the nation has occurred in the Zanzibar Protectorate in June and still continues. Civil disturbances which led to serious rioting and loss of life began in Zanzibar town on the 1st of June, 1961, during the election poll. The disturbances, which were the result of tension between the two main political party groups, started with a number of isolated incidents which took place at polling stations in Zanzibar town. The situation quickly deteriorated and subsequently the disturbances spread to the rural areas of Zanzibar. The situation was later brought under control but tension still remains high.

For the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Government of the Zanzibar Protectorate has enacted certain Emergency Regulations conferring powers to detain persons the exercise of which may involve derogation from obligations imposed by the Convention, and, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, have exercised and are exercising those powers.

The relevant Emergency Regulations (copies of which are annexed [*]) are as follows:

(i) Regulation 2 of the Emergency (Miscellaneous) Regulations, 1961, which are enacted on the 2nd of June, 1961, and came into operation on the same day. This regulation confers upon certain officers in certain circumstances the power to arrest a person whom they reasonably suspect of having acted or of being about to act in a manner prejudicial to the public safety or the preservation of peace or of being about to commit an offence against the Regulations and to detain that person pending enquiries. No person may be detained under this power for more than twenty-four hours except with the authority of a magistrate or a senior Police Officer who may authorise him to be detained for a further forty-eight hours, but if such a magistrate or Police Officer is satisfied that it is necessary so to do in order to permit the necessary enquiries to be completed, he may direct the person to be detained for a further period not exceeding seven days.

(ii) Regulation 2A of the Emergency (Miscellaneous) Regulations, 1961. This regulation came into force on the 10th of June, 1961. Paragraph (1) thereof confers on the British Resident the power to make a Detention Order against any person over whom he considers it necessary, for the purposes of maintaining public order, to exercise control. Such persons may be detained in a Detention Camp. There is a right of appeal to the Resident and also, and independently of such right, a right of appeal to an Advisory Committee presided over by a person with legal qualifications. Paragraph (6) of Regulation 2A provides that a police officer not below the rank of Assistant Inspector may arrest without warrant and may detain a person up to 28 days pending the making of a Detention Order by the Resident.

Regulation 2 has not been used since the 21st of June, 1961, and arrests thereafter have been made in accordance with the ordinary law.

The powers conferred by paragraph (1) and paragraph (6) of regulation 2A have been and are being exercised.

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 14 March 1963.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 06/12/1961 - 20/12/1962
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 16 November 1962, registered at the Secretariat General on 16 November 1962 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council and, with reference to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information.

A public emergency threatening the life of the nation arose in the Protectorate of Northern Rhodesia in May, 1960, as a result of political unrest, culminating in the middle of 1961 in large-scale disturbances which involved over one thousand separate incidents of violence both to persons and to property. Damage was caused by arson, by the use of explosives and in other ways to buildings, railways, bridges and motor-vehicles, and there were many serious assaults on individual persons. In order to bring this emergency to an end, the Governor of Northern Rhodesia was obliged to make certain regulations under the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance, 1960. These regulations included regulations conferring power to detain persons, the exercise of which might involve derogation from the obligations imposed by the Convention. The regulations made by the Governor, as amended from time to time, were re-issued on the 26th of September, 1961, in a consolidated form as the Preservation of Public Security Regulations, 1961, and the regulation which authorised the detention of persons was then reproduced, without any amendment of substance, as regulation 11 of those consolidated regulations. A copy of the Preservation of Public Security Regulations, 1961, is annexed hereto [*].

The power conferred by sub-regulation (1) of regulation 11 to direct that a person shall be detained has not in fact been exercised, but the power conferred by sub-regulation (6) on certain senior administrative and police officers to arrest a person in respect of whom they have reason to believe that there are grounds which would justify his detention under regulation 11 and to order that he be detained for a period not exceeding twenty-eight days pending a decision whether a detention order should be made against him has, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, been exercised in two cases. In one of these cases, the person concerned was released before the expiry of the twenty-eight days as soon as it was found that there was insufficient evidence to warrant the making of a detention order against him, and in the other case evidence came to light before the expiry of the twenty-eight days as a result of which it was possible to prosecute the arrested person in the ordinary way for a criminal offence.

The powers in regard to the direction of labor conferred by regulation 21 have not been exercised.

As a result of an improvement in the situation in Northern Rhodesia, the Governor was able on the 1st of November, 1961, to revoke several of the Preservation of Public Security Regulations, 1961, including the whole of regulation 11 and regulation 21. Accordingly, the United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe has the honour to state that the provisions of the Convention are again being fully executed in the Protectorate of Northern Rhodesia.

[Note by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 16/11/1962 - 24/10/1964
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 14 March 1963, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 March 1963 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following additional information with reference to his Note Verbale No. 3 dated the 5th of December, 1961, in which was notified, in accordance with Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, certain action taken in the Zanzibar Protectorate involving derogation from obligations imposed by the Convention.

