Violence against children takes many forms. Some of these, such as trafficking or organised paedophilia receive extensive media coverage. Others are more insidious and less easily identifiable. Violence against children occurs in places that should be havens for children, such as the school, the family or in residential institutions. Violence is often shrouded in secrecy. In many European countries, society tolerates and even approves some recurrent forms of violence against children, in particular those inflicted in the family setting, such as corporal punishment.

Violence against children is a human rights violation, as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child confirms in Article 19. In spite of the many international and regional treaties that protect children's rights, violence against children remains widespread. It occurs in every country in Europe, irrespective of people's geographical origin or social stratum. Albeit in different degrees, violence can deprive children of their well-being and the ability to learn and socialise normally, and it can have devastating effects on their adult-lives.

The Council of Europe continues to tackle the various forms of violence against children through its standard setting, capacity building and awareness raising activities. It is committed to working with and supporting its 47 member States in implementing the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular its Article 16.2 on ending all forms of violence against children.