Post-war justice and reconciliation in the region of former Yugoslavia
The dissolution of the former Yugoslavia was accompanied by three major wars: in Croatia (1991-1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995) and Kosovo* (1998-1999). In addition, there were two smaller-scale, shorter conflicts in Slovenia (June-July 1991) and in "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (January-August 2001). These conflicts were marked by gross human rights violations, including ‘ethnic cleansing' and atrocities unseen in Europe since World War II.
The legacy of this violent past still lingers across the region of former Yugoslavia endangering the full enjoyment of human rights, democracy and rule of law. The return to normalcy has been slow and major obstacles remain. The lack of a systematic approach across the region to tackle past gross human rights violations has resulted in impunity and the erosion of rule of law. Concerning war-related criminal proceedings, witness protection systems remain limited in their capacity and reportedly fail to inspire confidence and trust among existing and potential witnesses. War victims do not have access to adequate, effective or proportionate reparation for the harms they have suffered.
During his country visits and continuous dialogue with national authorities and civil society in the region, the Commissioner takes note of the progress achieved. He also identifies obstacles to the effective resolution of the pending issues concerning post-war justice and reconciliation and provides advice on ways to ensure the respect for human rights and thereby durable peace in the region of former Yugoslavia.
speeches and statements
- Freedom of expression and democracy in the digital age - Opportunities, rights, responsibilities
- "Safety of online media actors as a precondition for media pluralism and freedom of expression"
- "How to ensure that the Internet remains an open and public forum for exercising freedom of opinion and expression and facilitating other human rights and fundamental freedoms"