Having regard to the improved situation in the Zanzibar Protectorate, the state of public emergency was brought to an end by proclamation on the 20th of December, 1962, and at the same time the Emergency (Miscellaneous) Regulations 1961 were repealed. All Detention Orders made under Regulation 2A of those regulations have been revoked before that date.

The provisions of the Convention are accordingly now again being fully complied with in the Zanzibar Protectorate.

[Note by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.]
Period covered: 18/03/1963 - 10/12/1963
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 November 1964 , registered at the Secretariat General on 30 November 1964 – Or. Engl.

I have the honour to convey to you, with reference to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, the following information regarding the Colony of British Guiana.

A public emergency threatening the life of the nation has arisen in British Guiana in the following circumstances. In February, 1964, the Guyana Agricultural Workers Union declared a strike in support of their claim to replace the long-established Man Power Citizens Association as their recognised union for all sugar workers in the territory. From the outset the strike was accompanied by intimidation, arson and general violence which increasingly assumed a racial character. Although the strike itself has now ended, this violence has continued and has led to considerable loss of life, personal injury and damage to public and private property.

For the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Governor of British Guiana has enacted certain Emergency Regulations. One of these (Regulation 75 of the Emergency Powers Regulations 1964 as inserted by Regulation 3 of the Emergency Powers (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 1964) (Annex B) permits the detention of any person with respect to whom the Governor is satisfied that it is necessary to make a detention order with a view to preventing him acting in any manner prejudicial to public safety, order or defense. Another Regulation (Regulation 44 of the Emergency Powers Regulations 1964, as amended by Regulation 2 of the Emergency Powers (Amendment) (No. 5) Regulations 1964 and Regulation 2 of the Emergency Powers (Amendment) (No. 7) Regulations 1964 (Annex A as amended by Annexes C and D) authorises any member of the Police Force or any member of Her Majesty's Forces acting in the course of his duties as such, to arrest any person who he has reasonable ground for suspecting has acted or is acting or is about to act in a manner prejudicial to public safety or to public order or has committed or is committing or is about to commit an offence against the Emergency Powers Regulations and to detain him in custody for the purpose of inquiries. Any person so arrested may not be detained for more than 24 hours unless a magistrate or senior police officer is satisfied that the inquiries cannot be completed within that time, in which case he may authorise his detention for a further period not exceeding 7 days. The exercise of these powers may involve derogation from obligations imposed by the Convention. To the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, the Governor of British Guiana has exercised and is exercising these powers.

Article 15 of the Constitution of British Guiana (Annex E) provides that a person who is detained in the circumstances envisaged by Regulation 75 of the Emergency Powers Regulations 1964 shall have the right to have his case reviewed by an independent and impartial tribunal presided over by a legally qualified chairman. Accordingly, paragraph (2) of Regulation 75 authorises the Governor to establish such an Advisory Tribunal for this purpose and this has been done by the Emergency Powers (Advisory Tribunal) Order 1964 (Annex F). The tribunal consists of a Chairman appointed by the Chief Justice from among the persons authorised to practice in British Guiana as advocates or solicitors, and two members appointed by the Governor in consultation with the Judicial Services Commission. Copies of the regulations referred to above are annexed [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 1 March 1965 and 12 July 1965.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 30/11/1964 - 26/05/1966
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a letter from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 1 March 1965 , registered at the Secretariat General on 2 March 1965 – Or. Engl.

I have the honour to refer to my letter (43) of the 27th of November in which I transmitted to you (in accordance with Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950,) a Notice of Derogation concerning the Colony of British Guiana.

Regulation 44 of the Emergency Powers Regulations, 1964, as amended, to which reference is made in paragraph 3 of the Notice of Derogation, has been further amended by the making of the Emergency Powers (Amendment) (No. 10) Regulations, 1964 on the 16th of October, 1964. A copy of the Regulations is annexed [*]. Under the superseded Regulation a person could be detained for a period in excess of 24 hours, but not exceeding a further 7 days, on the authority of a senior police officer or of a magistrate. The effect of the new Regulations is that the detention of a person in excess of 24 hours may be authorised by a senior police officer or a magistrate for a further period of 24 hours. Only a magistrate may now authorise detention in excess of 48 hours; he must be satisfied that enquiries cannot be completed within a further period of 24 hours previously authorised, and may authorise detention for an additional further period not exceeding six days.

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 12 July 1965.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 02/03/1965 - 26/05/1966
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a letter from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 12 July 1965 , registered at the Secretariat General on 15 July 1965 – Or. Engl.

I have the honour to refer to Mr. Porter's letter (43) of the 27th of November 1964, in which he transmitted to you, in accordance with Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, a Notice of Derogation concerning the Colony of British Guiana. Mr. Porter conveyed to you a modification of this Notice in his letter (1731) of the 1st of March 1965.

Because of a recent revival of incidents of sabotage directed against public and other buildings and installations in the Colony, Regulation 44 of the Emergency Powers Regulations 1964, as amended, to which reference is made in paragraph 3 of the Notice of Derogation, has been further amended by the making of the Emergency Powers (No. 3) Regulations 1965, on the 18th of May, 1965. The effect of the amendment is that while a person who has been arrested under Regulation 44 may ordinarily be detained only for a period not exceeding 24 hours, either a magistrate or a police officer not below the rank of Assistant Superintendent, may now, if satisfied that the necessary enquiries cannot be completed within the 24 hours, direct that such person be detained for such further period, not exceeding seven days, as is required for the completion of these enquiries.

[Note by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.]
Period covered: 15/07/1965 - 26/05/1966
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 17 September 1965, registered at the Secretariat General on 20 September 1965 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and, with reference to the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, has the honour to convey the following information regarding the Colony of Mauritius.

A public emergency arose lately in Mauritius in the following circumstances. In recent months there had been growing tension in Mauritius as a result of debate between the political parties on the Island's constitutional future. This tension has been aggravated by communal feeling owing to the composition of the population. May Day rallies led to a number of stone-throwing and other incidents in which a man was killed by a stone. Tension continued for several days and eventually rioting and other disorders occurred in the course of which two men, one of them a policeman, were killed and a number of persons, including policemen, injured. In order to bring the situation under control and restore public confidence, a state of emergency was declared.

For the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Governor of Mauritius enacted certain Emergency Regulations on 14th May 1965. One of these (Regulation 4 of the Emergency Powers (Detention, Arrest, Entry, Search and Prosecution of Offenders) Regulations 1965) authorised any member of the police force or any member of Her Majesty's Forces, acting in the course of his duty as such, to arrest any person reasonably suspected of having acted or of acting or of being about to act in a manner prejudicial to public safety or to public order or of having committed or of committing or of being about to commit an offence against Emergency Regulations. Any person so arrested was required to be brought as soon as reasonably possible before a senior officer of the police force or (as the case may be) of Her Majesty's Forces who was empowered to order him to be detained for the purpose of inquiries for a period not exceeding 14 days. The exercise of these powers may have involved derogation from obligation imposed by the Convention. The Government of Mauritius exercised these powers to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation.
A copy of the Emergency Regulations is attached [*].

The Emergency Regulations ceased to operate as from 1st August 1965 and the provisions of the Convention are again being fully executed.

[[*] Note by the Secretariat: The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 20/09/1965 - 20/09/1965
Articles concerned : 15

Derogation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 30 August 1966, registered at the Secretariat General on 1 September 1966 – Or. Engl.

I am directed by Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (3) of Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on the 4th of November, 1950, to convey to you the following information regarding measures taken in the Colony of Aden as a result of the existence of a public emergency threatening the life of the nation.

Because of a campaign of organised terrorism in the Federation of South Arabia (of which the Colony of Aden is now part), manifesting itself in the form of grenade-throwing, sniping, and mine-laying in which many people, including both Arab civilians and British Service personnel, lost their lives, the Government of the Federation of South Arabia declared a state of emergency throughout the Federation on 10 December, 1963.

For the purpose of bringing the emergency to an end, the Supreme Council of the Federation of South Arabia enacted certain Emergency Decrees. Under Section 7 of the Public Emergency Decree, 1963, as amended by the Public Emergency (Amendment) Decrees of 1963, 1964, 1965 and 1966, the Minister of Internal Security may make a detention order against any person (a) with a view to preventing his acting in a manner prejudicial to public safety or public order; (b) if the person concerned has been a member of an organisation subject to foreign influence or control or a member of an organisation which has acted in a manner prejudicial to public safety or public order; or (c) if the person is an undesirable alien. Sections 3 and 6 of the 1963 Decree, as so amended also conferred certain emergency powers concerned respectively with arrest and detention and with restriction of movement.

In exercise of the powers conferred upon him by the Federation of South Arabia (Accession of Aden) Order, 1963, the High Commissioner for Aden and the Protectorate of South Arabia has by regulation enacted on the 5th of June, 1965, the Aden Emergency Regulations, 1965, regulation 4 of which confers on him in Aden the same power of detention as the Minister of Internal Security holds in the Federation of South Arabia, i.e. to detain persons in Aden for the same reasons as those for which the Minister of Internal Security of the Federation of South Arabia can order detention. These Regulations also confer on him by regulation 6 a corresponding power with regard to restriction of movement.

There are, therefore, two states of emergency in Aden, and in consequence emergency legislation can be promulgated by both the Federal Supreme Council and the High Commissioner. Since the emergency declared by the latter is expressed to run concurrently with that declared by the Supreme Council, however, the High Commissioner's Regulation and subsidiary legislation are in fact complementary to the Federal Legislation in force in Aden.
The powers taken as a result of this emergency are being exercised to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation.

Copies are attached of [*]:
i. Declaration of a State of Public Emergency made under Section 36 of the Constitution of the Federation of South Arabia on the 10th of December, 1963.
ii. Sections 3, 6 and 7 of the Public Emergency Decree, 1963, of the Federation of South Arabia.
iii. Section 2 of the Public Emergency (Amendment) Decree, 1963.
iv. Sections 2, 5 and 6 of the Public Emergency (Amendment) Decree, 1964.
v. Sections 2 and 3 of the Public Emergency (Amendment) Decree, 1965.
vi. Sections 2 and 3 of the Public Emergency (Amendment) (No. 2) Decree, 1966.
vii. Sections 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of the Aden Emergency Regulations, 1965.

I am also instructed to draw your attention to the Public Emergency (Places of Detention) Order, 1965, and the Aden Emergency (Places of Detention) Order, 1965, which regulate the administration of places of detention. Copies of these Orders are attached [*]. You should also know that a Review Tribunal has been appointed in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 5 of the Aden Emergency Regulations, 1965; that a Committee of Inspection has been appointed under paragraph 7 of the Aden Emergency (Places of Detention) Order, 1965, and has paid regular visits to the detention centres at Al Mansoura; that allowances are paid to the dependants of detainees under the provisions of Regulation 4(5) of the Aden Emergency Regulations, 1965; and that the Delegate-General of the International Red Cross Committee periodically visits the detainees.

[Notes by the Secretariat: The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this communication is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office. ]
Period covered: 01/09/1966 - 30/11/1967
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 25 September 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 25 September 1969 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information with reference to the communication of the 27th June, 1957, giving notice on behalf of the Government of the United Kingdom, for the purposes of Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, of the existence of a public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) in a part of the United Kingdom, namely, Northern Ireland, and of the bringing into operation therein of certain emergency powers.

Serious civil disturbances have occurred in various parts of Northern Ireland in the month of August this year as a result of which the Government of Northern Ireland has found it necessary to exercise certain of such emergency powers, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation. In the course of that month twenty-four persons were detained in custody without judicial process. Four of such persons have been charged with criminal offences, and the remainder were released from detention within, at most, 14 days of their being first detained.

[Note by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 20 August 1971, 23 January 1973, 16 August 1973, 19 September 1975, 12 December 1975, 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984. ]
Period covered: 25/09/1969 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 20 August 1971, registered at the Secretariat General on 20 August 1971 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to refer to the communication of the 27th June, 1957, giving notice on behalf of the Government of the United Kingdom, for the purposes of Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, of the existence of a public emergency within the meaning of Article 15(1) in a part of the United Kingdom, namely, Northern Ireland, and of the bringing into operation therein of certain emergency powers, and also to the further communication of 25th September, 1969, in respect of serious civil disturbances which had recently occurred in various parts of Northern Ireland.

Over recent months in Northern Ireland there has been a series of acts of terrorism, including murders, attempted murders, maimings, bombings, fire-raising and acts of intimidation, and more recently violent civil disturbances. The Government of Northern Ireland has therefore found it necessary since 9th August for the protection of life and the security of property and to prevent outbreaks of public disorder, to exercise, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, powers of detention and internment.

Copies of the relevant Regulations under the Civil Authorities (Special Powers) Act (Northern Ireland) 1922 are being sent to you separately [*]. Particular attention is drawn to those provisions of Regulation 12 which provide for the establishment of an Advisory Committee in respect of persons who are subject of an internment order.

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 23 January 1973, 16 August 1973, 19 September 1975, 12 December 1975, 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 20/08/1971 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 23 January 1973, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 January 1973 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to refer to the communication of the 20th of August 1971 in which he informed the Secretary General, pursuant to Article 15 of the Convention, of the exercise of certain powers of detention and internment for the protection of life and the security of property and to prevent outbreaks of public disorder in Northern Ireland. Subsequently, copies of relevant legislation, being regulations under the Civil Authorities (Special Powers) Act (Northern Ireland) 1922, were sent to the Secretary General.

On the 1st of November 1972 an Order was made under the Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972 which revoked certain of the regulations under the Act of 1922 and made new provision in their place. This Order, the Detention of Terrorists (Northern Ireland) Order 1972, has been approved by both Houses of Parliament. It was approved by the House of Lords on the 7th of December 1972 and the House of Commons on the 11th of December 1972. Under the new provisions a person can be detained if it is shown to the satisfaction of a legally qualified Commissioner that the person in question has been concerned in the commission or attempted commission of an act of terrorism or the direction, organisation or training of persons for the purpose of terrorism and (in any such case) his detention is necessary for the protection of the public. Provision is made for an appeal against any order for detention made by a Commissioner. Copies of the Order are enclosed herewith [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 16 August 1973, 19 September 1975, 12 December 1975, 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 24/01/1973 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 16 August 1973, registered at the Secretariat General on 17 August 1973 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Acting Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information with reference to the communications of the 27 June 1957, 20 August 1971 and 23 January 1973, giving notice for the purposes of Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, of the existence of organised terrorism and violent civil disturbances constituting a public emergency in Northern Ireland, and of the exercise therein of certain emergency powers.

Those communications referred to the exercise of powers pursuant to regulations made under the Civil Authorities (Special Powers) Act (Northern Ireland) 1922 and to the Detention of Terrorists (Northern Ireland) Order 1972 made under the Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972. The first of these Acts is now repealed by the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973 and, in consequence, the regulations made under the 1922 Act cease to have effect. Parts II and III of the 1973 Act contain new provision in respect of arrest, detention, search and seizure and in respect of offences against public security and public order. The 1973 Act also repeals and replaces (with certain modifications) the Detention of Terrorists (Northern Ireland) Order 1972. The modifications include a provision which adds (in addition to the present provision for a discretionary review by the Secretary of State of cases of detention) a requirement for a compulsory reference to a Commissioner for review of the case of a person who has been detained for one year, or for six months from the date of the previous review.

The Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973 was enacted on 25 July 1973 and came into force on 8 August 1973. By virtue of section 30, the emergency powers remain in force for a period of one year unless continued in force thereafter, by order of the Secretary of State, for a period not exceeding a year; such an order is required to be approved by both Houses of the United Kingdom Parliament. Copies of the Act are enclosed herewith [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 19 September 1975, 12 December 1975, 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 17/08/1973 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 19 September 1975, registered at the Secretariat General on 23 September 1975 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information with reference to the communications of the 27 June 1957, 20 August 1971 and 23 January 1973, giving notice for the purposes of Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, of the existence of organised terrorism and violent civil disturbances constituting a public emergency in Northern Ireland and of the exercise therein of certain emergency powers.

In a further Note dated 16 August 1973, the United Kingdom Acting Permanent Representative gave notice of the enactment of the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973. That Act was extended for a period of six months by an Order made the 17th day of July 1974. Two further extensions of six months each were made by Order on the 17th day of December 1974 and 27th day of June 1975 respectively. Five copies of each of these Orders are enclosed herewith.

The 1973 Act has now been amended by the Northern Ireland (Emergency Powers) (Amendment) Act 1975 which was enacted on 7th August 1975 and came into operation on 21st August 1975. The 1975 Act, inter alia, makes further provision in respect of the trial of certain criminal offences and the powers of the security forces and introduces additional offences against public security. It also sets out new procedures for the detention of persons suspected of being terrorists. Copies of the Act are enclosed herewith [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 12 December 1975, 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 23/09/1975 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 12 December 1975, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 December 1975 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information. In his communication of the 20th August 1971, the United Kingdom Permanent Representative informed the Secretary General that, having regard to certain events in Northern Ireland, it was necessary to exercise there, to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, powers of detention and internment. Subsequent communications were made, in particular those of 23rd January 1973 and 16th August 1973, informing the Secretary General that the enactments under which powers of detention and internment had been exercised had been repealed and that the power of detention was currently exercisable under the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973.

On the 5th day of December 1975, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland signed Orders for the release from detention of all 75 remaining persons then held in detention under the provisions of the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973. All those persons, except for such of them as were currently remanded in custody on criminal charges, or serving a sentence of imprisonment, were forthwith released, with the consequence that there are now no persons held in detention under the Act of 1973.

[Note by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declarations dated 18 December 1978 and 22 August 1984.]
Period covered: 12/12/1975 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Communication contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 18 December 1978, registered at the Secretariat General on 20 December 1978 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information with reference to the communications of the 27 June 1957, 20 August 1971 and 23 January 1973, giving notice, for the purposes of Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, of the existence of organised terrorism and violent civil disturbances constituting a public emergency in Northern Ireland and of the exercise therein of certain emergency powers.

In a further Note dated 16 August 1973, the United Kingdom Acting Permanent Representative gave notice of the enactment of the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973. In a further Note dated 19 September 1975, the United Kingdom Permanent Representative gave notice of the enactment of the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) (Amendment) Act 1975. The Acts of 1973 and 1975 with some exceptions and certain other related enactments have now been consolidated into one Act by the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1978. The greater part of this Act lapses unless renewed every six months; such renewal requires a resolution of each House of Parliament. Copies of the Act are enclosed herewith [*].

[Notes by the Secretariat: See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 22 August 1984.
[*] The additional information appended to this communication from the United Kingdom are available upon request to the Treaty Office.]
Period covered: 20/12/1978 - 22/08/1984
Articles concerned : 15

Withdrawal of derogation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 22 August 1984, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 August 1984 – Or. Engl.

The United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe presents his compliments to the Secretary General of the Council, and has the honour to convey the following information with reference to the communications of the 27 June 1957, 25 September 1969, 20 August 1971, 23 January 1973, 19 September 1975, 12 December 1975 and 18 December 1978, giving notice, for the purposes of Article 15(3) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, of the existence of organised terrorism and violent civil disturbances in Northern Ireland constituting a public emergency threatening the life of the nation. In those notices, the United Kingdom Government indicated that they had found it necessary, from time to time, to take certain measures which might involve derogations, in certain respects, from the obligations imposed by the Convention.

The United Kingdom Government are mindful of the importance of ensuring that any derogation from any of their obligations under the Convention should be maintained only so long as is strictly required by the situation and, to this end, have kept the position under review.

The United Kingdom Government, taking account of developments in the situatio over the period covered by the notices referred to above and in the measures taken to deal with it, have come to the conclusion that it is no longer necessary, in order to comply with its obligations under the Convention, for the United Kingdom to continue, at the present time, to avail itself of the right of derogation under Article 15, and, accordingly, the Government hereby give notice, in accordance with Article 15(3), that, in the opinion of the Government, the provisions of the Convention are being fully executed.
Period covered: 22/08/1984 - 23/12/1988
Articles concerned : 15

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 1966, registered at the Secretariat General on 14 January 1966 – Or. Engl.

On instruction from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I have the honour to declare in accordance with the provisions of Article 25 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on the 4 of November 1950, that the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland recognise, in respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland only and not, pending further notification, in respect of any other territory for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom are responsible, for the period beginning on the 14 of January 1966, and ending on the 13 of January 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe subsequently to the 13 of January 1966, by any person, non-governmental organisation or group of individuals claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising subsequently to the 13 of January 1966, to be victim of a violation of the rights set forth in that Convention and in the Protocol thereto which was opened for signature at Paris on the 20 of March 1952.
This declaration does not extend to petitions in relation to anything done or occurring in any territory in respect of which the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions has not been recognised by the Government of the United Kingdom or to petitions in relation to anything done or occurring in the United Kingdom in respect of such a territory or of matters arising there.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I have the honour to declare in accordance with the provision of Article 46 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on the 4th November 1950 [see Article 34 of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], that the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland recognise, in respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and not, pending further notification, in respect of any other territory for the international relation of which the Government of the United Kingdom are responsible, for the period beginning on the 14th of January 1966,and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising subsequently to the 13th of January 1966, concerning the interpretation and application of that Convention and the Protocol thereto which was opened for signature at Paris on the 20th of March 1952.
This declaration does not extend to case concerning anything done or occurring in any territory in respect of which the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights has not been recognised by the Government of the United Kingdom or concerning anything done or occurring in the United Kingdom in respect of such a territory or of matters arising there.

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 4 February 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 3 January 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 10 January 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 9 January 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 20 January 1976 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 1 December 1980, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 December1980 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 7 January 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 8 January 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 January 1996 – Or. Engl. ]
Period covered: 14/01/1966 - 31/10/1998
Articles concerned : Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Bailiwick of Guernsey
(...)

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 May 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 9 December 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 December 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 26 February 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 26 February 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 February 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 23 February 2006 – Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Bermuda
[…]

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 May 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 9 December 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 December 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 26 February 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 26 February 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 November 2010, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 November 2010 - Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

British Honduras
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 May 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.

These declarations were renewed for successive periods of five years under the name of Belize:
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 April 1977, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 April 1977 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 30 September 1981.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 21/09/1981
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declaration contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of the United Kingdom, dated 30 September 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 1 October 1981 – Or. Engl.

Her Majesty's Governement in the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible on 21 September 1981 for the international relations of the Belize territory, to which the Convention on Human Rights had been extended under Article 63 [Article 56 since the entry into force of the Protocol No 11].
Period covered: 21/09/1981 - 21/09/1981
Articles concerned : 56

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

British Solomon Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 April 1977, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 April 1977 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 17 January 1979.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 07/07/1978
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

British Virgin Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 April 1977, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 April 1977 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 25 September 2009.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1981
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Cayman Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 April 1977, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 April 1977 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 21 February 2006.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1986
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declaration contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 February 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 23 February 2006 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby accepts, on a permanent basis, the competence of the Court regarding the Cayman Islands and the Bailliwick of Guernsey.
Period covered: 23/02/2006 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Falkland Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 January 1996 – Or. Engl., supplemented by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 14 January 2006.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/2001
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declaration contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby accepts, on a permanent basis, the permanent competence of the Court regarding the following territories:

Falkland Islands
Gibraltar
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.
Period covered: 14/01/2006 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Fiji
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for a period of three years by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.

The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this declaration is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 10/10/1970
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Gilbert and Ellice Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
as the Gilbert and Ellice Islands until 30 September 1975
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.

as the Gilbert Islands as from 1 October 1975
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 April 1977, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 April 1977 – Or. Engl.

The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this declaration is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 12/07/1979
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Gibraltar
[…]

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 9 July 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Isle of Man
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 May 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 1 June 1993.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1976
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declaration contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 1 June 1993, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 June 1993 – Or. Engl.

In accordance with the provisions of Article 63 (4) of the Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare that Articles 25 and 46 of the Convention [see Article 34 of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11] shall apply to the Isle of Man, territory for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom are responsible. This declaration is in force for a period of five years regarding these two articles.

[Note by the Secretariat: This declaration was renewed for a period of five years by a declaration contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative ot the United Kingdom, dated 8 January 1999, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1999 – Or. Engl., and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative ot the United Kingdom, dated 28 August 2003, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 August 2003 – Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 01/06/1993 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Montserrat
(...)

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 11 January 1991. ]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1976
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.

On instruction from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby renew, in respect of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible, specified on the list annexed to this letter, the declaration, made in the letter dated 12 September 1967, of acceptance of the competence of the Commission to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals by further prolonging in respect of the territories specified on that list, for five years beginning on 14 January 1991 and ending on 13 January 1996, the period of recognition of such competence. Except in relation to the date of expiry of this period, the terms of the declaration of 12 September 1967 shall remain unaffected.

On instruction from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby renews, in respect of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible, specified on the list annexed to this letter, the declaration, made in the letter dated 12 September 1967, of recognition of the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights, further prolonging, in respect of the territories specified on that list, for five years beginning on 14 January 1991 and ending on 13 January 1996, the period of recognition of such jurisdiction. Except in relation to the date of expiry of this period, the terms of the declaration of 12 September 1967 shall remain unaffected.
(…)

Territory in respect of which the declaration of acceptance
- of the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals ;
- of the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
is now made:

Montserrat.
[Notes by the Secretariat: This declaration was renewed for successive periods of five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 January 1996 – Or. Engl., supplemented by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 November 2010, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 November 2010 - Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 14/01/1991 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

St. Helena
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 9 July 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis as St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (*) by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 November 2010, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 November 2010 - Or. Engl.

(*) See the Communication contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 November 2009, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 November 2009 - Or. Engl. ]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

St. Vincent
[…]

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for a period of three years by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl. ]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1972
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Seychelles
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 17 January 1979.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1976
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Turks and Caicos Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 1 September 1977, registered at the Secretariat General on 5 September 1977 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 18 January 2006.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1996
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declaration contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I have the honour to inform you that the Government
[…]
also accepts the above competence of the Court for the period of five years from 14 January 2006 for the Turks and Caicos Islands.

[Note by the Secretariat: This declaration was renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 October 2009, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 October 2009 – Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 14/01/2006 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 October 1967:

Brunei.

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for a period of three years by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 3 April 1984.]
Period covered: 12/10/1967 - 13/01/1972
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
(...)
and also, at the request of the Government of those territories:
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Dominica.

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 May 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 17 January 1979.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1976
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
(...)
and also, at the request of the Government of those territories:
Initial Date 12 September 1967:
(...)

Granada.

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for a period of three years by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl. ]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 13/01/1972
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
(...)
and also, at the request of the Government of those territories:
Initial Date 12 September 1967:
(...)

Kingdom of Tonga

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for a period of three years by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.

The date registered by the Secretariat General as concluding this declaration is the one from which the United Kingdom ceased to be responsible for the international relations of the said territory.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 05/06/1970
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
(...)
and also, at the request of the Government of those territories:
Initial Date 12 September 1967:
(...)

St. Lucia.

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 29 March 1979.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 22/02/1979
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 September 1967, registered at the Secretariat General on 12 September 1967 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they accept in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13 of January, 1969, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the initial date so stipulated by any person claiming, in relation to any act or decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that initial date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to that territory.

On instructions from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified in the list annexed hereto, that they recognise in respect of each such territory, for the period beginning on the initial date stipulated for that territory on the said list and ending on the 13th of January, 1969, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the initial date so stipulated concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to that territory.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which is accepted:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
Initial Date 12 September 1967:

Gilbert and Ellice Islands
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of three and five years :
as the Gilbert and Ellice Islands until 30 September 1975
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1969, registered at the Secretariat General on 3 February 1969 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 21 April 1972, registered at the Secretariat General on 24 April 1972 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 6 March 1974, registered at the Secretariat General on 7 March 1974 – Or. Engl.

as Tuvalu as from 1 October 1975
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.

See also the United Kingdom's declaration dated 17 January 1979.]
Period covered: 12/09/1967 - 01/10/1978
Articles concerned : 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 30 July 1976, registered at the Secretariat General on 2 August 1976 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the Bailiwick of Jersey, that they accept in respect of the Bailiwick of Jersey, for the period beginning on the 14th of January 1976, and ending on the 13th January 1981, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the 14th of January 1976 by any person claiming in relation to any act a decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to the Bailiwick of Jersey.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of the Bailiwick of Jersey, that they accept in respect of the Bailiwick of Jersey, for the period beginning on the 14th of January 1976, and ending on the 13th January 1981, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the 14th of January 1976 concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to the Bailiwick of Jersey.

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 4 December 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 8 December 1981 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 9 December 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 December 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis with retroactive effect from 14 January 2001by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 24 February 2003, registered at the Secretariat General on 25 February 2003 – Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 14/01/1976 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 August 1981, registered at the Secretariat General on 21 August 1981 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 63 of the said Convention [see Article 56(4) of the Convention since the entry into force of Protocol No. 11], the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of Anguilla, that they accept in respect of Anguilla, for the five years beginning on the 14th of January 1981 and ending on the 13th of January 1986, the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions submitted to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on or after the 14th of January 1981 by any person claiming in relation to any act a decision occurring or any facts or events arising on or after that date, to be the victim of a violation of the rights set forth in the Convention as extended to Anguilla.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby declare, on behalf of Anguilla, that they accept in respect of Anguilla, for the five years beginning on the 14th of January 1981, and ending on the 13th January 1986, the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, on condition of reciprocity, in all matters arising on or after the 14th of January 1981 concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention as extended to Anguilla.

[Note by the Secretariat: These declarations was renewed by successive periods of five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 January 1996 – Or. Engl., supplemented by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 19 November 2010, registered at the Secretariat General on 22 November 2010 - Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 14/01/1981 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby renew, in respect of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified on the list annexed to this letter, the declaration made in the letter dated 12 September 1967, of acceptance of the competence of the Commission to receive petitions from persons, non-governmental organisations or groups of individuals by further prolonging in respect of the territories specified on that list, for the five years beginning on 14 January 1986 and ending on 13 January 1991, the period of acceptance of such competence. Except in relation to the date of expiry of this period, the terms of the declaration of 12 September 1967 shall remain unaffected.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby renew, in respect of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified on the list annexed to this letter, the declaration made in the letter dated 12 September 1967, of the acceptance of the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights by further prolonging in respect of the territories specified on that list, for the five years beginning on 14 January 1986 and ending on 13 January 1991, the period of acceptance of such jurisdiction. Except in relation to the date of expiry of this period, the terms of the declaration of 12 September 1967 shall remain unaffected.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
are again renewed
(...)

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(...)

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of five years :
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 January 1996 – Or. Engl., supplemented by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
and renewed on a permanent basis by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.]
Period covered: 14/01/1986 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46

Declarations contained in two letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 17 April 1986, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 April 1986 – Or. Engl.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby renew, in respect of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified on the list annexed to this letter, the declaration made in the letter dated 12 September 1967, of acceptance of the competence of the Commission to receive petitions from persons, non-governmental organisations or groups of individuals by further prolonging in respect of the territories specified on that list, for the five years beginning on 14 January 1986 and ending on 13 January 1991, the period of acceptance of such competence. Except in relation to the date of expiry of this period, the terms of the declaration of 12 September 1967 shall remain unaffected.

On instructions from her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, I now have the honour to inform you that the Government of the United Kingdom hereby renew, in respect of the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible specified on the list annexed to this letter, the declaration made in the letter dated 12 September 1967, of the acceptance of the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights by further prolonging in respect of the territories specified on that list, for the five years beginning on 14 January 1986 and ending on 13 January 1991, the period of acceptance of such jurisdiction. Except in relation to the date of expiry of this period, the terms of the declaration of 12 September 1967 shall remain unaffected.

Annex - List of territories for the international relations of which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are responsible, in respect of which:
- the competence of the European Commission of Human Rights to receive petitions from persons, non governmental organisations or groups of individuals;
- the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights,
are again renewed
(...)

St Helena Dependencies
[…]

[Notes by the Secretariat: These declarations were renewed for successive periods of five years as the St Helena Dependencies:
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 11 January 1991, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 January 1991 – Or. Engl.
- by letters from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 12 January 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 January 1996 – Or. Engl., supplemented by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 27 March 1996, registered at the Secretariat General on 29 March 1996 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 15 March 2002, registered at the Secretariat General on 15 March 2002 – Or. Engl.
- by a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 14 January 2006, registered at the Secretariat General on 18 January 2006 – Or. Engl.

See the Communication contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom, dated 18 November 2009, registered at the Secretariat General on 19 November 2009 - Or. Engl. ]
Period covered: 14/01/1986 -
Articles concerned : 34, 56, Ex-25, Ex-46


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